src/HOL/Library/Mapping.thy
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(*  Title:      HOL/Library/Mapping.thy
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    Author:     Florian Haftmann and Ondrej Kuncar
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*)
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header {* An abstract view on maps for code generation. *}
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theory Mapping
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imports Main
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begin
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subsection {* Parametricity transfer rules *}
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context
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begin
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interpretation lifting_syntax .
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lemma empty_transfer:
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  "(A ===> rel_option B) Map.empty Map.empty"
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  by transfer_prover
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lemma lookup_transfer: "((A ===> B) ===> A ===> B) (\<lambda>m k. m k) (\<lambda>m k. m k)"
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  by transfer_prover
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lemma update_transfer:
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_unique A"
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  shows "(A ===> B ===> (A ===> rel_option B) ===> A ===> rel_option B)
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    (\<lambda>k v m. m(k \<mapsto> v)) (\<lambda>k v m. m(k \<mapsto> v))"
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  by transfer_prover
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lemma delete_transfer:
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_unique A"
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  shows "(A ===> (A ===> rel_option B) ===> A ===> rel_option B) 
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    (\<lambda>k m. m(k := None)) (\<lambda>k m. m(k := None))"
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  by transfer_prover
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lemma is_none_parametric [transfer_rule]:
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  "(rel_option A ===> HOL.eq) Option.is_none Option.is_none"
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  by (auto simp add: is_none_def rel_fun_def rel_option_iff split: option.split)
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lemma dom_transfer:
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_total A"
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  shows "((A ===> rel_option B) ===> rel_set A) dom dom" 
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  unfolding dom_def [abs_def] is_none_def [symmetric] by transfer_prover
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lemma map_of_transfer [transfer_rule]:
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_unique R1"
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  shows "(list_all2 (rel_prod R1 R2) ===> R1 ===> rel_option R2) map_of map_of"
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  unfolding map_of_def by transfer_prover
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lemma tabulate_transfer: 
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_unique A"
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  shows "(list_all2 A ===> (A ===> B) ===> A ===> rel_option B) 
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    (\<lambda>ks f. (map_of (map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) ks))) (\<lambda>ks f. (map_of (map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) ks)))"
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  by transfer_prover
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lemma bulkload_transfer: 
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  "(list_all2 A ===> HOL.eq ===> rel_option A) 
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    (\<lambda>xs k. if k < length xs then Some (xs ! k) else None) (\<lambda>xs k. if k < length xs then Some (xs ! k) else None)"
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proof
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  fix xs ys
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  assume "list_all2 A xs ys"
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  then show "(HOL.eq ===> rel_option A)
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    (\<lambda>k. if k < length xs then Some (xs ! k) else None)
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    (\<lambda>k. if k < length ys then Some (ys ! k) else None)"
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    apply induct
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    apply auto
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    unfolding rel_fun_def
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    apply clarsimp 
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    apply (case_tac xa) 
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    apply (auto dest: list_all2_lengthD list_all2_nthD)
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    done
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qed
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lemma map_transfer: 
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  "((A ===> B) ===> (C ===> D) ===> (B ===> rel_option C) ===> A ===> rel_option D) 
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     (\<lambda>f g m. (map_option g \<circ> m \<circ> f)) (\<lambda>f g m. (map_option g \<circ> m \<circ> f))"
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  by transfer_prover
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lemma map_entry_transfer:
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_unique A"
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  shows "(A ===> (B ===> B) ===> (A ===> rel_option B) ===> A ===> rel_option B) 
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    (\<lambda>k f m. (case m k of None \<Rightarrow> m
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      | Some v \<Rightarrow> m (k \<mapsto> (f v)))) (\<lambda>k f m. (case m k of None \<Rightarrow> m
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      | Some v \<Rightarrow> m (k \<mapsto> (f v))))"
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  by transfer_prover
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end
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subsection {* Type definition and primitive operations *}
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typedef ('a, 'b) mapping = "UNIV :: ('a \<rightharpoonup> 'b) set"
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  morphisms rep Mapping
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  ..
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setup_lifting (no_code) type_definition_mapping
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lift_definition empty :: "('a, 'b) mapping"
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  is Map.empty parametric empty_transfer .
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lift_definition lookup :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'b option"
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  is "\<lambda>m k. m k" parametric lookup_transfer .
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lift_definition update :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping"
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  is "\<lambda>k v m. m(k \<mapsto> v)" parametric update_transfer .
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lift_definition delete :: "'a \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping"
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  is "\<lambda>k m. m(k := None)" parametric delete_transfer .
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lift_definition keys :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> 'a set"
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  is dom parametric dom_transfer .
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lift_definition tabulate :: "'a list \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping"
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  is "\<lambda>ks f. (map_of (List.map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) ks))" parametric tabulate_transfer .
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lift_definition bulkload :: "'a list \<Rightarrow> (nat, 'a) mapping"
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  is "\<lambda>xs k. if k < length xs then Some (xs ! k) else None" parametric bulkload_transfer .
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lift_definition map :: "('c \<Rightarrow> 'a) \<Rightarrow> ('b \<Rightarrow> 'd) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('c, 'd) mapping"
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  is "\<lambda>f g m. (map_option g \<circ> m \<circ> f)" parametric map_transfer .
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subsection {* Functorial structure *}
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functor map: map
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  by (transfer, auto simp add: fun_eq_iff option.map_comp option.map_id)+
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subsection {* Derived operations *}
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definition ordered_keys :: "('a\<Colon>linorder, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> 'a list"
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where
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  "ordered_keys m = (if finite (keys m) then sorted_list_of_set (keys m) else [])"
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definition is_empty :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> bool"
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where
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  "is_empty m \<longleftrightarrow> keys m = {}"
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definition size :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> nat"
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where
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  "size m = (if finite (keys m) then card (keys m) else 0)"
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definition replace :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping"
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where
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  "replace k v m = (if k \<in> keys m then update k v m else m)"
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definition default :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping"
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where
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  "default k v m = (if k \<in> keys m then m else update k v m)"
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lift_definition map_entry :: "'a \<Rightarrow> ('b \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" is
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  "\<lambda>k f m. (case m k of None \<Rightarrow> m
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    | Some v \<Rightarrow> m (k \<mapsto> (f v)))" parametric map_entry_transfer .
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lemma map_entry_code [code]: "map_entry k f m = (case lookup m k of None \<Rightarrow> m
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    | Some v \<Rightarrow> update k (f v) m)"
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  by transfer rule
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definition map_default :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('b \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping"
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where
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  "map_default k v f m = map_entry k f (default k v m)" 
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lift_definition of_alist :: "('k \<times> 'v) list \<Rightarrow> ('k, 'v) mapping"
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  is map_of parametric map_of_transfer .
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lemma of_alist_code [code]:
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  "of_alist xs = foldr (\<lambda>(k, v) m. update k v m) xs empty"
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  by transfer (simp add: map_add_map_of_foldr [symmetric])
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instantiation mapping :: (type, type) equal
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begin
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definition
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  "HOL.equal m1 m2 \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>k. lookup m1 k = lookup m2 k)"
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instance proof
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qed (unfold equal_mapping_def, transfer, auto)
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end
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context
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begin
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interpretation lifting_syntax .
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lemma [transfer_rule]:
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_total A"
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  assumes [transfer_rule]: "bi_unique B"
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  shows "(pcr_mapping A B ===> pcr_mapping A B ===> op=) HOL.eq HOL.equal"
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  by (unfold equal) transfer_prover
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end
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subsection {* Properties *}
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lemma lookup_update:
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  "lookup (update k v m) k = Some v" 
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  by transfer simp
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lemma lookup_update_neq:
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  "k \<noteq> k' \<Longrightarrow> lookup (update k v m) k' = lookup m k'" 
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  by transfer simp
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lemma lookup_empty:
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  "lookup empty k = None" 
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  by transfer simp
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lemma keys_is_none_rep [code_unfold]:
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  "k \<in> keys m \<longleftrightarrow> \<not> (Option.is_none (lookup m k))"
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  by transfer (auto simp add: is_none_def)
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lemma update_update:
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  "update k v (update k w m) = update k v m"
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  "k \<noteq> l \<Longrightarrow> update k v (update l w m) = update l w (update k v m)"
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  by (transfer, simp add: fun_upd_twist)+
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lemma update_delete [simp]:
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  "update k v (delete k m) = update k v m"
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  by transfer simp
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lemma delete_update:
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  "delete k (update k v m) = delete k m"
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  "k \<noteq> l \<Longrightarrow> delete k (update l v m) = update l v (delete k m)"
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  by (transfer, simp add: fun_upd_twist)+
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lemma delete_empty [simp]:
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  "delete k empty = empty"
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  by transfer simp
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lemma replace_update:
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  "k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> replace k v m = m"
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  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> replace k v m = update k v m"
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  by (transfer, auto simp add: replace_def fun_upd_twist)+
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lemma size_empty [simp]:
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  "size empty = 0"
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  unfolding size_def by transfer simp
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lemma size_update:
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  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> size (update k v m) =
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    (if k \<in> keys m then size m else Suc (size m))"
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  unfolding size_def by transfer (auto simp add: insert_dom)
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lemma size_delete:
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  "size (delete k m) = (if k \<in> keys m then size m - 1 else size m)"
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  unfolding size_def by transfer simp
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lemma size_tabulate [simp]:
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  "size (tabulate ks f) = length (remdups ks)"
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  unfolding size_def by transfer (auto simp add: map_of_map_restrict  card_set comp_def)
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lemma bulkload_tabulate:
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  "bulkload xs = tabulate [0..<length xs] (nth xs)"
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  by transfer (auto simp add: map_of_map_restrict)
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lemma is_empty_empty [simp]:
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  "is_empty empty"
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  unfolding is_empty_def by transfer simp 
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lemma is_empty_update [simp]:
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  "\<not> is_empty (update k v m)"
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  unfolding is_empty_def by transfer simp
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lemma is_empty_delete:
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  "is_empty (delete k m) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty m \<or> keys m = {k}"
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  unfolding is_empty_def by transfer (auto simp del: dom_eq_empty_conv)
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lemma is_empty_replace [simp]:
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  "is_empty (replace k v m) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty m"
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  unfolding is_empty_def replace_def by transfer auto
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lemma is_empty_default [simp]:
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  "\<not> is_empty (default k v m)"
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  unfolding is_empty_def default_def by transfer auto
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lemma is_empty_map_entry [simp]:
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  "is_empty (map_entry k f m) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty m"
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  unfolding is_empty_def by transfer (auto split: option.split)
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lemma is_empty_map_default [simp]:
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  "\<not> is_empty (map_default k v f m)"
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  by (simp add: map_default_def)
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lemma keys_empty [simp]:
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  "keys empty = {}"
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  by transfer simp
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lemma keys_update [simp]:
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  "keys (update k v m) = insert k (keys m)"
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  by transfer simp
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lemma keys_delete [simp]:
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  "keys (delete k m) = keys m - {k}"
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  by transfer simp
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lemma keys_replace [simp]:
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  "keys (replace k v m) = keys m"
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  unfolding replace_def by transfer (simp add: insert_absorb)
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lemma keys_default [simp]:
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  "keys (default k v m) = insert k (keys m)"
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  unfolding default_def by transfer (simp add: insert_absorb)
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lemma keys_map_entry [simp]:
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  "keys (map_entry k f m) = keys m"
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  by transfer (auto split: option.split)
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lemma keys_map_default [simp]:
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  "keys (map_default k v f m) = insert k (keys m)"
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   311
  by (simp add: map_default_def)
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   312
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   313
lemma keys_tabulate [simp]:
37026
7e8979a155ae operations default, map_entry, map_default; more lemmas
haftmann
parents: 36176
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   314
  "keys (tabulate ks f) = set ks"
49929
70300f1b6835 update RBT_Mapping, AList_Mapping and Mapping to use lifting/transfer
kuncar
parents: 49834
diff changeset
   315
  by transfer (simp add: map_of_map_restrict o_def)
37026
7e8979a155ae operations default, map_entry, map_default; more lemmas
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
   316
37052
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haftmann
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   317
lemma keys_bulkload [simp]:
37026
7e8979a155ae operations default, map_entry, map_default; more lemmas
haftmann
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   318
  "keys (bulkload xs) = {0..<length xs}"
56528
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   319
  by (simp add: bulkload_tabulate)
37026
7e8979a155ae operations default, map_entry, map_default; more lemmas
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
   320
37052
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diff changeset
   321
lemma distinct_ordered_keys [simp]:
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   322
  "distinct (ordered_keys m)"
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   323
  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   324
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   325
lemma ordered_keys_infinite [simp]:
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   326
  "\<not> finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys m = []"
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   327
  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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diff changeset
   328
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   329
lemma ordered_keys_empty [simp]:
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   330
  "ordered_keys empty = []"
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   331
  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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parents: 37026
diff changeset
   332
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diff changeset
   333
lemma ordered_keys_update [simp]:
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   334
  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (update k v m) = ordered_keys m"
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parents: 37026
diff changeset
   335
  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (update k v m) = insort k (ordered_keys m)"
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parents: 37026
diff changeset
   336
  by (simp_all add: ordered_keys_def) (auto simp only: sorted_list_of_set_insert [symmetric] insert_absorb)
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   337
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   338
lemma ordered_keys_delete [simp]:
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   339
  "ordered_keys (delete k m) = remove1 k (ordered_keys m)"
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   340
proof (cases "finite (keys m)")
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   341
  case False then show ?thesis by simp
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   342
next
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   343
  case True note fin = True
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   344
  show ?thesis
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diff changeset
   345
  proof (cases "k \<in> keys m")
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diff changeset
   346
    case False with fin have "k \<notin> set (sorted_list_of_set (keys m))" by simp
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diff changeset
   347
    with False show ?thesis by (simp add: ordered_keys_def remove1_idem)
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diff changeset
   348
  next
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diff changeset
   349
    case True with fin show ?thesis by (simp add: ordered_keys_def sorted_list_of_set_remove)
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parents: 37026
diff changeset
   350
  qed
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diff changeset
   351
qed
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diff changeset
   352
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diff changeset
   353
lemma ordered_keys_replace [simp]:
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diff changeset
   354
  "ordered_keys (replace k v m) = ordered_keys m"
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   355
  by (simp add: replace_def)
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   356
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diff changeset
   357
lemma ordered_keys_default [simp]:
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diff changeset
   358
  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (default k v m) = ordered_keys m"
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   359
  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (default k v m) = insort k (ordered_keys m)"
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   360
  by (simp_all add: default_def)
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   361
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   362
lemma ordered_keys_map_entry [simp]:
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   363
  "ordered_keys (map_entry k f m) = ordered_keys m"
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   364
  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   365
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   366
lemma ordered_keys_map_default [simp]:
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   367
  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (map_default k v f m) = ordered_keys m"
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   368
  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (map_default k v f m) = insort k (ordered_keys m)"
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   369
  by (simp_all add: map_default_def)
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   370
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   371
lemma ordered_keys_tabulate [simp]:
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haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   372
  "ordered_keys (tabulate ks f) = sort (remdups ks)"
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   373
  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def sorted_list_of_set_sort_remdups)
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   374
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   375
lemma ordered_keys_bulkload [simp]:
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   376
  "ordered_keys (bulkload ks) = [0..<length ks]"
80dd92673fca more lemmas about mappings, in particular keys
haftmann
parents: 37026
diff changeset
   377
  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
36110
4ab91a42666a lemma is_empty_empty
haftmann
parents: 35194
diff changeset
   378
56528
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   379
lemma tabulate_fold:
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   380
  "tabulate xs f = fold (\<lambda>k m. update k (f k) m) xs empty"
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   381
proof transfer
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   382
  fix f :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b" and xs
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   383
  from map_add_map_of_foldr
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   384
  have "Map.empty ++ map_of (List.map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) xs) =
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   385
    foldr (\<lambda>(k, v) m. m(k \<mapsto> v)) (List.map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) xs) Map.empty"
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   386
    .
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   387
  then have "map_of (List.map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) xs) = foldr (\<lambda>k m. m(k \<mapsto> f k)) xs Map.empty"
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   388
    by (simp add: foldr_map comp_def)
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   389
  also have "foldr (\<lambda>k m. m(k \<mapsto> f k)) xs = fold (\<lambda>k m. m(k \<mapsto> f k)) xs"
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   390
    by (rule foldr_fold) (simp add: fun_eq_iff)
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   391
  ultimately show "map_of (List.map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) xs) = fold (\<lambda>k m. m(k \<mapsto> f k)) xs Map.empty"
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   392
    by simp
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   393
qed
f732e6f3bf7f removed duplication and tuned
haftmann
parents: 55945
diff changeset
   394
31459
ae39b7b2a68a added trees implementing mappings
haftmann
parents: 30663
diff changeset
   395
37700
bd90378b8171 refrain from using datatype declaration -- opens chance for quickcheck later on
haftmann
parents: 37299
diff changeset
   396
subsection {* Code generator setup *}
31459
ae39b7b2a68a added trees implementing mappings
haftmann
parents: 30663
diff changeset
   397
37701
411717732710 explicit code_datatype declaration prevents multiple instantiations later on
haftmann
parents: 37700
diff changeset
   398
code_datatype empty update
411717732710 explicit code_datatype declaration prevents multiple instantiations later on
haftmann
parents: 37700
diff changeset
   399
49929
70300f1b6835 update RBT_Mapping, AList_Mapping and Mapping to use lifting/transfer
kuncar
parents: 49834
diff changeset
   400
hide_const (open) empty is_empty rep lookup update delete ordered_keys keys size
54853
a435932a9f12 prefer Y_of_X over X_to_Y;
haftmann
parents: 53026
diff changeset
   401
  replace default map_entry map_default tabulate bulkload map of_alist
35157
73cd6f78c86d more close integration with theory Map
haftmann
parents: 33640
diff changeset
   402
49975
faf4afed009f transfer package: more flexible handling of equality relations using is_equality predicate
huffman
parents: 49973
diff changeset
   403
end