src/HOL/HOL_lemmas.ML
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(*  Title:      HOL/HOL_lemmas.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Tobias Nipkow
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    Copyright   1991  University of Cambridge
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Derived rules from Appendix of Mike Gordons HOL Report, Cambridge TR 68.
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*)
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(* ML bindings *)
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val plusI = thm "plusI";
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val minusI = thm "minusI";
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val timesI = thm "timesI";
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val powerI = thm "powerI";
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val eq_reflection = thm "eq_reflection";
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val refl = thm "refl";
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val subst = thm "subst";
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val ext = thm "ext";
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val selectI = thm "selectI";
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val impI = thm "impI";
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val mp = thm "mp";
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val True_def = thm "True_def";
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val All_def = thm "All_def";
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val Ex_def = thm "Ex_def";
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val False_def = thm "False_def";
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val not_def = thm "not_def";
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val and_def = thm "and_def";
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val or_def = thm "or_def";
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val Ex1_def = thm "Ex1_def";
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val iff = thm "iff";
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val True_or_False = thm "True_or_False";
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val Let_def = thm "Let_def";
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val if_def = thm "if_def";
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val arbitrary_def = thm "arbitrary_def";
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(** Equality **)
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section "=";
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Goal "s=t ==> t=s";
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by (etac subst 1);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "sym";
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(*calling "standard" reduces maxidx to 0*)
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bind_thm ("ssubst", sym RS subst);
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Goal "[| r=s; s=t |] ==> r=t";
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by (etac subst 1 THEN assume_tac 1);
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qed "trans";
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val prems = goal (the_context ()) "(A == B) ==> A = B";
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by (rewrite_goals_tac prems);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "def_imp_eq";
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(*Useful with eresolve_tac for proving equalties from known equalities.
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        a = b
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        |   |
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        c = d   *)
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Goal "[| a=b;  a=c;  b=d |] ==> c=d";
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by (rtac trans 1);
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by (rtac trans 1);
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by (rtac sym 1);
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by (REPEAT (assume_tac 1)) ;
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qed "box_equals";
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(** Congruence rules for meta-application **)
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section "Congruence";
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(*similar to AP_THM in Gordon's HOL*)
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Goal "(f::'a=>'b) = g ==> f(x)=g(x)";
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by (etac subst 1);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "fun_cong";
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(*similar to AP_TERM in Gordon's HOL and FOL's subst_context*)
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Goal "x=y ==> f(x)=f(y)";
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by (etac subst 1);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "arg_cong";
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Goal "[| f = g; (x::'a) = y |] ==> f(x) = g(y)";
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by (etac subst 1);
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by (etac subst 1);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "cong";
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(** Equality of booleans -- iff **)
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section "iff";
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val prems = Goal "[| P ==> Q;  Q ==> P |] ==> P=Q";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[impI, iff RS mp RS mp]) 1));
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qed "iffI";
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Goal "[| P=Q; Q |] ==> P";
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by (etac ssubst 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "iffD2";
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Goal "[| Q; P=Q |] ==> P";
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by (etac iffD2 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "rev_iffD2";
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bind_thm ("iffD1", sym RS iffD2);
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bind_thm ("rev_iffD1", sym RSN (2, rev_iffD2));
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val [p1,p2] = Goal "[| P=Q; [| P --> Q; Q --> P |] ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [p1 RS iffD2, p1 RS iffD1, p2, impI] 1));
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qed "iffE";
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(** True **)
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section "True";
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Goalw [True_def] "True";
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "TrueI";
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Goal "P ==> P=True";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [iffI,TrueI] 1));
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qed "eqTrueI";
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Goal "P=True ==> P";
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by (etac iffD2 1);
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by (rtac TrueI 1);
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qed "eqTrueE";
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(** Universal quantifier **)
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section "!";
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qed_goalw "allI" (the_context ()) [All_def] "(!!x::'a. P(x)) ==> !x. P(x)"
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 (fn prems => [(resolve_tac (prems RL [eqTrueI RS ext]) 1)]);
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qed_goalw "spec" (the_context ()) [All_def] "! x::'a. P(x) ==> P(x)"
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 (fn prems => [rtac eqTrueE 1, resolve_tac (prems RL [fun_cong]) 1]);
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val major::prems= goal (the_context ()) "[| !x. P(x);  P(x) ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (REPEAT (resolve_tac (prems @ [major RS spec]) 1)) ;
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qed "allE";
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val prems = goal (the_context ()) 
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    "[| ! x. P(x);  [| P(x); ! x. P(x) |] ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (REPEAT (resolve_tac (prems @ (prems RL [spec])) 1)) ;
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qed "all_dupE";
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(** False ** Depends upon spec; it is impossible to do propositional logic
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             before quantifiers! **)
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section "False";
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qed_goalw "FalseE" (the_context ()) [False_def] "False ==> P"
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 (fn [major] => [rtac (major RS spec) 1]);
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qed_goal "False_neq_True" (the_context ()) "False=True ==> P"
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 (fn [prem] => [rtac (prem RS eqTrueE RS FalseE) 1]);
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(** Negation **)
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section "~";
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qed_goalw "notI" (the_context ()) [not_def] "(P ==> False) ==> ~P"
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 (fn prems=> [rtac impI 1, eresolve_tac prems 1]);
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qed_goal "False_not_True" (the_context ()) "False ~= True"
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  (fn _ => [rtac notI 1, etac False_neq_True 1]);
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qed_goal "True_not_False" (the_context ()) "True ~= False"
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  (fn _ => [rtac notI 1, dtac sym 1, etac False_neq_True 1]);
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qed_goalw "notE" (the_context ()) [not_def] "[| ~P;  P |] ==> R"
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 (fn prems => [rtac (prems MRS mp RS FalseE) 1]);
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bind_thm ("classical2", notE RS notI);
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qed_goal "rev_notE" (the_context ()) "!!P R. [| P; ~P |] ==> R"
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 (fn _ => [REPEAT (ares_tac [notE] 1)]);
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(** Implication **)
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section "-->";
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val prems = Goal "[| P-->Q;  P;  Q ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (REPEAT (resolve_tac (prems@[mp]) 1));
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qed "impE";
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(* Reduces Q to P-->Q, allowing substitution in P. *)
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Goal "[| P;  P --> Q |] ==> Q";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [mp] 1)) ;
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qed "rev_mp";
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val [major,minor] = Goal "[| ~Q;  P==>Q |] ==> ~P";
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by (rtac (major RS notE RS notI) 1);
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by (etac minor 1) ;
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qed "contrapos";
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val [major,minor] = Goal "[| P==>Q; ~Q |] ==> ~P";
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by (rtac (minor RS contrapos) 1);
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by (etac major 1) ;
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qed "rev_contrapos";
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(* ~(?t = ?s) ==> ~(?s = ?t) *)
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bind_thm("not_sym", sym COMP rev_contrapos);
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(** Existential quantifier **)
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section "?";
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qed_goalw "exI" (the_context ()) [Ex_def] "P x ==> ? x::'a. P x"
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 (fn prems => [rtac selectI 1, resolve_tac prems 1]);
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qed_goalw "exE" (the_context ()) [Ex_def]
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  "[| ? x::'a. P(x); !!x. P(x) ==> Q |] ==> Q"
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  (fn prems => [REPEAT(resolve_tac prems 1)]);
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(** Conjunction **)
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section "&";
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qed_goalw "conjI" (the_context ()) [and_def] "[| P; Q |] ==> P&Q"
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 (fn prems =>
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  [REPEAT (resolve_tac (prems@[allI,impI]) 1 ORELSE etac (mp RS mp) 1)]);
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qed_goalw "conjunct1" (the_context ()) [and_def] "[| P & Q |] ==> P"
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 (fn prems =>
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   [resolve_tac (prems RL [spec] RL [mp]) 1, REPEAT(ares_tac [impI] 1)]);
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qed_goalw "conjunct2" (the_context ()) [and_def] "[| P & Q |] ==> Q"
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 (fn prems =>
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   [resolve_tac (prems RL [spec] RL [mp]) 1, REPEAT(ares_tac [impI] 1)]);
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qed_goal "conjE" (the_context ()) "[| P&Q;  [| P; Q |] ==> R |] ==> R"
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 (fn prems =>
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         [cut_facts_tac prems 1, resolve_tac prems 1,
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          etac conjunct1 1, etac conjunct2 1]);
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qed_goal "context_conjI" (the_context ())  "[| P; P ==> Q |] ==> P & Q"
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 (fn prems => [REPEAT(resolve_tac (conjI::prems) 1)]);
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(** Disjunction *)
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section "|";
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qed_goalw "disjI1" (the_context ()) [or_def] "P ==> P|Q"
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 (fn [prem] => [REPEAT(ares_tac [allI,impI, prem RSN (2,mp)] 1)]);
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qed_goalw "disjI2" (the_context ()) [or_def] "Q ==> P|Q"
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 (fn [prem] => [REPEAT(ares_tac [allI,impI, prem RSN (2,mp)] 1)]);
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qed_goalw "disjE" (the_context ()) [or_def] "[| P | Q; P ==> R; Q ==> R |] ==> R"
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 (fn [a1,a2,a3] =>
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        [rtac (mp RS mp) 1, rtac spec 1, rtac a1 1,
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         rtac (a2 RS impI) 1, assume_tac 1, rtac (a3 RS impI) 1, assume_tac 1]);
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(** CCONTR -- classical logic **)
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section "classical logic";
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qed_goalw "classical" (the_context ()) [not_def]  "(~P ==> P) ==> P"
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 (fn [prem] =>
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   [rtac (True_or_False RS (disjE RS eqTrueE)) 1,  assume_tac 1,
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    rtac (impI RS prem RS eqTrueI) 1,
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    etac subst 1,  assume_tac 1]);
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val ccontr = FalseE RS classical;
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(*Double negation law*)
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Goal "~~P ==> P";
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by (rtac classical 1);
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by (etac notE 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "notnotD";
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val [p1,p2] = Goal "[| Q; ~ P ==> ~ Q |] ==> P";
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by (rtac classical 1);
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by (dtac p2 1);
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by (etac notE 1);
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by (rtac p1 1);
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qed "contrapos2";
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val [p1,p2] = Goal "[| P;  Q ==> ~ P |] ==> ~ Q";
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by (rtac notI 1);
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by (dtac p2 1);
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by (etac notE 1);
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by (rtac p1 1);
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qed "swap2";
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(** Unique existence **)
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section "?!";
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qed_goalw "ex1I" (the_context ()) [Ex1_def]
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            "[| P(a);  !!x. P(x) ==> x=a |] ==> ?! x. P(x)"
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 (fn prems =>
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  [REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[exI,conjI,allI,impI]) 1)]);
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(*Sometimes easier to use: the premises have no shared variables.  Safe!*)
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val [ex,eq] = Goal
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    "[| ? x. P(x);  !!x y. [| P(x); P(y) |] ==> x=y |] ==> ?! x. P(x)";
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by (rtac (ex RS exE) 1);
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [ex1I,eq] 1)) ;
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qed "ex_ex1I";
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qed_goalw "ex1E" (the_context ()) [Ex1_def]
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    "[| ?! x. P(x);  !!x. [| P(x);  ! y. P(y) --> y=x |] ==> R |] ==> R"
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 (fn major::prems =>
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  [rtac (major RS exE) 1, REPEAT (etac conjE 1 ORELSE ares_tac prems 1)]);
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Goal "?! x. P x ==> ? x. P x";
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by (etac ex1E 1);
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by (rtac exI 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "ex1_implies_ex";
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(** Select: Hilbert's Epsilon-operator **)
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section "@";
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(*Easier to apply than selectI: conclusion has only one occurrence of P*)
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val prems = Goal
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    "[| P a;  !!x. P x ==> Q x |] ==> Q (@x. P x)";
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by (resolve_tac prems 1);
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by (rtac selectI 1);
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by (resolve_tac prems 1) ;
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qed "selectI2";
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(*Easier to apply than selectI2 if witness ?a comes from an EX-formula*)
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diff changeset
   329
qed_goal "selectI2EX" (the_context ())
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   330
  "[| ? a. P a; !!x. P x ==> Q x |] ==> Q (Eps P)"
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   331
(fn [major,minor] => [rtac (major RS exE) 1, etac selectI2 1, etac minor 1]);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   332
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   333
val prems = Goal
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   334
    "[| P a;  !!x. P x ==> x=a |] ==> (@x. P x) = a";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   335
by (rtac selectI2 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   336
by (REPEAT (ares_tac prems 1)) ;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   337
qed "select_equality";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   338
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   339
Goalw [Ex1_def] "[| ?!x. P x; P a |] ==> (@x. P x) = a";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   340
by (rtac select_equality 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   341
by (atac 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   342
by (etac exE 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   343
by (etac conjE 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   344
by (rtac allE 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   345
by (atac 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   346
by (etac impE 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   347
by (atac 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   348
by (etac ssubst 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   349
by (etac allE 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   350
by (etac mp 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   351
by (atac 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   352
qed "select1_equality";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   353
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   354
Goal "P (@ x. P x) =  (? x. P x)";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   355
by (rtac iffI 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   356
by (etac exI 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   357
by (etac exE 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   358
by (etac selectI 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   359
qed "select_eq_Ex";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   360
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   361
Goal "(@y. y=x) = x";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   362
by (rtac select_equality 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   363
by (rtac refl 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   364
by (atac 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   365
qed "Eps_eq";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   366
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   367
Goal "(Eps (op = x)) = x";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   368
by (rtac select_equality 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   369
by (rtac refl 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   370
by (etac sym 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   371
qed "Eps_sym_eq";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   372
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   373
(** Classical intro rules for disjunction and existential quantifiers *)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   374
section "classical intro rules";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   375
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   376
val prems= Goal "(~Q ==> P) ==> P|Q";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   377
by (rtac classical 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   378
by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[disjI1,notI]) 1));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   379
by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[disjI2,notE]) 1)) ;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   380
qed "disjCI";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   381
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   382
Goal "~P | P";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   383
by (REPEAT (ares_tac [disjCI] 1)) ;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   384
qed "excluded_middle";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   385
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   386
(*For disjunctive case analysis*)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   387
fun excluded_middle_tac sP =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   388
    res_inst_tac [("Q",sP)] (excluded_middle RS disjE);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   389
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   390
(*Classical implies (-->) elimination. *)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   391
val major::prems = Goal "[| P-->Q; ~P ==> R; Q ==> R |] ==> R";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   392
by (rtac (excluded_middle RS disjE) 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   393
by (REPEAT (DEPTH_SOLVE_1 (ares_tac (prems @ [major RS mp]) 1)));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   394
qed "impCE";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   395
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   396
(*This version of --> elimination works on Q before P.  It works best for
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   397
  those cases in which P holds "almost everywhere".  Can't install as
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   398
  default: would break old proofs.*)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   399
val major::prems = Goal
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   400
    "[| P-->Q;  Q ==> R;  ~P ==> R |] ==> R";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   401
by (resolve_tac [excluded_middle RS disjE] 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   402
by (DEPTH_SOLVE (ares_tac (prems@[major RS mp]) 1)) ;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   403
qed "impCE'";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   404
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   405
(*Classical <-> elimination. *)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   406
val major::prems = Goal
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   407
    "[| P=Q;  [| P; Q |] ==> R;  [| ~P; ~Q |] ==> R |] ==> R";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   408
by (rtac (major RS iffE) 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   409
by (REPEAT (DEPTH_SOLVE_1 
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   410
	    (eresolve_tac ([asm_rl,impCE,notE]@prems) 1)));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   411
qed "iffCE";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   412
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   413
val prems = Goal "(! x. ~P(x) ==> P(a)) ==> ? x. P(x)";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   414
by (rtac ccontr 1);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   415
by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[exI,allI,notI,notE]) 1))  ;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   416
qed "exCI";
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   417
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   418
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   419
(* case distinction *)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   420
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   421
qed_goal "case_split_thm" (the_context ()) "[| P ==> Q; ~P ==> Q |] ==> Q"
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   422
  (fn [p1,p2] => [rtac (excluded_middle RS disjE) 1,
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   423
                  etac p2 1, etac p1 1]);
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   424
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   425
fun case_tac a = res_inst_tac [("P",a)] case_split_thm;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   426
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   427
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   428
(** Standard abbreviations **)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   429
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   430
(*Apply an equality or definition ONCE.
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   431
  Fails unless the substitution has an effect*)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   432
fun stac th = 
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   433
  let val th' = th RS def_imp_eq handle THM _ => th
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   434
  in  CHANGED_GOAL (rtac (th' RS ssubst))
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   435
  end;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   436
7490
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   437
(* combination of (spec RS spec RS ...(j times) ... spec RS mp *) 
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   438
local
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   439
  fun wrong_prem (Const ("All", _) $ (Abs (_, _, t))) = wrong_prem t
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   440
  |   wrong_prem (Bound _) = true
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   441
  |   wrong_prem _ = false;
7533
1659dc4e3552 minor change to smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7490
diff changeset
   442
  val filter_right = filter (fn t => not (wrong_prem (HOLogic.dest_Trueprop (hd (Thm.prems_of t)))));
7490
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   443
in
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   444
  fun smp i = funpow i (fn m => filter_right ([spec] RL m)) ([mp]);
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   445
  fun smp_tac j = EVERY'[dresolve_tac (smp j), atac]
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   446
end;
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   447
9a74b57740d1 added smp_tac
oheimb
parents: 7427
diff changeset
   448
7357
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   449
fun strip_tac i = REPEAT(resolve_tac [impI,allI] i); 
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   450
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   451
(** strip ! and --> from proved goal while preserving !-bound var names **)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   452
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   453
local
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   454
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   455
(* Use XXX to avoid forall_intr failing because of duplicate variable name *)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   456
val myspec = read_instantiate [("P","?XXX")] spec;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   457
val _ $ (_ $ (vx as Var(_,vxT))) = concl_of myspec;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   458
val cvx = cterm_of (#sign(rep_thm myspec)) vx;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   459
val aspec = forall_intr cvx myspec;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   460
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   461
in
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   462
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   463
fun RSspec th =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   464
  (case concl_of th of
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   465
     _ $ (Const("All",_) $ Abs(a,_,_)) =>
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   466
         let val ca = cterm_of (#sign(rep_thm th)) (Var((a,0),vxT))
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   467
         in th RS forall_elim ca aspec end
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   468
  | _ => raise THM("RSspec",0,[th]));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   469
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   470
fun RSmp th =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   471
  (case concl_of th of
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   472
     _ $ (Const("op -->",_)$_$_) => th RS mp
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   473
  | _ => raise THM("RSmp",0,[th]));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   474
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   475
fun normalize_thm funs =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   476
  let fun trans [] th = th
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   477
	| trans (f::fs) th = (trans funs (f th)) handle THM _ => trans fs th
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   478
  in zero_var_indexes o trans funs end;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   479
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   480
fun qed_spec_mp name =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   481
  let val thm = normalize_thm [RSspec,RSmp] (result())
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   482
  in ThmDatabase.ml_store_thm(name, thm) end;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   483
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   484
fun qed_goal_spec_mp name thy s p = 
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   485
	bind_thm (name, normalize_thm [RSspec,RSmp] (prove_goal thy s p));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   486
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   487
fun qed_goalw_spec_mp name thy defs s p = 
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   488
	bind_thm (name, normalize_thm [RSspec,RSmp] (prove_goalw thy defs s p));
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   489
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   490
end;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   491
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   492
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   493
(* attributes *)
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   494
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   495
local
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   496
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   497
fun gen_rulify x =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   498
  Attrib.no_args (Drule.rule_attribute (fn _ => (normalize_thm [RSspec, RSmp]))) x;
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   499
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   500
in
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   501
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   502
val attrib_setup =
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   503
 [Attrib.add_attributes
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   504
  [("rulify", (gen_rulify, gen_rulify), "put theorem into standard rule form")]];
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   505
d0e16da40ea2 proper bootstrap of HOL theory and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   506
end;