src/Pure/theory.ML
author wenzelm
Wed, 13 Jul 2005 16:07:24 +0200
changeset 16803 014090d1e64b
parent 16743 21dbff595bf6
child 16883 a89fafe1cbd8
permissions -rw-r--r--
tuned;

(*  Title:      Pure/theory.ML
    ID:         $Id$
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson and Markus Wenzel

Logical theory content: axioms, definitions, oracles.
*)

signature BASIC_THEORY =
sig
  type theory
  type theory_ref
  val sign_of: theory -> theory    (*obsolete*)
  val rep_theory: theory ->
   {axioms: term NameSpace.table,
    defs: Defs.graph,
    oracles: ((theory * Object.T -> term) * stamp) NameSpace.table}
  val parents_of: theory -> theory list
  val ancestors_of: theory -> theory list
  val eq_thy: theory * theory -> bool
  val subthy: theory * theory -> bool
  val cert_axm: theory -> string * term -> string * term
  val read_def_axm: theory * (indexname -> typ option) * (indexname -> sort option) ->
    string list -> string * string -> string * term
  val read_axm: theory -> string * string -> string * term
  val inferT_axm: theory -> string * term -> string * term
end

signature THEORY =
sig
  include BASIC_THEORY
  include SIGN_THEORY
  val begin_theory: string -> theory list -> theory
  val end_theory: theory -> theory
  val checkpoint: theory -> theory
  val copy: theory -> theory
  val init_data: theory -> theory
  val axiom_space: theory -> NameSpace.T
  val oracle_space: theory -> NameSpace.T
  val axioms_of: theory -> (string * term) list
  val all_axioms_of: theory -> (string * term) list
  val defs_of : theory -> Defs.graph
  val self_ref: theory -> theory_ref
  val deref: theory_ref -> theory
  val merge: theory * theory -> theory                     (*exception TERM*)
  val merge_refs: theory_ref * theory_ref -> theory_ref    (*exception TERM*)
  val requires: theory -> string -> string -> unit
  val assert_super: theory -> theory -> theory
  val add_axioms: (bstring * string) list -> theory -> theory
  val add_axioms_i: (bstring * term) list -> theory -> theory
  val add_defs: bool -> (bstring * string) list -> theory -> theory
  val add_defs_i: bool -> (bstring * term) list -> theory -> theory
  val add_finals: bool -> string list -> theory -> theory
  val add_finals_i: bool -> term list -> theory -> theory
  val add_oracle: bstring * (theory * Object.T -> term) -> theory -> theory
end

structure Theory: THEORY =
struct

(** type theory **)

(* context operations *)

type theory = Context.theory;
type theory_ref = Context.theory_ref;

val eq_thy = Context.eq_thy;
val subthy = Context.subthy;

val parents_of = Context.parents_of;
val ancestors_of = Context.ancestors_of;

val self_ref = Context.self_ref;
val deref = Context.deref;
val merge = Context.merge;
val merge_refs = Context.merge_refs;

val begin_theory = Sign.local_path oo Context.begin_thy Sign.pp;
val end_theory = Context.finish_thy;
val checkpoint = Context.checkpoint_thy;
val copy = Context.copy_thy;


(* signature operations *)

val sign_of = I;

structure SignTheory: SIGN_THEORY = Sign;
open SignTheory;



(** diagnostics **)  (* FIXME belongs to defs.ML *)

fun pretty_const pp (c, T) =
 [Pretty.str c, Pretty.str " ::", Pretty.brk 1,
  Pretty.quote (Pretty.typ pp (Type.freeze_type T))];    (* FIXME zero indexes!? *)

fun pretty_path pp path = fold_rev (fn (T, c, def) =>
  fn [] => [Pretty.block (pretty_const pp (c, T))]
   | prts => Pretty.block (pretty_const pp (c, T) @
      [Pretty.brk 1, Pretty.str ("depends via " ^ quote def ^ " on")]) :: prts) path [];

fun chain_history_msg s =    (* FIXME huh!? *)
  if Defs.chain_history () then s ^ ": "
  else s ^ " (set DEFS_CHAIN_HISTORY=ON for full history): ";

fun defs_circular pp path =
  Pretty.str (chain_history_msg "Cyclic dependency of definitions") :: pretty_path pp path
  |> Pretty.chunks |> Pretty.string_of;

fun defs_infinite_chain pp path =
  Pretty.str (chain_history_msg "Infinite chain of definitions") :: pretty_path pp path
  |> Pretty.chunks |> Pretty.string_of;

fun defs_clash def1 def2 = "Type clash in definitions " ^ quote def1 ^ " and " ^ quote def2;

fun defs_final pp const =
  (Pretty.str "Attempt to define final constant" :: Pretty.brk 1 :: pretty_const pp const)
  |> Pretty.block |> Pretty.string_of;



(** datatype thy **)

datatype thy = Thy of
 {axioms: term NameSpace.table,
  defs: Defs.graph,
  oracles: ((theory * Object.T -> term) * stamp) NameSpace.table};

fun make_thy (axioms, defs, oracles) =
  Thy {axioms = axioms, defs = defs, oracles = oracles};

fun err_dup_axms dups = error ("Duplicate axiom(s): " ^ commas_quote dups);
fun err_dup_oras dups = error ("Duplicate oracle(s): " ^ commas_quote dups);

structure ThyData = TheoryDataFun
(struct
  val name = "Pure/theory";
  type T = thy;
  val empty = make_thy (NameSpace.empty_table, Defs.empty, NameSpace.empty_table);
  val copy = I;

  fun extend (Thy {axioms, defs, oracles}) = make_thy (NameSpace.empty_table, defs, oracles);

  fun merge pp (thy1, thy2) =
    let
      val Thy {axioms = _, defs = defs1, oracles = oracles1} = thy1;
      val Thy {axioms = _, defs = defs2, oracles = oracles2} = thy2;

      val axioms = NameSpace.empty_table;
      val defs = Defs.merge defs1 defs2  (* FIXME produce errors in defs.ML *)
        handle Defs.CIRCULAR namess => error (defs_circular pp namess)
          | Defs.INFINITE_CHAIN namess => error (defs_infinite_chain pp namess);
      val oracles = NameSpace.merge_tables eq_snd (oracles1, oracles2)
        handle Symtab.DUPS dups => err_dup_oras dups;
    in make_thy (axioms, defs, oracles) end;

  fun print _ _ = ();
end);

val init_data = ThyData.init;

fun rep_theory thy = ThyData.get thy |> (fn Thy args => args);

fun map_thy f = ThyData.map (fn (Thy {axioms, defs, oracles}) =>
  make_thy (f (axioms, defs, oracles)));

fun map_axioms f = map_thy (fn (axioms, defs, oracles) => (f axioms, defs, oracles));
fun map_defs f = map_thy (fn (axioms, defs, oracles) => (axioms, f defs, oracles));
fun map_oracles f = map_thy (fn (axioms, defs, oracles) => (axioms, defs, f oracles));


(* basic operations *)

val axiom_space = #1 o #axioms o rep_theory;
val oracle_space = #1 o #oracles o rep_theory;

val axioms_of = Symtab.dest o #2 o #axioms o rep_theory;
fun all_axioms_of thy = List.concat (map axioms_of (thy :: ancestors_of thy));

val defs_of = #defs o rep_theory;

fun requires thy name what =
  if Context.exists_name name thy then ()
  else error ("Require theory " ^ quote name ^ " as an ancestor for " ^ what);

fun assert_super thy1 thy2 =
  if subthy (thy1, thy2) then thy2
  else raise THEORY ("Not a super theory", [thy1, thy2]);



(** add axioms **)

(* prepare axioms *)

fun err_in_axm name =
  error ("The error(s) above occurred in axiom " ^ quote name);

fun no_vars pp tm =
  (case (Term.term_vars tm, Term.term_tvars tm) of
    ([], []) => tm
  | (ts, ixns) => error (Pretty.string_of (Pretty.block (Pretty.breaks
      (Pretty.str "Illegal schematic variable(s) in term:" ::
       map (Pretty.term pp) ts @ map (Pretty.typ pp o TVar) ixns)))));

fun cert_axm thy (name, raw_tm) =
  let
    val pp = Sign.pp thy;
    val (t, T, _) = Sign.certify_term pp thy raw_tm
      handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => error msg
        | TERM (msg, _) => error msg;
  in
    Term.no_dummy_patterns t handle TERM (msg, _) => error msg;
    assert (T = propT) "Term not of type prop";
    (name, no_vars pp t)
  end;

fun read_def_axm (thy, types, sorts) used (name, str) =
  let
    val ts = Syntax.read thy (Sign.is_logtype thy) (Sign.syn_of thy) propT str;
    val (t, _) = Sign.infer_types (Sign.pp thy) thy types sorts used true (ts, propT);
  in cert_axm thy (name, t) end
  handle ERROR => err_in_axm name;

fun read_axm thy name_str = read_def_axm (thy, K NONE, K NONE) [] name_str;

fun inferT_axm thy (name, pre_tm) =
  let
    val pp = Sign.pp thy;
    val (t, _) = Sign.infer_types pp thy (K NONE) (K NONE) [] true ([pre_tm], propT);
  in (name, no_vars pp t) end
  handle ERROR => err_in_axm name;


(* add_axioms(_i) *)

local

fun gen_add_axioms prep_axm raw_axms thy = thy |> map_axioms (fn axioms =>
  let
    val axms = map (apsnd (Term.compress_term o Logic.varify) o prep_axm thy) raw_axms;
    val axioms' = NameSpace.extend_table (Sign.naming_of thy) (axioms, axms)
      handle Symtab.DUPS dups => err_dup_axms dups;
  in axioms' end);

in

val add_axioms = gen_add_axioms read_axm;
val add_axioms_i = gen_add_axioms cert_axm;

end;



(** add constant definitions **)

(* overloading *)

datatype overloading = Clean | Implicit | Useless;

fun overloading thy overloaded declT defT =
  let
    val defT' = Term.incr_tvar (maxidx_of_typ declT + 1) (Type.varifyT defT);
  in
    if Sign.typ_instance thy (declT, defT') then Clean
    else if Sign.typ_instance thy (Type.strip_sorts declT, Type.strip_sorts defT') then Useless
    else if overloaded then Clean
    else Implicit
  end;


(* dest_def *)

fun dest_def pp tm =
  let
    fun err msg = raise TERM (msg, [tm]);

    val (lhs, rhs) = Logic.dest_equals (Logic.strip_imp_concl tm)
      handle TERM _ => err "Not a meta-equality (==)";
    val (head, args) = Term.strip_comb lhs;
    val (c, T) = Term.dest_Const head
      handle TERM _ => err "Head of lhs not a constant";

    fun dest_free (Free (x, _)) = x
      | dest_free (Const ("TYPE", Type ("itself", [TFree (x, _)]))) = x
      | dest_free _ = raise Match;

    val show_terms = commas_quote o map (Pretty.string_of_term pp);
    val show_frees = commas_quote o map dest_free;
    val show_tfrees = commas_quote o map fst;

    val lhs_nofrees = filter (not o can dest_free) args;
    val lhs_dups = duplicates args;
    val rhs_extras = term_frees rhs |> fold (remove op =) args;
    val rhs_extrasT = term_tfrees rhs |> fold (remove op =) (typ_tfrees T);
  in
    if not (null lhs_nofrees) then
      err ("Non-variables as arguments on lhs: " ^ show_terms lhs_nofrees)
    else if not (null lhs_dups) then
      err ("Duplicate variables on lhs: " ^ show_frees lhs_dups)
    else if not (null rhs_extras) then
      err ("Extra variables on rhs: " ^ show_frees rhs_extras)
    else if not (null rhs_extrasT) then
      err ("Extra type variables on rhs: " ^ show_tfrees rhs_extrasT)
    else if exists_Const (equal (c, T)) rhs then
      err ("Constant to be defined occurs on rhs")
    else ((c, T), rhs)
  end;


(* check_def *)

fun declare thy c defs =      (* FIXME move to defs.ML *)
  let val T = Sign.the_const_type thy c
  in if_none (try (Defs.declare defs) (c, T)) defs end;

fun check_def thy overloaded (bname, tm) defs =
  let
    val pp = Sign.pp thy;

    fun err msg = error (Pretty.string_of (Pretty.chunks
     [Pretty.str msg, Pretty.block
      [Pretty.str ("The error(s) above occurred in definition " ^ quote bname ^ ":"),
        Pretty.fbrk, Pretty.quote (Pretty.term pp tm)]]));

    fun prt_const (c, T) =
     [Pretty.str c, Pretty.str " ::", Pretty.brk 1,
      Pretty.quote (Pretty.typ pp (Type.freeze_type T))];
    fun string_of_def const txt =
      [Pretty.block (Pretty.str "Definition of " :: pretty_const pp const), Pretty.str txt]
      |> Pretty.chunks |> Pretty.string_of;

    val ((c, defT), rhs) = dest_def pp tm handle TERM (msg, _) => err msg;
    val rhs_consts = Term.term_constsT rhs;
    val declT = Sign.the_const_type thy c;

    val _ =
      (case overloading thy overloaded declT defT of
        Clean => ()
      | Implicit => warning (string_of_def (c, defT)
          ("is strictly less general than the declared type (see " ^ quote bname ^ ")"))
      | Useless => err (Library.setmp show_sorts true (string_of_def (c, defT))
          "imposes additional sort constraints on the declared type of the constant"));

    val decl_defs = defs |> declare thy c |> fold (declare thy) (map #1 rhs_consts);
  in
    Defs.define decl_defs (c, defT) (Sign.full_name thy bname) rhs_consts
      (* FIXME produce errors in defs.ML *)
      handle Defs.DEFS msg => err ("DEFS: " ^ msg)   (* FIXME sys_error!? *)
        | Defs.CIRCULAR path => err (defs_circular pp path)
        | Defs.INFINITE_CHAIN path => err (defs_infinite_chain pp path)
        | Defs.CLASH (_, def1, def2) => err (defs_clash def1 def2)
        | Defs.FINAL const => err (defs_final pp const)
  end;


(* add_defs(_i) *)

local

fun gen_add_defs prep_axm overloaded raw_axms thy =
  let val axms = map (prep_axm thy) raw_axms in
    thy
    |> map_defs (fold (check_def thy overloaded) axms)
    |> add_axioms_i axms
  end;

in

val add_defs_i = gen_add_defs cert_axm;
val add_defs = gen_add_defs read_axm;

end;


(* add_finals(_i) *)

local

fun gen_add_finals prep_term overloaded raw_terms thy =
  let
    fun finalize tm finals =
      let
        fun err msg = raise TERM (msg, [tm]);    (* FIXME error!? *)
        val (c, defT) =
          (case tm of Const x => x
          | Free _ => err "Attempt to finalize variable (or undeclared constant)"
          | _ => err "Attempt to finalize non-constant term");
        val declT = Sign.the_const_type thy c
          handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => err msg;
        val _ =    (* FIXME unify messages with defs *)
          (case overloading thy overloaded declT defT of
            Clean => ()
          | Implicit => warning ("Finalizing " ^ quote c ^
              " at a strictly less general type than declared")
          | Useless => err "Sort constraints stronger than declared");
      in Defs.finalize (if_none (try (Defs.declare finals) (c, declT)) finals) (c, defT) end;
  in thy |> map_defs (fold finalize (map (prep_term thy) raw_terms)) end;

fun read_term thy = Sign.simple_read_term thy TypeInfer.logicT;
fun cert_term thy = #1 o Sign.certify_term (Sign.pp thy) thy;

in

val add_finals = gen_add_finals read_term;
val add_finals_i = gen_add_finals cert_term;

end;



(** add oracle **)

fun add_oracle (bname, oracle) thy = thy |> map_oracles (fn oracles =>
  NameSpace.extend_table (Sign.naming_of thy) (oracles, [(bname, (oracle, stamp ()))])
    handle Symtab.DUPS dups => err_dup_oras dups);

end;

structure BasicTheory: BASIC_THEORY = Theory;
open BasicTheory;