src/HOL/Predicate.thy
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(*  Title:      HOL/Predicate.thy
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    Author:     Stefan Berghofer and Lukas Bulwahn and Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen
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*)
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header {* Predicates as relations and enumerations *}
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theory Predicate
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imports Inductive Relation
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begin
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notation
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  inf (infixl "\<sqinter>" 70) and
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  sup (infixl "\<squnion>" 65) and
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  Inf ("\<Sqinter>_" [900] 900) and
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  Sup ("\<Squnion>_" [900] 900) and
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  top ("\<top>") and
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  bot ("\<bottom>")
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subsection {* Predicates as (complete) lattices *}
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subsubsection {* @{const sup} on @{typ bool} *}
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lemma sup_boolI1:
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  "P \<Longrightarrow> P \<squnion> Q"
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  by (simp add: sup_bool_eq)
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lemma sup_boolI2:
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  "Q \<Longrightarrow> P \<squnion> Q"
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  by (simp add: sup_bool_eq)
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lemma sup_boolE:
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  "P \<squnion> Q \<Longrightarrow> (P \<Longrightarrow> R) \<Longrightarrow> (Q \<Longrightarrow> R) \<Longrightarrow> R"
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  by (auto simp add: sup_bool_eq)
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subsubsection {* Equality and Subsets *}
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lemma pred_equals_eq: "((\<lambda>x. x \<in> R) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> S)) = (R = S)"
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  by (simp add: mem_def)
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lemma pred_equals_eq2 [pred_set_conv]: "((\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> R) = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> S)) = (R = S)"
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  by (simp add: expand_fun_eq mem_def)
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lemma pred_subset_eq: "((\<lambda>x. x \<in> R) <= (\<lambda>x. x \<in> S)) = (R <= S)"
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  by (simp add: mem_def)
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lemma pred_subset_eq2 [pred_set_conv]: "((\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> R) <= (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> S)) = (R <= S)"
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  by fast
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subsubsection {* Top and bottom elements *}
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lemma top1I [intro!]: "top x"
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  by (simp add: top_fun_eq top_bool_eq)
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lemma top2I [intro!]: "top x y"
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  by (simp add: top_fun_eq top_bool_eq)
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lemma bot1E [elim!]: "bot x \<Longrightarrow> P"
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  by (simp add: bot_fun_eq bot_bool_eq)
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lemma bot2E [elim!]: "bot x y \<Longrightarrow> P"
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  by (simp add: bot_fun_eq bot_bool_eq)
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subsubsection {* The empty set *}
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lemma bot_empty_eq: "bot = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> {})"
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  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq)
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lemma bot_empty_eq2: "bot = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> {})"
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  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq)
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subsubsection {* Binary union *}
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lemma sup1_iff: "sup A B x \<longleftrightarrow> A x | B x"
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  by (simp add: sup_fun_eq sup_bool_eq)
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lemma sup2_iff: "sup A B x y \<longleftrightarrow> A x y | B x y"
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  by (simp add: sup_fun_eq sup_bool_eq)
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lemma sup_Un_eq [pred_set_conv]: "sup (\<lambda>x. x \<in> R) (\<lambda>x. x \<in> S) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> R \<union> S)"
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  by (simp add: sup1_iff expand_fun_eq)
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lemma sup_Un_eq2 [pred_set_conv]: "sup (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> R) (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> S) = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> R \<union> S)"
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  by (simp add: sup2_iff expand_fun_eq)
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lemma sup1I1 [elim?]: "A x \<Longrightarrow> sup A B x"
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  by (simp add: sup1_iff)
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lemma sup2I1 [elim?]: "A x y \<Longrightarrow> sup A B x y"
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  by (simp add: sup2_iff)
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lemma sup1I2 [elim?]: "B x \<Longrightarrow> sup A B x"
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  by (simp add: sup1_iff)
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lemma sup2I2 [elim?]: "B x y \<Longrightarrow> sup A B x y"
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  by (simp add: sup2_iff)
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text {*
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  \medskip Classical introduction rule: no commitment to @{text A} vs
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  @{text B}.
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*}
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lemma sup1CI [intro!]: "(~ B x ==> A x) ==> sup A B x"
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  by (auto simp add: sup1_iff)
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lemma sup2CI [intro!]: "(~ B x y ==> A x y) ==> sup A B x y"
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  by (auto simp add: sup2_iff)
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lemma sup1E [elim!]: "sup A B x ==> (A x ==> P) ==> (B x ==> P) ==> P"
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  by (simp add: sup1_iff) iprover
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lemma sup2E [elim!]: "sup A B x y ==> (A x y ==> P) ==> (B x y ==> P) ==> P"
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  by (simp add: sup2_iff) iprover
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subsubsection {* Binary intersection *}
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lemma inf1_iff: "inf A B x \<longleftrightarrow> A x \<and> B x"
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  by (simp add: inf_fun_eq inf_bool_eq)
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lemma inf2_iff: "inf A B x y \<longleftrightarrow> A x y \<and> B x y"
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  by (simp add: inf_fun_eq inf_bool_eq)
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lemma inf_Int_eq [pred_set_conv]: "inf (\<lambda>x. x \<in> R) (\<lambda>x. x \<in> S) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> R \<inter> S)"
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  by (simp add: inf1_iff expand_fun_eq)
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lemma inf_Int_eq2 [pred_set_conv]: "inf (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> R) (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> S) = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> R \<inter> S)"
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  by (simp add: inf2_iff expand_fun_eq)
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lemma inf1I [intro!]: "A x ==> B x ==> inf A B x"
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  by (simp add: inf1_iff)
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lemma inf2I [intro!]: "A x y ==> B x y ==> inf A B x y"
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  by (simp add: inf2_iff)
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lemma inf1D1: "inf A B x ==> A x"
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  by (simp add: inf1_iff)
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lemma inf2D1: "inf A B x y ==> A x y"
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  by (simp add: inf2_iff)
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lemma inf1D2: "inf A B x ==> B x"
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  by (simp add: inf1_iff)
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lemma inf2D2: "inf A B x y ==> B x y"
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  by (simp add: inf2_iff)
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lemma inf1E [elim!]: "inf A B x ==> (A x ==> B x ==> P) ==> P"
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  by (simp add: inf1_iff)
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lemma inf2E [elim!]: "inf A B x y ==> (A x y ==> B x y ==> P) ==> P"
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  by (simp add: inf2_iff)
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subsubsection {* Unions of families *}
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lemma SUP1_iff: "(SUP x:A. B x) b = (EX x:A. B x b)"
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  by (simp add: SUPR_def Sup_fun_def Sup_bool_def) blast
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lemma SUP2_iff: "(SUP x:A. B x) b c = (EX x:A. B x b c)"
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  by (simp add: SUPR_def Sup_fun_def Sup_bool_def) blast
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lemma SUP1_I [intro]: "a : A ==> B a b ==> (SUP x:A. B x) b"
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  by (auto simp add: SUP1_iff)
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lemma SUP2_I [intro]: "a : A ==> B a b c ==> (SUP x:A. B x) b c"
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  by (auto simp add: SUP2_iff)
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lemma SUP1_E [elim!]: "(SUP x:A. B x) b ==> (!!x. x : A ==> B x b ==> R) ==> R"
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  by (auto simp add: SUP1_iff)
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lemma SUP2_E [elim!]: "(SUP x:A. B x) b c ==> (!!x. x : A ==> B x b c ==> R) ==> R"
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  by (auto simp add: SUP2_iff)
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lemma SUP_UN_eq: "(SUP i. (\<lambda>x. x \<in> r i)) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> (UN i. r i))"
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  by (simp add: SUP1_iff expand_fun_eq)
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lemma SUP_UN_eq2: "(SUP i. (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r i)) = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> (UN i. r i))"
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  by (simp add: SUP2_iff expand_fun_eq)
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subsubsection {* Intersections of families *}
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lemma INF1_iff: "(INF x:A. B x) b = (ALL x:A. B x b)"
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  by (simp add: INFI_def Inf_fun_def Inf_bool_def) blast
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lemma INF2_iff: "(INF x:A. B x) b c = (ALL x:A. B x b c)"
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  by (simp add: INFI_def Inf_fun_def Inf_bool_def) blast
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lemma INF1_I [intro!]: "(!!x. x : A ==> B x b) ==> (INF x:A. B x) b"
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  by (auto simp add: INF1_iff)
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lemma INF2_I [intro!]: "(!!x. x : A ==> B x b c) ==> (INF x:A. B x) b c"
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  by (auto simp add: INF2_iff)
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lemma INF1_D [elim]: "(INF x:A. B x) b ==> a : A ==> B a b"
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  by (auto simp add: INF1_iff)
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lemma INF2_D [elim]: "(INF x:A. B x) b c ==> a : A ==> B a b c"
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  by (auto simp add: INF2_iff)
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lemma INF1_E [elim]: "(INF x:A. B x) b ==> (B a b ==> R) ==> (a ~: A ==> R) ==> R"
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  by (auto simp add: INF1_iff)
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lemma INF2_E [elim]: "(INF x:A. B x) b c ==> (B a b c ==> R) ==> (a ~: A ==> R) ==> R"
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  by (auto simp add: INF2_iff)
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lemma INF_INT_eq: "(INF i. (\<lambda>x. x \<in> r i)) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> (INT i. r i))"
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  by (simp add: INF1_iff expand_fun_eq)
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lemma INF_INT_eq2: "(INF i. (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r i)) = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> (INT i. r i))"
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  by (simp add: INF2_iff expand_fun_eq)
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subsection {* Predicates as relations *}
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subsubsection {* Composition  *}
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inductive
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  pred_comp  :: "['a => 'b => bool, 'b => 'c => bool] => 'a => 'c => bool"
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    (infixr "OO" 75)
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  for r :: "'a => 'b => bool" and s :: "'b => 'c => bool"
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where
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  pred_compI [intro]: "r a b ==> s b c ==> (r OO s) a c"
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inductive_cases pred_compE [elim!]: "(r OO s) a c"
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lemma pred_comp_rel_comp_eq [pred_set_conv]:
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  "((\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r) OO (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> s)) = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r O s)"
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  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq elim: pred_compE)
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subsubsection {* Converse *}
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inductive
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  conversep :: "('a => 'b => bool) => 'b => 'a => bool"
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    ("(_^--1)" [1000] 1000)
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  for r :: "'a => 'b => bool"
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where
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  conversepI: "r a b ==> r^--1 b a"
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notation (xsymbols)
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  conversep  ("(_\<inverse>\<inverse>)" [1000] 1000)
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lemma conversepD:
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  assumes ab: "r^--1 a b"
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  shows "r b a" using ab
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  by cases simp
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lemma conversep_iff [iff]: "r^--1 a b = r b a"
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  by (iprover intro: conversepI dest: conversepD)
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lemma conversep_converse_eq [pred_set_conv]:
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  "(\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r)^--1 = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r^-1)"
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  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq)
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lemma conversep_conversep [simp]: "(r^--1)^--1 = r"
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  by (iprover intro: order_antisym conversepI dest: conversepD)
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lemma converse_pred_comp: "(r OO s)^--1 = s^--1 OO r^--1"
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  by (iprover intro: order_antisym conversepI pred_compI
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    elim: pred_compE dest: conversepD)
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lemma converse_meet: "(inf r s)^--1 = inf r^--1 s^--1"
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  by (simp add: inf_fun_eq inf_bool_eq)
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    (iprover intro: conversepI ext dest: conversepD)
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lemma converse_join: "(sup r s)^--1 = sup r^--1 s^--1"
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  by (simp add: sup_fun_eq sup_bool_eq)
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    (iprover intro: conversepI ext dest: conversepD)
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lemma conversep_noteq [simp]: "(op ~=)^--1 = op ~="
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  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq)
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lemma conversep_eq [simp]: "(op =)^--1 = op ="
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  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq)
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subsubsection {* Domain *}
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inductive
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  DomainP :: "('a => 'b => bool) => 'a => bool"
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  for r :: "'a => 'b => bool"
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where
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  DomainPI [intro]: "r a b ==> DomainP r a"
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inductive_cases DomainPE [elim!]: "DomainP r a"
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lemma DomainP_Domain_eq [pred_set_conv]: "DomainP (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> Domain r)"
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  by (blast intro!: Orderings.order_antisym predicate1I)
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subsubsection {* Range *}
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inductive
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  RangeP :: "('a => 'b => bool) => 'b => bool"
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  for r :: "'a => 'b => bool"
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where
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  RangePI [intro]: "r a b ==> RangeP r b"
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inductive_cases RangePE [elim!]: "RangeP r b"
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lemma RangeP_Range_eq [pred_set_conv]: "RangeP (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> Range r)"
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  by (blast intro!: Orderings.order_antisym predicate1I)
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subsubsection {* Inverse image *}
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definition
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  inv_imagep :: "('b => 'b => bool) => ('a => 'b) => 'a => 'a => bool" where
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  "inv_imagep r f == %x y. r (f x) (f y)"
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lemma [pred_set_conv]: "inv_imagep (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> r) f = (\<lambda>x y. (x, y) \<in> inv_image r f)"
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  by (simp add: inv_image_def inv_imagep_def)
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lemma in_inv_imagep [simp]: "inv_imagep r f x y = r (f x) (f y)"
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  by (simp add: inv_imagep_def)
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subsubsection {* Powerset *}
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definition Powp :: "('a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> bool" where
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  "Powp A == \<lambda>B. \<forall>x \<in> B. A x"
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lemma Powp_Pow_eq [pred_set_conv]: "Powp (\<lambda>x. x \<in> A) = (\<lambda>x. x \<in> Pow A)"
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  by (auto simp add: Powp_def expand_fun_eq)
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lemmas Powp_mono [mono] = Pow_mono [to_pred pred_subset_eq]
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subsubsection {* Properties of relations *}
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abbreviation antisymP :: "('a => 'a => bool) => bool" where
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  "antisymP r == antisym {(x, y). r x y}"
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abbreviation transP :: "('a => 'a => bool) => bool" where
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  "transP r == trans {(x, y). r x y}"
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abbreviation single_valuedP :: "('a => 'b => bool) => bool" where
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  "single_valuedP r == single_valued {(x, y). r x y}"
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subsection {* Predicates as enumerations *}
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subsubsection {* The type of predicate enumerations (a monad) *}
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datatype 'a pred = Pred "'a \<Rightarrow> bool"
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primrec eval :: "'a pred \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool" where
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  eval_pred: "eval (Pred f) = f"
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lemma Pred_eval [simp]:
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  "Pred (eval x) = x"
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  by (cases x) simp
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lemma eval_inject: "eval x = eval y \<longleftrightarrow> x = y"
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  by (cases x) auto
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definition single :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a pred" where
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  "single x = Pred ((op =) x)"
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definition bind :: "'a pred \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b pred) \<Rightarrow> 'b pred" (infixl "\<guillemotright>=" 70) where
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  "P \<guillemotright>= f = Pred (\<lambda>x. (\<exists>y. eval P y \<and> eval (f y) x))"
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instantiation pred :: (type) "{complete_lattice, boolean_algebra}"
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begin
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definition
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  "P \<le> Q \<longleftrightarrow> eval P \<le> eval Q"
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definition
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  "P < Q \<longleftrightarrow> eval P < eval Q"
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definition
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  "\<bottom> = Pred \<bottom>"
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definition
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  "\<top> = Pred \<top>"
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definition
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  "P \<sqinter> Q = Pred (eval P \<sqinter> eval Q)"
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definition
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  "P \<squnion> Q = Pred (eval P \<squnion> eval Q)"
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definition
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  [code del]: "\<Sqinter>A = Pred (INFI A eval)"
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definition
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  [code del]: "\<Squnion>A = Pred (SUPR A eval)"
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definition
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  "- P = Pred (- eval P)"
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definition
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  "P - Q = Pred (eval P - eval Q)"
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instance proof
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qed (auto simp add: less_eq_pred_def less_pred_def
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    inf_pred_def sup_pred_def bot_pred_def top_pred_def
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    Inf_pred_def Sup_pred_def uminus_pred_def minus_pred_def fun_Compl_def bool_Compl_def,
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    auto simp add: le_fun_def less_fun_def le_bool_def less_bool_def
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    eval_inject mem_def)
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end
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lemma bind_bind:
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  "(P \<guillemotright>= Q) \<guillemotright>= R = P \<guillemotright>= (\<lambda>x. Q x \<guillemotright>= R)"
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  by (auto simp add: bind_def expand_fun_eq)
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lemma bind_single:
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  "P \<guillemotright>= single = P"
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  by (simp add: bind_def single_def)
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lemma single_bind:
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  "single x \<guillemotright>= P = P x"
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  by (simp add: bind_def single_def)
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lemma bottom_bind:
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  "\<bottom> \<guillemotright>= P = \<bottom>"
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  by (auto simp add: bot_pred_def bind_def expand_fun_eq)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   426
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   427
lemma sup_bind:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   428
  "(P \<squnion> Q) \<guillemotright>= R = P \<guillemotright>= R \<squnion> Q \<guillemotright>= R"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   429
  by (auto simp add: bind_def sup_pred_def expand_fun_eq)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   430
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   431
lemma Sup_bind: "(\<Squnion>A \<guillemotright>= f) = \<Squnion>((\<lambda>x. x \<guillemotright>= f) ` A)"
32601
47d0c967c64e be more cautious wrt. simp rules: sup1_iff, sup2_iff, inf1_iff, inf2_iff, SUP1_iff, SUP2_iff, INF1_iff, INF2_iff are no longer simp by default
haftmann
parents: 32582
diff changeset
   432
  by (auto simp add: bind_def Sup_pred_def SUP1_iff expand_fun_eq)
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   433
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   434
lemma pred_iffI:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   435
  assumes "\<And>x. eval A x \<Longrightarrow> eval B x"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   436
  and "\<And>x. eval B x \<Longrightarrow> eval A x"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   437
  shows "A = B"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   438
proof -
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   439
  from assms have "\<And>x. eval A x \<longleftrightarrow> eval B x" by blast
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   440
  then show ?thesis by (cases A, cases B) (simp add: expand_fun_eq)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   441
qed
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   442
  
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   443
lemma singleI: "eval (single x) x"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   444
  unfolding single_def by simp
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   445
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   446
lemma singleI_unit: "eval (single ()) x"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   447
  by simp (rule singleI)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   448
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   449
lemma singleE: "eval (single x) y \<Longrightarrow> (y = x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   450
  unfolding single_def by simp
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   451
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   452
lemma singleE': "eval (single x) y \<Longrightarrow> (x = y \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   453
  by (erule singleE) simp
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   454
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   455
lemma bindI: "eval P x \<Longrightarrow> eval (Q x) y \<Longrightarrow> eval (P \<guillemotright>= Q) y"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   456
  unfolding bind_def by auto
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   457
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   458
lemma bindE: "eval (R \<guillemotright>= Q) y \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. eval R x \<Longrightarrow> eval (Q x) y \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   459
  unfolding bind_def by auto
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   460
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   461
lemma botE: "eval \<bottom> x \<Longrightarrow> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   462
  unfolding bot_pred_def by auto
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   463
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   464
lemma supI1: "eval A x \<Longrightarrow> eval (A \<squnion> B) x"
32601
47d0c967c64e be more cautious wrt. simp rules: sup1_iff, sup2_iff, inf1_iff, inf2_iff, SUP1_iff, SUP2_iff, INF1_iff, INF2_iff are no longer simp by default
haftmann
parents: 32582
diff changeset
   465
  unfolding sup_pred_def by (simp add: sup1_iff)
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   466
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   467
lemma supI2: "eval B x \<Longrightarrow> eval (A \<squnion> B) x" 
32601
47d0c967c64e be more cautious wrt. simp rules: sup1_iff, sup2_iff, inf1_iff, inf2_iff, SUP1_iff, SUP2_iff, INF1_iff, INF2_iff are no longer simp by default
haftmann
parents: 32582
diff changeset
   468
  unfolding sup_pred_def by (simp add: sup1_iff)
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   469
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   470
lemma supE: "eval (A \<squnion> B) x \<Longrightarrow> (eval A x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> (eval B x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   471
  unfolding sup_pred_def by auto
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   472
32578
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   473
lemma single_not_bot [simp]:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   474
  "single x \<noteq> \<bottom>"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   475
  by (auto simp add: single_def bot_pred_def expand_fun_eq)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   476
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   477
lemma not_bot:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   478
  assumes "A \<noteq> \<bottom>"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   479
  obtains x where "eval A x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   480
using assms by (cases A)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   481
  (auto simp add: bot_pred_def, auto simp add: mem_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   482
  
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   483
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   484
subsubsection {* Emptiness check and definite choice *}
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   485
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   486
definition is_empty :: "'a pred \<Rightarrow> bool" where
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   487
  "is_empty A \<longleftrightarrow> A = \<bottom>"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   488
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   489
lemma is_empty_bot:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   490
  "is_empty \<bottom>"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   491
  by (simp add: is_empty_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   492
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   493
lemma not_is_empty_single:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   494
  "\<not> is_empty (single x)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   495
  by (auto simp add: is_empty_def single_def bot_pred_def expand_fun_eq)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   496
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   497
lemma is_empty_sup:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   498
  "is_empty (A \<squnion> B) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty A \<and> is_empty B"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   499
  by (auto simp add: is_empty_def intro: sup_eq_bot_eq1 sup_eq_bot_eq2)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   500
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   501
definition singleton :: "'a pred \<Rightarrow> 'a" where
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   502
  "singleton A = (if \<exists>!x. eval A x then THE x. eval A x else undefined)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   503
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   504
lemma singleton_eqI:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   505
  "\<exists>!x. eval A x \<Longrightarrow> eval A x \<Longrightarrow> singleton A = x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   506
  by (auto simp add: singleton_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   507
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   508
lemma eval_singletonI:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   509
  "\<exists>!x. eval A x \<Longrightarrow> eval A (singleton A)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   510
proof -
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   511
  assume assm: "\<exists>!x. eval A x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   512
  then obtain x where "eval A x" ..
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   513
  moreover with assm have "singleton A = x" by (rule singleton_eqI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   514
  ultimately show ?thesis by simp 
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   515
qed
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   516
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   517
lemma single_singleton:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   518
  "\<exists>!x. eval A x \<Longrightarrow> single (singleton A) = A"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   519
proof -
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   520
  assume assm: "\<exists>!x. eval A x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   521
  then have "eval A (singleton A)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   522
    by (rule eval_singletonI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   523
  moreover from assm have "\<And>x. eval A x \<Longrightarrow> singleton A = x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   524
    by (rule singleton_eqI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   525
  ultimately have "eval (single (singleton A)) = eval A"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   526
    by (simp (no_asm_use) add: single_def expand_fun_eq) blast
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   527
  then show ?thesis by (simp add: eval_inject)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   528
qed
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   529
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   530
lemma singleton_undefinedI:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   531
  "\<not> (\<exists>!x. eval A x) \<Longrightarrow> singleton A = undefined"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   532
  by (simp add: singleton_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   533
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   534
lemma singleton_bot:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   535
  "singleton \<bottom> = undefined"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   536
  by (auto simp add: bot_pred_def intro: singleton_undefinedI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   537
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   538
lemma singleton_single:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   539
  "singleton (single x) = x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   540
  by (auto simp add: intro: singleton_eqI singleI elim: singleE)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   541
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   542
lemma singleton_sup_single_single:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   543
  "singleton (single x \<squnion> single y) = (if x = y then x else undefined)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   544
proof (cases "x = y")
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   545
  case True then show ?thesis by (simp add: singleton_single)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   546
next
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   547
  case False
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   548
  have "eval (single x \<squnion> single y) x"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   549
    and "eval (single x \<squnion> single y) y"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   550
  by (auto intro: supI1 supI2 singleI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   551
  with False have "\<not> (\<exists>!z. eval (single x \<squnion> single y) z)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   552
    by blast
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   553
  then have "singleton (single x \<squnion> single y) = undefined"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   554
    by (rule singleton_undefinedI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   555
  with False show ?thesis by simp
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   556
qed
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   557
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   558
lemma singleton_sup_aux:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   559
  "singleton (A \<squnion> B) = (if A = \<bottom> then singleton B
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   560
    else if B = \<bottom> then singleton A
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   561
    else singleton
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   562
      (single (singleton A) \<squnion> single (singleton B)))"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   563
proof (cases "(\<exists>!x. eval A x) \<and> (\<exists>!y. eval B y)")
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   564
  case True then show ?thesis by (simp add: single_singleton)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   565
next
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   566
  case False
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   567
  from False have A_or_B:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   568
    "singleton A = undefined \<or> singleton B = undefined"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   569
    by (auto intro!: singleton_undefinedI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   570
  then have rhs: "singleton
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   571
    (single (singleton A) \<squnion> single (singleton B)) = undefined"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   572
    by (auto simp add: singleton_sup_single_single singleton_single)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   573
  from False have not_unique:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   574
    "\<not> (\<exists>!x. eval A x) \<or> \<not> (\<exists>!y. eval B y)" by simp
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   575
  show ?thesis proof (cases "A \<noteq> \<bottom> \<and> B \<noteq> \<bottom>")
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   576
    case True
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   577
    then obtain a b where a: "eval A a" and b: "eval B b"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   578
      by (blast elim: not_bot)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   579
    with True not_unique have "\<not> (\<exists>!x. eval (A \<squnion> B) x)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   580
      by (auto simp add: sup_pred_def bot_pred_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   581
    then have "singleton (A \<squnion> B) = undefined" by (rule singleton_undefinedI)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   582
    with True rhs show ?thesis by simp
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   583
  next
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   584
    case False then show ?thesis by auto
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   585
  qed
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   586
qed
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   587
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   588
lemma singleton_sup:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   589
  "singleton (A \<squnion> B) = (if A = \<bottom> then singleton B
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   590
    else if B = \<bottom> then singleton A
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   591
    else if singleton A = singleton B then singleton A else undefined)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   592
using singleton_sup_aux [of A B] by (simp only: singleton_sup_single_single)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   593
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   594
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   595
subsubsection {* Derived operations *}
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   596
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   597
definition if_pred :: "bool \<Rightarrow> unit pred" where
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   598
  if_pred_eq: "if_pred b = (if b then single () else \<bottom>)"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   599
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   600
definition not_pred :: "unit pred \<Rightarrow> unit pred" where
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   601
  not_pred_eq: "not_pred P = (if eval P () then \<bottom> else single ())"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   602
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   603
lemma if_predI: "P \<Longrightarrow> eval (if_pred P) ()"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   604
  unfolding if_pred_eq by (auto intro: singleI)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   605
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   606
lemma if_predE: "eval (if_pred b) x \<Longrightarrow> (b \<Longrightarrow> x = () \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   607
  unfolding if_pred_eq by (cases b) (auto elim: botE)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   608
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   609
lemma not_predI: "\<not> P \<Longrightarrow> eval (not_pred (Pred (\<lambda>u. P))) ()"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   610
  unfolding not_pred_eq eval_pred by (auto intro: singleI)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   611
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   612
lemma not_predI': "\<not> eval P () \<Longrightarrow> eval (not_pred P) ()"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   613
  unfolding not_pred_eq by (auto intro: singleI)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   614
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   615
lemma not_predE: "eval (not_pred (Pred (\<lambda>u. P))) x \<Longrightarrow> (\<not> P \<Longrightarrow> thesis) \<Longrightarrow> thesis"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   616
  unfolding not_pred_eq
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   617
  by (auto split: split_if_asm elim: botE)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   618
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   619
lemma not_predE': "eval (not_pred P) x \<Longrightarrow> (\<not> eval P x \<Longrightarrow> thesis) \<Longrightarrow> thesis"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   620
  unfolding not_pred_eq
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   621
  by (auto split: split_if_asm elim: botE)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   622
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   623
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   624
subsubsection {* Implementation *}
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   625
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   626
datatype 'a seq = Empty | Insert "'a" "'a pred" | Join "'a pred" "'a seq"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   627
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   628
primrec pred_of_seq :: "'a seq \<Rightarrow> 'a pred" where
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   629
    "pred_of_seq Empty = \<bottom>"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   630
  | "pred_of_seq (Insert x P) = single x \<squnion> P"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   631
  | "pred_of_seq (Join P xq) = P \<squnion> pred_of_seq xq"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   632
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   633
definition Seq :: "(unit \<Rightarrow> 'a seq) \<Rightarrow> 'a pred" where
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   634
  "Seq f = pred_of_seq (f ())"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   635
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   636
code_datatype Seq
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   637
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   638
primrec member :: "'a seq \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool"  where
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   639
  "member Empty x \<longleftrightarrow> False"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   640
  | "member (Insert y P) x \<longleftrightarrow> x = y \<or> eval P x"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   641
  | "member (Join P xq) x \<longleftrightarrow> eval P x \<or> member xq x"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   642
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   643
lemma eval_member:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   644
  "member xq = eval (pred_of_seq xq)"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   645
proof (induct xq)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   646
  case Empty show ?case
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   647
  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq elim: botE)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   648
next
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   649
  case Insert show ?case
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   650
  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq elim: supE singleE intro: supI1 supI2 singleI)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   651
next
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   652
  case Join then show ?case
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   653
  by (auto simp add: expand_fun_eq elim: supE intro: supI1 supI2)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   654
qed
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   655
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   656
lemma eval_code [code]: "eval (Seq f) = member (f ())"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   657
  unfolding Seq_def by (rule sym, rule eval_member)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   658
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   659
lemma single_code [code]:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   660
  "single x = Seq (\<lambda>u. Insert x \<bottom>)"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   661
  unfolding Seq_def by simp
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   662
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   663
primrec "apply" :: "('a \<Rightarrow> 'b Predicate.pred) \<Rightarrow> 'a seq \<Rightarrow> 'b seq" where
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   664
    "apply f Empty = Empty"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   665
  | "apply f (Insert x P) = Join (f x) (Join (P \<guillemotright>= f) Empty)"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   666
  | "apply f (Join P xq) = Join (P \<guillemotright>= f) (apply f xq)"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   667
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   668
lemma apply_bind:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   669
  "pred_of_seq (apply f xq) = pred_of_seq xq \<guillemotright>= f"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   670
proof (induct xq)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   671
  case Empty show ?case
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   672
    by (simp add: bottom_bind)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   673
next
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   674
  case Insert show ?case
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   675
    by (simp add: single_bind sup_bind)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   676
next
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   677
  case Join then show ?case
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   678
    by (simp add: sup_bind)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   679
qed
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   680
  
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   681
lemma bind_code [code]:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   682
  "Seq g \<guillemotright>= f = Seq (\<lambda>u. apply f (g ()))"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   683
  unfolding Seq_def by (rule sym, rule apply_bind)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   684
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   685
lemma bot_set_code [code]:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   686
  "\<bottom> = Seq (\<lambda>u. Empty)"
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   687
  unfolding Seq_def by simp
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   688
30376
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   689
primrec adjunct :: "'a pred \<Rightarrow> 'a seq \<Rightarrow> 'a seq" where
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   690
    "adjunct P Empty = Join P Empty"
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   691
  | "adjunct P (Insert x Q) = Insert x (Q \<squnion> P)"
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   692
  | "adjunct P (Join Q xq) = Join Q (adjunct P xq)"
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   693
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   694
lemma adjunct_sup:
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   695
  "pred_of_seq (adjunct P xq) = P \<squnion> pred_of_seq xq"
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   696
  by (induct xq) (simp_all add: sup_assoc sup_commute sup_left_commute)
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   697
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   698
lemma sup_code [code]:
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   699
  "Seq f \<squnion> Seq g = Seq (\<lambda>u. case f ()
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   700
    of Empty \<Rightarrow> g ()
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   701
     | Insert x P \<Rightarrow> Insert x (P \<squnion> Seq g)
30376
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   702
     | Join P xq \<Rightarrow> adjunct (Seq g) (Join P xq))"
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   703
proof (cases "f ()")
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   704
  case Empty
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   705
  thus ?thesis
30376
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   706
    unfolding Seq_def by (simp add: sup_commute [of "\<bottom>"]  sup_bot)
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   707
next
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   708
  case Insert
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   709
  thus ?thesis
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   710
    unfolding Seq_def by (simp add: sup_assoc)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   711
next
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   712
  case Join
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   713
  thus ?thesis
30376
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   714
    unfolding Seq_def
e8cc806a3755 refined enumeration implementation
haftmann
parents: 30328
diff changeset
   715
    by (simp add: adjunct_sup sup_assoc sup_commute sup_left_commute)
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   716
qed
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   717
30430
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   718
primrec contained :: "'a seq \<Rightarrow> 'a pred \<Rightarrow> bool" where
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   719
    "contained Empty Q \<longleftrightarrow> True"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   720
  | "contained (Insert x P) Q \<longleftrightarrow> eval Q x \<and> P \<le> Q"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   721
  | "contained (Join P xq) Q \<longleftrightarrow> P \<le> Q \<and> contained xq Q"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   722
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   723
lemma single_less_eq_eval:
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   724
  "single x \<le> P \<longleftrightarrow> eval P x"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   725
  by (auto simp add: single_def less_eq_pred_def mem_def)
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   726
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   727
lemma contained_less_eq:
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   728
  "contained xq Q \<longleftrightarrow> pred_of_seq xq \<le> Q"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   729
  by (induct xq) (simp_all add: single_less_eq_eval)
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   730
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   731
lemma less_eq_pred_code [code]:
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   732
  "Seq f \<le> Q = (case f ()
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   733
   of Empty \<Rightarrow> True
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   734
    | Insert x P \<Rightarrow> eval Q x \<and> P \<le> Q
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   735
    | Join P xq \<Rightarrow> P \<le> Q \<and> contained xq Q)"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   736
  by (cases "f ()")
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   737
    (simp_all add: Seq_def single_less_eq_eval contained_less_eq)
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   738
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   739
lemma eq_pred_code [code]:
31133
a9f728dc5c8e dropped sort constraint on predicate equality
haftmann
parents: 31122
diff changeset
   740
  fixes P Q :: "'a pred"
30430
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   741
  shows "eq_class.eq P Q \<longleftrightarrow> P \<le> Q \<and> Q \<le> P"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   742
  unfolding eq by auto
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   743
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   744
lemma [code]:
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   745
  "pred_case f P = f (eval P)"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   746
  by (cases P) simp
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   747
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   748
lemma [code]:
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   749
  "pred_rec f P = f (eval P)"
42ea5d85edcc explicit code equations for some rarely used pred operations
haftmann
parents: 30378
diff changeset
   750
  by (cases P) simp
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   751
31105
95f66b234086 added general preprocessing of equality in predicates for code generation
bulwahn
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   752
inductive eq :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool" where "eq x x"
95f66b234086 added general preprocessing of equality in predicates for code generation
bulwahn
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   753
95f66b234086 added general preprocessing of equality in predicates for code generation
bulwahn
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   754
lemma eq_is_eq: "eq x y \<equiv> (x = y)"
31108
haftmann
parents: 31106 30959
diff changeset
   755
  by (rule eq_reflection) (auto intro: eq.intros elim: eq.cases)
30948
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   756
31216
29da4d396e1f added Predicate.map
haftmann
parents: 31133
diff changeset
   757
definition map :: "('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> 'a pred \<Rightarrow> 'b pred" where
29da4d396e1f added Predicate.map
haftmann
parents: 31133
diff changeset
   758
  "map f P = P \<guillemotright>= (single o f)"
29da4d396e1f added Predicate.map
haftmann
parents: 31133
diff changeset
   759
32578
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   760
primrec null :: "'a seq \<Rightarrow> bool" where
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   761
    "null Empty \<longleftrightarrow> True"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   762
  | "null (Insert x P) \<longleftrightarrow> False"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   763
  | "null (Join P xq) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty P \<and> null xq"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   764
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   765
lemma null_is_empty:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   766
  "null xq \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty (pred_of_seq xq)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   767
  by (induct xq) (simp_all add: is_empty_bot not_is_empty_single is_empty_sup)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   768
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   769
lemma is_empty_code [code]:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   770
  "is_empty (Seq f) \<longleftrightarrow> null (f ())"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   771
  by (simp add: null_is_empty Seq_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   772
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   773
primrec the_only :: "'a seq \<Rightarrow> 'a" where
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   774
  [code del]: "the_only Empty = undefined"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   775
  | "the_only (Insert x P) = (if is_empty P then x else let y = singleton P in if x = y then x else undefined)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   776
  | "the_only (Join P xq) = (if is_empty P then the_only xq else if null xq then singleton P
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   777
       else let x = singleton P; y = the_only xq in
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   778
       if x = y then x else undefined)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   779
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   780
lemma the_only_singleton:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   781
  "the_only xq = singleton (pred_of_seq xq)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   782
  by (induct xq)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   783
    (auto simp add: singleton_bot singleton_single is_empty_def
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   784
    null_is_empty Let_def singleton_sup)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   785
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   786
lemma singleton_code [code]:
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   787
  "singleton (Seq f) = (case f ()
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   788
   of Empty \<Rightarrow> undefined
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   789
    | Insert x P \<Rightarrow> if is_empty P then x
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   790
        else let y = singleton P in
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   791
          if x = y then x else undefined
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   792
    | Join P xq \<Rightarrow> if is_empty P then the_only xq
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   793
        else if null xq then singleton P
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   794
        else let x = singleton P; y = the_only xq in
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   795
          if x = y then x else undefined)"
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   796
  by (cases "f ()")
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   797
   (auto simp add: Seq_def the_only_singleton is_empty_def
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   798
      null_is_empty singleton_bot singleton_single singleton_sup Let_def)
22117a76f943 added emptiness check predicate and singleton projection
haftmann
parents: 32372
diff changeset
   799
32668
b2de45007537 added first prototype of the extended predicate compiler
bulwahn
parents: 32601
diff changeset
   800
lemma meta_fun_cong:
b2de45007537 added first prototype of the extended predicate compiler
bulwahn
parents: 32601
diff changeset
   801
"f == g ==> f x == g x"
b2de45007537 added first prototype of the extended predicate compiler
bulwahn
parents: 32601
diff changeset
   802
by simp
b2de45007537 added first prototype of the extended predicate compiler
bulwahn
parents: 32601
diff changeset
   803
30948
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   804
ML {*
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   805
signature PREDICATE =
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   806
sig
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   807
  datatype 'a pred = Seq of (unit -> 'a seq)
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   808
  and 'a seq = Empty | Insert of 'a * 'a pred | Join of 'a pred * 'a seq
30959
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   809
  val yield: 'a pred -> ('a * 'a pred) option
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   810
  val yieldn: int -> 'a pred -> 'a list * 'a pred
31222
4a84ae57b65f added Predicate.map in SML environment
haftmann
parents: 31216
diff changeset
   811
  val map: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a pred -> 'b pred
30948
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   812
end;
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   813
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   814
structure Predicate : PREDICATE =
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   815
struct
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   816
30959
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   817
@{code_datatype pred = Seq};
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   818
@{code_datatype seq = Empty | Insert | Join};
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   819
32372
b0d2b49bfaed formally stylized
haftmann
parents: 32235
diff changeset
   820
fun yield (@{code Seq} f) = next (f ())
30959
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   821
and next @{code Empty} = NONE
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   822
  | next (@{code Insert} (x, P)) = SOME (x, P)
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   823
  | next (@{code Join} (P, xq)) = (case yield P
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   824
     of NONE => next xq
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   825
      | SOME (x, Q) => SOME (x, @{code Seq} (fn _ => @{code Join} (Q, xq))))
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   826
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   827
fun anamorph f k x = (if k = 0 then ([], x)
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   828
  else case f x
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   829
   of NONE => ([], x)
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   830
    | SOME (v, y) => let
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   831
        val (vs, z) = anamorph f (k - 1) y
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   832
      in (v :: vs, z) end)
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   833
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   834
fun yieldn P = anamorph yield P;
30948
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   835
31222
4a84ae57b65f added Predicate.map in SML environment
haftmann
parents: 31216
diff changeset
   836
fun map f = @{code map} f;
4a84ae57b65f added Predicate.map in SML environment
haftmann
parents: 31216
diff changeset
   837
30948
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   838
end;
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   839
*}
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   840
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   841
code_reserved Eval Predicate
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   842
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   843
code_type pred and seq
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   844
  (Eval "_/ Predicate.pred" and "_/ Predicate.seq")
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   845
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   846
code_const Seq and Empty and Insert and Join
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   847
  (Eval "Predicate.Seq" and "Predicate.Empty" and "Predicate.Insert/ (_,/ _)" and "Predicate.Join/ (_,/ _)")
7f699568a877 static compilation of enumeration type
haftmann
parents: 30430
diff changeset
   848
31122
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   849
text {* dummy setup for @{text code_pred} and @{text values} keywords *}
31108
haftmann
parents: 31106 30959
diff changeset
   850
haftmann
parents: 31106 30959
diff changeset
   851
ML {*
31122
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   852
local
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   853
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   854
structure P = OuterParse;
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   855
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   856
val opt_modes = Scan.optional (P.$$$ "(" |-- P.!!! (Scan.repeat1 P.xname --| P.$$$ ")")) [];
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   857
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   858
in
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   859
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   860
val _ = OuterSyntax.local_theory_to_proof "code_pred" "sets up goal for cases rule from given introduction rules and compiles predicate"
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   861
  OuterKeyword.thy_goal (P.term_group >> (K (Proof.theorem_i NONE (K I) [[]])));
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   862
31216
29da4d396e1f added Predicate.map
haftmann
parents: 31133
diff changeset
   863
val _ = OuterSyntax.improper_command "values" "enumerate and print comprehensions"
31122
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   864
  OuterKeyword.diag ((opt_modes -- P.term)
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   865
    >> (fn (modes, t) => Toplevel.no_timing o Toplevel.keep
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   866
        (K ())));
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   867
3ef6f93180ef added dummy values keyword
haftmann
parents: 31109
diff changeset
   868
end
31108
haftmann
parents: 31106 30959
diff changeset
   869
*}
30959
458e55fd0a33 fixed compilation of predicate types in ML environment
haftmann
parents: 30948
diff changeset
   870
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   871
no_notation
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   872
  inf (infixl "\<sqinter>" 70) and
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   873
  sup (infixl "\<squnion>" 65) and
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   874
  Inf ("\<Sqinter>_" [900] 900) and
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   875
  Sup ("\<Squnion>_" [900] 900) and
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   876
  top ("\<top>") and
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   877
  bot ("\<bottom>") and
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   878
  bind (infixl "\<guillemotright>=" 70)
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   879
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   880
hide (open) type pred seq
32582
a382876d3290 hide new constants
haftmann
parents: 32578
diff changeset
   881
hide (open) const Pred eval single bind is_empty singleton if_pred not_pred
a382876d3290 hide new constants
haftmann
parents: 32578
diff changeset
   882
  Empty Insert Join Seq member pred_of_seq "apply" adjunct null the_only eq map
30328
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   883
ab47f43f7581 added enumeration of predicates
haftmann
parents: 26797
diff changeset
   884
end