src/FOL/IFOL_lemmas.ML
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(*  Title:      FOL/IFOL_lemmas.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
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    Copyright   1992  University of Cambridge
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Tactics and lemmas for theory IFOL (intuitionistic first-order logic).
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*)
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(* ML bindings *)
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val refl = thm "refl";
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val subst = thm "subst";
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val conjI = thm "conjI";
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val conjunct1 = thm "conjunct1";
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val conjunct2 = thm "conjunct2";
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val disjI1 = thm "disjI1";
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val disjI2 = thm "disjI2";
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val disjE = thm "disjE";
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val impI = thm "impI";
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val mp = thm "mp";
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val FalseE = thm "FalseE";
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val True_def = thm "True_def";
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val not_def = thm "not_def";
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val iff_def = thm "iff_def";
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val ex1_def = thm "ex1_def";
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val allI = thm "allI";
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val spec = thm "spec";
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val exI = thm "exI";
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val exE = thm "exE";
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val eq_reflection = thm "eq_reflection";
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val iff_reflection = thm "iff_reflection";
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structure IFOL =
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struct
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  val thy = the_context ();
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  val refl = refl;
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  val subst = subst;
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  val conjI = conjI;
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  val conjunct1 = conjunct1;
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  val conjunct2 = conjunct2;
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  val disjI1 = disjI1;
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  val disjI2 = disjI2;
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  val disjE = disjE;
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  val impI = impI;
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  val mp = mp;
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  val FalseE = FalseE;
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  val True_def = True_def;
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  val not_def = not_def;
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  val iff_def = iff_def;
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  val ex1_def = ex1_def;
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  val allI = allI;
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  val spec = spec;
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  val exI = exI;
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  val exE = exE;
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  val eq_reflection = eq_reflection;
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  val iff_reflection = iff_reflection;
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end;
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Goalw [True_def]  "True";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [impI] 1)) ;
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qed "TrueI";
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(*** Sequent-style elimination rules for & --> and ALL ***)
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val major::prems = Goal 
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    "[| P&Q; [| P; Q |] ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (resolve_tac prems 1);
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by (rtac (major RS conjunct1) 1);
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by (rtac (major RS conjunct2) 1);
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qed "conjE";
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val major::prems = Goal 
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    "[| P-->Q;  P;  Q ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (resolve_tac prems 1);
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by (rtac (major RS mp) 1);
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by (resolve_tac prems 1);
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qed "impE";
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val major::prems = Goal 
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    "[| ALL x. P(x); P(x) ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (resolve_tac prems 1);
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by (rtac (major RS spec) 1);
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qed "allE";
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(*Duplicates the quantifier; for use with eresolve_tac*)
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val major::prems = Goal 
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    "[| ALL x. P(x);  [| P(x); ALL x. P(x) |] ==> R \
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\    |] ==> R";
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by (resolve_tac prems 1);
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by (rtac (major RS spec) 1);
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by (rtac major 1);
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qed "all_dupE";
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(*** Negation rules, which translate between ~P and P-->False ***)
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val prems = Goalw [not_def]  "(P ==> False) ==> ~P";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[impI]) 1)) ;
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qed "notI";
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Goalw [not_def]  "[| ~P;  P |] ==> R";
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by (etac (mp RS FalseE) 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "notE";
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Goal "[| P; ~P |] ==> R";
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by (etac notE 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "rev_notE";
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(*This is useful with the special implication rules for each kind of P. *)
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val prems = Goal 
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    "[| ~P;  (P-->False) ==> Q |] ==> Q";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[impI,notE]) 1)) ;
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qed "not_to_imp";
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(* For substitution into an assumption P, reduce Q to P-->Q, substitute into
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   this implication, then apply impI to move P back into the assumptions.
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   To specify P use something like
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      eres_inst_tac [ ("P","ALL y. ?S(x,y)") ] rev_mp 1   *)
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Goal "[| P;  P --> Q |] ==> Q";
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by (etac mp 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "rev_mp";
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(*Contrapositive of an inference rule*)
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val [major,minor]= Goal "[| ~Q;  P==>Q |] ==> ~P";
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by (rtac (major RS notE RS notI) 1);
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by (etac minor 1) ;
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qed "contrapos";
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(*** Modus Ponens Tactics ***)
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(*Finds P-->Q and P in the assumptions, replaces implication by Q *)
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fun mp_tac i = eresolve_tac [notE,impE] i  THEN  assume_tac i;
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(*Like mp_tac but instantiates no variables*)
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fun eq_mp_tac i = eresolve_tac [notE,impE] i  THEN  eq_assume_tac i;
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(*** If-and-only-if ***)
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val prems = Goalw [iff_def] 
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   "[| P ==> Q;  Q ==> P |] ==> P<->Q";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[conjI, impI]) 1)) ;
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qed "iffI";
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(*Observe use of rewrite_rule to unfold "<->" in meta-assumptions (prems) *)
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val prems = Goalw [iff_def] 
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    "[| P <-> Q;  [| P-->Q; Q-->P |] ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (rtac conjE 1);
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "iffE";
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(* Destruct rules for <-> similar to Modus Ponens *)
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Goalw [iff_def]  "[| P <-> Q;  P |] ==> Q";
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by (etac (conjunct1 RS mp) 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "iffD1";
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val prems = Goalw [iff_def]  "[| P <-> Q;  Q |] ==> P";
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by (etac (conjunct2 RS mp) 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "iffD2";
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Goal "[| P; P <-> Q |] ==> Q";
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by (etac iffD1 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "rev_iffD1";
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Goal "[| Q; P <-> Q |] ==> P";
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by (etac iffD2 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "rev_iffD2";
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Goal "P <-> P";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [iffI] 1)) ;
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qed "iff_refl";
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Goal "Q <-> P ==> P <-> Q";
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by (etac iffE 1);
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by (rtac iffI 1);
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by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [asm_rl,mp] 1)) ;
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qed "iff_sym";
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Goal "[| P <-> Q;  Q<-> R |] ==> P <-> R";
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by (rtac iffI 1);
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by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [asm_rl,iffE] 1 ORELSE mp_tac 1)) ;
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qed "iff_trans";
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(*** Unique existence.  NOTE THAT the following 2 quantifications
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   EX!x such that [EX!y such that P(x,y)]     (sequential)
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   EX!x,y such that P(x,y)                    (simultaneous)
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 do NOT mean the same thing.  The parser treats EX!x y.P(x,y) as sequential.
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***)
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val prems = Goalw [ex1_def] 
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    "[| P(a);  !!x. P(x) ==> x=a |] ==> EX! x. P(x)";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[exI,conjI,allI,impI]) 1)) ;
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qed "ex1I";
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(*Sometimes easier to use: the premises have no shared variables.  Safe!*)
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val [ex,eq] = Goal
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    "[| EX x. P(x);  !!x y. [| P(x); P(y) |] ==> x=y |] ==> EX! x. P(x)";
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by (rtac (ex RS exE) 1);
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac [ex1I,eq] 1)) ;
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qed "ex_ex1I";
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val prems = Goalw [ex1_def] 
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    "[| EX! x. P(x);  !!x. [| P(x);  ALL y. P(y) --> y=x |] ==> R |] ==> R";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [exE,conjE] 1 ORELSE ares_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "ex1E";
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(*** <-> congruence rules for simplification ***)
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(*Use iffE on a premise.  For conj_cong, imp_cong, all_cong, ex_cong*)
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fun iff_tac prems i =
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    resolve_tac (prems RL [iffE]) i THEN
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    REPEAT1 (eresolve_tac [asm_rl,mp] i);
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val prems = Goal 
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    "[| P <-> P';  P' ==> Q <-> Q' |] ==> (P&Q) <-> (P'&Q')";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT  (ares_tac [iffI,conjI] 1
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     ORELSE  eresolve_tac [iffE,conjE,mp] 1 
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     ORELSE  iff_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "conj_cong";
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(*Reversed congruence rule!   Used in ZF/Order*)
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val prems = Goal 
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    "[| P <-> P';  P' ==> Q <-> Q' |] ==> (Q&P) <-> (Q'&P')";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT  (ares_tac [iffI,conjI] 1
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     ORELSE  eresolve_tac [iffE,conjE,mp] 1 ORELSE  iff_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "conj_cong2";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "[| P <-> P';  Q <-> Q' |] ==> (P|Q) <-> (P'|Q')";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT  (eresolve_tac [iffE,disjE,disjI1,disjI2] 1
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             ORELSE  ares_tac [iffI] 1 ORELSE  mp_tac 1)) ;
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qed "disj_cong";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "[| P <-> P';  P' ==> Q <-> Q' |] ==> (P-->Q) <-> (P'-->Q')";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT   (ares_tac [iffI,impI] 1
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      ORELSE  etac iffE 1 ORELSE  mp_tac 1 ORELSE iff_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "imp_cong";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "[| P <-> P';  Q <-> Q' |] ==> (P<->Q) <-> (P'<->Q')";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT   (etac iffE 1 ORELSE  ares_tac [iffI] 1 ORELSE  mp_tac 1)) ;
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qed "iff_cong";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "P <-> P' ==> ~P <-> ~P'";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT   (ares_tac [iffI,notI] 1
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      ORELSE  mp_tac 1 ORELSE  eresolve_tac [iffE,notE] 1)) ;
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qed "not_cong";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "(!!x. P(x) <-> Q(x)) ==> (ALL x. P(x)) <-> (ALL x. Q(x))";
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by (REPEAT   (ares_tac [iffI,allI] 1
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     ORELSE   mp_tac 1 ORELSE   etac allE 1 ORELSE iff_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "all_cong";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "(!!x. P(x) <-> Q(x)) ==> (EX x. P(x)) <-> (EX x. Q(x))";
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by (REPEAT   (etac exE 1 ORELSE ares_tac [iffI,exI] 1
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     ORELSE   mp_tac 1 ORELSE   iff_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "ex_cong";
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val prems = Goal 
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    "(!!x. P(x) <-> Q(x)) ==> (EX! x. P(x)) <-> (EX! x. Q(x))";
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by (REPEAT   (eresolve_tac [ex1E, spec RS mp] 1
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       ORELSE ares_tac [iffI,ex1I] 1 ORELSE   mp_tac 1
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       ORELSE   iff_tac prems 1)) ;
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qed "ex1_cong";
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(*** Equality rules ***)
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Goal "a=b ==> b=a";
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by (etac subst 1);
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by (rtac refl 1) ;
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qed "sym";
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Goal "[| a=b;  b=c |] ==> a=c";
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by (etac subst 1 THEN assume_tac 1) ;
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qed "trans";
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(** ~ b=a ==> ~ a=b **)
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bind_thm ("not_sym", hd (compose(sym,2,contrapos)));
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(* Two theorms for rewriting only one instance of a definition:
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   the first for definitions of formulae and the second for terms *)
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val prems = goal (the_context()) "(A == B) ==> A <-> B";
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by (rewrite_goals_tac prems);
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by (rtac iff_refl 1);
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qed "def_imp_iff";
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val prems = goal (the_context()) "(A == B) ==> A = B";
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by (rewrite_goals_tac prems);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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   316
qed "meta_eq_to_obj_eq";
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   317
9527
de95b5125580 removed stac (now exported by HypsubstFun);
wenzelm
parents: 9264
diff changeset
   318
(*substitution*)
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   319
bind_thm ("ssubst", sym RS subst);
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   320
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   321
(*A special case of ex1E that would otherwise need quantifier expansion*)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   322
val prems = Goal
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   323
    "[| EX! x. P(x);  P(a);  P(b) |] ==> a=b";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   324
by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   325
by (etac ex1E 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   326
by (rtac trans 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   327
by (rtac sym 2);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   328
by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, spec RS mp] 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   329
qed "ex1_equalsE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   330
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   331
(** Polymorphic congruence rules **)
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   332
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   333
Goal "[| a=b |]  ==>  t(a)=t(b)";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   334
by (etac ssubst 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   335
by (rtac refl 1) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   336
qed "subst_context";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   337
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   338
Goal "[| a=b;  c=d |]  ==>  t(a,c)=t(b,d)";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   339
by (REPEAT (etac ssubst 1));
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   340
by (rtac refl 1) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   341
qed "subst_context2";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   342
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   343
Goal "[| a=b;  c=d;  e=f |]  ==>  t(a,c,e)=t(b,d,f)";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   344
by (REPEAT (etac ssubst 1));
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   345
by (rtac refl 1) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   346
qed "subst_context3";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   347
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   348
(*Useful with eresolve_tac for proving equalties from known equalities.
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   349
        a = b
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   350
        |   |
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   351
        c = d   *)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   352
Goal "[| a=b;  a=c;  b=d |] ==> c=d";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   353
by (rtac trans 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   354
by (rtac trans 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   355
by (rtac sym 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   356
by (REPEAT (assume_tac 1));
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   357
qed "box_equals";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   358
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   359
(*Dual of box_equals: for proving equalities backwards*)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   360
Goal "[| a=c;  b=d;  c=d |] ==> a=b";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   361
by (rtac trans 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   362
by (rtac trans 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   363
by (REPEAT (assume_tac 1));
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   364
by (etac sym 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   365
qed "simp_equals";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   366
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   367
(** Congruence rules for predicate letters **)
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   368
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   369
Goal "a=a' ==> P(a) <-> P(a')";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   370
by (rtac iffI 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   371
by (DEPTH_SOLVE (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, subst, ssubst] 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   372
qed "pred1_cong";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   373
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   374
Goal "[| a=a';  b=b' |] ==> P(a,b) <-> P(a',b')";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   375
by (rtac iffI 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   376
by (DEPTH_SOLVE (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, subst, ssubst] 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   377
qed "pred2_cong";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   378
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   379
Goal "[| a=a';  b=b';  c=c' |] ==> P(a,b,c) <-> P(a',b',c')";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   380
by (rtac iffI 1);
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   381
by (DEPTH_SOLVE (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, subst, ssubst] 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   382
qed "pred3_cong";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   383
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   384
(*special cases for free variables P, Q, R, S -- up to 3 arguments*)
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   385
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   386
val pred_congs = 
15570
8d8c70b41bab Move towards standard functions.
skalberg
parents: 15531
diff changeset
   387
    List.concat (map (fn c => 
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   388
               map (fn th => read_instantiate [("P",c)] th)
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   389
                   [pred1_cong,pred2_cong,pred3_cong])
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   390
               (explode"PQRS"));
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   391
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   392
(*special case for the equality predicate!*)
7422
c63d619286a3 bind_thm;
wenzelm
parents: 7355
diff changeset
   393
bind_thm ("eq_cong", read_instantiate [("P","op =")] pred2_cong);
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   394
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   395
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   396
(*** Simplifications of assumed implications.
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   397
     Roy Dyckhoff has proved that conj_impE, disj_impE, and imp_impE
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   398
     used with mp_tac (restricted to atomic formulae) is COMPLETE for 
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   399
     intuitionistic propositional logic.  See
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   400
   R. Dyckhoff, Contraction-free sequent calculi for intuitionistic logic
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   401
    (preprint, University of St Andrews, 1991)  ***)
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   402
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   403
val major::prems= Goal 
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   404
    "[| (P&Q)-->S;  P-->(Q-->S) ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   405
by (REPEAT (ares_tac ([conjI, impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   406
qed "conj_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   407
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   408
val major::prems= Goal 
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   409
    "[| (P|Q)-->S;  [| P-->S; Q-->S |] ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   410
by (DEPTH_SOLVE (ares_tac ([disjI1, disjI2, impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   411
qed "disj_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   412
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   413
(*Simplifies the implication.  Classical version is stronger. 
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   414
  Still UNSAFE since Q must be provable -- backtracking needed.  *)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   415
val major::prems= Goal 
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   416
    "[| (P-->Q)-->S;  [| P; Q-->S |] ==> Q;  S ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   417
by (REPEAT (ares_tac ([impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   418
qed "imp_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   419
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   420
(*Simplifies the implication.  Classical version is stronger. 
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   421
  Still UNSAFE since ~P must be provable -- backtracking needed.  *)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   422
val major::prems= Goal
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   423
    "[| ~P --> S;  P ==> False;  S ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   424
by (REPEAT (ares_tac ([notI, impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   425
qed "not_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   426
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   427
(*Simplifies the implication.   UNSAFE.  *)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   428
val major::prems= Goal 
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   429
    "[| (P<->Q)-->S;  [| P; Q-->S |] ==> Q;  [| Q; P-->S |] ==> P;  \
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   430
\       S ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   431
by (REPEAT (ares_tac ([iffI, impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   432
qed "iff_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   433
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   434
(*What if (ALL x.~~P(x)) --> ~~(ALL x.P(x)) is an assumption? UNSAFE*)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   435
val major::prems= Goal 
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   436
    "[| (ALL x. P(x))-->S;  !!x. P(x);  S ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   437
by (REPEAT (ares_tac ([allI, impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   438
qed "all_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   439
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   440
(*Unsafe: (EX x.P(x))-->S  is equivalent to  ALL x.P(x)-->S.  *)
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   441
val major::prems= Goal 
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   442
    "[| (EX x. P(x))-->S;  P(x)-->S ==> R |] ==> R";
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   443
by (REPEAT (ares_tac ([exI, impI, major RS mp]@prems) 1)) ;
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   444
qed "ex_impE";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   445
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   446
(*** Courtesy of Krzysztof Grabczewski ***)
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   447
9264
051592f4236a removal of batch style, and tidying
paulson
parents: 7422
diff changeset
   448
val major::prems = Goal "[| P|Q;  P==>R;  Q==>S |] ==> R|S";
7355
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   449
by (rtac (major RS disjE) 1);
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   450
by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac (prems RL [disjI1, disjI2]) 1));
4c43090659ca proper bootstrap of IFOL/FOL theories and packages;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   451
qed "disj_imp_disj";