src/Tools/Code/code_printer.ML
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(*  Title:      Tools/code/code_printer.ML
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    Author:     Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen
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Generic operations for pretty printing of target language code.
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*)
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signature CODE_PRINTER =
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sig
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  type itype = Code_Thingol.itype
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  type iterm = Code_Thingol.iterm
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  type const = Code_Thingol.const
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  type dict = Code_Thingol.dict
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  val eqn_error: thm -> string -> 'a
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  val @@ : 'a * 'a -> 'a list
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  val @| : 'a list * 'a -> 'a list
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  val str: string -> Pretty.T
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  val concat: Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val brackets: Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val semicolon: Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val doublesemicolon: Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val enum_default: string -> string -> string -> string -> Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val first_upper: string -> string
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  val first_lower: string -> string
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  type var_ctxt
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  val make_vars: string list -> var_ctxt
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  val intro_vars: string list -> var_ctxt -> var_ctxt
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  val lookup_var: var_ctxt -> string -> string
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  val intro_base_names: (string -> bool) -> (string -> string)
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    -> string list -> var_ctxt -> var_ctxt
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  val aux_params: var_ctxt -> iterm list list -> string list
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  type literals
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  val Literals: { literal_char: string -> string, literal_string: string -> string,
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        literal_numeral: bool -> int -> string,
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        literal_list: Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T, infix_cons: int * string }
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    -> literals
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  val literal_char: literals -> string -> string
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  val literal_string: literals -> string -> string
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  val literal_numeral: literals -> bool -> int -> string
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  val literal_list: literals -> Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val infix_cons: literals -> int * string
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  type lrx
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  val L: lrx
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  val R: lrx
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  val X: lrx
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  type fixity
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  val BR: fixity
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  val NOBR: fixity
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  val INFX: int * lrx -> fixity
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  val APP: fixity
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  val brackify: fixity -> Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val brackify_infix: int * lrx -> fixity -> Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T
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  val brackify_block: fixity -> Pretty.T -> Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T -> Pretty.T
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  type tyco_syntax
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  type const_syntax
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  type proto_const_syntax
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  val parse_infix: ('a -> 'b) -> lrx * int -> string
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    -> int * ((fixity -> 'b -> Pretty.T)
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    -> fixity -> 'a list -> Pretty.T)
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  val parse_syntax: ('a -> 'b) -> OuterParse.token list
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    -> (int * ((fixity -> 'b -> Pretty.T)
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    -> fixity -> 'a list -> Pretty.T)) option * OuterParse.token list
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  val simple_const_syntax: (int * ((fixity -> iterm -> Pretty.T)
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    -> fixity -> (iterm * itype) list -> Pretty.T)) option -> proto_const_syntax option
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  val activate_const_syntax: theory -> literals
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    -> proto_const_syntax -> Code_Thingol.naming -> const_syntax * Code_Thingol.naming
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  val gen_print_app: (thm -> var_ctxt -> const * iterm list -> Pretty.T list)
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    -> (thm -> var_ctxt -> fixity -> iterm -> Pretty.T)
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    -> (string -> const_syntax option)
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    -> thm -> var_ctxt -> fixity -> const * iterm list -> Pretty.T
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  val gen_print_bind: (thm -> var_ctxt -> fixity -> iterm -> Pretty.T)
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    -> thm -> fixity
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    -> iterm -> var_ctxt -> Pretty.T * var_ctxt
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  val mk_name_module: Name.context -> string option -> (string -> string option)
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    -> 'a Graph.T -> string -> string
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  val dest_name: string -> string * string
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end;
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structure Code_Printer : CODE_PRINTER =
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struct
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open Code_Thingol;
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fun eqn_error thm s = error (s ^ ",\nin equation " ^ Display.string_of_thm_without_context thm);
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(** assembling text pieces **)
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infixr 5 @@;
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infixr 5 @|;
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fun x @@ y = [x, y];
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fun xs @| y = xs @ [y];
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val str = PrintMode.setmp [] Pretty.str;
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val concat = Pretty.block o Pretty.breaks;
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val brackets = Pretty.enclose "(" ")" o Pretty.breaks;
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fun semicolon ps = Pretty.block [concat ps, str ";"];
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fun doublesemicolon ps = Pretty.block [concat ps, str ";;"];
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fun enum_default default sep opn cls [] = str default
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  | enum_default default sep opn cls xs = Pretty.enum sep opn cls xs;
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(** names and variable name contexts **)
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type var_ctxt = string Symtab.table * Name.context;
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fun make_vars names = (fold (fn name => Symtab.update_new (name, name)) names Symtab.empty,
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  Name.make_context names);
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fun intro_vars names (namemap, namectxt) =
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  let
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    val (names', namectxt') = Name.variants names namectxt;
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    val namemap' = fold2 (curry Symtab.update) names names' namemap;
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  in (namemap', namectxt') end;
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fun lookup_var (namemap, _) name = case Symtab.lookup namemap name
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 of SOME name' => name'
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  | NONE => error ("Invalid name in context: " ^ quote name);
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val first_upper = implode o nth_map 0 Symbol.to_ascii_upper o explode;
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val first_lower = implode o nth_map 0 Symbol.to_ascii_lower o explode;
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fun aux_params vars lhss =
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  let
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    fun fish_param _ (w as SOME _) = w
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      | fish_param (IVar (SOME v)) NONE = SOME v
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      | fish_param _ NONE = NONE;
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    fun fillup_param _ (_, SOME v) = v
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      | fillup_param x (i, NONE) = x ^ string_of_int i;
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    val fished1 = fold (map2 fish_param) lhss (replicate (length (hd lhss)) NONE);
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    val x = Name.variant (map_filter I fished1) "x";
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    val fished2 = map_index (fillup_param x) fished1;
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    val (fished3, _) = Name.variants fished2 Name.context;
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    val vars' = intro_vars fished3 vars;
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  in map (lookup_var vars') fished3 end;
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fun intro_base_names no_syntax deresolve names = names 
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  |> map_filter (fn name => if no_syntax name then
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      let val name' = deresolve name in
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        if Long_Name.is_qualified name' then NONE else SOME name'
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      end else NONE)
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  |> intro_vars;
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(** pretty literals **)
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datatype literals = Literals of {
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  literal_char: string -> string,
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  literal_string: string -> string,
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  literal_numeral: bool -> int -> string,
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  literal_list: Pretty.T list -> Pretty.T,
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  infix_cons: int * string
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};
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fun dest_Literals (Literals lits) = lits;
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val literal_char = #literal_char o dest_Literals;
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val literal_string = #literal_string o dest_Literals;
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val literal_numeral = #literal_numeral o dest_Literals;
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val literal_list = #literal_list o dest_Literals;
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val infix_cons = #infix_cons o dest_Literals;
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(** syntax printer **)
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(* binding priorities *)
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datatype lrx = L | R | X;
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datatype fixity =
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    BR
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  | NOBR
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  | INFX of (int * lrx);
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val APP = INFX (~1, L);
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fun fixity_lrx L L = false
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  | fixity_lrx R R = false
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  | fixity_lrx _ _ = true;
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fun fixity NOBR _ = false
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  | fixity _ NOBR = false
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  | fixity (INFX (pr, lr)) (INFX (print_ctxt, lr_ctxt)) =
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      pr < print_ctxt
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      orelse pr = print_ctxt
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        andalso fixity_lrx lr lr_ctxt
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      orelse print_ctxt = ~1
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  | fixity BR (INFX _) = false
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  | fixity _ _ = true;
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fun gen_brackify _ [p] = p
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  | gen_brackify true (ps as _::_) = Pretty.enclose "(" ")" ps
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  | gen_brackify false (ps as _::_) = Pretty.block ps;
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fun brackify fxy_ctxt =
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  gen_brackify (fixity BR fxy_ctxt) o Pretty.breaks;
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fun brackify_infix infx fxy_ctxt =
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  gen_brackify (fixity (INFX infx) fxy_ctxt) o Pretty.breaks;
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fun brackify_block fxy_ctxt p1 ps p2 =
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  let val p = Pretty.block_enclose (p1, p2) ps
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  in if fixity BR fxy_ctxt
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    then Pretty.enclose "(" ")" [p]
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    else p
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  end;
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(* generic syntax *)
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type tyco_syntax = int * ((fixity -> itype -> Pretty.T)
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  -> fixity -> itype list -> Pretty.T);
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type const_syntax = int * ((var_ctxt -> fixity -> iterm -> Pretty.T)
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  -> thm -> var_ctxt -> fixity -> (iterm * itype) list -> Pretty.T);
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type proto_const_syntax = int * (string list * (literals -> string list
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  -> (var_ctxt -> fixity -> iterm -> Pretty.T)
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    -> thm -> var_ctxt -> fixity -> (iterm * itype) list -> Pretty.T));
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fun simple_const_syntax (SOME (n, f)) = SOME (n,
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      ([], (fn _ => fn _ => fn print => fn thm => fn vars => f (print vars))))
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  | simple_const_syntax NONE = NONE;
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fun activate_const_syntax thy literals (n, (cs, f)) naming =
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  fold_map (Code_Thingol.ensure_declared_const thy) cs naming
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  |-> (fn cs' => pair (n, f literals cs'));
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fun gen_print_app print_app_expr print_term syntax_const thm vars fxy (app as ((c, (_, tys)), ts)) =
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  case syntax_const c
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   of NONE => brackify fxy (print_app_expr thm vars app)
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    | SOME (k, print) =>
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        let
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          fun print' fxy ts = print (print_term thm) thm vars fxy (ts ~~ curry Library.take k tys);
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        in if k = length ts
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          then print' fxy ts
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        else if k < length ts
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          then case chop k ts of (ts1, ts2) =>
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            brackify fxy (print' APP ts1 :: map (print_term thm vars BR) ts2)
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          else print_term thm vars fxy (Code_Thingol.eta_expand k app)
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        end;
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fun gen_print_bind print_term thm (fxy : fixity) pat vars =
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  let
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    val vs = Code_Thingol.fold_varnames (insert (op =)) pat [];
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    val vars' = intro_vars vs vars;
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  in (print_term thm vars' fxy pat, vars') end;
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(* mixfix syntax *)
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datatype 'a mixfix =
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    Arg of fixity
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  | Pretty of Pretty.T;
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fun mk_mixfix prep_arg (fixity_this, mfx) =
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  let
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    fun is_arg (Arg _) = true
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      | is_arg _ = false;
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    val i = (length o filter is_arg) mfx;
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    fun fillin _ [] [] =
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          []
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      | fillin print (Arg fxy :: mfx) (a :: args) =
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          (print fxy o prep_arg) a :: fillin print mfx args
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      | fillin print (Pretty p :: mfx) args =
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          p :: fillin print mfx args;
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  in
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    (i, fn print => fn fixity_ctxt => fn args =>
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      gen_brackify (fixity fixity_this fixity_ctxt) (fillin print mfx args))
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  end;
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fun parse_infix prep_arg (x, i) s =
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  let
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    val l = case x of L => INFX (i, L) | _ => INFX (i, X);
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    val r = case x of R => INFX (i, R) | _ => INFX (i, X);
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  in
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    mk_mixfix prep_arg (INFX (i, x),
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      [Arg l, (Pretty o Pretty.brk) 1, (Pretty o str) s, (Pretty o Pretty.brk) 1, Arg r])
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  end;
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fun parse_mixfix prep_arg s =
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  let
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    val sym_any = Scan.one Symbol.is_regular;
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    val parse = Scan.optional ($$ "!" >> K true) false -- Scan.repeat (
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         ($$ "(" -- $$ "_" -- $$ ")" >> K (Arg NOBR))
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      || ($$ "_" >> K (Arg BR))
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      || ($$ "/" |-- Scan.repeat ($$ " ") >> (Pretty o Pretty.brk o length))
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      || (Scan.repeat1
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           (   $$ "'" |-- sym_any
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            || Scan.unless ($$ "_" || $$ "/" || $$ "(" |-- $$ "_" |-- $$ ")")
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                 sym_any) >> (Pretty o str o implode)));
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  in case Scan.finite Symbol.stopper parse (Symbol.explode s)
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   of ((_, p as [_]), []) => mk_mixfix prep_arg (NOBR, p)
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    | ((b, p as _ :: _ :: _), []) => mk_mixfix prep_arg (if b then NOBR else BR, p)
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    | _ => Scan.!!
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        (the_default ("malformed mixfix annotation: " ^ quote s) o snd) Scan.fail ()
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  end;
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val (infixK, infixlK, infixrK) = ("infix", "infixl", "infixr");
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fun parse_syntax prep_arg xs =
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  Scan.option ((
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      ((OuterParse.$$$ infixK  >> K X)
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        || (OuterParse.$$$ infixlK >> K L)
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        || (OuterParse.$$$ infixrK >> K R))
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        -- OuterParse.nat >> parse_infix prep_arg
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      || Scan.succeed (parse_mixfix prep_arg))
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      -- OuterParse.string
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      >> (fn (parse, s) => parse s)) xs;
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val _ = List.app OuterKeyword.keyword [infixK, infixlK, infixrK];
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(** module name spaces **)
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val dest_name =
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  apfst Long_Name.implode o split_last o fst o split_last o Long_Name.explode;
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fun mk_name_module reserved module_prefix module_alias program =
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  let
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    fun mk_alias name = case module_alias name
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     of SOME name' => name'
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      | NONE => name
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          |> Long_Name.explode
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          |> map (fn name => (the_single o fst) (Name.variants [name] reserved))
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          |> Long_Name.implode;
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    fun mk_prefix name = case module_prefix
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     of SOME module_prefix => Long_Name.append module_prefix name
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      | NONE => name;
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    val tab =
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      Symtab.empty
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      |> Graph.fold ((fn name => Symtab.default (name, (mk_alias #> mk_prefix) name))
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           o fst o dest_name o fst)
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             program
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  in the o Symtab.lookup tab end;
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end; (*struct*)