src/Pure/goal.ML
author wenzelm
Fri, 18 Feb 2011 16:11:58 +0100
changeset 41776 3bd83302a3c3
parent 41703 d27950860514
child 41819 2d84831dc1a0
permissions -rw-r--r--
less verbose tracing;

(*  Title:      Pure/goal.ML
    Author:     Makarius

Goals in tactical theorem proving.
*)

signature BASIC_GOAL =
sig
  val parallel_proofs: int Unsynchronized.ref
  val parallel_proofs_threshold: int Unsynchronized.ref
  val SELECT_GOAL: tactic -> int -> tactic
  val CONJUNCTS: tactic -> int -> tactic
  val PRECISE_CONJUNCTS: int -> tactic -> int -> tactic
  val PARALLEL_CHOICE: tactic list -> tactic
  val PARALLEL_GOALS: tactic -> tactic
end;

signature GOAL =
sig
  include BASIC_GOAL
  val init: cterm -> thm
  val protect: thm -> thm
  val conclude: thm -> thm
  val check_finished: Proof.context -> thm -> unit
  val finish: Proof.context -> thm -> thm
  val norm_result: thm -> thm
  val fork_name: string -> (unit -> 'a) -> 'a future
  val fork: (unit -> 'a) -> 'a future
  val future_enabled: unit -> bool
  val local_future_enabled: unit -> bool
  val future_result: Proof.context -> thm future -> term -> thm
  val prove_internal: cterm list -> cterm -> (thm list -> tactic) -> thm
  val prove_multi: Proof.context -> string list -> term list -> term list ->
    ({prems: thm list, context: Proof.context} -> tactic) -> thm list
  val prove_future: Proof.context -> string list -> term list -> term ->
    ({prems: thm list, context: Proof.context} -> tactic) -> thm
  val prove: Proof.context -> string list -> term list -> term ->
    ({prems: thm list, context: Proof.context} -> tactic) -> thm
  val prove_global: theory -> string list -> term list -> term ->
    ({prems: thm list, context: Proof.context} -> tactic) -> thm
  val extract: int -> int -> thm -> thm Seq.seq
  val retrofit: int -> int -> thm -> thm -> thm Seq.seq
  val conjunction_tac: int -> tactic
  val precise_conjunction_tac: int -> int -> tactic
  val recover_conjunction_tac: tactic
  val norm_hhf_tac: int -> tactic
  val compose_hhf_tac: thm -> int -> tactic
  val assume_rule_tac: Proof.context -> int -> tactic
end;

structure Goal: GOAL =
struct

(** goals **)

(*
  -------- (init)
  C ==> #C
*)
val init =
  let val A = #1 (Thm.dest_implies (Thm.cprop_of Drule.protectI))
  in fn C => Thm.instantiate ([], [(A, C)]) Drule.protectI end;

(*
   C
  --- (protect)
  #C
*)
fun protect th = Drule.comp_no_flatten (th, 0) 1 Drule.protectI;

(*
  A ==> ... ==> #C
  ---------------- (conclude)
  A ==> ... ==> C
*)
fun conclude th = Drule.comp_no_flatten (th, Thm.nprems_of th) 1 Drule.protectD;

(*
  #C
  --- (finish)
   C
*)
fun check_finished ctxt th =
  (case Thm.nprems_of th of
    0 => ()
  | n => raise THM ("Proof failed.\n" ^
      Pretty.string_of (Pretty.chunks
        (Goal_Display.pretty_goals
          (ctxt
            |> Config.put Goal_Display.goals_limit n
            |> Config.put Goal_Display.show_main_goal true) th)) ^
      "\n" ^ string_of_int n ^ " unsolved goal(s)!", 0, [th]));

fun finish ctxt th = (check_finished ctxt th; conclude th);



(** results **)

(* normal form *)

val norm_result =
  Drule.flexflex_unique
  #> Raw_Simplifier.norm_hhf_protect
  #> Thm.strip_shyps
  #> Drule.zero_var_indexes;


(* forked proofs *)

val forked_proofs = Synchronized.var "forked_proofs" 0;

fun forked i =
  Synchronized.change forked_proofs (fn m =>
    let
      val n = m + i;
      val _ =
        Multithreading.tracing 2 (fn () =>
          ("PROOFS " ^ Time.toString (Time.now ()) ^ ": " ^ string_of_int n));
    in n end);

fun fork_name name e =
  uninterruptible (fn _ => fn () =>
    let
      val _ = forked 1;
      val future =
        singleton (Future.forks {name = name, group = NONE, deps = [], pri = ~1})
          (fn () =>
            (*interruptible*)
            Exn.release
              (Exn.capture Future.status e before forked ~1
                handle exn => (forked ~1; reraise exn)));
    in future end) ();

fun fork e = fork_name "Goal.fork" e;


(* scheduling parameters *)

val parallel_proofs = Unsynchronized.ref 1;
val parallel_proofs_threshold = Unsynchronized.ref 100;

fun future_enabled () =
  Multithreading.enabled () andalso ! parallel_proofs >= 1 andalso
  is_some (Future.worker_task ());

fun local_future_enabled () =
  future_enabled () andalso ! parallel_proofs >= 2 andalso
  Synchronized.value forked_proofs < ! parallel_proofs_threshold;


(* future_result *)

fun future_result ctxt result prop =
  let
    val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt;
    val _ = Context.reject_draft thy;
    val cert = Thm.cterm_of thy;
    val certT = Thm.ctyp_of thy;

    val assms = Assumption.all_assms_of ctxt;
    val As = map Thm.term_of assms;

    val xs = map Free (fold Term.add_frees (prop :: As) []);
    val fixes = map cert xs;

    val tfrees = fold Term.add_tfrees (prop :: As) [];
    val instT = map (fn (a, S) => (certT (TVar ((a, 0), S)), certT (TFree (a, S)))) tfrees;

    val global_prop =
      cert (Term.map_types Logic.varifyT_global
        (fold_rev Logic.all xs (Logic.list_implies (As, prop))))
      |> Thm.weaken_sorts (Variable.sorts_of ctxt);
    val global_result = result |> Future.map
      (Drule.flexflex_unique #>
        Thm.adjust_maxidx_thm ~1 #>
        Drule.implies_intr_list assms #>
        Drule.forall_intr_list fixes #>
        Thm.generalize (map #1 tfrees, []) 0 #>
        Thm.strip_shyps);
    val local_result =
      Thm.future global_result global_prop
      |> Thm.instantiate (instT, [])
      |> Drule.forall_elim_list fixes
      |> fold (Thm.elim_implies o Thm.assume) assms;
  in local_result end;



(** tactical theorem proving **)

(* prove_internal -- minimal checks, no normalization of result! *)

fun prove_internal casms cprop tac =
  (case SINGLE (tac (map Assumption.assume casms)) (init cprop) of
    SOME th => Drule.implies_intr_list casms
      (finish (Syntax.init_pretty_global (Thm.theory_of_thm th)) th)
  | NONE => error "Tactic failed");


(* prove_common etc. *)

fun prove_common immediate ctxt xs asms props tac =
  let
    val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt;
    val string_of_term = Syntax.string_of_term ctxt;

    val pos = Position.thread_data ();
    fun err msg = cat_error msg
      ("The error(s) above occurred for the goal statement:\n" ^
        string_of_term (Logic.list_implies (asms, Logic.mk_conjunction_list props)) ^
        (case Position.str_of pos of "" => "" | s => "\n" ^ s));

    fun cert_safe t = Thm.cterm_of thy (Envir.beta_norm (Term.no_dummy_patterns t))
      handle TERM (msg, _) => err msg | TYPE (msg, _, _) => err msg;
    val casms = map cert_safe asms;
    val cprops = map cert_safe props;

    val (prems, ctxt') = ctxt
      |> Variable.add_fixes_direct xs
      |> fold Variable.declare_term (asms @ props)
      |> Assumption.add_assumes casms
      ||> Variable.set_body true;
    val sorts = Variable.sorts_of ctxt';

    val stmt = Thm.weaken_sorts sorts (Conjunction.mk_conjunction_balanced cprops);

    fun result () =
      (case SINGLE (tac {prems = prems, context = ctxt'}) (init stmt) of
        NONE => err "Tactic failed"
      | SOME st =>
          let val res = finish ctxt' st handle THM (msg, _, _) => err msg in
            if Unify.matches_list thy [Thm.term_of stmt] [Thm.prop_of res]
            then Thm.check_shyps sorts res
            else err ("Proved a different theorem: " ^ string_of_term (Thm.prop_of res))
          end);
    val res =
      if immediate orelse #maxidx (Thm.rep_cterm stmt) >= 0 orelse not (future_enabled ())
      then result ()
      else future_result ctxt' (fork result) (Thm.term_of stmt);
  in
    Conjunction.elim_balanced (length props) res
    |> map (Assumption.export false ctxt' ctxt)
    |> Variable.export ctxt' ctxt
    |> map Drule.zero_var_indexes
  end;

val prove_multi = prove_common true;

fun prove_future ctxt xs asms prop tac = hd (prove_common false ctxt xs asms [prop] tac);
fun prove ctxt xs asms prop tac = hd (prove_common true ctxt xs asms [prop] tac);

fun prove_global thy xs asms prop tac =
  Drule.export_without_context (prove (ProofContext.init_global thy) xs asms prop tac);



(** goal structure **)

(* nested goals *)

fun extract i n st =
  (if i < 1 orelse n < 1 orelse i + n - 1 > Thm.nprems_of st then Seq.empty
   else if n = 1 then Seq.single (Thm.cprem_of st i)
   else
     Seq.single (Conjunction.mk_conjunction_balanced (map (Thm.cprem_of st) (i upto i + n - 1))))
  |> Seq.map (Thm.adjust_maxidx_cterm ~1 #> init);

fun retrofit i n st' st =
  (if n = 1 then st
   else st |> Drule.with_subgoal i (Conjunction.uncurry_balanced n))
  |> Thm.compose_no_flatten false (conclude st', Thm.nprems_of st') i;

fun SELECT_GOAL tac i st =
  if Thm.nprems_of st = 1 andalso i = 1 then tac st
  else Seq.lifts (retrofit i 1) (Seq.maps tac (extract i 1 st)) st;


(* multiple goals *)

fun precise_conjunction_tac 0 i = eq_assume_tac i
  | precise_conjunction_tac 1 i = SUBGOAL (K all_tac) i
  | precise_conjunction_tac n i = PRIMITIVE (Drule.with_subgoal i (Conjunction.curry_balanced n));

val adhoc_conjunction_tac = REPEAT_ALL_NEW
  (SUBGOAL (fn (goal, i) =>
    if can Logic.dest_conjunction goal then rtac Conjunction.conjunctionI i
    else no_tac));

val conjunction_tac = SUBGOAL (fn (goal, i) =>
  precise_conjunction_tac (length (Logic.dest_conjunctions goal)) i ORELSE
  TRY (adhoc_conjunction_tac i));

val recover_conjunction_tac = PRIMITIVE (fn th =>
  Conjunction.uncurry_balanced (Thm.nprems_of th) th);

fun PRECISE_CONJUNCTS n tac =
  SELECT_GOAL (precise_conjunction_tac n 1
    THEN tac
    THEN recover_conjunction_tac);

fun CONJUNCTS tac =
  SELECT_GOAL (conjunction_tac 1
    THEN tac
    THEN recover_conjunction_tac);


(* hhf normal form *)

val norm_hhf_tac =
  rtac Drule.asm_rl  (*cheap approximation -- thanks to builtin Logic.flatten_params*)
  THEN' SUBGOAL (fn (t, i) =>
    if Drule.is_norm_hhf t then all_tac
    else rewrite_goal_tac Drule.norm_hhf_eqs i);

fun compose_hhf_tac th i st =
  PRIMSEQ (Thm.bicompose false (false, Drule.lift_all (Thm.cprem_of st i) th, 0) i) st;


(* non-atomic goal assumptions *)

fun non_atomic (Const ("==>", _) $ _ $ _) = true
  | non_atomic (Const ("all", _) $ _) = true
  | non_atomic _ = false;

fun assume_rule_tac ctxt = norm_hhf_tac THEN' CSUBGOAL (fn (goal, i) =>
  let
    val ((_, goal'), ctxt') = Variable.focus goal ctxt;
    val goal'' = Drule.cterm_rule (singleton (Variable.export ctxt' ctxt)) goal';
    val Rs = filter (non_atomic o Thm.term_of) (Drule.strip_imp_prems goal'');
    val tacs = Rs |> map (fn R =>
      Tactic.etac (Raw_Simplifier.norm_hhf (Thm.trivial R)) THEN_ALL_NEW assume_tac);
  in fold_rev (curry op APPEND') tacs (K no_tac) i end);


(* parallel tacticals *)

(*parallel choice of single results*)
fun PARALLEL_CHOICE tacs st =
  (case Par_List.get_some (fn tac => SINGLE tac st) tacs of
    NONE => Seq.empty
  | SOME st' => Seq.single st');

(*parallel refinement of non-schematic goal by single results*)
exception FAILED of unit;
fun PARALLEL_GOALS tac st =
  let
    val st0 = Thm.adjust_maxidx_thm ~1 st;
    val _ = Thm.maxidx_of st0 >= 0 andalso
      raise THM ("PARALLEL_GOALS: schematic goal state", 0, [st]);

    fun try_tac g =
      (case SINGLE tac g of
        NONE => raise FAILED ()
      | SOME g' => g');

    val goals = Drule.strip_imp_prems (Thm.cprop_of st0);
    val results = Par_List.map (try_tac o init) goals;
  in ALLGOALS (fn i => retrofit i 1 (nth results (i - 1))) st0 end
  handle FAILED () => Seq.empty;

end;

structure Basic_Goal: BASIC_GOAL = Goal;
open Basic_Goal;