NEWS
author wenzelm
Tue Jan 16 15:42:21 2018 +0100 (21 months ago)
changeset 67448 dbb1f02e667d
parent 67446 1f4d167b6ac9
child 67507 5db077cfe1b2
permissions -rw-r--r--
more documentation;
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Isabelle NEWS -- history of user-relevant changes
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=================================================
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(Note: Isabelle/jEdit shows a tree-view of the NEWS file in Sidekick.)
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New in this Isabelle version
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----------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Marginal comments need to be written exclusively in the new-style form
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"\<comment> \<open>text\<close>", old ASCII variants like "-- {* ... *}" are no longer
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supported. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the command-line tool "isabelle
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update_comments" to update existing theory files.
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* The "op <infix-op>" syntax for infix operators has been replaced by
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"(<infix-op>)". If <infix-op> begins or ends with a "*", there needs to
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be a space between the "*" and the corresponding parenthesis.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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There is an Isabelle tool "update_op" that converts theory and ML files
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to the new syntax. Because it is based on regular expression matching,
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the result may need a bit of manual postprocessing. Invoking "isabelle
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update_op" converts all files in the current directory (recursively).
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In case you want to exclude conversion of ML files (because the tool
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frequently also converts ML's "op" syntax), use option "-m".
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* The old 'def' command has been discontinued (legacy since
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Isbelle2016-1). INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'define' instead -- usually with
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object-logic equality or equivalence.
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* Session-qualified theory names are mandatory: it is no longer possible
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to refer to unqualified theories from the parent session.
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INCOMPATIBILITY for old developments that have not been updated to
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Isabelle2017 yet (using the "isabelle imports" tool).
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* Theory header 'abbrevs' specifications need to be separated by 'and'.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Only the most fundamental theory names are global, usually the entry
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points to major logic sessions: Pure, Main, Complex_Main, HOLCF, IFOL,
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FOL, ZF, ZFC etc. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use qualified names for
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formerly global "HOL-Probability.Probability" and "HOL-SPARK.SPARK".
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* Command 'external_file' declares the formal dependency on the given
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file name, such that the Isabelle build process knows about it, but
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without specific Prover IDE management.
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* Session ROOT entries no longer allow specification of 'files'. Rare
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INCOMPATIBILITY, use command 'external_file' within a proper theory
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context.
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* Session root directories may be specified multiple times: each
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accessible ROOT file is processed only once. This facilitates
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specification of $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS or command-line options like
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-d or -D for "isabelle build" and "isabelle jedit". Example:
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  isabelle build -D '~~/src/ZF'
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* The command 'display_drafts' has been discontinued. INCOMPATIBILITY,
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use action "isabelle.draft" (or "print") in Isabelle/jEdit instead.
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* Isabelle symbol "\<hyphen>" is rendered as explicit Unicode hyphen U+2010, to
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avoid unclear meaning of the old "soft hyphen" U+00AD. Rare
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INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. copy-paste of historic Isabelle HTML output.
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*** Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE ***
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* System options "spell_checker_include" and "spell_checker_exclude"
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supersede former "spell_checker_elements" to determine regions of text
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that are subject to spell-checking. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* PIDE markup for session ROOT files: allows to complete session names,
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follow links to theories and document files etc.
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* Completion supports theory header imports, using theory base name.
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E.g. "Prob" may be completed to "HOL-Probability.Probability".
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* The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" provides more flexible options
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for session selection:
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  - options -P opens the parent session image of -l
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  - options -A and -B modify the meaning of -l to produce a base
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    image on the spot, based on the specified ancestor (or parent)
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  - option -F focuses on the specified logic session
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  - option -R has changed: it only opens the session ROOT entry
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  - option -S sets up the development environment to edit the
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    specified session: it abbreviates -B -F -R -l
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  Examples:
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL-Analysis
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* Named control symbols (without special Unicode rendering) are shown as
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bold-italic keyword. This is particularly useful for the short form of
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antiquotations with control symbol: \<^name>\<open>argument\<close>. The action
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"isabelle.antiquoted_cartouche" turns an antiquotation with 0 or 1
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arguments into this format.
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* Completion provides templates for named symbols with arguments,
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e.g. "\<comment> \<open>ARGUMENT\<close>" or "\<^emph>\<open>ARGUMENT\<close>".
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* Bibtex database files (.bib) are semantically checked.
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* Action "isabelle.preview" is able to present more file formats,
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notably bibtex database files and ML files.
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* Action "isabelle.draft" is similar to "isabelle.preview", but shows a
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plain-text document draft.
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* When loading text files, the Isabelle symbols encoding UTF-8-Isabelle
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is only used if there is no conflict with existing Unicode sequences in
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the file. Otherwise, the fallback encoding is plain UTF-8 and Isabelle
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symbols remain in literal \<symbol> form. This avoids accidental loss of
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Unicode content when saving the file.
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*** Isabelle/VSCode Prover IDE ***
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* HTML preview of theories and other file-formats similar to
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Isabelle/jEdit.
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*** Document preparation ***
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* Formal comments work uniformly in outer syntax, inner syntax (term
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language), Isabelle/ML and some other embedded languages of Isabelle.
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See also "Document comments" in the isar-ref manual. The following forms
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are supported:
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  - marginal text comment: \<comment> \<open>\<dots>\<close>
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  - canceled source: \<^cancel>\<open>\<dots>\<close>
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  - raw LaTeX: \<^latex>\<open>\<dots>\<close>
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* Embedded languages such as inner syntax and ML may contain formal
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comments of the form "\<comment> \<open>text\<close>". As in marginal comments of outer
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syntax, antiquotations are interpreted wrt. the presentation context of
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the enclosing command.
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* Outside of the inner theory body, the default presentation context is
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theory Pure. Thus elementary antiquotations may be used in markup
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commands (e.g. 'chapter', 'section', 'text') and formal comments.
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* System option "document_tags" specifies a default for otherwise
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untagged commands. This is occasionally useful to control the global
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visibility of commands via session options (e.g. in ROOT).
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* Document markup commands ('section', 'text' etc.) are implicitly
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tagged as "document" and visible by default. This avoids the application
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of option "document_tags" to these commands.
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* Isabelle names are mangled into LaTeX macro names to allow the full
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identifier syntax with underscore, prime, digits. This is relevant for
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antiquotations in control symbol notation, e.g. \<^const_name> becomes
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\isactrlconstUNDERSCOREname.
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* Document antiquotation @{cite} now checks the given Bibtex entries
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against the Bibtex database files -- only in batch-mode session builds.
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* Document antiquotation @{session name} checks and prints the given
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session name verbatim.
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* Document preparation with skip_proofs option now preserves the content
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more accurately: only terminal proof steps ('by' etc.) are skipped.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle document" has been re-implemented in
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Isabelle/Scala, with simplified arguments and explicit errors from the
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latex and bibtex process. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** HOL ***
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* A new command parametric_constant for proving parametricity of
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non-recursive definitions. For constants that are not fully parametric
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the command will infer conditions on relations (e.g., bi_unique,
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bi_total, or type class conditions such as "respects 0") sufficient for
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parametricity. See ~~/src/HOL/ex/Conditional_Parametricity_Examples for
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some examples.
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* SMT module:
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  - The 'smt_oracle' option is now necessary when using the 'smt' method
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    with a solver other than Z3. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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  - The encoding to first-order logic is now more complete in the
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    presence of higher-order quantifiers. An 'smt_explicit_application'
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    option has been added to control this. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Datatypes:
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  - The legacy command 'old_datatype', provided by
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    '~~/src/HOL/Library/Old_Datatype.thy', has been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Theory HOL-Computational_Algebra.Polynomial_Factorial does not provide
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instances of rat, real, complex as factorial rings etc. Import
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HOL-Computational_Algebra.Field_as_Ring explicitly in case of need.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Fact mod_mult_self4 (on nat) renamed to mod_mult_self3', to avoid
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clash with fact mod_mult_self4 (on more generic semirings).
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Facts sum.commute(_restrict) and prod.commute(_restrict) renamed to
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sum.swap(_restrict) and prod.swap(_restrict), to avoid name clashes on
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interpretation of abstract locales. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Predicate pairwise_coprime abolished, use "pairwise coprime" instead.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* HOL-Algebra: renamed (^) to [^]
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* Session HOL-Analysis: Moebius functions and the Riemann mapping
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theorem.
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* Class linordered_semiring_1 covers zero_less_one also, ruling out
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pathologic instances. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Removed nat-int transfer machinery. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Predicate coprime is now a real definition, not a mere
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abbreviation. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Code generation: Code generation takes an explicit option
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"case_insensitive" to accomodate case-insensitive file systems.
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*** System ***
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* The command-line tool "isabelle update_comments" normalizes formal
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comments in outer syntax as follows: \<comment> \<open>text\<close> (whith a single space to
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approximate the appearance in document output). This is more specific
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than former "isabelle update_cartouches -c": the latter tool option has
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been discontinued.
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* Session ROOT entry: empty 'document_files' means there is no document
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for this session. There is no need to specify options [document = false]
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anymore.
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* The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot" now always produces a document
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outline: its options have been adapted accordingly. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot -I" initializes a Mercurial
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repository for the generated session files.
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* Linux and Windows/Cygwin is for x86_64 only. Old 32bit platform
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support has been discontinued.
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* Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite is now the baseline version; Mavericks is no
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longer supported.
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* Java runtime is for x86_64 only. Corresponding Isabelle settings have
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been renamed to ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS and JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS,
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instead of former 32/64 variants. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle build" supports new options:
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  - option -B NAME: include session NAME and all descendants
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  - option -S: only observe changes of sources, not heap images
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  - option -f: forces a fresh build
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* Command-line tool "isabelle build" takes "condition" options with the
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corresponding environment values into account, when determining the
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up-to-date status of a session.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle imports -I" also reports actual session
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imports. This helps to minimize the session dependency graph.
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* Update to current Poly/ML 5.7.1 with slightly improved performance and
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PIDE markup for identifier bindings.
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* ISABELLE_LATEX and ISABELLE_PDFLATEX now include platform-specific
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options for improved error reporting. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY with
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unusual LaTeX installations, may have to adapt these settings.
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New in Isabelle2017 (October 2017)
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----------------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Experimental support for Visual Studio Code (VSCode) as alternative
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Isabelle/PIDE front-end, see also
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https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=makarius.Isabelle2017
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VSCode is a new type of application that continues the concepts of
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"programmer's editor" and "integrated development environment" towards
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fully semantic editing and debugging -- in a relatively light-weight
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manner. Thus it fits nicely on top of the Isabelle/PIDE infrastructure.
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Technically, VSCode is based on the Electron application framework
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(Node.js + Chromium browser + V8), which is implemented in JavaScript
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and TypeScript, while Isabelle/VSCode mainly consists of Isabelle/Scala
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modules around a Language Server implementation.
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* Theory names are qualified by the session name that they belong to.
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This affects imports, but not the theory name space prefix (which is
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just the theory base name as before).
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In order to import theories from other sessions, the ROOT file format
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provides a new 'sessions' keyword. In contrast, a theory that is
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imported in the old-fashioned manner via an explicit file-system path
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belongs to the current session, and might cause theory name conflicts
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later on. Theories that are imported from other sessions are excluded
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from the current session document. The command-line tool "isabelle
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imports" helps to update theory imports.
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* The main theory entry points for some non-HOL sessions have changed,
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to avoid confusion with the global name "Main" of the session HOL. This
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leads to the follow renamings:
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  CTT/Main.thy    ~>  CTT/CTT.thy
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  ZF/Main.thy     ~>  ZF/ZF.thy
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  ZF/Main_ZF.thy  ~>  ZF/ZF.thy
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  ZF/Main_ZFC.thy ~>  ZF/ZFC.thy
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  ZF/ZF.thy       ~>  ZF/ZF_Base.thy
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Commands 'alias' and 'type_alias' introduce aliases for constants and
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type constructors, respectively. This allows adhoc changes to name-space
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accesses within global or local theory contexts, e.g. within a 'bundle'.
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* Document antiquotations @{prf} and @{full_prf} output proof terms
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(again) in the same way as commands 'prf' and 'full_prf'.
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* Computations generated by the code generator can be embedded directly
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into ML, alongside with @{code} antiquotations, using the following
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antiquotations:
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  @{computation ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :
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    ((term -> term) -> 'ml option -> 'a) -> Proof.context -> term -> 'a
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  @{computation_conv ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :
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    (Proof.context -> 'ml -> conv) -> Proof.context -> conv
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  @{computation_check terms: ... datatypes: ...} : Proof.context -> conv
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See src/HOL/ex/Computations.thy,
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src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Commutative_Ring.thy and
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src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Reflective_Field.thy for examples and the
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tutorial on code generation.
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*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@64602
   339
wenzelm@66472
   340
* Session-qualified theory imports allow the Prover IDE to process
wenzelm@66472
   341
arbitrary theory hierarchies independently of the underlying logic
wenzelm@66472
   342
session image (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -l"), but the directory
wenzelm@66472
   343
structure needs to be known in advance (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -d"
wenzelm@66472
   344
or a line in the file $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS).
wenzelm@64602
   345
wenzelm@64842
   346
* The PIDE document model maintains file content independently of the
wenzelm@64842
   347
status of jEdit editor buffers. Reloading jEdit buffers no longer causes
wenzelm@64842
   348
changes of formal document content. Theory dependencies are always
wenzelm@64842
   349
resolved internally, without the need for corresponding editor buffers.
wenzelm@64842
   350
The system option "jedit_auto_load" has been discontinued: it is
wenzelm@64842
   351
effectively always enabled.
wenzelm@64842
   352
wenzelm@64867
   353
* The Theories dockable provides a "Purge" button, in order to restrict
wenzelm@64867
   354
the document model to theories that are required for open editor
wenzelm@64867
   355
buffers.
wenzelm@64867
   356
wenzelm@66424
   357
* The Theories dockable indicates the overall status of checking of each
wenzelm@66424
   358
entry. When all forked tasks of a theory are finished, the border is
wenzelm@66424
   359
painted with thick lines; remaining errors in this situation are
wenzelm@66424
   360
represented by a different border color.
wenzelm@66424
   361
wenzelm@66472
   362
* Automatic indentation is more careful to avoid redundant spaces in
wenzelm@66472
   363
intermediate situations. Keywords are indented after input (via typed
wenzelm@66472
   364
characters or completion); see also option "jedit_indent_input".
wenzelm@66472
   365
wenzelm@66472
   366
* Action "isabelle.preview" opens an HTML preview of the current theory
wenzelm@66472
   367
document in the default web browser.
wenzelm@66472
   368
wenzelm@66574
   369
* Command-line invocation "isabelle jedit -R -l LOGIC" opens the ROOT
wenzelm@66574
   370
entry of the specified logic session in the editor, while its parent is
wenzelm@66574
   371
used for formal checking.
wenzelm@66472
   372
wenzelm@66462
   373
* The main Isabelle/jEdit plugin may be restarted manually (using the
wenzelm@66462
   374
jEdit Plugin Manager), as long as the "Isabelle Base" plugin remains
wenzelm@66462
   375
enabled at all times.
wenzelm@66462
   376
wenzelm@66472
   377
* Update to current jedit-5.4.0.
wenzelm@65329
   378
wenzelm@64602
   379
haftmann@66149
   380
*** Pure ***
haftmann@66149
   381
haftmann@66149
   382
* Deleting the last code equations for a particular function using
haftmann@66149
   383
[code del] results in function with no equations (runtime abort) rather
wenzelm@66472
   384
than an unimplemented function (generation time abort). Use explicit
haftmann@66665
   385
[[code drop:]] to enforce the latter. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66149
   386
haftmann@66310
   387
* Proper concept of code declarations in code.ML:
wenzelm@66472
   388
  - Regular code declarations act only on the global theory level, being
wenzelm@66472
   389
    ignored with warnings if syntactically malformed.
wenzelm@66472
   390
  - Explicitly global code declarations yield errors if syntactically
wenzelm@66472
   391
    malformed.
wenzelm@66472
   392
  - Default code declarations are silently ignored if syntactically
wenzelm@66472
   393
    malformed.
haftmann@66310
   394
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66310
   395
wenzelm@66472
   396
* Clarified and standardized internal data bookkeeping of code
wenzelm@66472
   397
declarations: history of serials allows to track potentially
wenzelm@66472
   398
non-monotonous declarations appropriately. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66310
   399
haftmann@66149
   400
haftmann@64593
   401
*** HOL ***
haftmann@64593
   402
blanchet@66614
   403
* The Nunchaku model finder is now part of "Main".
blanchet@66614
   404
wenzelm@66472
   405
* SMT module:
wenzelm@66472
   406
  - A new option, 'smt_nat_as_int', has been added to translate 'nat' to
wenzelm@66472
   407
    'int' and benefit from the SMT solver's theory reasoning. It is
wenzelm@66472
   408
    disabled by default.
wenzelm@66472
   409
  - The legacy module "src/HOL/Library/Old_SMT.thy" has been removed.
wenzelm@66472
   410
  - Several small issues have been rectified in the 'smt' command.
wenzelm@66472
   411
wenzelm@66472
   412
* (Co)datatype package: The 'size_gen_o_map' lemma is no longer
wenzelm@66472
   413
generated for datatypes with type class annotations. As a result, the
wenzelm@66472
   414
tactic that derives it no longer fails on nested datatypes. Slight
wenzelm@66472
   415
INCOMPATIBILITY.
eberlm@66450
   416
haftmann@66345
   417
* Command and antiquotation "value" with modified default strategy:
haftmann@66345
   418
terms without free variables are always evaluated using plain evaluation
wenzelm@66472
   419
only, with no fallback on normalization by evaluation. Minor
wenzelm@66472
   420
INCOMPATIBILITY.
eberlm@65956
   421
wenzelm@65552
   422
* Theories "GCD" and "Binomial" are already included in "Main" (instead
wenzelm@65575
   423
of "Complex_Main").
wenzelm@65552
   424
haftmann@65170
   425
* Constant "surj" is a full input/output abbreviation (again).
haftmann@65170
   426
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@65170
   427
haftmann@64632
   428
* Dropped aliasses RangeP, DomainP for Rangep, Domainp respectively.
haftmann@64632
   429
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64632
   430
wenzelm@66472
   431
* Renamed ii to imaginary_unit in order to free up ii as a variable
wenzelm@66472
   432
name. The syntax \<i> remains available. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   433
wenzelm@66472
   434
* Dropped abbreviations transP, antisymP, single_valuedP; use constants
wenzelm@66472
   435
transp, antisymp, single_valuedp instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   436
wenzelm@66472
   437
* Constant "subseq" in Topological_Spaces has been removed -- it is
wenzelm@66472
   438
subsumed by "strict_mono". Some basic lemmas specific to "subseq" have
wenzelm@66472
   439
been renamed accordingly, e.g. "subseq_o" -> "strict_mono_o" etc.
wenzelm@66472
   440
wenzelm@66472
   441
* Theory List: "sublist" renamed to "nths" in analogy with "nth", and
wenzelm@66472
   442
"sublisteq" renamed to "subseq". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   443
wenzelm@66472
   444
* Theory List: new generic function "sorted_wrt".
wenzelm@66472
   445
wenzelm@66472
   446
* Named theorems mod_simps covers various congruence rules concerning
wenzelm@66472
   447
mod, replacing former zmod_simps. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64787
   448
haftmann@64593
   449
* Swapped orientation of congruence rules mod_add_left_eq,
haftmann@64593
   450
mod_add_right_eq, mod_add_eq, mod_mult_left_eq, mod_mult_right_eq,
haftmann@64593
   451
mod_mult_eq, mod_minus_eq, mod_diff_left_eq, mod_diff_right_eq,
wenzelm@66472
   452
mod_diff_eq. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64593
   453
haftmann@64593
   454
* Generalized some facts:
blanchet@64876
   455
    measure_induct_rule
blanchet@64876
   456
    measure_induct
haftmann@64593
   457
    zminus_zmod ~> mod_minus_eq
haftmann@64593
   458
    zdiff_zmod_left ~> mod_diff_left_eq
haftmann@64593
   459
    zdiff_zmod_right ~> mod_diff_right_eq
haftmann@64593
   460
    zmod_eq_dvd_iff ~> mod_eq_dvd_iff
haftmann@64593
   461
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64593
   462
wenzelm@66472
   463
* Algebraic type class hierarchy of euclidean (semi)rings in HOL:
wenzelm@66472
   464
euclidean_(semi)ring, euclidean_(semi)ring_cancel,
wenzelm@66472
   465
unique_euclidean_(semi)ring; instantiation requires provision of a
wenzelm@66472
   466
euclidean size.
wenzelm@66472
   467
wenzelm@66472
   468
* Theory "HOL-Number_Theory.Euclidean_Algorithm" has been reworked:
wenzelm@66472
   469
  - Euclidean induction is available as rule eucl_induct.
wenzelm@66472
   470
  - Constants Euclidean_Algorithm.gcd, Euclidean_Algorithm.lcm,
wenzelm@66472
   471
    Euclidean_Algorithm.Gcd and Euclidean_Algorithm.Lcm allow
wenzelm@66472
   472
    easy instantiation of euclidean (semi)rings as GCD (semi)rings.
wenzelm@66472
   473
  - Coefficients obtained by extended euclidean algorithm are
wenzelm@66472
   474
    available as "bezout_coefficients".
wenzelm@66472
   475
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   476
wenzelm@66472
   477
* Theory "Number_Theory.Totient" introduces basic notions about Euler's
wenzelm@66472
   478
totient function previously hidden as solitary example in theory
wenzelm@66472
   479
Residues. Definition changed so that "totient 1 = 1" in agreement with
wenzelm@66472
   480
the literature. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   481
wenzelm@66542
   482
* New styles in theory "HOL-Library.LaTeXsugar":
nipkow@66541
   483
  - "dummy_pats" for printing equations with "_" on the lhs;
nipkow@66541
   484
  - "eta_expand" for printing eta-expanded terms.
nipkow@66541
   485
wenzelm@66472
   486
* Theory "HOL-Library.Permutations": theorem bij_swap_ompose_bij has
wenzelm@66472
   487
been renamed to bij_swap_compose_bij. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   488
lp15@66643
   489
* New theory "HOL-Library.Going_To_Filter" providing the "f going_to F"
eberlm@66488
   490
filter for describing points x such that f(x) is in the filter F.
eberlm@66488
   491
eberlm@66480
   492
* Theory "HOL-Library.Formal_Power_Series": constants X/E/L/F have been
eberlm@66480
   493
renamed to fps_X/fps_exp/fps_ln/fps_hypergeo to avoid polluting the name
wenzelm@66472
   494
space. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   495
wenzelm@66472
   496
* Theory "HOL-Library.FinFun" has been moved to AFP (again).
wenzelm@66472
   497
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   498
wenzelm@66472
   499
* Theory "HOL-Library.FuncSet": some old and rarely used ASCII
wenzelm@66472
   500
replacement syntax has been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax
wenzelm@66472
   501
with symbols should be used instead. The subsequent commands help to
wenzelm@66472
   502
reproduce the old forms, e.g. to simplify porting old theories:
wenzelm@66472
   503
wenzelm@66472
   504
syntax (ASCII)
wenzelm@66472
   505
  "_PiE" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set"  ("(3PIE _:_./ _)" 10)
wenzelm@66472
   506
  "_Pi"  :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set"  ("(3PI _:_./ _)" 10)
wenzelm@66472
   507
  "_lam" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b)"  ("(3%_:_./ _)" [0,0,3] 3)
wenzelm@66472
   508
wenzelm@66472
   509
* Theory "HOL-Library.Multiset": the simprocs on subsets operators of
wenzelm@66472
   510
multisets have been renamed:
wenzelm@66472
   511
wenzelm@66472
   512
  msetless_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_cancel
wenzelm@66472
   513
  msetle_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_eq_cancel
wenzelm@66472
   514
wenzelm@66472
   515
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   516
lars@66481
   517
* Theory "HOL-Library.Pattern_Aliases" provides input and output syntax
lars@66481
   518
for pattern aliases as known from Haskell, Scala and ML.
blanchet@65515
   519
Andreas@66563
   520
* Theory "HOL-Library.Uprod" formalizes the type of unordered pairs.
Andreas@66563
   521
wenzelm@64898
   522
* Session HOL-Analysis: more material involving arcs, paths, covering
wenzelm@66650
   523
spaces, innessential maps, retracts, infinite products, simplicial
wenzelm@66650
   524
complexes. Baire Category theorem. Major results include the Jordan
wenzelm@66650
   525
Curve Theorem and the Great Picard Theorem.
wenzelm@66472
   526
wenzelm@66472
   527
* Session HOL-Algebra has been extended by additional lattice theory:
wenzelm@66472
   528
the Knaster-Tarski fixed point theorem and Galois Connections.
wenzelm@66472
   529
wenzelm@66472
   530
* Sessions HOL-Computational_Algebra and HOL-Number_Theory: new notions
wenzelm@66472
   531
of squarefreeness, n-th powers, and prime powers.
wenzelm@66472
   532
wenzelm@66472
   533
* Session "HOL-Computional_Algebra" covers many previously scattered
wenzelm@66472
   534
theories, notably Euclidean_Algorithm, Factorial_Ring,
wenzelm@66472
   535
Formal_Power_Series, Fraction_Field, Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra,
wenzelm@66472
   536
Normalized_Fraction, Polynomial_FPS, Polynomial, Primes. Minor
wenzelm@66472
   537
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Mathias@65027
   538
wenzelm@60331
   539
wenzelm@64844
   540
*** System ***
wenzelm@64844
   541
wenzelm@66474
   542
* Isabelle/Scala: the SQL module supports access to relational
wenzelm@66474
   543
databases, either as plain file (SQLite) or full-scale server
wenzelm@66474
   544
(PostgreSQL via local port or remote ssh connection).
wenzelm@66474
   545
wenzelm@66474
   546
* Results of "isabelle build" are recorded as SQLite database (i.e.
wenzelm@66474
   547
"Application File Format" in the sense of
wenzelm@66474
   548
https://www.sqlite.org/appfileformat.html). This allows systematic
wenzelm@66474
   549
access via operations from module Sessions.Store in Isabelle/Scala.
wenzelm@66474
   550
wenzelm@66472
   551
* System option "parallel_proofs" is 1 by default (instead of more
wenzelm@66472
   552
aggressive 2). This requires less heap space and avoids burning parallel
wenzelm@66472
   553
CPU cycles, while full subproof parallelization is enabled for repeated
wenzelm@66472
   554
builds (according to parallel_subproofs_threshold).
wenzelm@65072
   555
wenzelm@65448
   556
* System option "record_proofs" allows to change the global
wenzelm@65448
   557
Proofterm.proofs variable for a session. Regular values are are 0, 1, 2;
wenzelm@65448
   558
a negative value means the current state in the ML heap image remains
wenzelm@65448
   559
unchanged.
wenzelm@65448
   560
wenzelm@66472
   561
* Isabelle settings variable ISABELLE_SCALA_BUILD_OPTIONS has been
wenzelm@66472
   562
renamed to ISABELLE_SCALAC_OPTIONS. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   563
wenzelm@66472
   564
* Isabelle settings variables ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM,
wenzelm@66472
   565
ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32, ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM64 indicate the
wenzelm@66472
   566
native Windows platform (independently of the Cygwin installation). This
wenzelm@66472
   567
is analogous to ISABELLE_PLATFORM, ISABELLE_PLATFORM32,
wenzelm@66472
   568
ISABELLE_PLATFORM64.
wenzelm@65557
   569
wenzelm@66786
   570
* Command-line tool "isabelle build_docker" builds a Docker image from
wenzelm@66786
   571
the Isabelle application bundle for Linux. See also
wenzelm@66786
   572
https://hub.docker.com/r/makarius/isabelle
wenzelm@66786
   573
wenzelm@66473
   574
* Command-line tool "isabelle vscode_server" provides a Language Server
wenzelm@66473
   575
Protocol implementation, e.g. for the Visual Studio Code editor. It
wenzelm@66473
   576
serves as example for alternative PIDE front-ends.
wenzelm@66473
   577
wenzelm@66472
   578
* Command-line tool "isabelle imports" helps to maintain theory imports
wenzelm@66671
   579
wrt. session structure. Examples for the main Isabelle distribution:
wenzelm@66472
   580
wenzelm@66472
   581
  isabelle imports -I -a
wenzelm@66472
   582
  isabelle imports -U -a
wenzelm@66472
   583
  isabelle imports -U -i -a
wenzelm@66472
   584
  isabelle imports -M -a -d '~~/src/Benchmarks'
wenzelm@66472
   585
wenzelm@64844
   586
wenzelm@67099
   587
wenzelm@64072
   588
New in Isabelle2016-1 (December 2016)
wenzelm@64072
   589
-------------------------------------
wenzelm@62216
   590
wenzelm@62440
   591
*** General ***
wenzelm@62440
   592
wenzelm@64390
   593
* Splitter in proof methods "simp", "auto" and friends:
wenzelm@64390
   594
  - The syntax "split add" has been discontinued, use plain "split",
wenzelm@64390
   595
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
   596
  - For situations with many conditional or case expressions, there is
wenzelm@64390
   597
    an alternative splitting strategy that can be much faster. It is
wenzelm@64390
   598
    selected by writing "split!" instead of "split". It applies safe
wenzelm@64390
   599
    introduction and elimination rules after each split rule. As a
wenzelm@64390
   600
    result the subgoal may be split into several subgoals.
wenzelm@64390
   601
wenzelm@63273
   602
* Command 'bundle' provides a local theory target to define a bundle
wenzelm@63273
   603
from the body of specification commands (such as 'declare',
wenzelm@63273
   604
'declaration', 'notation', 'lemmas', 'lemma'). For example:
wenzelm@63273
   605
wenzelm@63273
   606
bundle foo
wenzelm@63273
   607
begin
wenzelm@63273
   608
  declare a [simp]
wenzelm@63273
   609
  declare b [intro]
wenzelm@63273
   610
end
wenzelm@63272
   611
wenzelm@63282
   612
* Command 'unbundle' is like 'include', but works within a local theory
wenzelm@63282
   613
context. Unlike "context includes ... begin", the effect of 'unbundle'
wenzelm@63282
   614
on the target context persists, until different declarations are given.
wenzelm@63282
   615
wenzelm@63977
   616
* Simplified outer syntax: uniform category "name" includes long
wenzelm@63977
   617
identifiers. Former "xname" / "nameref" / "name reference" has been
wenzelm@63977
   618
discontinued.
wenzelm@63977
   619
wenzelm@63977
   620
* Embedded content (e.g. the inner syntax of types, terms, props) may be
wenzelm@63977
   621
delimited uniformly via cartouches. This works better than old-fashioned
wenzelm@63977
   622
quotes when sub-languages are nested.
wenzelm@63977
   623
wenzelm@63977
   624
* Mixfix annotations support general block properties, with syntax
wenzelm@63977
   625
"(\<open>x=a y=b z \<dots>\<close>". Notable property names are "indent", "consistent",
wenzelm@63977
   626
"unbreakable", "markup". The existing notation "(DIGITS" is equivalent
wenzelm@63977
   627
to "(\<open>indent=DIGITS\<close>". The former notation "(00" for unbreakable blocks
wenzelm@63977
   628
is superseded by "(\<open>unbreabable\<close>" --- rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@63650
   629
wenzelm@63383
   630
* Proof method "blast" is more robust wrt. corner cases of Pure
wenzelm@63383
   631
statements without object-logic judgment.
wenzelm@63383
   632
wenzelm@63624
   633
* Commands 'prf' and 'full_prf' are somewhat more informative (again):
wenzelm@63977
   634
proof terms are reconstructed and cleaned from administrative thm nodes.
wenzelm@63977
   635
wenzelm@63977
   636
* Code generator: config option "code_timing" triggers measurements of
wenzelm@63977
   637
different phases of code generation. See src/HOL/ex/Code_Timing.thy for
wenzelm@63977
   638
examples.
wenzelm@63977
   639
wenzelm@63977
   640
* Code generator: implicits in Scala (stemming from type class
wenzelm@63977
   641
instances) are generated into companion object of corresponding type
wenzelm@63977
   642
class, to resolve some situations where ambiguities may occur.
wenzelm@63977
   643
wenzelm@64390
   644
* Solve direct: option "solve_direct_strict_warnings" gives explicit
wenzelm@64390
   645
warnings for lemma statements with trivial proofs.
haftmann@64013
   646
wenzelm@64602
   647
wenzelm@62904
   648
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@62904
   649
wenzelm@64527
   650
* More aggressive flushing of machine-generated input, according to
wenzelm@64527
   651
system option editor_generated_input_delay (in addition to existing
wenzelm@64527
   652
editor_input_delay for regular user edits). This may affect overall PIDE
wenzelm@64527
   653
reactivity and CPU usage.
wenzelm@64527
   654
wenzelm@64390
   655
* Syntactic indentation according to Isabelle outer syntax. Action
wenzelm@64390
   656
"indent-lines" (shortcut C+i) indents the current line according to
wenzelm@64390
   657
command keywords and some command substructure. Action
wenzelm@64390
   658
"isabelle.newline" (shortcut ENTER) indents the old and the new line
wenzelm@64390
   659
according to command keywords only; see also option
wenzelm@64390
   660
"jedit_indent_newline".
wenzelm@64390
   661
wenzelm@64390
   662
* Semantic indentation for unstructured proof scripts ('apply' etc.) via
wenzelm@64390
   663
number of subgoals. This requires information of ongoing document
wenzelm@64390
   664
processing and may thus lag behind, when the user is editing too
wenzelm@64390
   665
quickly; see also option "jedit_script_indent" and
wenzelm@64390
   666
"jedit_script_indent_limit".
wenzelm@64390
   667
wenzelm@64390
   668
* Refined folding mode "isabelle" based on Isar syntax: 'next' and 'qed'
wenzelm@64390
   669
are treated as delimiters for fold structure; 'begin' and 'end'
wenzelm@64390
   670
structure of theory specifications is treated as well.
wenzelm@64390
   671
wenzelm@64390
   672
* Command 'proof' provides information about proof outline with cases,
wenzelm@64390
   673
e.g. for proof methods "cases", "induct", "goal_cases".
wenzelm@64390
   674
wenzelm@64390
   675
* Completion templates for commands involving "begin ... end" blocks,
wenzelm@64390
   676
e.g. 'context', 'notepad'.
wenzelm@64390
   677
wenzelm@64390
   678
* Sidekick parser "isabelle-context" shows nesting of context blocks
wenzelm@64390
   679
according to 'begin' and 'end' structure.
wenzelm@64390
   680
wenzelm@63977
   681
* Highlighting of entity def/ref positions wrt. cursor.
wenzelm@63977
   682
wenzelm@63977
   683
* Action "isabelle.select-entity" (shortcut CS+ENTER) selects all
wenzelm@64514
   684
occurrences of the formal entity at the caret position. This facilitates
wenzelm@63977
   685
systematic renaming.
wenzelm@63977
   686
wenzelm@63977
   687
* PIDE document markup works across multiple Isar commands, e.g. the
wenzelm@63977
   688
results established at the end of a proof are properly identified in the
wenzelm@63977
   689
theorem statement.
wenzelm@63977
   690
wenzelm@63977
   691
* Cartouche abbreviations work both for " and ` to accomodate typical
wenzelm@63977
   692
situations where old ASCII notation may be updated.
wenzelm@63977
   693
wenzelm@63875
   694
* Dockable window "Symbols" also provides access to 'abbrevs' from the
wenzelm@63875
   695
outer syntax of the current theory buffer. This provides clickable
wenzelm@63875
   696
syntax templates, including entries with empty abbrevs name (which are
wenzelm@63875
   697
inaccessible via keyboard completion).
wenzelm@63875
   698
wenzelm@63022
   699
* IDE support for the Isabelle/Pure bootstrap process, with the
wenzelm@63022
   700
following independent stages:
wenzelm@63022
   701
wenzelm@63022
   702
  src/Pure/ROOT0.ML
wenzelm@63022
   703
  src/Pure/ROOT.ML
wenzelm@63022
   704
  src/Pure/Pure.thy
wenzelm@63022
   705
  src/Pure/ML_Bootstrap.thy
wenzelm@63022
   706
wenzelm@63022
   707
The ML ROOT files act like quasi-theories in the context of theory
wenzelm@63022
   708
ML_Bootstrap: this allows continuous checking of all loaded ML files.
wenzelm@63022
   709
The theory files are presented with a modified header to import Pure
wenzelm@63022
   710
from the running Isabelle instance. Results from changed versions of
wenzelm@63022
   711
each stage are *not* propagated to the next stage, and isolated from the
wenzelm@63022
   712
actual Isabelle/Pure that runs the IDE itself. The sequential
wenzelm@63307
   713
dependencies of the above files are only observed for batch build.
wenzelm@62904
   714
wenzelm@63977
   715
* Isabelle/ML and Standard ML files are presented in Sidekick with the
wenzelm@63977
   716
tree structure of section headings: this special comment format is
wenzelm@63977
   717
described in "implementation" chapter 0, e.g. (*** section ***).
wenzelm@63461
   718
wenzelm@63581
   719
* Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified
wenzelm@63871
   720
within the theory header as 'abbrevs'. The theory syntax for 'keywords'
wenzelm@63871
   721
has been simplified accordingly: optional abbrevs need to go into the
wenzelm@63871
   722
new 'abbrevs' section.
wenzelm@63871
   723
wenzelm@63871
   724
* Global abbreviations via $ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and
wenzelm@63871
   725
$ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs are no longer supported. Minor
wenzelm@63871
   726
INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'abbrevs' within theory header instead.
wenzelm@63579
   727
wenzelm@64390
   728
* Action "isabelle.keymap-merge" asks the user to resolve pending
wenzelm@64390
   729
Isabelle keymap changes that are in conflict with the current jEdit
wenzelm@64390
   730
keymap; non-conflicting changes are always applied implicitly. This
wenzelm@64390
   731
action is automatically invoked on Isabelle/jEdit startup and thus
wenzelm@64390
   732
increases chances that users see new keyboard shortcuts when re-using
wenzelm@64390
   733
old keymaps.
wenzelm@64390
   734
wenzelm@63675
   735
* ML and document antiquotations for file-systems paths are more uniform
wenzelm@63675
   736
and diverse:
wenzelm@63675
   737
wenzelm@63675
   738
  @{path NAME}   -- no file-system check
wenzelm@63675
   739
  @{file NAME}   -- check for plain file
wenzelm@63675
   740
  @{dir NAME}    -- check for directory
wenzelm@63675
   741
wenzelm@63675
   742
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, former uses of @{file} and @{file_unchecked} may
wenzelm@63675
   743
have to be changed.
wenzelm@63669
   744
wenzelm@63669
   745
wenzelm@63977
   746
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@63977
   747
wenzelm@63977
   748
* New symbol \<circle>, e.g. for temporal operator.
wenzelm@63977
   749
wenzelm@64073
   750
* New document and ML antiquotation @{locale} for locales, similar to
wenzelm@64073
   751
existing antiquotation @{class}.
wenzelm@64073
   752
wenzelm@63977
   753
* Mixfix annotations support delimiters like \<^control>\<open>cartouche\<close> --
wenzelm@63977
   754
this allows special forms of document output.
wenzelm@63977
   755
wenzelm@63977
   756
* Raw LaTeX output now works via \<^latex>\<open>...\<close> instead of raw control
wenzelm@63977
   757
symbol \<^raw:...>. INCOMPATIBILITY, notably for LaTeXsugar.thy and its
wenzelm@63977
   758
derivatives.
wenzelm@63977
   759
wenzelm@63977
   760
* \<^raw:...> symbols are no longer supported.
wenzelm@63977
   761
wenzelm@63977
   762
* Old 'header' command is no longer supported (legacy since
wenzelm@63977
   763
Isabelle2015).
wenzelm@63977
   764
wenzelm@63977
   765
wenzelm@62312
   766
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@62312
   767
wenzelm@63180
   768
* Many specification elements support structured statements with 'if' /
wenzelm@63180
   769
'for' eigen-context, e.g. 'axiomatization', 'abbreviation',
wenzelm@63180
   770
'definition', 'inductive', 'function'.
wenzelm@63180
   771
wenzelm@63094
   772
* Toplevel theorem statements support eigen-context notation with 'if' /
wenzelm@63284
   773
'for' (in postfix), which corresponds to 'assumes' / 'fixes' in the
wenzelm@63094
   774
traditional long statement form (in prefix). Local premises are called
wenzelm@63094
   775
"that" or "assms", respectively. Empty premises are *not* bound in the
wenzelm@63094
   776
context: INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63094
   777
wenzelm@63039
   778
* Command 'define' introduces a local (non-polymorphic) definition, with
wenzelm@63039
   779
optional abstraction over local parameters. The syntax resembles
wenzelm@63043
   780
'definition' and 'obtain'. It fits better into the Isar language than
wenzelm@63043
   781
old 'def', which is now a legacy feature.
wenzelm@63039
   782
wenzelm@63059
   783
* Command 'obtain' supports structured statements with 'if' / 'for'
wenzelm@63059
   784
context.
wenzelm@63059
   785
wenzelm@62312
   786
* Command '\<proof>' is an alias for 'sorry', with different
wenzelm@62312
   787
typesetting. E.g. to produce proof holes in examples and documentation.
wenzelm@62216
   788
wenzelm@63977
   789
* The defining position of a literal fact \<open>prop\<close> is maintained more
wenzelm@63977
   790
carefully, and made accessible as hyperlink in the Prover IDE.
wenzelm@63977
   791
wenzelm@63977
   792
* Commands 'finally' and 'ultimately' used to expose the result as
wenzelm@63977
   793
literal fact: this accidental behaviour has been discontinued. Rare
wenzelm@63977
   794
INCOMPATIBILITY, use more explicit means to refer to facts in Isar.
wenzelm@63977
   795
wenzelm@63977
   796
* Command 'axiomatization' has become more restrictive to correspond
wenzelm@63977
   797
better to internal axioms as singleton facts with mandatory name. Minor
wenzelm@63977
   798
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62939
   799
wenzelm@63259
   800
* Proof methods may refer to the main facts via the dynamic fact
wenzelm@63259
   801
"method_facts". This is particularly useful for Eisbach method
wenzelm@63259
   802
definitions.
wenzelm@63259
   803
wenzelm@63527
   804
* Proof method "use" allows to modify the main facts of a given method
wenzelm@63527
   805
expression, e.g.
wenzelm@63259
   806
wenzelm@63259
   807
  (use facts in simp)
wenzelm@63259
   808
  (use facts in \<open>simp add: ...\<close>)
wenzelm@63259
   809
wenzelm@63977
   810
* The old proof method "default" has been removed (legacy since
wenzelm@63977
   811
Isabelle2016). INCOMPATIBILITY, use "standard" instead.
wenzelm@63977
   812
wenzelm@62216
   813
haftmann@63165
   814
*** Pure ***
haftmann@63165
   815
wenzelm@63977
   816
* Pure provides basic versions of proof methods "simp" and "simp_all"
wenzelm@63977
   817
that only know about meta-equality (==). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in
wenzelm@63977
   818
theory imports that merge Pure with e.g. Main of Isabelle/HOL: the order
wenzelm@63977
   819
is relevant to avoid confusion of Pure.simp vs. HOL.simp.
wenzelm@63977
   820
wenzelm@63977
   821
* The command 'unfolding' and proof method "unfold" include a second
wenzelm@63977
   822
stage where given equations are passed through the attribute "abs_def"
wenzelm@63977
   823
before rewriting. This ensures that definitions are fully expanded,
wenzelm@63977
   824
regardless of the actual parameters that are provided. Rare
wenzelm@63977
   825
INCOMPATIBILITY in some corner cases: use proof method (simp only:)
wenzelm@63977
   826
instead, or declare [[unfold_abs_def = false]] in the proof context.
wenzelm@63977
   827
wenzelm@63977
   828
* Type-inference improves sorts of newly introduced type variables for
wenzelm@63977
   829
the object-logic, using its base sort (i.e. HOL.type for Isabelle/HOL).
wenzelm@63977
   830
Thus terms like "f x" or "\<And>x. P x" without any further syntactic context
wenzelm@63977
   831
produce x::'a::type in HOL instead of x::'a::{} in Pure. Rare
wenzelm@63977
   832
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide explicit type constraints for Pure
wenzelm@63977
   833
types where this is really intended.
haftmann@63350
   834
haftmann@63165
   835
blanchet@62327
   836
*** HOL ***
blanchet@62327
   837
wenzelm@63977
   838
* New proof method "argo" using the built-in Argo solver based on SMT
wenzelm@63977
   839
technology. The method can be used to prove goals of quantifier-free
wenzelm@63977
   840
propositional logic, goals based on a combination of quantifier-free
wenzelm@63977
   841
propositional logic with equality, and goals based on a combination of
wenzelm@63977
   842
quantifier-free propositional logic with linear real arithmetic
wenzelm@63977
   843
including min/max/abs. See HOL/ex/Argo_Examples.thy for examples.
wenzelm@63977
   844
blanchet@66614
   845
* The new "nunchaku" command integrates the Nunchaku model finder. The
wenzelm@64390
   846
tool is experimental. See ~~/src/HOL/Nunchaku/Nunchaku.thy for details.
wenzelm@64390
   847
wenzelm@63977
   848
* Metis: The problem encoding has changed very slightly. This might
blanchet@63785
   849
break existing proofs. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@63785
   850
blanchet@63116
   851
* Sledgehammer:
lp15@63967
   852
  - The MaSh relevance filter is now faster than before.
blanchet@63116
   853
  - Produce syntactically correct Vampire 4.0 problem files.
blanchet@63116
   854
blanchet@62327
   855
* (Co)datatype package:
blanchet@62693
   856
  - New commands for defining corecursive functions and reasoning about
blanchet@62693
   857
    them in "~~/src/HOL/Library/BNF_Corec.thy": 'corec', 'corecursive',
blanchet@62693
   858
    'friend_of_corec', and 'corecursion_upto'; and 'corec_unique' proof
blanchet@62842
   859
    method. See 'isabelle doc corec'.
wenzelm@63977
   860
  - The predicator :: ('a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> 'a F \<Rightarrow> bool is now a first-class
blanchet@63855
   861
    citizen in bounded natural functors.
blanchet@62693
   862
  - 'primrec' now allows nested calls through the predicator in addition
blanchet@62327
   863
    to the map function.
blanchet@63855
   864
  - 'bnf' automatically discharges reflexive proof obligations.
blanchet@62693
   865
  - 'bnf' outputs a slightly modified proof obligation expressing rel in
traytel@62332
   866
       terms of map and set
blanchet@63855
   867
       (not giving a specification for rel makes this one reflexive).
blanchet@62693
   868
  - 'bnf' outputs a new proof obligation expressing pred in terms of set
blanchet@63855
   869
       (not giving a specification for pred makes this one reflexive).
blanchet@63855
   870
    INCOMPATIBILITY: manual 'bnf' declarations may need adjustment.
blanchet@62335
   871
  - Renamed lemmas:
blanchet@62335
   872
      rel_prod_apply ~> rel_prod_inject
blanchet@62335
   873
      pred_prod_apply ~> pred_prod_inject
blanchet@62335
   874
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62536
   875
  - The "size" plugin has been made compatible again with locales.
blanchet@63855
   876
  - The theorems about "rel" and "set" may have a slightly different (but
blanchet@63855
   877
    equivalent) form.
blanchet@63855
   878
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62327
   879
wenzelm@63977
   880
* The 'coinductive' command produces a proper coinduction rule for
wenzelm@63977
   881
mutual coinductive predicates. This new rule replaces the old rule,
wenzelm@63977
   882
which exposed details of the internal fixpoint construction and was
wenzelm@63977
   883
hard to use. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
   884
wenzelm@63977
   885
* New abbreviations for negated existence (but not bounded existence):
wenzelm@63977
   886
wenzelm@63977
   887
  \<nexists>x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>x. P x)
wenzelm@63977
   888
  \<nexists>!x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>!x. P x)
wenzelm@63977
   889
wenzelm@63977
   890
* The print mode "HOL" for ASCII syntax of binders "!", "?", "?!", "@"
wenzelm@63977
   891
has been removed for output. It is retained for input only, until it is
wenzelm@63977
   892
eliminated altogether.
wenzelm@63977
   893
wenzelm@63977
   894
* The unique existence quantifier no longer provides 'binder' syntax,
wenzelm@63977
   895
but uses syntax translations (as for bounded unique existence). Thus
wenzelm@63977
   896
iterated quantification \<exists>!x y. P x y with its slightly confusing
wenzelm@63977
   897
sequential meaning \<exists>!x. \<exists>!y. P x y is no longer possible. Instead,
wenzelm@63977
   898
pattern abstraction admits simultaneous unique existence \<exists>!(x, y). P x y
wenzelm@63977
   899
(analogous to existing notation \<exists>!(x, y)\<in>A. P x y). Potential
wenzelm@63977
   900
INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.
wenzelm@63977
   901
wenzelm@63977
   902
* Conventional syntax "%(). t" for unit abstractions. Slight syntactic
wenzelm@63977
   903
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
   904
wenzelm@64390
   905
* Renamed constants and corresponding theorems:
wenzelm@64390
   906
wenzelm@64390
   907
    setsum ~> sum
wenzelm@64390
   908
    setprod ~> prod
wenzelm@64390
   909
    listsum ~> sum_list
wenzelm@64390
   910
    listprod ~> prod_list
wenzelm@64390
   911
wenzelm@64390
   912
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
   913
wenzelm@64390
   914
* Sligthly more standardized theorem names:
wenzelm@64390
   915
    sgn_times ~> sgn_mult
wenzelm@64390
   916
    sgn_mult' ~> Real_Vector_Spaces.sgn_mult
wenzelm@64390
   917
    divide_zero_left ~> div_0
wenzelm@64390
   918
    zero_mod_left ~> mod_0
wenzelm@64390
   919
    divide_zero ~> div_by_0
wenzelm@64390
   920
    divide_1 ~> div_by_1
wenzelm@64390
   921
    nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_left ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
   922
    div_mult_self1_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
   923
    nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_right ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
   924
    div_mult_self2_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
   925
    is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_left ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
   926
    is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_right ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
   927
    mod_div_equality ~> div_mult_mod_eq
wenzelm@64390
   928
    mod_div_equality2 ~> mult_div_mod_eq
wenzelm@64390
   929
    mod_div_equality3 ~> mod_div_mult_eq
wenzelm@64390
   930
    mod_div_equality4 ~> mod_mult_div_eq
wenzelm@64390
   931
    minus_div_eq_mod ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod
wenzelm@64390
   932
    minus_div_eq_mod2 ~> minus_mult_div_eq_mod
wenzelm@64390
   933
    minus_mod_eq_div ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult
wenzelm@64390
   934
    minus_mod_eq_div2 ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div
wenzelm@64390
   935
    div_mod_equality' ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   936
    mod_div_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   937
    zmod_zdiv_equality ~> mult_div_mod_eq [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   938
    zmod_zdiv_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   939
    Divides.mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   940
    mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   941
    zmult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
   942
    div_1 ~> div_by_Suc_0
wenzelm@64390
   943
    mod_1 ~> mod_by_Suc_0
wenzelm@64390
   944
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
   945
wenzelm@64390
   946
* New type class "idom_abs_sgn" specifies algebraic properties
wenzelm@64390
   947
of sign and absolute value functions.  Type class "sgn_if" has
wenzelm@64390
   948
disappeared.  Slight INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
   949
wenzelm@64390
   950
* Dedicated syntax LENGTH('a) for length of types.
wenzelm@64390
   951
wenzelm@63977
   952
* Characters (type char) are modelled as finite algebraic type
wenzelm@63977
   953
corresponding to {0..255}.
wenzelm@63977
   954
wenzelm@63977
   955
  - Logical representation:
wenzelm@63977
   956
    * 0 is instantiated to the ASCII zero character.
wenzelm@63977
   957
    * All other characters are represented as "Char n"
wenzelm@63977
   958
      with n being a raw numeral expression less than 256.
wenzelm@63977
   959
    * Expressions of the form "Char n" with n greater than 255
wenzelm@63977
   960
      are non-canonical.
wenzelm@63977
   961
  - Printing and parsing:
wenzelm@63977
   962
    * Printable characters are printed and parsed as "CHR ''\<dots>''"
wenzelm@63977
   963
      (as before).
wenzelm@63977
   964
    * The ASCII zero character is printed and parsed as "0".
wenzelm@63977
   965
    * All other canonical characters are printed as "CHR 0xXX"
wenzelm@63977
   966
      with XX being the hexadecimal character code.  "CHR n"
wenzelm@63977
   967
      is parsable for every numeral expression n.
wenzelm@63977
   968
    * Non-canonical characters have no special syntax and are
wenzelm@63977
   969
      printed as their logical representation.
wenzelm@63977
   970
  - Explicit conversions from and to the natural numbers are
wenzelm@63977
   971
    provided as char_of_nat, nat_of_char (as before).
wenzelm@63977
   972
  - The auxiliary nibble type has been discontinued.
wenzelm@63977
   973
wenzelm@63977
   974
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
   975
wenzelm@63977
   976
* Type class "div" with operation "mod" renamed to type class "modulo"
wenzelm@63977
   977
with operation "modulo", analogously to type class "divide". This
wenzelm@63977
   978
eliminates the need to qualify any of those names in the presence of
wenzelm@63977
   979
infix "mod" syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
   980
wenzelm@63979
   981
* Statements and proofs of Knaster-Tarski fixpoint combinators lfp/gfp
wenzelm@63979
   982
have been clarified. The fixpoint properties are lfp_fixpoint, its
wenzelm@63979
   983
symmetric lfp_unfold (as before), and the duals for gfp. Auxiliary items
wenzelm@63979
   984
for the proof (lfp_lemma2 etc.) are no longer exported, but can be
wenzelm@63979
   985
easily recovered by composition with eq_refl. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63979
   986
wenzelm@63977
   987
* Constant "surj" is a mere input abbreviation, to avoid hiding an
wenzelm@63977
   988
equation in term output. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
   989
wenzelm@63977
   990
* Command 'code_reflect' accepts empty constructor lists for datatypes,
wenzelm@63977
   991
which renders those abstract effectively.
wenzelm@63977
   992
wenzelm@63977
   993
* Command 'export_code' checks given constants for abstraction
wenzelm@63977
   994
violations: a small guarantee that given constants specify a safe
wenzelm@63977
   995
interface for the generated code.
wenzelm@63977
   996
wenzelm@63977
   997
* Code generation for Scala: ambiguous implicts in class diagrams are
wenzelm@63977
   998
spelt out explicitly.
wenzelm@63977
   999
wenzelm@63977
  1000
* Static evaluators (Code_Evaluation.static_* in Isabelle/ML) rely on
wenzelm@63977
  1001
explicitly provided auxiliary definitions for required type class
wenzelm@64390
  1002
dictionaries rather than half-working magic. INCOMPATIBILITY, see the
wenzelm@64390
  1003
tutorial on code generation for details.
wenzelm@64390
  1004
wenzelm@64390
  1005
* Theory Set_Interval: substantial new theorems on indexed sums and
wenzelm@64390
  1006
products.
wenzelm@63977
  1007
wenzelm@63977
  1008
* Locale bijection establishes convenient default simp rules such as
wenzelm@63977
  1009
"inv f (f a) = a" for total bijections.
wenzelm@63977
  1010
wenzelm@63977
  1011
* Abstract locales semigroup, abel_semigroup, semilattice,
wenzelm@63977
  1012
semilattice_neutr, ordering, ordering_top, semilattice_order,
wenzelm@63977
  1013
semilattice_neutr_order, comm_monoid_set, semilattice_set,
wenzelm@63977
  1014
semilattice_neutr_set, semilattice_order_set,
wenzelm@63977
  1015
semilattice_order_neutr_set monoid_list, comm_monoid_list,
wenzelm@63977
  1016
comm_monoid_list_set, comm_monoid_mset, comm_monoid_fun use boldified
wenzelm@63977
  1017
syntax uniformly that does not clash with corresponding global syntax.
wenzelm@63977
  1018
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1019
wenzelm@63977
  1020
* Former locale lifting_syntax is now a bundle, which is easier to
wenzelm@63977
  1021
include in a local context or theorem statement, e.g. "context includes
wenzelm@63977
  1022
lifting_syntax begin ... end". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1023
wenzelm@63807
  1024
* Some old / obsolete theorems have been renamed / removed, potential
wenzelm@63807
  1025
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63807
  1026
wenzelm@63807
  1027
  nat_less_cases  --  removed, use linorder_cases instead
wenzelm@63807
  1028
  inv_image_comp  --  removed, use image_inv_f_f instead
wenzelm@63807
  1029
  image_surj_f_inv_f  ~>  image_f_inv_f
wenzelm@63113
  1030
Mathias@63456
  1031
* Some theorems about groups and orders have been generalised from
Mathias@63456
  1032
  groups to semi-groups that are also monoids:
Mathias@63456
  1033
    le_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1034
    le_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1035
    less_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1036
    less_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1037
    add_le_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1038
    add_le_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1039
    add_less_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1040
    add_less_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1041
Mathias@63456
  1042
* Some simplifications theorems about rings have been removed, since
Mathias@63456
  1043
  superseeded by a more general version:
Mathias@63456
  1044
    less_add_cancel_left_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1045
    less_add_cancel_right_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1046
    less_eq_add_cancel_left_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1047
    less_eq_add_cancel_right_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1048
    less_eq_add_cancel_left_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1049
    less_eq_add_cancel_right_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1050
    less_add_cancel_left_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1051
    less_add_cancel_right_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1052
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Mathias@63456
  1053
wenzelm@62407
  1054
* Renamed split_if -> if_split and split_if_asm -> if_split_asm to
wenzelm@62407
  1055
resemble the f.split naming convention, INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@62396
  1056
wenzelm@63977
  1057
* Added class topological_monoid.
wenzelm@63977
  1058
wenzelm@64391
  1059
* The following theorems have been renamed:
wenzelm@64391
  1060
nipkow@64457
  1061
  setsum_left_distrib ~> sum_distrib_right
nipkow@64457
  1062
  setsum_right_distrib ~> sum_distrib_left
wenzelm@64391
  1063
wenzelm@64391
  1064
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1065
wenzelm@64391
  1066
* Compound constants INFIMUM and SUPREMUM are mere abbreviations now.
wenzelm@64391
  1067
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1068
wenzelm@64391
  1069
* "Gcd (f ` A)" and "Lcm (f ` A)" are printed with optional
wenzelm@64391
  1070
comprehension-like syntax analogously to "Inf (f ` A)" and "Sup (f `
wenzelm@64391
  1071
A)".
wenzelm@64391
  1072
wenzelm@64391
  1073
* Class semiring_Lcd merged into semiring_Gcd. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1074
wenzelm@64391
  1075
* The type class ordered_comm_monoid_add is now called
wenzelm@64391
  1076
ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. A new type class ordered_comm_monoid_add
wenzelm@64391
  1077
is introduced as the combination of ordered_ab_semigroup_add +
wenzelm@64391
  1078
comm_monoid_add. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1079
wenzelm@64391
  1080
* Introduced the type classes canonically_ordered_comm_monoid_add and
wenzelm@64391
  1081
dioid.
wenzelm@64391
  1082
wenzelm@64391
  1083
* Introduced the type class ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. When
wenzelm@64391
  1084
instantiating linordered_semiring_strict and ordered_ab_group_add, an
wenzelm@64391
  1085
explicit instantiation of ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le might
wenzelm@64391
  1086
be required. INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@63117
  1087
haftmann@62348
  1088
* Dropped various legacy fact bindings, whose replacements are often
haftmann@62348
  1089
of a more general type also:
haftmann@62348
  1090
  lcm_left_commute_nat ~> lcm.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1091
  lcm_left_commute_int ~> lcm.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1092
  gcd_left_commute_nat ~> gcd.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1093
  gcd_left_commute_int ~> gcd.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1094
  gcd_greatest_iff_nat ~> gcd_greatest_iff
haftmann@62348
  1095
  gcd_greatest_iff_int ~> gcd_greatest_iff
haftmann@62348
  1096
  coprime_dvd_mult_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult
haftmann@62348
  1097
  coprime_dvd_mult_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult
haftmann@62348
  1098
  zpower_numeral_even ~> power_numeral_even
haftmann@62348
  1099
  gcd_mult_cancel_nat ~> gcd_mult_cancel
haftmann@62348
  1100
  gcd_mult_cancel_int ~> gcd_mult_cancel
haftmann@62348
  1101
  div_gcd_coprime_nat ~> div_gcd_coprime
haftmann@62348
  1102
  div_gcd_coprime_int ~> div_gcd_coprime
haftmann@62348
  1103
  zpower_numeral_odd ~> power_numeral_odd
haftmann@62348
  1104
  zero_less_int_conv ~> of_nat_0_less_iff
haftmann@62348
  1105
  gcd_greatest_nat ~> gcd_greatest
haftmann@62348
  1106
  gcd_greatest_int ~> gcd_greatest
haftmann@62348
  1107
  coprime_mult_nat ~> coprime_mult
haftmann@62348
  1108
  coprime_mult_int ~> coprime_mult
haftmann@62348
  1109
  lcm_commute_nat ~> lcm.commute
haftmann@62348
  1110
  lcm_commute_int ~> lcm.commute
haftmann@62348
  1111
  int_less_0_conv ~> of_nat_less_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1112
  gcd_commute_nat ~> gcd.commute
haftmann@62348
  1113
  gcd_commute_int ~> gcd.commute
haftmann@62348
  1114
  Gcd_insert_nat ~> Gcd_insert
haftmann@62348
  1115
  Gcd_insert_int ~> Gcd_insert
haftmann@62348
  1116
  of_int_int_eq ~> of_int_of_nat_eq
haftmann@62348
  1117
  lcm_least_nat ~> lcm_least
haftmann@62348
  1118
  lcm_least_int ~> lcm_least
haftmann@62348
  1119
  lcm_assoc_nat ~> lcm.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1120
  lcm_assoc_int ~> lcm.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1121
  int_le_0_conv ~> of_nat_le_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1122
  int_eq_0_conv ~> of_nat_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1123
  Gcd_empty_nat ~> Gcd_empty
haftmann@62348
  1124
  Gcd_empty_int ~> Gcd_empty
haftmann@62348
  1125
  gcd_assoc_nat ~> gcd.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1126
  gcd_assoc_int ~> gcd.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1127
  zero_zle_int ~> of_nat_0_le_iff
haftmann@62348
  1128
  lcm_dvd2_nat ~> dvd_lcm2
haftmann@62348
  1129
  lcm_dvd2_int ~> dvd_lcm2
haftmann@62348
  1130
  lcm_dvd1_nat ~> dvd_lcm1
haftmann@62348
  1131
  lcm_dvd1_int ~> dvd_lcm1
haftmann@62348
  1132
  gcd_zero_nat ~> gcd_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1133
  gcd_zero_int ~> gcd_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1134
  gcd_dvd2_nat ~> gcd_dvd2
haftmann@62348
  1135
  gcd_dvd2_int ~> gcd_dvd2
haftmann@62348
  1136
  gcd_dvd1_nat ~> gcd_dvd1
haftmann@62348
  1137
  gcd_dvd1_int ~> gcd_dvd1
haftmann@62348
  1138
  int_numeral ~> of_nat_numeral
haftmann@62348
  1139
  lcm_ac_nat ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1140
  lcm_ac_int ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1141
  gcd_ac_nat ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1142
  gcd_ac_int ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1143
  abs_int_eq ~> abs_of_nat
haftmann@62348
  1144
  zless_int ~> of_nat_less_iff
haftmann@62348
  1145
  zdiff_int ~> of_nat_diff
haftmann@62348
  1146
  zadd_int ~> of_nat_add
haftmann@62348
  1147
  int_mult ~> of_nat_mult
haftmann@62348
  1148
  int_Suc ~> of_nat_Suc
haftmann@62348
  1149
  inj_int ~> inj_of_nat
haftmann@62348
  1150
  int_1 ~> of_nat_1
haftmann@62348
  1151
  int_0 ~> of_nat_0
haftmann@62353
  1152
  Lcm_empty_nat ~> Lcm_empty
haftmann@62353
  1153
  Lcm_empty_int ~> Lcm_empty
haftmann@62353
  1154
  Lcm_insert_nat ~> Lcm_insert
haftmann@62353
  1155
  Lcm_insert_int ~> Lcm_insert
haftmann@62353
  1156
  comp_fun_idem_gcd_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd
haftmann@62353
  1157
  comp_fun_idem_gcd_int ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd
haftmann@62353
  1158
  comp_fun_idem_lcm_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm
haftmann@62353
  1159
  comp_fun_idem_lcm_int ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm
haftmann@62353
  1160
  Lcm_eq_0 ~> Lcm_eq_0_I
haftmann@62353
  1161
  Lcm0_iff ~> Lcm_0_iff
haftmann@62353
  1162
  Lcm_dvd_int ~> Lcm_least
haftmann@62353
  1163
  divides_mult_nat ~> divides_mult
haftmann@62353
  1164
  divides_mult_int ~> divides_mult
haftmann@62353
  1165
  lcm_0_nat ~> lcm_0_right
haftmann@62353
  1166
  lcm_0_int ~> lcm_0_right
haftmann@62353
  1167
  lcm_0_left_nat ~> lcm_0_left
haftmann@62353
  1168
  lcm_0_left_int ~> lcm_0_left
haftmann@62353
  1169
  dvd_gcd_D1_nat ~> dvd_gcdD1
haftmann@62353
  1170
  dvd_gcd_D1_int ~> dvd_gcdD1
haftmann@62353
  1171
  dvd_gcd_D2_nat ~> dvd_gcdD2
haftmann@62353
  1172
  dvd_gcd_D2_int ~> dvd_gcdD2
haftmann@62353
  1173
  coprime_dvd_mult_iff_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff
haftmann@62353
  1174
  coprime_dvd_mult_iff_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff
haftmann@62348
  1175
  realpow_minus_mult ~> power_minus_mult
haftmann@62348
  1176
  realpow_Suc_le_self ~> power_Suc_le_self
haftmann@62353
  1177
  dvd_Gcd, dvd_Gcd_nat, dvd_Gcd_int removed in favour of Gcd_greatest
haftmann@62347
  1178
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@62347
  1179
lp15@63967
  1180
* Renamed HOL/Quotient_Examples/FSet.thy to
wenzelm@63977
  1181
HOL/Quotient_Examples/Quotient_FSet.thy INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1182
wenzelm@64390
  1183
* Session HOL-Library: theory FinFun bundles "finfun_syntax" and
wenzelm@64390
  1184
"no_finfun_syntax" allow to control optional syntax in local contexts;
wenzelm@64390
  1185
this supersedes former theory FinFun_Syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. use
wenzelm@64390
  1186
"unbundle finfun_syntax" to imitate import of
wenzelm@64390
  1187
"~~/src/HOL/Library/FinFun_Syntax".
wenzelm@64390
  1188
wenzelm@64390
  1189
* Session HOL-Library: theory Multiset_Permutations (executably) defines
wenzelm@64390
  1190
the set of permutations of a given set or multiset, i.e. the set of all
wenzelm@64390
  1191
lists that contain every element of the carrier (multi-)set exactly
wenzelm@64390
  1192
once.
wenzelm@64390
  1193
wenzelm@64390
  1194
* Session HOL-Library: multiset membership is now expressed using
wenzelm@64390
  1195
set_mset rather than count.
wenzelm@64390
  1196
wenzelm@64390
  1197
  - Expressions "count M a > 0" and similar simplify to membership
wenzelm@64390
  1198
    by default.
wenzelm@64390
  1199
wenzelm@64390
  1200
  - Converting between "count M a = 0" and non-membership happens using
wenzelm@64390
  1201
    equations count_eq_zero_iff and not_in_iff.
wenzelm@64390
  1202
wenzelm@64390
  1203
  - Rules count_inI and in_countE obtain facts of the form
wenzelm@64390
  1204
    "count M a = n" from membership.
wenzelm@64390
  1205
wenzelm@64390
  1206
  - Rules count_in_diffI and in_diff_countE obtain facts of the form
wenzelm@64390
  1207
    "count M a = n + count N a" from membership on difference sets.
wenzelm@64390
  1208
wenzelm@64390
  1209
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1210
wenzelm@64390
  1211
* Session HOL-Library: theory LaTeXsugar uses new-style "dummy_pats" for
wenzelm@64390
  1212
displaying equations in functional programming style --- variables
wenzelm@64390
  1213
present on the left-hand but not on the righ-hand side are replaced by
wenzelm@64390
  1214
underscores.
wenzelm@64390
  1215
wenzelm@64390
  1216
* Session HOL-Library: theory Combinator_PER provides combinator to
wenzelm@64390
  1217
build partial equivalence relations from a predicate and an equivalence
wenzelm@64390
  1218
relation.
wenzelm@64390
  1219
wenzelm@64390
  1220
* Session HOL-Library: theory Perm provides basic facts about almost
wenzelm@64390
  1221
everywhere fix bijections.
wenzelm@64390
  1222
wenzelm@64390
  1223
* Session HOL-Library: theory Normalized_Fraction allows viewing an
wenzelm@64390
  1224
element of a field of fractions as a normalized fraction (i.e. a pair of
wenzelm@64390
  1225
numerator and denominator such that the two are coprime and the
wenzelm@64390
  1226
denominator is normalized wrt. unit factors).
wenzelm@64390
  1227
wenzelm@64390
  1228
* Session HOL-NSA has been renamed to HOL-Nonstandard_Analysis.
wenzelm@64390
  1229
wenzelm@64390
  1230
* Session HOL-Multivariate_Analysis has been renamed to HOL-Analysis.
wenzelm@64390
  1231
wenzelm@64390
  1232
* Session HOL-Analysis: measure theory has been moved here from
wenzelm@64390
  1233
HOL-Probability. When importing HOL-Analysis some theorems need
wenzelm@64390
  1234
additional name spaces prefixes due to name clashes. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1235
wenzelm@64390
  1236
* Session HOL-Analysis: more complex analysis including Cauchy's
wenzelm@64390
  1237
inequality, Liouville theorem, open mapping theorem, maximum modulus
wenzelm@64390
  1238
principle, Residue theorem, Schwarz Lemma.
wenzelm@64390
  1239
wenzelm@64390
  1240
* Session HOL-Analysis: Theory of polyhedra: faces, extreme points,
wenzelm@64390
  1241
polytopes, and the Krein–Milman Minkowski theorem.
wenzelm@64390
  1242
wenzelm@64390
  1243
* Session HOL-Analysis: Numerous results ported from the HOL Light
wenzelm@64390
  1244
libraries: homeomorphisms, continuous function extensions, invariance of
wenzelm@64390
  1245
domain.
wenzelm@64390
  1246
wenzelm@64390
  1247
* Session HOL-Probability: the type of emeasure and nn_integral was
wenzelm@64390
  1248
changed from ereal to ennreal, INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1249
wenzelm@64390
  1250
  emeasure :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> ennreal
wenzelm@64390
  1251
  nn_integral :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> ennreal) \<Rightarrow> ennreal
wenzelm@64390
  1252
wenzelm@64390
  1253
* Session HOL-Probability: Code generation and QuickCheck for
wenzelm@64390
  1254
Probability Mass Functions.
wenzelm@64390
  1255
wenzelm@64390
  1256
* Session HOL-Probability: theory Random_Permutations contains some
wenzelm@64390
  1257
theory about choosing a permutation of a set uniformly at random and
wenzelm@64390
  1258
folding over a list in random order.
wenzelm@64390
  1259
wenzelm@64390
  1260
* Session HOL-Probability: theory SPMF formalises discrete
wenzelm@64390
  1261
subprobability distributions.
wenzelm@64390
  1262
wenzelm@64390
  1263
* Session HOL-Library: the names of multiset theorems have been
wenzelm@64390
  1264
normalised to distinguish which ordering the theorems are about
wenzelm@64390
  1265
wenzelm@64390
  1266
    mset_less_eqI ~> mset_subset_eqI
wenzelm@64390
  1267
    mset_less_insertD ~> mset_subset_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1268
    mset_less_eq_count ~> mset_subset_eq_count
wenzelm@64390
  1269
    mset_less_diff_self ~> mset_subset_diff_self
wenzelm@64390
  1270
    mset_le_exists_conv ~> mset_subset_eq_exists_conv
wenzelm@64390
  1271
    mset_le_mono_add_right_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel
wenzelm@64390
  1272
    mset_le_mono_add_left_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel
wenzelm@64390
  1273
    mset_le_mono_add ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add
wenzelm@64390
  1274
    mset_le_add_left ~> mset_subset_eq_add_left
wenzelm@64390
  1275
    mset_le_add_right ~> mset_subset_eq_add_right
wenzelm@64390
  1276
    mset_le_single ~> mset_subset_eq_single
wenzelm@64390
  1277
    mset_le_multiset_union_diff_commute ~> mset_subset_eq_multiset_union_diff_commute
wenzelm@64390
  1278
    diff_le_self ~> diff_subset_eq_self
wenzelm@64390
  1279
    mset_leD ~> mset_subset_eqD
wenzelm@64390
  1280
    mset_lessD ~> mset_subsetD
wenzelm@64390
  1281
    mset_le_insertD ~> mset_subset_eq_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1282
    mset_less_of_empty ~> mset_subset_of_empty
wenzelm@64390
  1283
    mset_less_size ~> mset_subset_size
wenzelm@64390
  1284
    wf_less_mset_rel ~> wf_subset_mset_rel
wenzelm@64390
  1285
    count_le_replicate_mset_le ~> count_le_replicate_mset_subset_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1286
    mset_remdups_le ~> mset_remdups_subset_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1287
    ms_lesseq_impl ~> subset_eq_mset_impl
wenzelm@64390
  1288
wenzelm@64390
  1289
Some functions have been renamed:
wenzelm@64390
  1290
    ms_lesseq_impl -> subset_eq_mset_impl
wenzelm@64390
  1291
wenzelm@64390
  1292
* HOL-Library: multisets are now ordered with the multiset ordering
wenzelm@64390
  1293
    #\<subseteq># ~> \<le>
wenzelm@64390
  1294
    #\<subset># ~> <
wenzelm@64390
  1295
    le_multiset ~> less_eq_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1296
    less_multiset ~> le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1297
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1298
wenzelm@64390
  1299
* Session HOL-Library: the prefix multiset_order has been discontinued:
wenzelm@64390
  1300
the theorems can be directly accessed. As a consequence, the lemmas
wenzelm@64390
  1301
"order_multiset" and "linorder_multiset" have been discontinued, and the
wenzelm@64390
  1302
interpretations "multiset_linorder" and "multiset_wellorder" have been
wenzelm@64390
  1303
replaced by instantiations. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1304
wenzelm@64390
  1305
* Session HOL-Library: some theorems about the multiset ordering have
wenzelm@64390
  1306
been renamed:
wenzelm@64390
  1307
wenzelm@64390
  1308
    le_multiset_def ~> less_eq_multiset_def
wenzelm@64390
  1309
    less_multiset_def ~> le_multiset_def
wenzelm@64390
  1310
    less_eq_imp_le_multiset ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1311
    mult_less_not_refl ~> mset_le_not_refl
wenzelm@64390
  1312
    mult_less_trans ~> mset_le_trans
wenzelm@64390
  1313
    mult_less_not_sym ~> mset_le_not_sym
wenzelm@64390
  1314
    mult_less_asym ~> mset_le_asym
wenzelm@64390
  1315
    mult_less_irrefl ~> mset_le_irrefl
wenzelm@64390
  1316
    union_less_mono2{,1,2} ~> union_le_mono2{,1,2}
wenzelm@64390
  1317
wenzelm@64390
  1318
    le_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O ~> less_eq_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O
wenzelm@64390
  1319
    le_multiset_total ~> less_eq_multiset_total
wenzelm@64390
  1320
    less_multiset_right_total ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1321
    le_multiset_empty_left ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_left
wenzelm@64390
  1322
    le_multiset_empty_right ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_right
wenzelm@64390
  1323
    less_multiset_empty_right ~> le_multiset_empty_left
wenzelm@64390
  1324
    less_multiset_empty_left ~> le_multiset_empty_right
wenzelm@64390
  1325
    union_less_diff_plus ~> union_le_diff_plus
wenzelm@64390
  1326
    ex_gt_count_imp_less_multiset ~> ex_gt_count_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1327
    less_multiset_plus_left_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_left_nonempty
wenzelm@64390
  1328
    le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty
wenzelm@64390
  1329
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1330
wenzelm@64390
  1331
* Session HOL-Library: the lemma mset_map has now the attribute [simp].
wenzelm@64390
  1332
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1333
wenzelm@64390
  1334
* Session HOL-Library: some theorems about multisets have been removed.
wenzelm@64390
  1335
INCOMPATIBILITY, use the following replacements:
wenzelm@64390
  1336
wenzelm@64390
  1337
    le_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1338
    less_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1339
    le_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1340
    less_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1341
    add_eq_self_empty_iff ~> add_cancel_left_right
wenzelm@64390
  1342
    mset_subset_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1343
    mset_less_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1344
    mset_le_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1345
    empty_inter ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_left
wenzelm@64390
  1346
    inter_empty ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_right
wenzelm@64390
  1347
    empty_sup ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_left
wenzelm@64390
  1348
    sup_empty ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_right
wenzelm@64390
  1349
    bdd_below_multiset ~> subset_mset.bdd_above_bot
wenzelm@64390
  1350
    subset_eq_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1351
    le_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1352
    mset_subset_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero
wenzelm@64390
  1353
    mset_less_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero
wenzelm@64390
  1354
wenzelm@64390
  1355
* Session HOL-Library: some typeclass constraints about multisets have
wenzelm@64390
  1356
been reduced from ordered or linordered to preorder. Multisets have the
wenzelm@64390
  1357
additional typeclasses order_bot, no_top,
wenzelm@64390
  1358
ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le, ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add,
wenzelm@64390
  1359
linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add, and
wenzelm@64390
  1360
ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1361
wenzelm@64390
  1362
* Session HOL-Library: there are some new simplification rules about
wenzelm@64390
  1363
multisets, the multiset ordering, and the subset ordering on multisets.
wenzelm@64390
  1364
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1365
wenzelm@64390
  1366
* Session HOL-Library: the subset ordering on multisets has now the
wenzelm@64390
  1367
interpretations ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le and
wenzelm@64390
  1368
bounded_lattice_bot. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1369
wenzelm@64390
  1370
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: single has been removed in favor
wenzelm@64390
  1371
of add_mset that roughly corresponds to Set.insert. Some theorems have
wenzelm@64390
  1372
removed or changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1373
wenzelm@64390
  1374
  single_not_empty ~> add_mset_not_empty or empty_not_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1375
  fold_mset_insert ~> fold_mset_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1376
  image_mset_insert ~> image_mset_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1377
  union_single_eq_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1378
  multi_self_add_other_not_self
wenzelm@64390
  1379
  diff_single_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1380
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1381
wenzelm@64390
  1382
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: some theorems have been changed
wenzelm@64390
  1383
to use add_mset instead of single:
wenzelm@64390
  1384
wenzelm@64390
  1385
  mset_add
wenzelm@64390
  1386
  multi_self_add_other_not_self
wenzelm@64390
  1387
  diff_single_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1388
  union_single_eq_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1389
  union_single_eq_member
wenzelm@64390
  1390
  add_eq_conv_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1391
  insert_noteq_member
wenzelm@64390
  1392
  add_eq_conv_ex
wenzelm@64390
  1393
  multi_member_split
wenzelm@64390
  1394
  multiset_add_sub_el_shuffle
wenzelm@64390
  1395
  mset_subset_eq_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1396
  mset_subset_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1397
  insert_subset_eq_iff
wenzelm@64390
  1398
  insert_union_subset_iff
wenzelm@64390
  1399
  multi_psub_of_add_self
wenzelm@64390
  1400
  inter_add_left1
wenzelm@64390
  1401
  inter_add_left2
wenzelm@64390
  1402
  inter_add_right1
wenzelm@64390
  1403
  inter_add_right2
wenzelm@64390
  1404
  sup_union_left1
wenzelm@64390
  1405
  sup_union_left2
wenzelm@64390
  1406
  sup_union_right1
wenzelm@64390
  1407
  sup_union_right2
wenzelm@64390
  1408
  size_eq_Suc_imp_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1409
  multi_nonempty_split
wenzelm@64390
  1410
  mset_insort
wenzelm@64390
  1411
  mset_update
wenzelm@64390
  1412
  mult1I
wenzelm@64390
  1413
  less_add
wenzelm@64390
  1414
  mset_zip_take_Cons_drop_twice
wenzelm@64390
  1415
  rel_mset_Zero
wenzelm@64390
  1416
  msed_map_invL
wenzelm@64390
  1417
  msed_map_invR
wenzelm@64390
  1418
  msed_rel_invL
wenzelm@64390
  1419
  msed_rel_invR
wenzelm@64390
  1420
  le_multiset_right_total
wenzelm@64390
  1421
  multiset_induct
wenzelm@64390
  1422
  multiset_induct2_size
wenzelm@64390
  1423
  multiset_induct2
wenzelm@64390
  1424
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1425
wenzelm@64390
  1426
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the definitions of some
wenzelm@64390
  1427
constants have changed to use add_mset instead of adding a single
wenzelm@64390
  1428
element:
wenzelm@64390
  1429
wenzelm@64390
  1430
  image_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1431
  mset
wenzelm@64390
  1432
  replicate_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1433
  mult1
wenzelm@64390
  1434
  pred_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1435
  rel_mset'
wenzelm@64390
  1436
  mset_insort
wenzelm@64390
  1437
wenzelm@64390
  1438
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1439
wenzelm@64390
  1440
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: due to the above changes, the
wenzelm@64390
  1441
attributes of some multiset theorems have been changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1442
wenzelm@64390
  1443
  insert_DiffM  [] ~> [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1444
  insert_DiffM2 [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1445
  diff_add_mset_swap [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1446
  fold_mset_add_mset [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1447
  diff_diff_add [simp] (for multisets only)
wenzelm@64390
  1448
  diff_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1449
  count_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1450
  set_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1451
  size_multiset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1452
  size_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1453
  image_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1454
  mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1455
  mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1456
  fold_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1457
  subset_eq_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1458
  empty_sup [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1459
  sup_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1460
  inter_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1461
  empty_inter [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1462
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1463
wenzelm@64391
  1464
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the order of the variables in
wenzelm@64390
  1465
the second cases of multiset_induct, multiset_induct2_size,
wenzelm@64390
  1466
multiset_induct2 has been changed (e.g. Add A a ~> Add a A).
wenzelm@64390
  1467
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1468
wenzelm@64390
  1469
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: there is now a simplification
wenzelm@64390
  1470
procedure on multisets. It mimics the behavior of the procedure on
wenzelm@64390
  1471
natural numbers. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1472
wenzelm@64390
  1473
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: renamed sums and products of
wenzelm@64390
  1474
multisets:
wenzelm@64390
  1475
wenzelm@64390
  1476
  msetsum ~> sum_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1477
  msetprod ~> prod_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1478
wenzelm@64390
  1479
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the notation for intersection
wenzelm@64390
  1480
and union of multisets have been changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1481
wenzelm@64390
  1482
  #\<inter> ~> \<inter>#
wenzelm@64390
  1483
  #\<union> ~> \<union>#
wenzelm@64390
  1484
wenzelm@64390
  1485
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1486
wenzelm@64390
  1487
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the lemma
wenzelm@64390
  1488
one_step_implies_mult_aux on multisets has been removed, use
wenzelm@64390
  1489
one_step_implies_mult instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1490
wenzelm@64390
  1491
* Session HOL-Library: theory Complete_Partial_Order2 provides reasoning
wenzelm@64390
  1492
support for monotonicity and continuity in chain-complete partial orders
wenzelm@64390
  1493
and about admissibility conditions for fixpoint inductions.
wenzelm@64390
  1494
haftmann@64523
  1495
* Session HOL-Library: theory Library/Polynomial contains also
haftmann@64523
  1496
derivation of polynomials (formerly in Library/Poly_Deriv) but not
haftmann@64523
  1497
gcd/lcm on polynomials over fields. This has been moved to a separate
haftmann@64523
  1498
theory Library/Polynomial_GCD_euclidean.thy, to pave way for a possible
haftmann@64523
  1499
future different type class instantiation for polynomials over factorial
haftmann@64523
  1500
rings. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1501
wenzelm@64390
  1502
* Session HOL-Library: theory Sublist provides function "prefixes" with
wenzelm@64390
  1503
the following renaming
wenzelm@64390
  1504
wenzelm@64390
  1505
  prefixeq -> prefix
wenzelm@64390
  1506
  prefix -> strict_prefix
wenzelm@64390
  1507
  suffixeq -> suffix
wenzelm@64390
  1508
  suffix -> strict_suffix
wenzelm@64390
  1509
wenzelm@64390
  1510
Added theory of longest common prefixes.
blanchet@64389
  1511
wenzelm@64391
  1512
* Session HOL-Number_Theory: algebraic foundation for primes:
wenzelm@64391
  1513
Generalisation of predicate "prime" and introduction of predicates
wenzelm@64391
  1514
"prime_elem", "irreducible", a "prime_factorization" function, and the
wenzelm@64391
  1515
"factorial_ring" typeclass with instance proofs for nat, int, poly. Some
wenzelm@64391
  1516
theorems now have different names, most notably "prime_def" is now
wenzelm@64391
  1517
"prime_nat_iff". INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1518
wenzelm@64391
  1519
* Session Old_Number_Theory has been removed, after porting remaining
wenzelm@64391
  1520
theories.
wenzelm@64391
  1521
wenzelm@64551
  1522
* Session HOL-Types_To_Sets provides an experimental extension of
wenzelm@64551
  1523
Higher-Order Logic to allow translation of types to sets.
wenzelm@64551
  1524
wenzelm@63198
  1525
wenzelm@62498
  1526
*** ML ***
wenzelm@62498
  1527
wenzelm@63227
  1528
* Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm use efficient operations from the Poly/ML
wenzelm@63228
  1529
library (notably for big integers). Subtle change of semantics:
wenzelm@63228
  1530
Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm both normalize the sign, results are never
wenzelm@63228
  1531
negative. This coincides with the definitions in HOL/GCD.thy.
wenzelm@63228
  1532
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63227
  1533
wenzelm@63212
  1534
* Structure Rat for rational numbers is now an integral part of
wenzelm@63215
  1535
Isabelle/ML, with special notation @int/nat or @int for numerals (an
wenzelm@63215
  1536
abbreviation for antiquotation @{Pure.rat argument}) and ML pretty
wenzelm@63212
  1537
printing. Standard operations on type Rat.rat are provided via ad-hoc
wenzelm@63215
  1538
overloading of + - * / < <= > >= ~ abs. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to
wenzelm@63212
  1539
use + instead of +/ etc. Moreover, exception Rat.DIVZERO has been
wenzelm@63212
  1540
superseded by General.Div.
wenzelm@63198
  1541
wenzelm@64390
  1542
* ML antiquotation @{path} is superseded by @{file}, which ensures that
wenzelm@64390
  1543
the argument is a plain file. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1544
wenzelm@64390
  1545
* Antiquotation @{make_string} is available during Pure bootstrap --
wenzelm@64390
  1546
with approximative output quality.
wenzelm@64390
  1547
wenzelm@64390
  1548
* Low-level ML system structures (like PolyML and RunCall) are no longer
wenzelm@64390
  1549
exposed to Isabelle/ML user-space. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1550
wenzelm@62861
  1551
* The ML function "ML" provides easy access to run-time compilation.
wenzelm@62861
  1552
This is particularly useful for conditional compilation, without
wenzelm@62861
  1553
requiring separate files.
wenzelm@62861
  1554
wenzelm@62498
  1555
* Option ML_exception_debugger controls detailed exception trace via the
wenzelm@62498
  1556
Poly/ML debugger. Relevant ML modules need to be compiled beforehand
wenzelm@62498
  1557
with ML_file_debug, or with ML_file and option ML_debugger enabled. Note
wenzelm@62498
  1558
debugger information requires consirable time and space: main
wenzelm@62498
  1559
Isabelle/HOL with full debugger support may need ML_system_64.
wenzelm@62498
  1560
wenzelm@62514
  1561
* Local_Theory.restore has been renamed to Local_Theory.reset to
wenzelm@62514
  1562
emphasize its disruptive impact on the cumulative context, notably the
wenzelm@62514
  1563
scope of 'private' or 'qualified' names. Note that Local_Theory.reset is
wenzelm@62514
  1564
only appropriate when targets are managed, e.g. starting from a global
wenzelm@62514
  1565
theory and returning to it. Regular definitional packages should use
wenzelm@62514
  1566
balanced blocks of Local_Theory.open_target versus
wenzelm@62514
  1567
Local_Theory.close_target instead. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62514
  1568
wenzelm@62519
  1569
* Structure TimeLimit (originally from the SML/NJ library) has been
wenzelm@62519
  1570
replaced by structure Timeout, with slightly different signature.
wenzelm@62519
  1571
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62519
  1572
wenzelm@62551
  1573
* Discontinued cd and pwd operations, which are not well-defined in a
wenzelm@62551
  1574
multi-threaded environment. Note that files are usually located
wenzelm@62551
  1575
relatively to the master directory of a theory (see also
wenzelm@62551
  1576
File.full_path). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62551
  1577
wenzelm@63352
  1578
* Binding.empty_atts supersedes Thm.empty_binding and
wenzelm@63352
  1579
Attrib.empty_binding. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63352
  1580
wenzelm@62498
  1581
wenzelm@62354
  1582
*** System ***
wenzelm@62354
  1583
wenzelm@64390
  1584
* SML/NJ and old versions of Poly/ML are no longer supported.
wenzelm@64390
  1585
wenzelm@64390
  1586
* Poly/ML heaps now follow the hierarchy of sessions, and thus require
wenzelm@64390
  1587
much less disk space.
wenzelm@63226
  1588
wenzelm@62591
  1589
* The Isabelle ML process is now managed directly by Isabelle/Scala, and
wenzelm@62591
  1590
shell scripts merely provide optional command-line access. In
wenzelm@62591
  1591
particular:
wenzelm@62591
  1592
wenzelm@62591
  1593
  . Scala module ML_Process to connect to the raw ML process,
wenzelm@62591
  1594
    with interaction via stdin/stdout/stderr or in batch mode;
wenzelm@62591
  1595
  . command-line tool "isabelle console" as interactive wrapper;
wenzelm@62591
  1596
  . command-line tool "isabelle process" as batch mode wrapper.
wenzelm@62588
  1597
wenzelm@62588
  1598
* The executable "isabelle_process" has been discontinued. Tools and
wenzelm@62588
  1599
prover front-ends should use ML_Process or Isabelle_Process in
wenzelm@62591
  1600
Isabelle/Scala. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62588
  1601
wenzelm@62588
  1602
* New command-line tool "isabelle process" supports ML evaluation of
wenzelm@62588
  1603
literal expressions (option -e) or files (option -f) in the context of a
wenzelm@62588
  1604
given heap image. Errors lead to premature exit of the ML process with
wenzelm@62588
  1605
return code 1.
wenzelm@62588
  1606
wenzelm@64390
  1607
* The command-line tool "isabelle build" supports option -N for cyclic
wenzelm@64390
  1608
shuffling of NUMA CPU nodes. This may help performance tuning on Linux
wenzelm@64390
  1609
servers with separate CPU/memory modules.
wenzelm@64390
  1610
wenzelm@64390
  1611
* System option "threads" (for the size of the Isabelle/ML thread farm)
wenzelm@64390
  1612
is also passed to the underlying ML runtime system as --gcthreads,
wenzelm@64274
  1613
unless there is already a default provided via ML_OPTIONS settings.
wenzelm@64274
  1614
wenzelm@63827
  1615
* System option "checkpoint" helps to fine-tune the global heap space
wenzelm@63827
  1616
management of isabelle build. This is relevant for big sessions that may
wenzelm@63827
  1617
exhaust the small 32-bit address space of the ML process (which is used
wenzelm@63827
  1618
by default).
wenzelm@63827
  1619
wenzelm@64308
  1620
* System option "profiling" specifies the mode for global ML profiling
wenzelm@64342
  1621
in "isabelle build". Possible values are "time", "allocations". The
wenzelm@64342
  1622
command-line tool "isabelle profiling_report" helps to digest the
wenzelm@64342
  1623
resulting log files.
wenzelm@64308
  1624
wenzelm@63986
  1625
* System option "ML_process_policy" specifies an optional command prefix
wenzelm@63986
  1626
for the underlying ML process, e.g. to control CPU affinity on
wenzelm@63987
  1627
multiprocessor systems. The "isabelle jedit" tool allows to override the
wenzelm@63987
  1628
implicit default via option -p.
wenzelm@63986
  1629
wenzelm@64390
  1630
* Command-line tool "isabelle console" provides option -r to help to
wenzelm@64390
  1631
bootstrapping Isabelle/Pure interactively.
wenzelm@64390
  1632
wenzelm@64390
  1633
* Command-line tool "isabelle yxml" has been discontinued.
wenzelm@64390
  1634
INCOMPATIBILITY, use operations from the modules "XML" and "YXML" in
wenzelm@64390
  1635
Isabelle/ML or Isabelle/Scala.
wenzelm@64390
  1636
wenzelm@64390
  1637
* Many Isabelle tools that require a Java runtime system refer to the
wenzelm@64390
  1638
settings ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS64,
wenzelm@64390
  1639
depending on the underlying platform. The settings for "isabelle build"
wenzelm@64390
  1640
ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS64 have been
wenzelm@64390
  1641
discontinued. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1642
wenzelm@64390
  1643
* The Isabelle system environment always ensures that the main
wenzelm@64390
  1644
executables are found within the shell search $PATH: "isabelle" and
wenzelm@64390
  1645
"isabelle_scala_script".
wenzelm@64390
  1646
wenzelm@64390
  1647
* Isabelle tools may consist of .scala files: the Scala compiler is
wenzelm@64390
  1648
invoked on the spot. The source needs to define some object that extends
wenzelm@64390
  1649
Isabelle_Tool.Body.
wenzelm@64390
  1650
wenzelm@64390
  1651
* File.bash_string, File.bash_path etc. represent Isabelle/ML and
wenzelm@64390
  1652
Isabelle/Scala strings authentically within GNU bash. This is useful to
wenzelm@64390
  1653
produce robust shell scripts under program control, without worrying
wenzelm@64390
  1654
about spaces or special characters. Note that user output works via
wenzelm@64390
  1655
Path.print (ML) or Path.toString (Scala). INCOMPATIBILITY, the old (and
wenzelm@64390
  1656
less versatile) operations File.shell_quote, File.shell_path etc. have
wenzelm@64390
  1657
been discontinued.
wenzelm@64390
  1658
wenzelm@63995
  1659
* The isabelle_java executable allows to run a Java process within the
wenzelm@63995
  1660
name space of Java and Scala components that are bundled with Isabelle,
wenzelm@63995
  1661
but without the Isabelle settings environment.
wenzelm@63995
  1662
wenzelm@64390
  1663
* Isabelle/Scala: the SSH module supports ssh and sftp connections, for
wenzelm@64390
  1664
remote command-execution and file-system access. This resembles
wenzelm@64390
  1665
operations from module File and Isabelle_System to some extent. Note
wenzelm@64390
  1666
that Path specifications need to be resolved remotely via
wenzelm@64390
  1667
ssh.remote_path instead of File.standard_path: the implicit process
wenzelm@64390
  1668
environment is different, Isabelle settings are not available remotely.
wenzelm@64390
  1669
wenzelm@64390
  1670
* Isabelle/Scala: the Mercurial module supports repositories via the
wenzelm@64390
  1671
regular hg command-line interface. The repositroy clone and working
wenzelm@64390
  1672
directory may reside on a local or remote file-system (via ssh
wenzelm@64390
  1673
connection).
wenzelm@64265
  1674
wenzelm@62354
  1675
wenzelm@62354
  1676
wenzelm@62031
  1677
New in Isabelle2016 (February 2016)
wenzelm@62016
  1678
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@60138
  1679
wenzelm@61337
  1680
*** General ***
wenzelm@61337
  1681
wenzelm@62168
  1682
* Eisbach is now based on Pure instead of HOL. Objects-logics may import
wenzelm@62168
  1683
either the theory ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach (for HOL etc.) or
wenzelm@62168
  1684
~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach_Old_Appl_Syntax (for FOL, ZF etc.). Note that
wenzelm@62168
  1685
the HOL-Eisbach session located in ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/ contains further
wenzelm@62168
  1686
examples that do require HOL.
wenzelm@62168
  1687
wenzelm@62157
  1688
* Better resource usage on all platforms (Linux, Windows, Mac OS X) for
wenzelm@62157
  1689
both Isabelle/ML and Isabelle/Scala.  Slightly reduced heap space usage.
wenzelm@62157
  1690
wenzelm@62017
  1691
* Former "xsymbols" syntax with Isabelle symbols is used by default,
wenzelm@62017
  1692
without any special print mode. Important ASCII replacement syntax
wenzelm@62017
  1693
remains available under print mode "ASCII", but less important syntax
wenzelm@62017
  1694
has been removed (see below).
wenzelm@62017
  1695
wenzelm@62109
  1696
* Support for more arrow symbols, with rendering in LaTeX and Isabelle
wenzelm@62109
  1697
fonts: \<Lleftarrow> \<Rrightarrow> \<longlongleftarrow> \<longlongrightarrow> \<longlonglongleftarrow> \<longlonglongrightarrow>.
wenzelm@62017
  1698
wenzelm@62108
  1699
* Special notation \<struct> for the first implicit 'structure' in the
wenzelm@62108
  1700
context has been discontinued. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, use explicit
wenzelm@62108
  1701
structure name instead, notably in indexed notation with block-subscript
wenzelm@62108
  1702
(e.g. \<odot>\<^bsub>A\<^esub>).
wenzelm@62108
  1703
wenzelm@62108
  1704
* The glyph for \<diamond> in the IsabelleText font now corresponds better to its
wenzelm@62108
  1705
counterpart \<box> as quantifier-like symbol. A small diamond is available as
wenzelm@62108
  1706
\<diamondop>; the old symbol \<struct> loses this rendering and any special
wenzelm@62108
  1707
meaning.
wenzelm@62108
  1708
wenzelm@62017
  1709
* Syntax for formal comments "-- text" now also supports the symbolic
wenzelm@62017
  1710
form "\<comment> text". Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -c" helps
wenzelm@62017
  1711
to update old sources.
wenzelm@62017
  1712
wenzelm@61337
  1713
* Toplevel theorem statements have been simplified as follows:
wenzelm@61337
  1714
wenzelm@61337
  1715
  theorems             ~>  lemmas
wenzelm@61337
  1716
  schematic_lemma      ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  1717
  schematic_theorem    ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  1718
  schematic_corollary  ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  1719
wenzelm@61337
  1720
Command-line tool "isabelle update_theorems" updates theory sources
wenzelm@61337
  1721
accordingly.
wenzelm@61337
  1722
wenzelm@61338
  1723
* Toplevel theorem statement 'proposition' is another alias for
wenzelm@61338
  1724
'theorem'.
wenzelm@61338
  1725
wenzelm@62169
  1726
* The old 'defs' command has been removed (legacy since Isabelle2014).
wenzelm@62169
  1727
INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular 'definition' instead. Overloaded and/or
wenzelm@62169
  1728
deferred definitions require a surrounding 'overloading' block.
wenzelm@62169
  1729
wenzelm@61337
  1730
wenzelm@60610
  1731
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@60610
  1732
wenzelm@60986
  1733
* IDE support for the source-level debugger of Poly/ML, to work with
wenzelm@62253
  1734
Isabelle/ML and official Standard ML. Option "ML_debugger" and commands
wenzelm@62253
  1735
'ML_file_debug', 'ML_file_no_debug', 'SML_file_debug',
wenzelm@62253
  1736
'SML_file_no_debug' control compilation of sources with or without
wenzelm@62253
  1737
debugging information. The Debugger panel allows to set breakpoints (via
wenzelm@62253
  1738
context menu), step through stopped threads, evaluate local ML
wenzelm@62253
  1739
expressions etc. At least one Debugger view needs to be active to have
wenzelm@62253
  1740
any effect on the running ML program.
wenzelm@60984
  1741
wenzelm@61803
  1742
* The State panel manages explicit proof state output, with dynamic
wenzelm@61803
  1743
auto-update according to cursor movement. Alternatively, the jEdit
wenzelm@61803
  1744
action "isabelle.update-state" (shortcut S+ENTER) triggers manual
wenzelm@61803
  1745
update.
wenzelm@61729
  1746
wenzelm@61729
  1747
* The Output panel no longer shows proof state output by default, to
wenzelm@61729
  1748
avoid GUI overcrowding. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the State panel instead or
wenzelm@61729
  1749
enable option "editor_output_state".
wenzelm@61215
  1750
wenzelm@61803
  1751
* The text overview column (status of errors, warnings etc.) is updated
wenzelm@61803
  1752
asynchronously, leading to much better editor reactivity. Moreover, the
wenzelm@61803
  1753
full document node content is taken into account. The width of the
wenzelm@61803
  1754
column is scaled according to the main text area font, for improved
wenzelm@61803
  1755
visibility.
wenzelm@61803
  1756
wenzelm@61803
  1757
* The main text area no longer changes its color hue in outdated
wenzelm@61803
  1758
situations. The text overview column takes over the role to indicate
wenzelm@61803
  1759
unfinished edits in the PIDE pipeline. This avoids flashing text display
wenzelm@61803
  1760
due to ad-hoc updates by auxiliary GUI components, such as the State
wenzelm@61803
  1761
panel.
wenzelm@61803
  1762
wenzelm@62254
  1763
* Slightly improved scheduling for urgent print tasks (e.g. command
wenzelm@62254
  1764
state output, interactive queries) wrt. long-running background tasks.
wenzelm@62017
  1765
wenzelm@62017
  1766
* Completion of symbols via prefix of \<name> or \<^name> or \name is
wenzelm@62017
  1767
always possible, independently of the language context. It is never
wenzelm@62017
  1768
implicit: a popup will show up unconditionally.
wenzelm@62017
  1769
wenzelm@62017
  1770
* Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified in
wenzelm@62017
  1771
$ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs, with
wenzelm@62017
  1772
support for simple templates using ASCII 007 (bell) as placeholder.
wenzelm@62017
  1773
wenzelm@62234
  1774
* Symbols \<oplus>, \<Oplus>, \<otimes>, \<Otimes>, \<odot>, \<Odot>, \<ominus>, \<oslash> no longer provide abbreviations for
wenzelm@62234
  1775
completion like "+o", "*o", ".o" etc. -- due to conflicts with other
wenzelm@62234
  1776
ASCII syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain backslash-completion or define
wenzelm@62234
  1777
suitable abbreviations in $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs.
wenzelm@62234
  1778
wenzelm@61483
  1779
* Action "isabelle-emph" (with keyboard shortcut C+e LEFT) controls
wenzelm@61483
  1780
emphasized text style; the effect is visible in document output, not in
wenzelm@61483
  1781
the editor.
wenzelm@61483
  1782
wenzelm@61483
  1783
* Action "isabelle-reset" now uses keyboard shortcut C+e BACK_SPACE,
wenzelm@61483
  1784
instead of former C+e LEFT.
wenzelm@61483
  1785
wenzelm@61512
  1786
* The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" and the isabelle.Main
wenzelm@62027
  1787
application wrapper treat the default $USER_HOME/Scratch.thy more
wenzelm@61512
  1788
uniformly, and allow the dummy file argument ":" to open an empty buffer
wenzelm@61512
  1789
instead.
wenzelm@61512
  1790
wenzelm@62017
  1791
* New command-line tool "isabelle jedit_client" allows to connect to an
wenzelm@62017
  1792
already running Isabelle/jEdit process. This achieves the effect of
wenzelm@62017
  1793
single-instance applications seen on common GUI desktops.
wenzelm@62017
  1794
wenzelm@61529
  1795
* The default look-and-feel for Linux is the traditional "Metal", which
wenzelm@61529
  1796
works better with GUI scaling for very high-resolution displays (e.g.
wenzelm@61529
  1797
4K). Moreover, it is generally more robust than "Nimbus".
wenzelm@61529
  1798
wenzelm@62163
  1799
* Update to jedit-5.3.0, with improved GUI scaling and support of
wenzelm@62163
  1800
high-resolution displays (e.g. 4K).
wenzelm@62163
  1801
wenzelm@62034
  1802
* The main Isabelle executable is managed as single-instance Desktop
wenzelm@62034
  1803
application uniformly on all platforms: Linux, Windows, Mac OS X.
wenzelm@62034
  1804
wenzelm@60610
  1805
wenzelm@61405
  1806
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@61405
  1807
wenzelm@62017
  1808
* Commands 'paragraph' and 'subparagraph' provide additional section
wenzelm@62017
  1809
headings. Thus there are 6 levels of standard headings, as in HTML.
wenzelm@62017
  1810
wenzelm@62017
  1811
* Command 'text_raw' has been clarified: input text is processed as in
wenzelm@62017
  1812
'text' (with antiquotations and control symbols). The key difference is
wenzelm@62017
  1813
the lack of the surrounding isabelle markup environment in output.
wenzelm@62017
  1814
wenzelm@62017
  1815
* Text is structured in paragraphs and nested lists, using notation that
wenzelm@62017
  1816
is similar to Markdown. The control symbols for list items are as
wenzelm@62017
  1817
follows:
wenzelm@62017
  1818
wenzelm@62017
  1819
  \<^item>  itemize
wenzelm@62017
  1820
  \<^enum>  enumerate
wenzelm@62017
  1821
  \<^descr>  description
wenzelm@62017
  1822
wenzelm@61491
  1823
* There is a new short form for antiquotations with a single argument
wenzelm@61491
  1824
that is a cartouche: \<^name>\<open>...\<close> is equivalent to @{name \<open>...\<close>} and
wenzelm@61595
  1825
\<open>...\<close> without control symbol is equivalent to @{cartouche \<open>...\<close>}.
wenzelm@61595
  1826
\<^name> without following cartouche is equivalent to @{name}. The
wenzelm@61501
  1827
standard Isabelle fonts provide glyphs to render important control
wenzelm@61501
  1828
symbols, e.g. "\<^verbatim>", "\<^emph>", "\<^bold>".
wenzelm@61491
  1829
wenzelm@61595
  1830
* Antiquotations @{noindent}, @{smallskip}, @{medskip}, @{bigskip} with
wenzelm@61595
  1831
corresponding control symbols \<^noindent>, \<^smallskip>, \<^medskip>, \<^bigskip> specify spacing formally, using
wenzelm@61595
  1832
standard LaTeX macros of the same names.
wenzelm@61595
  1833
wenzelm@61491
  1834
* Antiquotation @{cartouche} in Isabelle/Pure is the same as @{text}.
wenzelm@61491
  1835
Consequently, \<open>...\<close> without any decoration prints literal quasi-formal
wenzelm@61492
  1836
text. Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -t" helps to update
wenzelm@61492
  1837
old sources, by approximative patching of the content of string and
wenzelm@61492
  1838
cartouche tokens seen in theory sources.
wenzelm@61491
  1839
wenzelm@61491
  1840
* The @{text} antiquotation now ignores the antiquotation option
wenzelm@61491
  1841
"source". The given text content is output unconditionally, without any
wenzelm@61491
  1842
surrounding quotes etc. Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY, put quotes into the
wenzelm@61494
  1843
argument where they are really intended, e.g. @{text \<open>"foo"\<close>}. Initial
wenzelm@61494
  1844
or terminal spaces are ignored.
wenzelm@61491
  1845
wenzelm@62017
  1846
* Antiquotations @{emph} and @{bold} output LaTeX source recursively,
wenzelm@62017
  1847
adding appropriate text style markup. These may be used in the short
wenzelm@62017
  1848
form \<^emph>\<open>...\<close> and \<^bold>\<open>...\<close>.
wenzelm@62017
  1849
wenzelm@62017
  1850
* Document antiquotation @{footnote} outputs LaTeX source recursively,
wenzelm@62017
  1851
marked as \footnote{}. This may be used in the short form \<^footnote>\<open>...\<close>.
wenzelm@62017
  1852
wenzelm@62017
  1853
* Antiquotation @{verbatim [display]} supports option "indent".
wenzelm@62017
  1854
wenzelm@62017
  1855
* Antiquotation @{theory_text} prints uninterpreted theory source text
wenzelm@62231
  1856
(Isar outer syntax with command keywords etc.). This may be used in the
wenzelm@62231
  1857
short form \<^theory_text>\<open>...\<close>. @{theory_text [display]} supports option "indent".
wenzelm@62017
  1858
wenzelm@62017
  1859
* Antiquotation @{doc ENTRY} provides a reference to the given
wenzelm@62017
  1860
documentation, with a hyperlink in the Prover IDE.
wenzelm@62017
  1861
wenzelm@62017
  1862
* Antiquotations @{command}, @{method}, @{attribute} print checked
wenzelm@62017
  1863
entities of the Isar language.
wenzelm@62017
  1864
wenzelm@61471
  1865
* HTML presentation uses the standard IsabelleText font and Unicode
wenzelm@61471
  1866
rendering of Isabelle symbols like Isabelle/Scala/jEdit.  The former
wenzelm@61488
  1867
print mode "HTML" loses its special meaning.
wenzelm@61471
  1868
wenzelm@61405
  1869
wenzelm@60406
  1870
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@60406
  1871
wenzelm@62205
  1872
* Local goals ('have', 'show', 'hence', 'thus') allow structured rule
wenzelm@62205
  1873
statements like fixes/assumes/shows in theorem specifications, but the
wenzelm@62205
  1874
notation is postfix with keywords 'if' (or 'when') and 'for'. For
wenzelm@60555
  1875
example:
wenzelm@60414
  1876
wenzelm@60414
  1877
  have result: "C x y"
wenzelm@60414
  1878
    if "A x" and "B y"
wenzelm@60414
  1879
    for x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@60414
  1880
    <proof>
wenzelm@60414
  1881
wenzelm@60449
  1882
The local assumptions are bound to the name "that". The result is
wenzelm@60449
  1883
exported from context of the statement as usual. The above roughly
wenzelm@60414
  1884
corresponds to a raw proof block like this:
wenzelm@60414
  1885
wenzelm@60414
  1886
  {
wenzelm@60414
  1887
    fix x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@60449
  1888
    assume that: "A x" "B y"
wenzelm@60414
  1889
    have "C x y" <proof>
wenzelm@60414
  1890
  }
wenzelm@60414
  1891
  note result = this
wenzelm@60406
  1892
wenzelm@60555
  1893
The keyword 'when' may be used instead of 'if', to indicate 'presume'
wenzelm@60555
  1894
instead of 'assume' above.
wenzelm@60555
  1895
wenzelm@61733
  1896
* Assumptions ('assume', 'presume') allow structured rule statements
wenzelm@61733
  1897
using 'if' and 'for', similar to 'have' etc. above. For example:
wenzelm@61658
  1898
wenzelm@61658
  1899
  assume result: "C x y"
wenzelm@61658
  1900
    if "A x" and "B y"
wenzelm@61658
  1901
    for x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@61658
  1902
wenzelm@61658
  1903
This assumes "\<And>x y::'a. A x \<Longrightarrow> B y \<Longrightarrow> C x y" and produces a general
wenzelm@61658
  1904
result as usual: "A ?x \<Longrightarrow> B ?y \<Longrightarrow> C ?x ?y".
wenzelm@61658
  1905
wenzelm@61658
  1906
Vacuous quantification in assumptions is omitted, i.e. a for-context
wenzelm@61658
  1907
only effects propositions according to actual use of variables. For
wenzelm@61658
  1908
example:
wenzelm@61658
  1909
wenzelm@61658
  1910
  assume "A x" and "B y" for x and y
wenzelm@61658
  1911
wenzelm@61658
  1912
is equivalent to:
wenzelm@61658
  1913
wenzelm@61658
  1914
  assume "\<And>x. A x" and "\<And>y. B y"
wenzelm@61658
  1915
wenzelm@60595
  1916
* The meaning of 'show' with Pure rule statements has changed: premises
wenzelm@60595
  1917
are treated in the sense of 'assume', instead of 'presume'. This means,
wenzelm@62205
  1918
a goal like "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x" can be solved completely as
wenzelm@62205
  1919
follows:
wenzelm@60595
  1920
wenzelm@60595
  1921
  show "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60595
  1922
wenzelm@60595
  1923
or:
wenzelm@60595
  1924
wenzelm@60595
  1925
  show "C x" if "A x" "B x" for x
wenzelm@60595
  1926
wenzelm@60595
  1927
Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, the old behaviour may be recovered as follows:
wenzelm@60595
  1928
wenzelm@60595
  1929
  show "C x" when "A x" "B x" for x
wenzelm@60595
  1930
wenzelm@60459
  1931
* New command 'consider' states rules for generalized elimination and
wenzelm@60459
  1932
case splitting. This is like a toplevel statement "theorem obtains" used
wenzelm@60459
  1933
within a proof body; or like a multi-branch 'obtain' without activation
wenzelm@60459
  1934
of the local context elements yet.
wenzelm@60459
  1935
wenzelm@60455
  1936
* Proof method "cases" allows to specify the rule as first entry of
wenzelm@60455
  1937
chained facts.  This is particularly useful with 'consider':
wenzelm@60455
  1938
wenzelm@60455
  1939
  consider (a) A | (b) B | (c) C <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  1940
  then have something
wenzelm@60455
  1941
  proof cases
wenzelm@60455
  1942
    case a
wenzelm@60455
  1943
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  1944
  next
wenzelm@60455
  1945
    case b
wenzelm@60455
  1946
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  1947
  next
wenzelm@60455
  1948
    case c
wenzelm@60455
  1949
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  1950
  qed
wenzelm@60455
  1951
wenzelm@60565
  1952
* Command 'case' allows fact name and attribute specification like this:
wenzelm@60565
  1953
wenzelm@60565
  1954
  case a: (c xs)
wenzelm@60565
  1955
  case a [attributes]: (c xs)
wenzelm@60565
  1956
wenzelm@60565
  1957
Facts that are introduced by invoking the case context are uniformly
wenzelm@60565
  1958
qualified by "a"; the same name is used for the cumulative fact. The old
wenzelm@60565
  1959
form "case (c xs) [attributes]" is no longer supported. Rare
wenzelm@60565
  1960
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt uses of case facts in exotic situations,
wenzelm@60565
  1961
and always put attributes in front.
wenzelm@60565
  1962
wenzelm@60618
  1963
* The standard proof method of commands 'proof' and '..' is now called
wenzelm@60618
  1964
"standard" to make semantically clear what it is; the old name "default"
wenzelm@60618
  1965
is still available as legacy for some time. Documentation now explains
wenzelm@60618
  1966
'..' more accurately as "by standard" instead of "by rule".
wenzelm@60618
  1967
wenzelm@62017
  1968
* Nesting of Isar goal structure has been clarified: the context after
wenzelm@62017
  1969
the initial backwards refinement is retained for the whole proof, within
wenzelm@62017
  1970
all its context sections (as indicated via 'next'). This is e.g.
wenzelm@62017
  1971
relevant for 'using', 'including', 'supply':
wenzelm@62017
  1972
wenzelm@62017
  1973
  have "A \<and> A" if a: A for A
wenzelm@62017
  1974
    supply [simp] = a
wenzelm@62017
  1975
  proof
wenzelm@62017
  1976
    show A by simp
wenzelm@62017
  1977
  next
wenzelm@62017
  1978
    show A by simp
wenzelm@62017
  1979
  qed
wenzelm@62017
  1980
wenzelm@62017
  1981
* Command 'obtain' binds term abbreviations (via 'is' patterns) in the
wenzelm@62017
  1982
proof body as well, abstracted over relevant parameters.
wenzelm@62017
  1983
wenzelm@62017
  1984
* Improved type-inference for theorem statement 'obtains': separate
wenzelm@62017
  1985
parameter scope for of each clause.
wenzelm@62017
  1986
wenzelm@62017
  1987
* Term abbreviations via 'is' patterns also work for schematic
wenzelm@62017
  1988
statements: result is abstracted over unknowns.
wenzelm@62017
  1989
wenzelm@60631
  1990
* Command 'subgoal' allows to impose some structure on backward
wenzelm@60631
  1991
refinements, to avoid proof scripts degenerating into long of 'apply'
wenzelm@60631
  1992
sequences. Further explanations and examples are given in the isar-ref
wenzelm@60631
  1993
manual.
wenzelm@60631
  1994
wenzelm@62017
  1995
* Command 'supply' supports fact definitions during goal refinement
wenzelm@62017
  1996
('apply' scripts).
wenzelm@62017
  1997
wenzelm@61166
  1998
* Proof method "goal_cases" turns the current subgoals into cases within
wenzelm@61166
  1999
the context; the conclusion is bound to variable ?case in each case. For
wenzelm@61166
  2000
example:
wenzelm@60617
  2001
wenzelm@60617
  2002
lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60622
  2003
  and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"
wenzelm@61166
  2004
proof goal_cases
wenzelm@60622
  2005
  case (1 x)
wenzelm@60622
  2006
  then show ?case using \<open>A x\<close> \<open>B x\<close> sorry
wenzelm@60622
  2007
next
wenzelm@60622
  2008
  case (2 y z)
wenzelm@60622
  2009
  then show ?case using \<open>U y\<close> \<open>V z\<close> sorry
wenzelm@60622
  2010
qed
wenzelm@60622
  2011
wenzelm@60622
  2012
lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60622
  2013
  and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"
wenzelm@61166
  2014
proof goal_cases
wenzelm@60617
  2015
  case prems: 1
wenzelm@60617
  2016
  then show ?case using prems sorry
wenzelm@60617
  2017
next
wenzelm@60617
  2018
  case prems: 2
wenzelm@60617
  2019
  then show ?case using prems sorry
wenzelm@60617
  2020
qed
wenzelm@60578
  2021
wenzelm@60581
  2022
* The undocumented feature of implicit cases goal1, goal2, goal3, etc.
wenzelm@60617
  2023
is marked as legacy, and will be removed eventually. The proof method
wenzelm@60617
  2024
"goals" achieves a similar effect within regular Isar; often it can be
wenzelm@60617
  2025
done more adequately by other means (e.g. 'consider').
wenzelm@60581
  2026
wenzelm@62017
  2027
* The vacuous fact "TERM x" may be established "by fact" or as `TERM x`
wenzelm@62017
  2028
as well, not just "by this" or "." as before.
wenzelm@60551
  2029
wenzelm@60554
  2030
* Method "sleep" succeeds after a real-time delay (in seconds). This is
wenzelm@60554
  2031
occasionally useful for demonstration and testing purposes.
wenzelm@60554
  2032
wenzelm@60406
  2033
wenzelm@60331
  2034
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@60331
  2035
wenzelm@61606
  2036
* Qualifiers in locale expressions default to mandatory ('!') regardless
wenzelm@61606
  2037
of the command. Previously, for 'locale' and 'sublocale' the default was
wenzelm@61606
  2038
optional ('?'). The old synatx '!' has been discontinued.
wenzelm@61606
  2039
INCOMPATIBILITY, remove '!' and add '?' as required.
ballarin@61565
  2040
ballarin@61566
  2041
* Keyword 'rewrites' identifies rewrite morphisms in interpretation
wenzelm@62017
  2042
commands. Previously, the keyword was 'where'. INCOMPATIBILITY.
ballarin@61566
  2043
ballarin@61701
  2044
* More gentle suppression of syntax along locale morphisms while
wenzelm@62017
  2045
printing terms. Previously 'abbreviation' and 'notation' declarations
wenzelm@62017
  2046
would be suppressed for morphisms except term identity. Now
ballarin@61701
  2047
'abbreviation' is also kept for morphims that only change the involved
wenzelm@62017
  2048
parameters, and only 'notation' is suppressed. This can be of great help
wenzelm@62017
  2049
when working with complex locale hierarchies, because proof states are
wenzelm@62017
  2050
displayed much more succinctly. It also means that only notation needs
wenzelm@62017
  2051
to be redeclared if desired, as illustrated by this example:
ballarin@61701
  2052
ballarin@61701
  2053
  locale struct = fixes composition :: "'a => 'a => 'a" (infixl "\<cdot>" 65)
ballarin@61701
  2054
  begin
ballarin@61701
  2055
    definition derived (infixl "\<odot>" 65) where ...
ballarin@61701
  2056
  end
ballarin@61701
  2057
ballarin@61701
  2058
  locale morphism =
ballarin@61701
  2059
    left: struct composition + right: struct composition'
ballarin@61701
  2060
    for composition (infix "\<cdot>" 65) and composition' (infix "\<cdot>''" 65)
ballarin@61701
  2061
  begin
ballarin@61701
  2062
    notation right.derived ("\<odot>''")
ballarin@61701
  2063
  end
ballarin@61701
  2064
wenzelm@61895
  2065
* Command 'global_interpretation' issues interpretations into global
wenzelm@61895
  2066
theories, with optional rewrite definitions following keyword 'defines'.
wenzelm@61895
  2067
wenzelm@61895
  2068
* Command 'sublocale' accepts optional rewrite definitions after keyword
haftmann@61675
  2069
'defines'.
haftmann@61675
  2070
wenzelm@61895
  2071
* Command 'permanent_interpretation' has been discontinued. Use
wenzelm@61895
  2072
'global_interpretation' or 'sublocale' instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@61670
  2073
wenzelm@61252
  2074
* Command 'print_definitions' prints dependencies of definitional
wenzelm@61252
  2075
specifications. This functionality used to be part of 'print_theory'.
wenzelm@61252
  2076
wenzelm@60331
  2077
* Configuration option rule_insts_schematic has been discontinued
wenzelm@62017
  2078
(intermediate legacy feature in Isabelle2015). INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60331
  2079
wenzelm@62205
  2080
* Abbreviations in type classes now carry proper sort constraint. Rare
wenzelm@62205
  2081
INCOMPATIBILITY in situations where the previous misbehaviour has been
wenzelm@62205
  2082
exploited.
haftmann@60347
  2083
haftmann@60347
  2084
* Refinement of user-space type system in type classes: pseudo-local
wenzelm@62205
  2085
operations behave more similar to abbreviations. Potential
haftmann@60347
  2086
INCOMPATIBILITY in exotic situations.
haftmann@60347
  2087
haftmann@60347
  2088
nipkow@60171
  2089
*** HOL ***
nipkow@60171
  2090
wenzelm@62017
  2091
* The 'typedef' command has been upgraded from a partially checked
wenzelm@62017
  2092
"axiomatization", to a full definitional specification that takes the
wenzelm@62017
  2093
global collection of overloaded constant / type definitions into
wenzelm@62017
  2094
account. Type definitions with open dependencies on overloaded
wenzelm@62017
  2095
definitions need to be specified as "typedef (overloaded)". This
wenzelm@62017
  2096
provides extra robustness in theory construction. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2097
wenzelm@62017
  2098
* Qualification of various formal entities in the libraries is done more
wenzelm@62017
  2099
uniformly via "context begin qualified definition ... end" instead of
wenzelm@62017
  2100
old-style "hide_const (open) ...". Consequently, both the defined
wenzelm@62017
  2101
constant and its defining fact become qualified, e.g. Option.is_none and
wenzelm@62017
  2102
Option.is_none_def. Occasional INCOMPATIBILITY in applications.
wenzelm@62017
  2103
wenzelm@62017
  2104
* Some old and rarely used ASCII replacement syntax has been removed.
wenzelm@62017
  2105
INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax with symbols should be used instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2106
The subsequent commands help to reproduce the old forms, e.g. to
wenzelm@62017
  2107
simplify porting old theories:
wenzelm@62017
  2108
wenzelm@62017
  2109
  notation iff  (infixr "<->" 25)
wenzelm@62017
  2110
wenzelm@62017
  2111
  notation Times  (infixr "<*>" 80)
wenzelm@62017
  2112
wenzelm@62017
  2113
  type_notation Map.map  (infixr "~=>" 0)
wenzelm@62017
  2114
  notation Map.map_comp  (infixl "o'_m" 55)
wenzelm@62017
  2115
wenzelm@62017
  2116
  type_notation FinFun.finfun ("(_ =>f /_)" [22, 21] 21)
wenzelm@62017
  2117
wenzelm@62017
  2118
  notation FuncSet.funcset  (infixr "->" 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2119
  notation FuncSet.extensional_funcset  (infixr "->\<^sub>E" 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2120
wenzelm@62017
  2121
  notation Omega_Words_Fun.conc (infixr "conc" 65)
wenzelm@62017
  2122
wenzelm@62017
  2123
  notation Preorder.equiv ("op ~~")
wenzelm@62017
  2124
    and Preorder.equiv ("(_/ ~~ _)" [51, 51] 50)
wenzelm@62017
  2125
wenzelm@62017
  2126
  notation (in topological_space) tendsto (infixr "--->" 55)
wenzelm@62017
  2127
  notation (in topological_space) LIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----> (_))" [60, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2128
  notation LIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2129
wenzelm@62017
  2130
  notation NSA.approx (infixl "@=" 50)
wenzelm@62017
  2131
  notation NSLIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----NS> (_))" [60, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2132
  notation NSLIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --NS> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2133
wenzelm@62017
  2134
* The alternative notation "\<Colon>" for type and sort constraints has been
wenzelm@62017
  2135
removed: in LaTeX document output it looks the same as "::".
wenzelm@62017
  2136
INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain "::" instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2137
wenzelm@62017
  2138
* Commands 'inductive' and 'inductive_set' work better when names for
wenzelm@62017
  2139
intro rules are omitted: the "cases" and "induct" rules no longer
wenzelm@62017
  2140
declare empty case_names, but no case_names at all. This allows to use
wenzelm@62017
  2141
numbered cases in proofs, without requiring method "goal_cases".
wenzelm@62017
  2142
wenzelm@62017
  2143
* Inductive definitions ('inductive', 'coinductive', etc.) expose
wenzelm@62017
  2144
low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option
wenzelm@62093
  2145
"inductive_internals" is enabled. This refers to the internal predicate
wenzelm@62017
  2146
definition and its monotonicity result. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2147
wenzelm@62017
  2148
* Recursive function definitions ('fun', 'function', 'partial_function')
wenzelm@62017
  2149
expose low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option
wenzelm@62205
  2150
"function_internals" is enabled. Its internal inductive definition is
wenzelm@62205
  2151
also subject to "inductive_internals". Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62093
  2152
wenzelm@62093
  2153
* BNF datatypes ('datatype', 'codatatype', etc.) expose low-level facts
wenzelm@62093
  2154
of the internal construction only if the option "bnf_internals" is
wenzelm@62093
  2155
enabled. This supersedes the former option "bnf_note_all". Rare
wenzelm@62093
  2156
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2157
wenzelm@62017
  2158
* Combinator to represent case distinction on products is named
wenzelm@62017
  2159
"case_prod", uniformly, discontinuing any input aliasses. Very popular
wenzelm@62017
  2160
theorem aliasses have been retained.
wenzelm@62017
  2161
haftmann@61424
  2162
Consolidated facts:
haftmann@61424
  2163
  PairE ~> prod.exhaust
haftmann@61424
  2164
  Pair_eq ~> prod.inject
haftmann@61424
  2165
  pair_collapse ~> prod.collapse
haftmann@61424
  2166
  Pair_fst_snd_eq ~> prod_eq_iff
haftmann@61424
  2167
  split_twice ~> prod.case_distrib
haftmann@61424
  2168
  split_weak_cong ~> prod.case_cong_weak
haftmann@61424
  2169
  split_split ~> prod.split
haftmann@61424
  2170
  split_split_asm ~> prod.split_asm
haftmann@61424
  2171
  splitI ~> case_prodI
haftmann@61424
  2172
  splitD ~> case_prodD
haftmann@61424
  2173
  splitI2 ~> case_prodI2
haftmann@61424
  2174
  splitI2' ~> case_prodI2'
haftmann@61424
  2175
  splitE ~> case_prodE
haftmann@61424
  2176
  splitE' ~> case_prodE'
haftmann@61424
  2177
  split_pair ~> case_prod_Pair
haftmann@61424
  2178
  split_eta ~> case_prod_eta
haftmann@61424
  2179
  split_comp ~> case_prod_comp
haftmann@61424
  2180
  mem_splitI ~> mem_case_prodI
haftmann@61424
  2181
  mem_splitI2 ~> mem_case_prodI2
haftmann@61424
  2182
  mem_splitE ~> mem_case_prodE
haftmann@61424
  2183
  The_split ~> The_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2184
  cond_split_eta ~> cond_case_prod_eta
haftmann@61424
  2185
  Collect_split_in_rel_leE ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leE
haftmann@61424
  2186
  Collect_split_in_rel_leI ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leI
haftmann@61424
  2187
  in_rel_Collect_split_eq ~> in_rel_Collect_case_prod_eq
haftmann@61424
  2188
  Collect_split_Grp_eqD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_eqD
haftmann@61424
  2189
  Collect_split_Grp_inD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_in
haftmann@61424
  2190
  Domain_Collect_split ~> Domain_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2191
  Image_Collect_split ~> Image_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2192
  Range_Collect_split ~> Range_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2193
  Eps_split ~> Eps_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2194
  Eps_split_eq ~> Eps_case_prod_eq
haftmann@61424
  2195
  split_rsp ~> case_prod_rsp
haftmann@61424
  2196
  curry_split ~> curry_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2197
  split_curry ~> case_prod_curry
wenzelm@62017
  2198
haftmann@61424
  2199
Changes in structure HOLogic:
haftmann@61424
  2200
  split_const ~> case_prod_const
haftmann@61424
  2201
  mk_split ~> mk_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2202
  mk_psplits ~> mk_ptupleabs
haftmann@61424
  2203
  strip_psplits ~> strip_ptupleabs
wenzelm@62017
  2204
wenzelm@62017
  2205
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2206
wenzelm@62017
  2207
* The coercions to type 'real' have been reorganised. The function
wenzelm@62017
  2208
'real' is no longer overloaded, but has type 'nat => real' and
wenzelm@62017
  2209
abbreviates of_nat for that type. Also 'real_of_int :: int => real'
wenzelm@62017
  2210
abbreviates of_int for that type. Other overloaded instances of 'real'
wenzelm@62017
  2211
have been replaced by 'real_of_ereal' and 'real_of_float'.
wenzelm@62017
  2212
lp15@61694
  2213
Consolidated facts (among others):
lp15@61694
  2214
  real_of_nat_le_iff -> of_nat_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2215
  real_of_nat_numeral of_nat_numeral
lp15@61694
  2216
  real_of_int_zero of_int_0
lp15@61694
  2217
  real_of_nat_zero of_nat_0
lp15@61694
  2218
  real_of_one of_int_1
lp15@61694
  2219
  real_of_int_add of_int_add
lp15@61694
  2220
  real_of_nat_add of_nat_add
lp15@61694
  2221
  real_of_int_diff of_int_diff
lp15@61694
  2222
  real_of_nat_diff of_nat_diff
lp15@61694
  2223
  floor_subtract floor_diff_of_int
lp15@61694
  2224
  real_of_int_inject of_int_eq_iff
lp15@61694
  2225
  real_of_int_gt_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2226
  real_of_int_ge_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2227
  real_of_nat_ge_zero of_nat_0_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2228
  real_of_int_ceiling_ge le_of_int_ceiling
lp15@61694
  2229
  ceiling_less_eq ceiling_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2230
  ceiling_le_eq ceiling_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2231
  less_floor_eq less_floor_iff
lp15@61694
  2232
  floor_less_eq floor_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2233
  floor_divide_eq_div floor_divide_of_int_eq
lp15@61694
  2234
  real_of_int_zero_cancel of_nat_eq_0_iff
lp15@61694
  2235
  ceiling_real_of_int ceiling_of_int
wenzelm@62017
  2236
wenzelm@62017
  2237
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@61143
  2238
wenzelm@60841
  2239
* Theory Map: lemma map_of_is_SomeD was a clone of map_of_SomeD and has
wenzelm@60841
  2240
been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60841
  2241
lars@60712
  2242
* Quickcheck setup for finite sets.
lars@60712
  2243
nipkow@60171
  2244
* Discontinued simp_legacy_precond. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60138
  2245
blanchet@60306
  2246
* Sledgehammer:
blanchet@61318
  2247
  - The MaSh relevance filter has been sped up.
blanchet@60306
  2248
  - Proof reconstruction has been improved, to minimize the incidence of
blanchet@60306
  2249
    cases where Sledgehammer gives a proof that does not work.
blanchet@60306
  2250
  - Auto Sledgehammer now minimizes and preplays the results.
blanchet@61030
  2251
  - Handle Vampire 4.0 proof output without raising exception.
blanchet@61043
  2252
  - Eliminated "MASH" environment variable. Use the "MaSh" option in
blanchet@61043
  2253
    Isabelle/jEdit instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@61317
  2254
  - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option and related subcommands.
blanchet@60306
  2255
blanchet@60310
  2256
* Nitpick:
blanchet@61325
  2257
  - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "finite" predicate.
blanchet@61324
  2258
  - Fixed soundness bug in "destroy_constrs" optimization.
blanchet@62080
  2259
  - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "rat" type.
blanchet@60310
  2260
  - Removed "check_potential" and "check_genuine" options.
blanchet@61317
  2261
  - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option.
blanchet@60310
  2262
wenzelm@62027
  2263
* (Co)datatype package:
blanchet@61345
  2264
  - New commands "lift_bnf" and "copy_bnf" for lifting (copying) a BNF
blanchet@61345
  2265
    structure on the raw type to an abstract type defined using typedef.
blanchet@61345
  2266
  - Always generate "case_transfer" theorem.
wenzelm@62235
  2267
  - For mutual types, generate slightly stronger "rel_induct",
haftmann@63946
  2268
    "rel_coinduct", and "coinduct" theorems. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@61551
  2269
  - Allow discriminators and selectors with the same name as the type
blanchet@61551
  2270
    being defined.
blanchet@61551
  2271
  - Avoid various internal name clashes (e.g., 'datatype f = f').
traytel@60920
  2272
wenzelm@62098
  2273
* Transfer: new methods for interactive debugging of 'transfer' and
wenzelm@62098
  2274
'transfer_prover': 'transfer_start', 'transfer_step', 'transfer_end',
wenzelm@62098
  2275
'transfer_prover_start' and 'transfer_prover_end'.
kuncar@61370
  2276
kleing@62118
  2277
* New diagnostic command print_record for displaying record definitions.
kleing@62118
  2278
haftmann@60868
  2279
* Division on integers is bootstrapped directly from division on
wenzelm@62017
  2280
naturals and uses generic numeral algorithm for computations. Slight
wenzelm@62017
  2281
INCOMPATIBILITY, simproc numeral_divmod replaces and generalizes former
wenzelm@62017
  2282
simprocs binary_int_div and binary_int_mod
wenzelm@62017
  2283
wenzelm@62017
  2284
* Tightened specification of class semiring_no_zero_divisors. Minor
haftmann@60516
  2285
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@60516
  2286
haftmann@60688
  2287
* Class algebraic_semidom introduces common algebraic notions of
wenzelm@62017
  2288
integral (semi)domains, particularly units. Although logically subsumed
wenzelm@62017
  2289
by fields, is is not a super class of these in order not to burden
wenzelm@62017
  2290
fields with notions that are trivial there.
wenzelm@62017
  2291
wenzelm@62017
  2292
* Class normalization_semidom specifies canonical representants for
wenzelm@62017
  2293
equivalence classes of associated elements in an integral (semi)domain.
wenzelm@62017
  2294
This formalizes associated elements as well.
haftmann@60688
  2295
haftmann@60688
  2296
* Abstract specification of gcd/lcm operations in classes semiring_gcd,
wenzelm@62017
  2297
semiring_Gcd, semiring_Lcd. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: facts gcd_nat.commute
wenzelm@62017
  2298
and gcd_int.commute are subsumed by gcd.commute, as well as
wenzelm@62017
  2299
gcd_nat.assoc and gcd_int.assoc by gcd.assoc.
wenzelm@62017
  2300
wenzelm@62017
  2301
* Former constants Fields.divide (_ / _) and Divides.div (_ div _) are
wenzelm@62017
  2302
logically unified to Rings.divide in syntactic type class Rings.divide,
wenzelm@62017
  2303
with infix syntax (_ div _). Infix syntax (_ / _) for field division is
wenzelm@62017
  2304
added later as abbreviation in class Fields.inverse. INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@62017
  2305
instantiations must refer to Rings.divide rather than the former
wenzelm@62017
  2306
separate constants, hence infix syntax (_ / _) is usually not available
wenzelm@62017
  2307
during instantiation.
wenzelm@62017
  2308
wenzelm@62017
  2309
* New cancellation simprocs for boolean algebras to cancel complementary
wenzelm@62017
  2310
terms for sup and inf. For example, "sup x (sup y (- x))" simplifies to
wenzelm@62017
  2311
"top". INCOMPATIBILITY.
Andreas@61629
  2312
hoelzl@62101
  2313
* Class uniform_space introduces uniform spaces btw topological spaces
hoelzl@62101
  2314
and metric spaces. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: open_<type>_def needs to be
wenzelm@62205
  2315
introduced in the form of an uniformity. Some constants are more general
wenzelm@62205
  2316
now, it may be necessary to add type class constraints.
hoelzl@62101
  2317
hoelzl@62101
  2318
  open_real_def \<leadsto> open_dist
hoelzl@62101
  2319
  open_complex_def \<leadsto> open_dist
hoelzl@62101
  2320
wenzelm@62026
  2321
* Library/Monad_Syntax: notation uses symbols \<bind> and \<then>. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62026
  2322
Mathias@60397
  2323
* Library/Multiset:
Mathias@60397
  2324
  - Renamed multiset inclusion operators:
Mathias@60397
  2325
      < ~> <#
blanchet@62208
  2326
      > ~> >#
Mathias@60397
  2327
      <= ~> <=#
blanchet@62208
  2328
      >= ~> >=#
Mathias@60397
  2329
      \<le> ~> \<le>#
blanchet@62208
  2330
      \<ge> ~> \<ge>#
Mathias@60397
  2331
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62209
  2332
  - Added multiset inclusion operator syntax:
blanchet@62209
  2333
      \<subset>#
blanchet@62209
  2334
      \<subseteq>#
blanchet@62209
  2335
      \<supset>#
blanchet@62209
  2336
      \<supseteq>#
Mathias@60397
  2337
  - "'a multiset" is no longer an instance of the "order",
Mathias@60397
  2338
    "ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le", "ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_diff",
Mathias@60397
  2339
    "semilattice_inf", and "semilattice_sup" type classes. The theorems
Mathias@60397
  2340
    previously provided by these type classes (directly or indirectly)
Mathias@60397
  2341
    are now available through the "subset_mset" interpretation
Mathias@60397
  2342
    (e.g. add_mono ~> subset_mset.add_mono).
Mathias@60397
  2343
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@60497
  2344
  - Renamed conversions:
nipkow@60515
  2345
      multiset_of ~> mset
nipkow@60515
  2346
      multiset_of_set ~> mset_set
nipkow@60497
  2347
      set_of ~> set_mset
nipkow@60497
  2348
    INCOMPATIBILITY
Mathias@60398
  2349
  - Renamed lemmas:
Mathias@60398
  2350
      mset_le_def ~> subseteq_mset_def
Mathias@60398
  2351
      mset_less_def ~> subset_mset_def
Mathias@60400
  2352
      less_eq_multiset.rep_eq ~> subseteq_mset_def
Mathias@60400
  2353
    INCOMPATIBILITY
Mathias@60400
  2354
  - Removed lemmas generated by lift_definition:
wenzelm@62235
  2355
    less_eq_multiset.abs_eq, less_eq_multiset.rsp,
wenzelm@62235
  2356
    less_eq_multiset.transfer, less_eq_multiset_def
Mathias@60400
  2357
    INCOMPATIBILITY
wenzelm@60006
  2358
wenzelm@62017
  2359
* Library/Omega_Words_Fun: Infinite words modeled as functions nat \<Rightarrow> 'a.
wenzelm@62017
  2360
wenzelm@62017
  2361
* Library/Bourbaki_Witt_Fixpoint: Added formalisation of the
wenzelm@62017
  2362
Bourbaki-Witt fixpoint theorem for increasing functions in
wenzelm@62017
  2363
chain-complete partial orders.
wenzelm@62017
  2364
wenzelm@62017
  2365
* Library/Old_Recdef: discontinued obsolete 'defer_recdef' command.
wenzelm@62017
  2366
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'function' instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2367
wenzelm@62064
  2368
* Library/Periodic_Fun: a locale that provides convenient lemmas for
wenzelm@62064
  2369
periodic functions.
eberlm@62060
  2370
wenzelm@62098
  2371
* Library/Formal_Power_Series: proper definition of division (with
wenzelm@62098
  2372
remainder) for formal power series; instances for Euclidean Ring and
wenzelm@62098
  2373
GCD.
eberlm@62086
  2374
wenzelm@62084
  2375
* HOL-Imperative_HOL: obsolete theory Legacy_Mrec has been removed.
wenzelm@62084
  2376
wenzelm@62084
  2377
* HOL-Statespace: command 'statespace' uses mandatory qualifier for
wenzelm@62084
  2378
import of parent, as for general 'locale' expressions. INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@62084
  2379
remove '!' and add '?' as required.
wenzelm@62084
  2380
wenzelm@62237
  2381
* HOL-Decision_Procs: The "approximation" method works with "powr"
wenzelm@62237
  2382
(exponentiation on real numbers) again.
wenzelm@62237
  2383
wenzelm@62084
  2384
* HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: theory Cauchy_Integral_Thm with Contour
wenzelm@62084
  2385
integrals (= complex path integrals), Cauchy's integral theorem, winding
wenzelm@62084
  2386
numbers and Cauchy's integral formula, Liouville theorem, Fundamental
wenzelm@62084
  2387
Theorem of Algebra. Ported from HOL Light.
wenzelm@62084
  2388
wenzelm@62084
  2389
* HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: topological concepts such as connected
wenzelm@62017
  2390
components, homotopic paths and the inside or outside of a set.
wenzelm@61121
  2391
wenzelm@62084
  2392
* HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: radius of convergence of power series and
wenzelm@62064
  2393
various summability tests; Harmonic numbers and the Euler–Mascheroni
wenzelm@62064
  2394
constant; the Generalised Binomial Theorem; the complex and real
wenzelm@62064
  2395
Gamma/log-Gamma/Digamma/ Polygamma functions and their most important
wenzelm@62064
  2396
properties.
eberlm@62060
  2397
wenzelm@62084
  2398
* HOL-Probability: The central limit theorem based on Levy's uniqueness
wenzelm@62084
  2399
and continuity theorems, weak convergence, and characterisitc functions.
wenzelm@62084
  2400
wenzelm@62084
  2401
* HOL-Data_Structures: new and growing session of standard data
wenzelm@62084
  2402
structures.
lammich@61178
  2403
wenzelm@60479
  2404
wenzelm@60793
  2405
*** ML ***
wenzelm@60793
  2406
wenzelm@62017
  2407
* The following combinators for low-level profiling of the ML runtime
wenzelm@62017
  2408
system are available:
wenzelm@62017
  2409
wenzelm@62017
  2410
  profile_time          (*CPU time*)
wenzelm@62017
  2411
  profile_time_thread   (*CPU time on this thread*)
wenzelm@62017
  2412
  profile_allocations   (*overall heap allocations*)
wenzelm@62017
  2413
wenzelm@62017
  2414
* Antiquotation @{undefined} or \<^undefined> inlines (raise Match).
wenzelm@62017
  2415
wenzelm@62075
  2416
* Antiquotation @{method NAME} inlines the (checked) name of the given
wenzelm@62075
  2417
Isar proof method.
wenzelm@62075
  2418
wenzelm@61922
  2419
* Pretty printing of Poly/ML compiler output in Isabelle has been
wenzelm@61922
  2420
improved: proper treatment of break offsets and blocks with consistent
wenzelm@61922
  2421
breaks.
wenzelm@61922
  2422
wenzelm@61268
  2423
* The auxiliary module Pure/display.ML has been eliminated. Its
wenzelm@61268
  2424
elementary thm print operations are now in Pure/more_thm.ML and thus
wenzelm@61268
  2425
called Thm.pretty_thm, Thm.string_of_thm etc. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@61268
  2426
wenzelm@61144
  2427
* Simproc programming interfaces have been simplified:
wenzelm@61144
  2428
Simplifier.make_simproc and Simplifier.define_simproc supersede various
wenzelm@61144
  2429
forms of Simplifier.mk_simproc, Simplifier.simproc_global etc. Note that
wenzelm@61144
  2430
term patterns for the left-hand sides are specified with implicitly
wenzelm@61144
  2431
fixed variables, like top-level theorem statements. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@61144
  2432
wenzelm@60802
  2433
* Instantiation rules have been re-organized as follows:
wenzelm@60802
  2434
wenzelm@60802
  2435
  Thm.instantiate  (*low-level instantiation with named arguments*)
wenzelm@60802
  2436
  Thm.instantiate' (*version with positional arguments*)
wenzelm@60802
  2437
wenzelm@60802
  2438
  Drule.infer_instantiate  (*instantiation with type inference*)
wenzelm@60802
  2439
  Drule.infer_instantiate'  (*version with positional arguments*)
wenzelm@60802
  2440
wenzelm@60802
  2441
The LHS only requires variable specifications, instead of full terms.
wenzelm@60802
  2442
Old cterm_instantiate is superseded by infer_instantiate.
wenzelm@60802
  2443
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to re-adjust some ML names and types accordingly.
wenzelm@60802
  2444
wenzelm@60793
  2445
* Old tactic shorthands atac, rtac, etac, dtac, ftac have been
wenzelm@60793
  2446
discontinued. INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular assume_tac, resolve_tac etc.
wenzelm@60793
  2447
instead (with proper context).
wenzelm@60642
  2448
wenzelm@60642
  2449
* Thm.instantiate (and derivatives) no longer require the LHS of the
wenzelm@60642
  2450
instantiation to be certified: plain variables are given directly.
wenzelm@60642
  2451
wenzelm@60707
  2452
* Subgoal.SUBPROOF and Subgoal.FOCUS combinators use anonymous
wenzelm@60707
  2453
quasi-bound variables (like the Simplifier), instead of accidentally
wenzelm@60707
  2454
named local fixes. This has the potential to improve stability of proof
wenzelm@60707
  2455
tools, but can also cause INCOMPATIBILITY for tools that don't observe
wenzelm@60707
  2456
the proof context discipline.
wenzelm@60707
  2457
wenzelm@62017
  2458
* Isar proof methods are based on a slightly more general type
wenzelm@62017
  2459
context_tactic, which allows to change the proof context dynamically
wenzelm@62017
  2460
(e.g. to update cases) and indicate explicit Seq.Error results. Former
wenzelm@62017
  2461
METHOD_CASES is superseded by CONTEXT_METHOD; further combinators are
wenzelm@62017
  2462
provided in src/Pure/Isar/method.ML for convenience. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@61885
  2463
wenzelm@60642
  2464
wenzelm@60983
  2465
*** System ***
wenzelm@60983
  2466
wenzelm@62525
  2467
* Command-line tool "isabelle console" enables print mode "ASCII".
wenzelm@61958
  2468
wenzelm@62017
  2469
* Command-line tool "isabelle update_then" expands old Isar command
wenzelm@62017
  2470
conflations:
wenzelm@62017
  2471
wenzelm@62017
  2472
    hence  ~>  then have
wenzelm@62017
  2473
    thus   ~>  then show
wenzelm@62017
  2474
wenzelm@62017
  2475
This syntax is more orthogonal and improves readability and
wenzelm@62017
  2476
maintainability of proofs.
wenzelm@62017
  2477
wenzelm@61602
  2478
* Global session timeout is multiplied by timeout_scale factor. This
wenzelm@61602
  2479
allows to adjust large-scale tests (e.g. AFP) to overall hardware
wenzelm@61602
  2480
performance.
wenzelm@61602
  2481
wenzelm@61174
  2482
* Property values in etc/symbols may contain spaces, if written with the
wenzelm@62671
  2483
replacement character "␣" (Unicode point 0x2324). For example:
wenzelm@62671
  2484
wenzelm@62671
  2485
    \<star>  code: 0x0022c6  group: operator  font: Deja␣Vu␣Sans␣Mono
wenzelm@61174
  2486
wenzelm@60995
  2487
* Java runtime environment for x86_64-windows allows to use larger heap
wenzelm@60995
  2488
space.
wenzelm@60995
  2489
wenzelm@61135
  2490
* Java runtime options are determined separately for 32bit vs. 64bit
wenzelm@61135
  2491
platforms as follows.
wenzelm@61135
  2492
wenzelm@61135
  2493
  - Isabelle desktop application: platform-specific files that are
wenzelm@61135
  2494
    associated with the main app bundle
wenzelm@61135
  2495
wenzelm@61135
  2496
  - isabelle jedit: settings
wenzelm@61135
  2497
    JEDIT_JAVA_SYSTEM_OPTIONS
wenzelm@61135
  2498
    JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS32 vs. JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS64
wenzelm@61135
  2499
wenzelm@61135
  2500
  - isabelle build: settings
wenzelm@61135
  2501
    ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS32 vs. ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS64
wenzelm@61135
  2502
wenzelm@61294
  2503
* Bash shell function "jvmpath" has been renamed to "platform_path": it
wenzelm@61294
  2504
is relevant both for Poly/ML and JVM processes.
wenzelm@61294
  2505
wenzelm@62017
  2506
* Poly/ML default platform architecture may be changed from 32bit to
wenzelm@62205
  2507
64bit via system option ML_system_64. A system restart (and rebuild) is
wenzelm@62205
  2508
required after change.
wenzelm@62017
  2509
wenzelm@62017
  2510
* Poly/ML 5.6 runs natively on x86-windows and x86_64-windows, which
wenzelm@62017
  2511
both allow larger heap space than former x86-cygwin.
wenzelm@62017
  2512
wenzelm@62157
  2513
* Heap images are 10-15% smaller due to less wasteful persistent theory
wenzelm@62157
  2514
content (using ML type theory_id instead of theory);
wenzelm@62157
  2515
wenzelm@60983
  2516
wenzelm@60479
  2517
wenzelm@60009
  2518
New in Isabelle2015 (May 2015)
wenzelm@60009
  2519
------------------------------
wenzelm@57695
  2520
wenzelm@57941
  2521
*** General ***
wenzelm@57941
  2522
wenzelm@59939
  2523
* Local theory specification commands may have a 'private' or
wenzelm@59990
  2524
'qualified' modifier to restrict name space accesses to the local scope,
wenzelm@59939
  2525
as provided by some "context begin ... end" block. For example:
wenzelm@59926
  2526
wenzelm@59926
  2527
  context
wenzelm@59926
  2528
  begin
wenzelm@59926
  2529
wenzelm@59926
  2530
  private definition ...
wenzelm@59926
  2531
  private lemma ...
wenzelm@59926
  2532
wenzelm@59990
  2533
  qualified definition ...
wenzelm@59990
  2534
  qualified lemma ...
wenzelm@59990
  2535
wenzelm@59926
  2536
  lemma ...
wenzelm@59926
  2537
  theorem ...
wenzelm@59926
  2538
wenzelm@59926
  2539
  end
wenzelm@59926
  2540
wenzelm@59901
  2541
* Command 'experiment' opens an anonymous locale context with private
wenzelm@59901
  2542
naming policy.
wenzelm@59901
  2543
wenzelm@59951
  2544
* Command 'notepad' requires proper nesting of begin/end and its proof
wenzelm@59951
  2545
structure in the body: 'oops' is no longer supported here. Minor
wenzelm@59951
  2546
INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'sorry' instead.
wenzelm@59951
  2547
wenzelm@59951
  2548
* Command 'named_theorems' declares a dynamic fact within the context,
wenzelm@59951
  2549
together with an attribute to maintain the content incrementally. This
wenzelm@59951
  2550
supersedes functor Named_Thms in Isabelle/ML, but with a subtle change
wenzelm@59951
  2551
of semantics due to external visual order vs. internal reverse order.
wenzelm@59951
  2552
wenzelm@59951
  2553
* 'find_theorems': search patterns which are abstractions are
wenzelm@59951
  2554
schematically expanded before search. Search results match the naive
wenzelm@59951
  2555
expectation more closely, particularly wrt. abbreviations.
wenzelm@59951
  2556
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@59648
  2557
wenzelm@59569
  2558
* Commands 'method_setup' and 'attribute_setup' now work within a local
wenzelm@59569
  2559
theory context.
wenzelm@57941
  2560
wenzelm@58928
  2561
* Outer syntax commands are managed authentically within the theory
wenzelm@59569
  2562
context, without implicit global state. Potential for accidental
wenzelm@58928
  2563
INCOMPATIBILITY, make sure that required theories are really imported.
wenzelm@58928
  2564
wenzelm@60115
  2565
* Historical command-line terminator ";" is no longer accepted (and
wenzelm@60115
  2566
already used differently in Isar). Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use "isabelle
wenzelm@60115
  2567
update_semicolons" to remove obsolete semicolons from old theory
wenzelm@60115
  2568
sources.
wenzelm@60115
  2569
wenzelm@59951
  2570
* Structural composition of proof methods (meth1; meth2) in Isar
wenzelm@59951
  2571
corresponds to (tac1 THEN_ALL_NEW tac2) in ML.
haftmann@59105
  2572
wenzelm@60119
  2573
* The Eisbach proof method language allows to define new proof methods
wenzelm@60119
  2574
by combining existing ones with their usual syntax. The "match" proof
wenzelm@60119
  2575
method provides basic fact/term matching in addition to
wenzelm@60119
  2576
premise/conclusion matching through Subgoal.focus, and binds fact names
wenzelm@60288
  2577
from matches as well as term patterns within matches. The Isabelle
wenzelm@60288
  2578
documentation provides an entry "eisbach" for the Eisbach User Manual.
wenzelm@60288
  2579
Sources and various examples are in ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/.
wenzelm@60119
  2580
wenzelm@57941
  2581
wenzelm@58524
  2582
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@58524
  2583
wenzelm@59569
  2584
* Improved folding mode "isabelle" based on Isar syntax. Alternatively,
wenzelm@59569
  2585
the "sidekick" mode may be used for document structure.
wenzelm@59569
  2586
wenzelm@59569
  2587
* Extended bracket matching based on Isar language structure. System
wenzelm@59569
  2588
option jedit_structure_limit determines maximum number of lines to scan
wenzelm@59569
  2589
in the buffer.
wenzelm@58758
  2590
wenzelm@58540
  2591
* Support for BibTeX files: context menu, context-sensitive token
wenzelm@58540
  2592
marker, SideKick parser.
wenzelm@58524
  2593
wenzelm@58551
  2594
* Document antiquotation @{cite} provides formal markup, which is
wenzelm@60265
  2595
interpreted semi-formally based on .bib files that happen to be open in
wenzelm@60265
  2596
the editor (hyperlinks, completion etc.).
wenzelm@58551
  2597
wenzelm@58785
  2598
* Less waste of vertical space via negative line spacing (see Global
wenzelm@58785
  2599
Options / Text Area).
wenzelm@58785
  2600
wenzelm@60089
  2601
* Improved graphview panel with optional output of PNG or PDF, for
wenzelm@60273
  2602
display of 'thy_deps', 'class_deps' etc.
wenzelm@60009
  2603
wenzelm@60115
  2604
* The commands 'thy_deps' and 'class_deps' allow optional bounds to
wenzelm@60115
  2605
restrict the visualized hierarchy.
wenzelm@60093
  2606
wenzelm@60072
  2607
* Improved scheduling for asynchronous print commands (e.g. provers
wenzelm@60072
  2608
managed by the Sledgehammer panel) wrt. ongoing document processing.
wenzelm@60072
  2609
wenzelm@58524
  2610
wenzelm@59951
  2611
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@59951
  2612
wenzelm@59951
  2613
* Document markup commands 'chapter', 'section', 'subsection',
wenzelm@59951
  2614
'subsubsection', 'text', 'txt', 'text_raw' work uniformly in any
wenzelm@59951
  2615
context, even before the initial 'theory' command. Obsolete proof
wenzelm@59951
  2616
commands 'sect', 'subsect', 'subsubsect', 'txt_raw' have been
wenzelm@59951
  2617
discontinued, use 'section', 'subsection', 'subsubsection', 'text_raw'
wenzelm@59951
  2618
instead. The old 'header' command is still retained for some time, but
wenzelm@59951
  2619
should be replaced by 'chapter', 'section' etc. (using "isabelle
wenzelm@59951
  2620
update_header"). Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@59951
  2621
wenzelm@60009
  2622
* Official support for "tt" style variants, via \isatt{...} or
wenzelm@60009
  2623
\begin{isabellett}...\end{isabellett}. The somewhat fragile \verb or
wenzelm@60009
  2624
verbatim environment of LaTeX is no longer used. This allows @{ML} etc.
wenzelm@60009
  2625
as argument to other macros (such as footnotes).
wenzelm@60009
  2626
wenzelm@60009
  2627
* Document antiquotation @{verbatim} prints ASCII text literally in "tt"
wenzelm@60009
  2628
style.
wenzelm@60009
  2629
wenzelm@60009
  2630
* Discontinued obsolete option "document_graph": session_graph.pdf is
wenzelm@60009
  2631
produced unconditionally for HTML browser_info and PDF-LaTeX document.
wenzelm@60009
  2632
wenzelm@59951
  2633
* Diagnostic commands and document markup commands within a proof do not
wenzelm@59951
  2634
affect the command tag for output. Thus commands like 'thm' are subject
wenzelm@59951
  2635
to proof document structure, and no longer "stick out" accidentally.
wenzelm@59951
  2636
Commands 'text' and 'txt' merely differ in the LaTeX style, not their
wenzelm@59951
  2637
tags. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in exotic situations.
wenzelm@59951
  2638
wenzelm@59951
  2639
* System option "pretty_margin" is superseded by "thy_output_margin",
wenzelm@59951
  2640
which is also accessible via document antiquotation option "margin".
wenzelm@59951
  2641
Only the margin for document output may be changed, but not the global
wenzelm@59951
  2642
pretty printing: that is 76 for plain console output, and adapted
wenzelm@59951
  2643
dynamically in GUI front-ends. Implementations of document
wenzelm@59951
  2644
antiquotations need to observe the margin explicitly according to
wenzelm@59951
  2645
Thy_Output.string_of_margin. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@59951
  2646
wenzelm@60299
  2647
* Specification of 'document_files' in the session ROOT file is
wenzelm@60299
  2648
mandatory for document preparation. The legacy mode with implicit
wenzelm@60299
  2649
copying of the document/ directory is no longer supported. Minor
wenzelm@60299
  2650
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60299
  2651
wenzelm@59951
  2652
haftmann@58202
  2653
*** Pure ***
haftmann@58202
  2654
wenzelm@59835
  2655
* Proof methods with explicit instantiation ("rule_tac", "subgoal_tac"
wenzelm@59835
  2656
etc.) allow an optional context of local variables ('for' declaration):
wenzelm@59835
  2657
these variables become schematic in the instantiated theorem; this
wenzelm@59835
  2658
behaviour is analogous to 'for' in attributes "where" and "of".
wenzelm@59835
  2659
Configuration option rule_insts_schematic (default false) controls use
wenzelm@59835
  2660
of schematic variables outside the context. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@59835
  2661
declare rule_insts_schematic = true temporarily and update to use local
wenzelm@59835
  2662
variable declarations or dummy patterns instead.
wenzelm@59835
  2663
wenzelm@60009
  2664
* Explicit instantiation via attributes "where", "of", and proof methods
wenzelm@60009
  2665
"rule_tac" with derivatives like "subgoal_tac" etc. admit dummy patterns
wenzelm@60009
  2666
("_") that stand for anonymous local variables.
wenzelm@60009
  2667
wenzelm@59951
  2668
* Generated schematic variables in standard format of exported facts are
wenzelm@59951
  2669
incremented to avoid material in the proof context. Rare
wenzelm@59951
  2670
INCOMPATIBILITY, explicit instantiation sometimes needs to refer to
wenzelm@59951
  2671
different index.
wenzelm@59951
  2672
wenzelm@60010
  2673
* Lexical separation of signed and unsigned numerals: categories "num"
wenzelm@60010
  2674
and "float" are unsigned. INCOMPATIBILITY: subtle change in precedence
wenzelm@60010
  2675
of numeral signs, particularly in expressions involving infix syntax
wenzelm@60010
  2676
like "(- 1) ^ n".
haftmann@58410
  2677
wenzelm@58421
  2678
* Old inner token category "xnum" has been discontinued.  Potential
wenzelm@58421
  2679
INCOMPATIBILITY for exotic syntax: may use mixfix grammar with "num"
wenzelm@58421
  2680
token category instead.
wenzelm@58421
  2681
haftmann@58202
  2682
blanchet@57737
  2683
*** HOL ***
blanchet@57737
  2684
blanchet@57983
  2685
* New (co)datatype package:
blanchet@58373
  2686
  - The 'datatype_new' command has been renamed 'datatype'. The old
blanchet@58373
  2687
    command of that name is now called 'old_datatype' and is provided
blanchet@58373
  2688
    by "~~/src/HOL/Library/Old_Datatype.thy". See
blanchet@58373
  2689
    'isabelle doc datatypes' for information on porting.
blanchet@58373
  2690
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@57983
  2691
  - Renamed theorems:
blanchet@57983
  2692
      disc_corec ~> corec_disc
blanchet@57983
  2693
      disc_corec_iff ~> corec_disc_iff
blanchet@57983
  2694
      disc_exclude ~> distinct_disc
blanchet@57983
  2695
      disc_exhaust ~> exhaust_disc
blanchet@57983
  2696
      disc_map_iff ~> map_disc_iff
blanchet@57983
  2697
      sel_corec ~> corec_sel
blanchet@57983
  2698
      sel_exhaust ~> exhaust_sel
blanchet@57983
  2699
      sel_map ~> map_sel
blanchet@57983
  2700
      sel_set ~> set_sel
blanchet@57983
  2701
      sel_split ~> split_sel
blanchet@57983
  2702
      sel_split_asm ~> split_sel_asm
blanchet@57983
  2703
      strong_coinduct ~> coinduct_strong
blanchet@57983
  2704
      weak_case_cong ~> case_cong_weak
blanchet@57983
  2705
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@58192
  2706
  - The "no_code" option to "free_constructors", "datatype_new", and
blanchet@58192
  2707
    "codatatype" has been renamed "plugins del: code".
blanchet@58192
  2708
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@58044
  2709
  - The rules "set_empty" have been removed. They are easy
blanchet@58044
  2710
    consequences of other set rules "by auto".
blanchet@58044
  2711
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@58044
  2712
  - The rule "set_cases" is now registered with the "[cases set]"
blanchet@57990
  2713
    attribute. This can influence the behavior of the "cases" proof
blanchet@57990
  2714
    method when more than one case rule is applicable (e.g., an
blanchet@57990
  2715
    assumption is of the form "w : set ws" and the method "cases w"
blanchet@57990
  2716
    is invoked). The solution is to specify the case rule explicitly
blanchet@57990
  2717
    (e.g. "cases w rule: widget.exhaust").
blanchet@57990
  2718
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@59675
  2719
  - Renamed theories:
blanchet@59675
  2720
      BNF_Comp ~> BNF_Composition
blanchet@59675
  2721
      BNF_FP_Base ~> BNF_Fixpoint_Base
blanchet@59675
  2722
      BNF_GFP ~> BNF_Greatest_Fixpoint
blanchet@59675
  2723
      BNF_LFP ~> BNF_Least_Fixpoint
blanchet@59675
  2724
      BNF_Constructions_on_Wellorders ~> BNF_Wellorder_Constructions
blanchet@59675
  2725
      Cardinals/Constructions_on_Wellorders ~> Cardinals/Wellorder_Constructions
blanchet@59675
  2726
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60114
  2727
  - Lifting and Transfer setup for basic HOL types sum and prod (also
wenzelm@60114
  2728
    option) is now performed by the BNF package. Theories Lifting_Sum,
wenzelm@60114
  2729
    Lifting_Product and Lifting_Option from Main became obsolete and
wenzelm@60114
  2730
    were removed. Changed definitions of the relators rel_prod and
wenzelm@60114
  2731
    rel_sum (using inductive).
traytel@60111
  2732
    INCOMPATIBILITY: use rel_prod.simps and rel_sum.simps instead
wenzelm@60114
  2733
    of rel_prod_def and rel_sum_def.
wenzelm@60114
  2734
    Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: (rarely used by name) transfer theorem names
wenzelm@60114
  2735
    changed (e.g. map_prod_transfer ~> prod.map_transfer).
wenzelm@60261
  2736
  - Parametricity theorems for map functions, relators, set functions,
wenz