author  wenzelm 
Sat, 07 Apr 2012 16:41:59 +0200  
changeset 47389  e8552cba702d 
parent 46186  9ae331a1d8c5 
child 54742  7a86358a3c0b 
permissions  rwrr 
30160
5f7b17941730
moved some generic tools to src/Tools/  src/Provers is essentially obsolete;
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changeset

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(* Title: Tools/coherent.ML 
28326  2 
Author: Stefan Berghofer, TU Muenchen 
31241  3 
Author: Marc Bezem, Institutt for Informatikk, Universitetet i Bergen 
28326  4 

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Prover for coherent logic, see e.g. 

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Marc Bezem and Thierry Coquand, Automating Coherent Logic, LPAR 2005 

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for a description of the algorithm. 

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*) 

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signature COHERENT_DATA = 

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sig 

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val atomize_elimL: thm 

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val atomize_exL: thm 

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val atomize_conjL: thm 

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val atomize_disjL: thm 

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val operator_names: string list 

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end; 

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signature COHERENT = 

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sig 

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val verbose: bool Unsynchronized.ref 
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val show_facts: bool Unsynchronized.ref 

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val coherent_tac: Proof.context > thm list > int > tactic 
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val setup: theory > theory 
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end; 

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functor Coherent(Data: COHERENT_DATA) : COHERENT = 
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struct 
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(** misc tools **) 
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val verbose = Unsynchronized.ref false; 
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fun message f = if !verbose then tracing (f ()) else (); 

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datatype cl_prf = 

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ClPrf of thm * (Type.tyenv * Envir.tenv) * ((indexname * typ) * term) list * 

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int list * (term list * cl_prf) list; 

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val is_atomic = not o exists_Const (member (op =) Data.operator_names o #1); 
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fun rulify_elim_conv ct = 

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if is_atomic (Logic.strip_imp_concl (term_of ct)) then Conv.all_conv ct 
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else Conv.concl_conv (length (Logic.strip_imp_prems (term_of ct))) 

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(Conv.rewr_conv (Thm.symmetric Data.atomize_elimL) then_conv 

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renamed structure MetaSimplifier to raw_Simplifer, to emphasize its meaning;
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Raw_Simplifier.rewrite true (map Thm.symmetric 
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[Data.atomize_exL, Data.atomize_conjL, Data.atomize_disjL])) ct 
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provide Simplifier.norm_hhf(_protect) as regular simplifier operation;
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fun rulify_elim th = Simplifier.norm_hhf (Conv.fconv_rule rulify_elim_conv th); 
28326  52 

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(* Decompose elimination rule of the form 

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A1 ==> ... ==> Am ==> (!!xs1. Bs1 ==> P) ==> ... ==> (!!xsn. Bsn ==> P) ==> P 

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*) 

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fun dest_elim prop = 

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let 

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val prems = Logic.strip_imp_prems prop; 

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val concl = Logic.strip_imp_concl prop; 

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val (prems1, prems2) = 

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take_suffix (fn t => Logic.strip_assums_concl t = concl) prems; 

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in 

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(prems1, 

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if null prems2 then [([], [concl])] 

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else map (fn t => 

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(map snd (Logic.strip_params t), Logic.strip_assums_hyp t)) prems2) 

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end; 

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fun mk_rule th = 

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let 

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val th' = rulify_elim th; 

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val (prems, cases) = dest_elim (prop_of th') 

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in (th', prems, cases) end; 

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fun mk_dom ts = fold (fn t => 

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Typtab.map_default (fastype_of t, []) (fn us => us @ [t])) ts Typtab.empty; 

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val empty_env = (Vartab.empty, Vartab.empty); 

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(* Find matcher that makes conjunction valid in given state *) 

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fun valid_conj ctxt facts env [] = Seq.single (env, []) 

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 valid_conj ctxt facts env (t :: ts) = 

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Seq.maps (fn (u, x) => Seq.map (apsnd (cons x)) 

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(valid_conj ctxt facts 

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(Pattern.match (Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt) (t, u) env) ts 
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handle Pattern.MATCH => Seq.empty)) 
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(Seq.of_list (sort (int_ord o pairself snd) (Net.unify_term facts t))); 

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(* Instantiate variables that only occur free in conlusion *) 

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fun inst_extra_vars ctxt dom cs = 

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let 

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val vs = fold Term.add_vars (maps snd cs) []; 

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fun insts [] inst = Seq.single inst 

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 insts ((ixn, T) :: vs') inst = Seq.maps 

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(fn t => insts vs' (((ixn, T), t) :: inst)) 

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(Seq.of_list (case Typtab.lookup dom T of 

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NONE => error ("Unknown domain: " ^ 

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Syntax.string_of_typ ctxt T ^ "\nfor term(s) " ^ 

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commas (maps (map (Syntax.string_of_term ctxt) o snd) cs)) 

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 SOME ts => ts)) 

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in Seq.map (fn inst => 

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(inst, map (apsnd (map (subst_Vars (map (apfst fst) inst)))) cs)) 

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(insts vs []) 

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end; 

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(* Check whether disjunction is valid in given state *) 

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fun is_valid_disj ctxt facts [] = false 

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 is_valid_disj ctxt facts ((Ts, ts) :: ds) = 

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let val vs = map_index (fn (i, T) => Var (("x", i), T)) Ts 
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in case Seq.pull (valid_conj ctxt facts empty_env 
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(map (fn t => subst_bounds (rev vs, t)) ts)) of 
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SOME _ => true 
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 NONE => is_valid_disj ctxt facts ds 

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end; 

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val show_facts = Unsynchronized.ref false; 
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fun string_of_facts ctxt s facts = space_implode "\n" 

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(s :: map (Syntax.string_of_term ctxt) 

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(map fst (sort (int_ord o pairself snd) (Net.content facts)))) ^ "\n\n"; 

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fun print_facts ctxt facts = 

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if !show_facts then message (fn () => string_of_facts ctxt "Facts:" facts) 

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else (); 

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fun valid ctxt rules goal dom facts nfacts nparams = 

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let val seq = Seq.of_list rules > Seq.maps (fn (th, ps, cs) => 

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valid_conj ctxt facts empty_env ps > Seq.maps (fn (env as (tye, _), is) => 

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let val cs' = map (fn (Ts, ts) => 

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(map (Envir.subst_type tye) Ts, map (Envir.subst_term env) ts)) cs 
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in 
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inst_extra_vars ctxt dom cs' > 

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Seq.map_filter (fn (inst, cs'') => 

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if is_valid_disj ctxt facts cs'' then NONE 

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else SOME (th, env, inst, is, cs'')) 

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end)) 

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in 

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case Seq.pull seq of 

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NONE => (tracing (string_of_facts ctxt "Countermodel found:" facts); NONE) 

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 SOME ((th, env, inst, is, cs), _) => 

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if cs = [([], [goal])] then SOME (ClPrf (th, env, inst, is, [])) 

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else 

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(case valid_cases ctxt rules goal dom facts nfacts nparams cs of 

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NONE => NONE 

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 SOME prfs => SOME (ClPrf (th, env, inst, is, prfs))) 

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end 

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and valid_cases ctxt rules goal dom facts nfacts nparams [] = SOME [] 

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 valid_cases ctxt rules goal dom facts nfacts nparams ((Ts, ts) :: ds) = 

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let 

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val _ = message (fn () => "case " ^ commas (map (Syntax.string_of_term ctxt) ts)); 

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val params = map_index (fn (i, T) => 
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Free ("par" ^ string_of_int (nparams + i), T)) Ts; 

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val ts' = map_index (fn (i, t) => 
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(subst_bounds (rev params, t), nfacts + i)) ts; 
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val dom' = fold (fn (T, p) => 
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Typtab.map_default (T, []) (fn ps => ps @ [p])) 

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(Ts ~~ params) dom; 

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val facts' = fold (fn (t, i) => Net.insert_term op = 

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(t, (t, i))) ts' facts 

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in 

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case valid ctxt rules goal dom' facts' 

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(nfacts + length ts) (nparams + length Ts) of 

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NONE => NONE 

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 SOME prf => (case valid_cases ctxt rules goal dom facts nfacts nparams ds of 

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NONE => NONE 

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 SOME prfs => SOME ((params, prf) :: prfs)) 

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end; 

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(** proof replaying **) 
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fun thm_of_cl_prf thy goal asms (ClPrf (th, (tye, env), insts, is, prfs)) = 

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let 

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val _ = message (fn () => space_implode "\n" 

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proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or oldstyle versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
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("asms:" :: map (Display.string_of_thm_global thy) asms) ^ "\n\n"); 
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val th' = Drule.implies_elim_list 
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(Thm.instantiate 

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(map (fn (ixn, (S, T)) => 

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(Thm.ctyp_of thy (TVar ((ixn, S))), Thm.ctyp_of thy T)) 

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(Vartab.dest tye), 

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map (fn (ixn, (T, t)) => 

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(Thm.cterm_of thy (Var (ixn, Envir.subst_type tye T)), 
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Thm.cterm_of thy t)) (Vartab.dest env) @ 
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map (fn (ixnT, t) => 

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(Thm.cterm_of thy (Var ixnT), Thm.cterm_of thy t)) insts) th) 

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(map (nth asms) is); 

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val (_, cases) = dest_elim (prop_of th') 

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in 

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case (cases, prfs) of 

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([([], [_])], []) => th' 

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 ([([], [_])], [([], prf)]) => thm_of_cl_prf thy goal (asms @ [th']) prf 

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 _ => Drule.implies_elim_list 

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(Thm.instantiate (Thm.match 

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(Drule.strip_imp_concl (cprop_of th'), goal)) th') 

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(map (thm_of_case_prf thy goal asms) (prfs ~~ cases)) 

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end 

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and thm_of_case_prf thy goal asms ((params, prf), (_, asms')) = 

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let 

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val cparams = map (cterm_of thy) params; 

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val asms'' = map (cterm_of thy o curry subst_bounds (rev params)) asms' 

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in 

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Drule.forall_intr_list cparams (Drule.implies_intr_list asms'' 

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(thm_of_cl_prf thy goal (asms @ map Thm.assume asms'') prf)) 

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end; 

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(** external interface **) 

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fun coherent_tac ctxt rules = SUBPROOF (fn {prems, concl, params, context, ...} => 
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rtac (rulify_elim_conv concl RS Drule.equal_elim_rule2) 1 THEN 
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SUBPROOF (fn {prems = prems', concl, context, ...} => 
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let val xs = map (term_of o #2) params @ 
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map (fn (_, s) => Free (s, the (Variable.default_type context s))) 
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(rev (Variable.dest_fixes context)) (* FIXME !? *) 
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in 
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case valid context (map mk_rule (prems' @ prems @ rules)) (term_of concl) 

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(mk_dom xs) Net.empty 0 0 of 

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NONE => no_tac 

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 SOME prf => 

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rtac (thm_of_cl_prf (Proof_Context.theory_of context) concl [] prf) 1 
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end) context 1) ctxt; 
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val setup = Method.setup @{binding coherent} 
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(Attrib.thms >> (fn rules => fn ctxt => 

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METHOD (fn facts => HEADGOAL (coherent_tac ctxt (facts @ rules))))) 

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"prove coherent formula"; 

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end; 