author wenzelm
Thu, 06 Mar 2014 22:15:01 +0100
changeset 55965 0c2c61a87a7d
parent 32153 a0e57fb1b930
child 58889 5b7a9633cfa8
permissions -rw-r--r--

(*  Title:      CCL/Lfp.thy
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
    Copyright   1992  University of Cambridge

header {* The Knaster-Tarski Theorem *}

theory Lfp
imports Set

  lfp :: "['a set=>'a set] => 'a set" where -- "least fixed point"
  "lfp(f) == Inter({u. f(u) <= u})"

(* lfp(f) is the greatest lower bound of {u. f(u) <= u} *)

lemma lfp_lowerbound: "[| f(A) <= A |] ==> lfp(f) <= A"
  unfolding lfp_def by blast

lemma lfp_greatest: "[| !!u. f(u) <= u ==> A<=u |] ==> A <= lfp(f)"
  unfolding lfp_def by blast

lemma lfp_lemma2: "mono(f) ==> f(lfp(f)) <= lfp(f)"
  by (rule lfp_greatest, rule subset_trans, drule monoD, rule lfp_lowerbound, assumption+)

lemma lfp_lemma3: "mono(f) ==> lfp(f) <= f(lfp(f))"
  by (rule lfp_lowerbound, frule monoD, drule lfp_lemma2, assumption+)

lemma lfp_Tarski: "mono(f) ==> lfp(f) = f(lfp(f))"
  by (rule equalityI lfp_lemma2 lfp_lemma3 | assumption)+

(*** General induction rule for least fixed points ***)

lemma induct:
  assumes lfp: "a: lfp(f)"
    and mono: "mono(f)"
    and indhyp: "!!x. [| x: f(lfp(f) Int {x. P(x)}) |] ==> P(x)"
  shows "P(a)"
  apply (rule_tac a = a in Int_lower2 [THEN subsetD, THEN CollectD])
  apply (rule lfp [THEN [2] lfp_lowerbound [THEN subsetD]])
  apply (rule Int_greatest, rule subset_trans, rule Int_lower1 [THEN mono [THEN monoD]],
    rule mono [THEN lfp_lemma2], rule CollectI [THEN subsetI], rule indhyp, assumption)

(** Definition forms of lfp_Tarski and induct, to control unfolding **)

lemma def_lfp_Tarski: "[| h==lfp(f);  mono(f) |] ==> h = f(h)"
  apply unfold
  apply (drule lfp_Tarski)
  apply assumption

lemma def_induct:
  "[| A == lfp(f);  a:A;  mono(f);                     
    !!x. [| x: f(A Int {x. P(x)}) |] ==> P(x)         
  |] ==> P(a)"
  apply (rule induct [of concl: P a])
    apply simp
   apply assumption
  apply blast

(*Monotonicity of lfp!*)
lemma lfp_mono: "[| mono(g);  !!Z. f(Z)<=g(Z) |] ==> lfp(f) <= lfp(g)"
  apply (rule lfp_lowerbound)
  apply (rule subset_trans)
   apply (erule meta_spec)
  apply (erule lfp_lemma2)