author wenzelm
Wed, 14 May 1997 19:27:21 +0200
changeset 3188 445555a7b714
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\chapter{Presenting theories}

\section{Generating HTML documents} \label{sec:html}

Isabelle is able to make HTML documents that show a theory's
definition, the theorems proved in its ML file and the relationship
with its ancestors and descendants. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup
Language and is used in the World Wide Web to represent text
containing images and links to other documents. Web browsers like
{\tt xmosaic} or {\tt netscape} are used to view these documents.

Besides the three HTML files that are made for every theory
(definition and theorems, ancestors, descendants), Isabelle stores
links to all theories in an index file. These indexes are themself
linked with other indexes to represent the hierarchic structure of
Isabelle's logics.

To make HTML files for logics that are part of the Isabelle
distribution, simply set the shell environment variable {\tt
MAKE_HTML} before compiling a logic. This works for single logics as
well as for the shell script {\tt make-all} (see
\ref{sec:shell-scripts}). To make HTML files for {\tt FOL} using a
{\tt csh} style shell, the following commands can be used:

cd FOL
setenv MAKE_HTML

The databases made this way do not differ from the ones made with an
unset {\tt MAKE_HTML}; in particular no HTML files are written if the
database is used to manually load a theory.

As you will see below, the HTML generation is controlled by a boolean
reference variable. If you want to make databases which define this
variable's value as {\tt true} and where therefore HTML files are
written each time {\tt use_thy} is invoked, you have to set {\tt
MAKE_HTML} to ``{\tt true}'':

cd FOL
setenv MAKE_HTML true

All theories loaded from within the {\tt FOL} database and all
databases derived from it will now cause HTML files to be written.
This behaviour can be changed by assigning a value of {\tt false} to
the boolean reference variable {\tt make_html}. Be careful when making
such databases publicly available since it means that your users will
generate HTML files though they might not intend to do so.

As some of Isabelle's logics are based on others (e.g. {\tt ZF} on
{\tt FOL}) and because the HTML files list a theory's ancestors, you
should not make HTML files for a logic if the HTML files for the base
logic do not exist. Otherwise some of the hypertext links might point
to non-existing documents.

The entry point to all logics is the {\tt index.html} file located in
Isabelle's main directory. You can also access a HTML version of the
distribution package at


\section*{Manual HTML generation}

To manually control the generation of HTML files the following
commands and reference variables are used:

init_html   : unit -> unit
make_html   : bool ref
finish_html : unit -> unit

activates the HTML facility. It stores the current working directory
as the place where the {\tt index.html} file for all theories loaded
afterwards will be stored.

is a boolean reference variable read by {\tt use_thy} and other
functions to decide whether HTML files should be made. After you have
used {\tt init_html} you can manually change {\tt make_html}'s value
to temporarily disable HTML generation.

has to be called after all theories have been read that should be
listed in the current {\tt index.html} file. It reads a temporary
file with information about the theories read since the last use of
{\tt init_html} and makes the {\tt index.html} file. If {\tt
make_html} is {\tt false} nothing is done.

The indexes made by this function also contain a link to the {\tt
README} file if there exists one in the directory where the index is
stored. If there's a {\tt README.html} file it is used instead of
{\tt README}.


The above functions could be used in the following way:

{\out Setting path for index.html to "/home/clasohm/isabelle/HOL"}
use_thy "List";

Please note that HTML files are made only for those theories that are
read while {\tt make_html} is {\tt true}. These files may contain
links to theories that were read with a {\tt false} {\tt make_html}
and therefore point to non-existing files.

\section*{Extending or adding a logic}

If you add a new subdirectory to Isabelle's logics (or add a completly
new logic), you would have to call {\tt init_html} at the start of every
directory's {\tt ROOT.ML} file and {\tt finish_html} at the end of
it. This is automatically done if you use

use_dir : string -> unit

This function takes a path as its parameter, changes the working
directory, calls {\tt init_html} if {\tt make_html} is {\tt true},
executes {\tt ROOT.ML}, and calls {\tt finish_html}. The {\tt
index.html} file written in this directory will be automatically
linked to the first index found in the (recursively searched)

Instead of adding something like


to the logic's makefile you have to use this:


Since {\tt use_dir} calls {\tt init_html} only if {\tt make_html} is
{\tt true} the generation of HTML files depends on the value this
reference variable has. It can either be inherited from the used \ML{}
database or set in the makefile before {\tt use_dir} is invoked,
e.g. to set it's value according to the environment variable {\tt

The generated HTML files contain all theorems that were proved in the
theory's \ML{} file with {\tt qed}, {\tt qed_goal} and {\tt qed_goalw},
or stored with {\tt bind_thm} and {\tt store_thm}. Additionally there
is a hypertext link to the whole \ML{} file.

You can add section headings to the list of theorems by using

section: string -> unit

in a theory's ML file, which converts a plain string to a HTML
heading and inserts it before the next theorem proved or stored with
one of the above functions. If {\tt make_html} is {\tt false} nothing
is done.

\section*{Using someone else's database}

To make them independent from their storage place, the HTML files only
contain relative paths which are derived from absolute ones like the
current working directory, {\tt gif_path} or {\tt base_path}. The
latter two are reference variables which are initialized at the time
when the {\tt Pure} database is made. Because you need write access
for the current directory to make HTML files and therefore (probably)
generate them in your home directory, the absolute {\tt base_path} is
not correct if you use someone else's database or a database derived
from it.

In that case you first should set {\tt base_path} to the value of {\em
your} Isabelle main directory, i.e. the directory that contains the
subdirectories where standard logics like {\tt FOL} and {\tt HOL} or
your own logics are stored. If you do not do this, the generated HTML
files will still be usable but may contain incomplete titles and lack
some hypertext links.

It's also a good idea to set {\tt gif_path} which points to the
directory containing two GIF images used in the HTML
documents. Normally this is the {\tt Tools} subdirectory of Isabelle's
main directory. While its value in general is still valid, your HTML
files would depend on files not owned by you. This prevents you from
changing the location of the HTML files (as they contain relative
paths) and also causes trouble if the database's maker (re)moves the

Here's what you should do before invoking {\tt init_html} using
someone else's \ML{} database:

base_path := "/home/smith/isabelle";
gif_path := "/home/smith/isabelle/Tools";