src/CCL/CCL.thy
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(*  Title:      CCL/CCL.thy
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Martin Coen
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    Copyright   1993  University of Cambridge
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*)
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header {* Classical Computational Logic for Untyped Lambda Calculus
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  with reduction to weak head-normal form *}
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theory CCL
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imports Gfp
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begin
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text {*
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  Based on FOL extended with set collection, a primitive higher-order
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  logic.  HOL is too strong - descriptions prevent a type of programs
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  being defined which contains only executable terms.
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*}
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classes prog < "term"
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defaultsort prog
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arities fun :: (prog, prog) prog
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typedecl i
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arities i :: prog
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consts
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  (*** Evaluation Judgement ***)
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  "--->"      ::       "[i,i]=>prop"          (infixl 20)
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  (*** Bisimulations for pre-order and equality ***)
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  "[="        ::       "['a,'a]=>o"           (infixl 50)
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  SIM         ::       "[i,i,i set]=>o"
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  POgen       ::       "i set => i set"
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  EQgen       ::       "i set => i set"
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  PO          ::       "i set"
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  EQ          ::       "i set"
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  (*** Term Formers ***)
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  true        ::       "i"
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  false       ::       "i"
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  pair        ::       "[i,i]=>i"             ("(1<_,/_>)")
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  lambda      ::       "(i=>i)=>i"            (binder "lam " 55)
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  "case"      ::       "[i,i,i,[i,i]=>i,(i=>i)=>i]=>i"
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  "`"         ::       "[i,i]=>i"             (infixl 56)
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  bot         ::       "i"
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  "fix"       ::       "(i=>i)=>i"
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  (*** Defined Predicates ***)
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  Trm         ::       "i => o"
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  Dvg         ::       "i => o"
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axioms
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  (******* EVALUATION SEMANTICS *******)
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  (**  This is the evaluation semantics from which the axioms below were derived.  **)
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  (**  It is included here just as an evaluator for FUN and has no influence on    **)
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  (**  inference in the theory CCL.                                                **)
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  trueV:       "true ---> true"
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  falseV:      "false ---> false"
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  pairV:       "<a,b> ---> <a,b>"
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  lamV:        "lam x. b(x) ---> lam x. b(x)"
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  caseVtrue:   "[| t ---> true;  d ---> c |] ==> case(t,d,e,f,g) ---> c"
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  caseVfalse:  "[| t ---> false;  e ---> c |] ==> case(t,d,e,f,g) ---> c"
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  caseVpair:   "[| t ---> <a,b>;  f(a,b) ---> c |] ==> case(t,d,e,f,g) ---> c"
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  caseVlam:    "[| t ---> lam x. b(x);  g(b) ---> c |] ==> case(t,d,e,f,g) ---> c"
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  (*** Properties of evaluation: note that "t ---> c" impies that c is canonical ***)
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  canonical:  "[| t ---> c; c==true ==> u--->v;
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                          c==false ==> u--->v;
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                    !!a b. c==<a,b> ==> u--->v;
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                      !!f. c==lam x. f(x) ==> u--->v |] ==>
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             u--->v"
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  (* Should be derivable - but probably a bitch! *)
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  substitute: "[| a==a'; t(a)--->c(a) |] ==> t(a')--->c(a')"
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  (************** LOGIC ***************)
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  (*** Definitions used in the following rules ***)
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  apply_def:     "f ` t == case(f,bot,bot,%x y. bot,%u. u(t))"
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  bot_def:         "bot == (lam x. x`x)`(lam x. x`x)"
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  fix_def:      "fix(f) == (lam x. f(x`x))`(lam x. f(x`x))"
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  (*  The pre-order ([=) is defined as a simulation, and behavioural equivalence (=) *)
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  (*  as a bisimulation.  They can both be expressed as (bi)simulations up to        *)
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  (*  behavioural equivalence (ie the relations PO and EQ defined below).            *)
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  SIM_def:
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  "SIM(t,t',R) ==  (t=true & t'=true) | (t=false & t'=false) |
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                  (EX a a' b b'. t=<a,b> & t'=<a',b'> & <a,a'> : R & <b,b'> : R) |
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                  (EX f f'. t=lam x. f(x) & t'=lam x. f'(x) & (ALL x.<f(x),f'(x)> : R))"
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  POgen_def:  "POgen(R) == {p. EX t t'. p=<t,t'> & (t = bot | SIM(t,t',R))}"
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  EQgen_def:  "EQgen(R) == {p. EX t t'. p=<t,t'> & (t = bot & t' = bot | SIM(t,t',R))}"
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  PO_def:    "PO == gfp(POgen)"
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  EQ_def:    "EQ == gfp(EQgen)"
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  (*** Rules ***)
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  (** Partial Order **)
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  po_refl:        "a [= a"
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  po_trans:       "[| a [= b;  b [= c |] ==> a [= c"
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  po_cong:        "a [= b ==> f(a) [= f(b)"
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  (* Extend definition of [= to program fragments of higher type *)
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  po_abstractn:   "(!!x. f(x) [= g(x)) ==> (%x. f(x)) [= (%x. g(x))"
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  (** Equality - equivalence axioms inherited from FOL.thy   **)
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  (**          - congruence of "=" is axiomatised implicitly **)
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  eq_iff:         "t = t' <-> t [= t' & t' [= t"
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  (** Properties of canonical values given by greatest fixed point definitions **)
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  PO_iff:         "t [= t' <-> <t,t'> : PO"
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  EQ_iff:         "t =  t' <-> <t,t'> : EQ"
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  (** Behaviour of non-canonical terms (ie case) given by the following beta-rules **)
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  caseBtrue:            "case(true,d,e,f,g) = d"
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  caseBfalse:          "case(false,d,e,f,g) = e"
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  caseBpair:           "case(<a,b>,d,e,f,g) = f(a,b)"
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  caseBlam:       "case(lam x. b(x),d,e,f,g) = g(b)"
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  caseBbot:              "case(bot,d,e,f,g) = bot"            (* strictness *)
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  (** The theory is non-trivial **)
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  distinctness:   "~ lam x. b(x) = bot"
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  (*** Definitions of Termination and Divergence ***)
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  Dvg_def:  "Dvg(t) == t = bot"
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  Trm_def:  "Trm(t) == ~ Dvg(t)"
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text {*
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Would be interesting to build a similar theory for a typed programming language:
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    ie.     true :: bool,      fix :: ('a=>'a)=>'a  etc......
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This is starting to look like LCF.
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What are the advantages of this approach?
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        - less axiomatic
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        - wfd induction / coinduction and fixed point induction available
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*}
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lemmas ccl_data_defs = apply_def fix_def
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  and [simp] = po_refl
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subsection {* Congruence Rules *}
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(*similar to AP_THM in Gordon's HOL*)
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lemma fun_cong: "(f::'a=>'b) = g ==> f(x)=g(x)"
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  by simp
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(*similar to AP_TERM in Gordon's HOL and FOL's subst_context*)
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lemma arg_cong: "x=y ==> f(x)=f(y)"
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  by simp
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lemma abstractn: "(!!x. f(x) = g(x)) ==> f = g"
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  apply (simp add: eq_iff)
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  apply (blast intro: po_abstractn)
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  done
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lemmas caseBs = caseBtrue caseBfalse caseBpair caseBlam caseBbot
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subsection {* Termination and Divergence *}
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lemma Trm_iff: "Trm(t) <-> ~ t = bot"
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  by (simp add: Trm_def Dvg_def)
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lemma Dvg_iff: "Dvg(t) <-> t = bot"
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  by (simp add: Trm_def Dvg_def)
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subsection {* Constructors are injective *}
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lemma eq_lemma: "[| x=a;  y=b;  x=y |] ==> a=b"
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  by simp
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ML {*
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  local
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    val arg_cong = thm "arg_cong";
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    val eq_lemma = thm "eq_lemma";
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    val ss = simpset_of (the_context ());
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  in
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    fun mk_inj_rl thy rews s =
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      let
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        fun mk_inj_lemmas r = [arg_cong] RL [r RS (r RS eq_lemma)]
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        val inj_lemmas = List.concat (map mk_inj_lemmas rews)
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        val tac = REPEAT (ares_tac [iffI, allI, conjI] 1 ORELSE
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          eresolve_tac inj_lemmas 1 ORELSE
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          asm_simp_tac (Simplifier.theory_context thy ss addsimps rews) 1)
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      in prove_goal thy s (fn _ => [tac]) end  
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  end
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*}
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ML {*
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  bind_thms ("ccl_injs",
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    map (mk_inj_rl (the_context ()) (thms "caseBs"))
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      ["<a,b> = <a',b'> <-> (a=a' & b=b')",
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       "(lam x. b(x) = lam x. b'(x)) <-> ((ALL z. b(z)=b'(z)))"])
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*}
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lemma pair_inject: "<a,b> = <a',b'> \<Longrightarrow> (a = a' \<Longrightarrow> b = b' \<Longrightarrow> R) \<Longrightarrow> R"
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  by (simp add: ccl_injs)
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subsection {* Constructors are distinct *}
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lemma lem: "t=t' ==> case(t,b,c,d,e) = case(t',b,c,d,e)"
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  by simp
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ML {*
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local
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  fun pairs_of f x [] = []
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    | pairs_of f x (y::ys) = (f x y) :: (f y x) :: (pairs_of f x ys)
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  fun mk_combs ff [] = []
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    | mk_combs ff (x::xs) = (pairs_of ff x xs) @ mk_combs ff xs
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  (* Doesn't handle binder types correctly *)
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  fun saturate thy sy name =
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       let fun arg_str 0 a s = s
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         | arg_str 1 a s = "(" ^ a ^ "a" ^ s ^ ")"
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         | arg_str n a s = arg_str (n-1) a ("," ^ a ^ (chr((ord "a")+n-1)) ^ s)
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           val T = Sign.the_const_type thy (Sign.intern_const thy sy);
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           val arity = length (fst (strip_type T))
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       in sy ^ (arg_str arity name "") end
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  fun mk_thm_str thy a b = "~ " ^ (saturate thy a "a") ^ " = " ^ (saturate thy b "b")
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  val lemma = thm "lem";
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  val eq_lemma = thm "eq_lemma";
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  val distinctness = thm "distinctness";
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  fun mk_lemma (ra,rb) = [lemma] RL [ra RS (rb RS eq_lemma)] RL
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                           [distinctness RS notE,sym RS (distinctness RS notE)]
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in
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  fun mk_lemmas rls = List.concat (map mk_lemma (mk_combs pair rls))
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  fun mk_dstnct_rls thy xs = mk_combs (mk_thm_str thy) xs
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end
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*}
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ML {*
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val caseB_lemmas = mk_lemmas (thms "caseBs")
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val ccl_dstncts =
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        let fun mk_raw_dstnct_thm rls s =
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                  prove_goal (the_context ()) s (fn _=> [rtac notI 1,eresolve_tac rls 1])
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        in map (mk_raw_dstnct_thm caseB_lemmas)
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                (mk_dstnct_rls (the_context ()) ["bot","true","false","pair","lambda"]) end
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fun mk_dstnct_thms thy defs inj_rls xs =
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          let fun mk_dstnct_thm rls s = prove_goalw thy defs s
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                               (fn _ => [simp_tac (simpset_of thy addsimps (rls@inj_rls)) 1])
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          in map (mk_dstnct_thm ccl_dstncts) (mk_dstnct_rls thy xs) end
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fun mkall_dstnct_thms thy defs i_rls xss = List.concat (map (mk_dstnct_thms thy defs i_rls) xss)
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(*** Rewriting and Proving ***)
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fun XH_to_I rl = rl RS iffD2
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fun XH_to_D rl = rl RS iffD1
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val XH_to_E = make_elim o XH_to_D
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val XH_to_Is = map XH_to_I
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val XH_to_Ds = map XH_to_D
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val XH_to_Es = map XH_to_E;
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bind_thms ("ccl_rews", thms "caseBs" @ ccl_injs @ ccl_dstncts);
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bind_thms ("ccl_dstnctsEs", ccl_dstncts RL [notE]);
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bind_thms ("ccl_injDs", XH_to_Ds (thms "ccl_injs"));
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*}
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lemmas [simp] = ccl_rews
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  and [elim!] = pair_inject ccl_dstnctsEs
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  and [dest!] = ccl_injDs
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subsection {* Facts from gfp Definition of @{text "[="} and @{text "="} *}
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lemma XHlemma1: "[| A=B;  a:B <-> P |] ==> a:A <-> P"
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  by simp
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lemma XHlemma2: "(P(t,t') <-> Q) ==> (<t,t'> : {p. EX t t'. p=<t,t'> &  P(t,t')} <-> Q)"
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  by blast
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subsection {* Pre-Order *}
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lemma POgen_mono: "mono(%X. POgen(X))"
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  apply (unfold POgen_def SIM_def)
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  apply (rule monoI)
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  apply blast
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  done
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lemma POgenXH: 
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  "<t,t'> : POgen(R) <-> t= bot | (t=true & t'=true)  | (t=false & t'=false) |  
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           (EX a a' b b'. t=<a,b> &  t'=<a',b'>  & <a,a'> : R & <b,b'> : R) |  
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           (EX f f'. t=lam x. f(x) &  t'=lam x. f'(x) & (ALL x. <f(x),f'(x)> : R))"
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  apply (unfold POgen_def SIM_def)
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  apply (rule iff_refl [THEN XHlemma2])
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  done
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lemma poXH: 
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  "t [= t' <-> t=bot | (t=true & t'=true) | (t=false & t'=false) |  
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                 (EX a a' b b'. t=<a,b> &  t'=<a',b'>  & a [= a' & b [= b') |  
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                 (EX f f'. t=lam x. f(x) &  t'=lam x. f'(x) & (ALL x. f(x) [= f'(x)))"
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  apply (simp add: PO_iff del: ex_simps)
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  apply (rule POgen_mono
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    [THEN PO_def [THEN def_gfp_Tarski], THEN XHlemma1, unfolded POgen_def SIM_def])
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  apply (rule iff_refl [THEN XHlemma2])
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  done
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lemma po_bot: "bot [= b"
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  apply (rule poXH [THEN iffD2])
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  apply simp
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  done
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lemma bot_poleast: "a [= bot ==> a=bot"
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  apply (drule poXH [THEN iffD1])
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  apply simp
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  done
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lemma po_pair: "<a,b> [= <a',b'> <->  a [= a' & b [= b'"
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  apply (rule poXH [THEN iff_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   339
  apply simp
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   340
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   341
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   342
lemma po_lam: "lam x. f(x) [= lam x. f'(x) <-> (ALL x. f(x) [= f'(x))"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   343
  apply (rule poXH [THEN iff_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   344
  apply fastsimp
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   345
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   346
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
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parents: 17456
diff changeset
   347
lemmas ccl_porews = po_bot po_pair po_lam
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
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parents: 17456
diff changeset
   348
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
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parents: 17456
diff changeset
   349
lemma case_pocong:
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
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parents: 17456
diff changeset
   350
  assumes 1: "t [= t'"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   351
    and 2: "a [= a'"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
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parents: 17456
diff changeset
   352
    and 3: "b [= b'"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   353
    and 4: "!!x y. c(x,y) [= c'(x,y)"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
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parents: 17456
diff changeset
   354
    and 5: "!!u. d(u) [= d'(u)"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   355
  shows "case(t,a,b,c,d) [= case(t',a',b',c',d')"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   356
  apply (rule 1 [THEN po_cong, THEN po_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   357
  apply (rule 2 [THEN po_cong, THEN po_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   358
  apply (rule 3 [THEN po_cong, THEN po_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   359
  apply (rule 4 [THEN po_abstractn, THEN po_abstractn, THEN po_cong, THEN po_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   360
  apply (rule_tac f1 = "%d. case (t',a',b',c',d)" in
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   361
    5 [THEN po_abstractn, THEN po_cong, THEN po_trans])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   362
  apply (rule po_refl)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   363
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   364
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   365
lemma apply_pocong: "[| f [= f';  a [= a' |] ==> f ` a [= f' ` a'"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   366
  unfolding ccl_data_defs
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   367
  apply (rule case_pocong, (rule po_refl | assumption)+)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   368
  apply (erule po_cong)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   369
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   370
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   371
lemma npo_lam_bot: "~ lam x. b(x) [= bot"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   372
  apply (rule notI)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   373
  apply (drule bot_poleast)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   374
  apply (erule distinctness [THEN notE])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   375
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   376
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   377
lemma po_lemma: "[| x=a;  y=b;  x[=y |] ==> a[=b"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   378
  by simp
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   379
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   380
lemma npo_pair_lam: "~ <a,b> [= lam x. f(x)"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   381
  apply (rule notI)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   382
  apply (rule npo_lam_bot [THEN notE])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   383
  apply (erule case_pocong [THEN caseBlam [THEN caseBpair [THEN po_lemma]]])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   384
  apply (rule po_refl npo_lam_bot)+
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   385
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   386
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   387
lemma npo_lam_pair: "~ lam x. f(x) [= <a,b>"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   388
  apply (rule notI)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   389
  apply (rule npo_lam_bot [THEN notE])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   390
  apply (erule case_pocong [THEN caseBpair [THEN caseBlam [THEN po_lemma]]])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   391
  apply (rule po_refl npo_lam_bot)+
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   392
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   393
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   394
ML {*
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   395
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   396
local
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   397
  fun mk_thm s = prove_goal (the_context ()) s (fn _ =>
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   398
                          [rtac notI 1,dtac (thm "case_pocong") 1,etac rev_mp 5,
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   399
                           ALLGOALS (simp_tac (simpset ())),
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   400
                           REPEAT (resolve_tac [thm "po_refl", thm "npo_lam_bot"] 1)])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   401
in
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   402
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   403
val npo_rls = [thm "npo_pair_lam", thm "npo_lam_pair"] @ map mk_thm
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   404
            ["~ true [= false",          "~ false [= true",
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   405
             "~ true [= <a,b>",          "~ <a,b> [= true",
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   406
             "~ true [= lam x. f(x)","~ lam x. f(x) [= true",
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   407
            "~ false [= <a,b>",          "~ <a,b> [= false",
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   408
            "~ false [= lam x. f(x)","~ lam x. f(x) [= false"]
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   409
end;
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   410
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   411
bind_thms ("npo_rls", npo_rls);
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   412
*}
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   413
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   414
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   415
subsection {* Coinduction for @{text "[="} *}
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   416
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   417
lemma po_coinduct: "[|  <t,u> : R;  R <= POgen(R) |] ==> t [= u"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   418
  apply (rule PO_def [THEN def_coinduct, THEN PO_iff [THEN iffD2]])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   419
   apply assumption+
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   420
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   421
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   422
ML {*
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   423
  local val po_coinduct = thm "po_coinduct"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   424
  in fun po_coinduct_tac s i = res_inst_tac [("R",s)] po_coinduct i end
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   425
*}
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   426
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   427
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   428
subsection {* Equality *}
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   429
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   430
lemma EQgen_mono: "mono(%X. EQgen(X))"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   431
  apply (unfold EQgen_def SIM_def)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   432
  apply (rule monoI)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   433
  apply blast
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   434
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   435
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   436
lemma EQgenXH: 
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   437
  "<t,t'> : EQgen(R) <-> (t=bot & t'=bot)  | (t=true & t'=true)  |  
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   438
                                             (t=false & t'=false) |  
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   439
                 (EX a a' b b'. t=<a,b> &  t'=<a',b'>  & <a,a'> : R & <b,b'> : R) |  
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   440
                 (EX f f'. t=lam x. f(x) &  t'=lam x. f'(x) & (ALL x.<f(x),f'(x)> : R))"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   441
  apply (unfold EQgen_def SIM_def)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   442
  apply (rule iff_refl [THEN XHlemma2])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   443
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   444
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   445
lemma eqXH: 
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   446
  "t=t' <-> (t=bot & t'=bot)  | (t=true & t'=true)  | (t=false & t'=false) |  
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   447
                     (EX a a' b b'. t=<a,b> &  t'=<a',b'>  & a=a' & b=b') |  
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   448
                     (EX f f'. t=lam x. f(x) &  t'=lam x. f'(x) & (ALL x. f(x)=f'(x)))"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   449
  apply (subgoal_tac "<t,t'> : EQ <-> (t=bot & t'=bot) | (t=true & t'=true) | (t=false & t'=false) | (EX a a' b b'. t=<a,b> & t'=<a',b'> & <a,a'> : EQ & <b,b'> : EQ) | (EX f f'. t=lam x. f (x) & t'=lam x. f' (x) & (ALL x. <f (x) ,f' (x) > : EQ))")
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   450
  apply (erule rev_mp)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   451
  apply (simp add: EQ_iff [THEN iff_sym])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   452
  apply (rule EQgen_mono [THEN EQ_def [THEN def_gfp_Tarski], THEN XHlemma1,
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   453
    unfolded EQgen_def SIM_def])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   454
  apply (rule iff_refl [THEN XHlemma2])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   455
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   456
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   457
lemma eq_coinduct: "[|  <t,u> : R;  R <= EQgen(R) |] ==> t = u"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   458
  apply (rule EQ_def [THEN def_coinduct, THEN EQ_iff [THEN iffD2]])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   459
   apply assumption+
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   460
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   461
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   462
lemma eq_coinduct3:
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   463
  "[|  <t,u> : R;  R <= EQgen(lfp(%x. EQgen(x) Un R Un EQ)) |] ==> t = u"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   464
  apply (rule EQ_def [THEN def_coinduct3, THEN EQ_iff [THEN iffD2]])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   465
  apply (rule EQgen_mono | assumption)+
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   466
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   467
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   468
ML {*
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   469
  local
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   470
    val eq_coinduct = thm "eq_coinduct"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   471
    val eq_coinduct3 = thm "eq_coinduct3"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   472
  in
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   473
    fun eq_coinduct_tac s i = res_inst_tac [("R",s)] eq_coinduct i
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   474
    fun eq_coinduct3_tac s i = res_inst_tac [("R",s)] eq_coinduct3 i
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   475
  end
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   476
*}
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   477
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   478
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   479
subsection {* Untyped Case Analysis and Other Facts *}
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   480
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   481
lemma cond_eta: "(EX f. t=lam x. f(x)) ==> t = lam x.(t ` x)"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   482
  by (auto simp: apply_def)
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   483
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   484
lemma exhaustion: "(t=bot) | (t=true) | (t=false) | (EX a b. t=<a,b>) | (EX f. t=lam x. f(x))"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   485
  apply (cut_tac refl [THEN eqXH [THEN iffD1]])
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   486
  apply blast
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   487
  done
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   488
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   489
lemma term_case:
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   490
  "[| P(bot);  P(true);  P(false);  !!x y. P(<x,y>);  !!b. P(lam x. b(x)) |] ==> P(t)"
98acc6d0fab6 removed obsolete ML files;
wenzelm
parents: 17456
diff changeset
   491
  using exhaustion [of t] by blast
17456
bcf7544875b2 converted to Isar theory format;
wenzelm
parents: 3837
diff changeset
   492
bcf7544875b2 converted to Isar theory format;
wenzelm
parents: 3837
diff changeset
   493
end