src/HOL/simpdata.ML
 author wenzelm Fri, 23 Nov 2001 19:20:58 +0100 changeset 12278 75103ba03035 parent 12038 343a9888e875 child 12281 3bd113b8f7a6 permissions -rw-r--r--
tuned;
```
(*  Title:      HOL/simpdata.ML
ID:         \$Id\$
Author:     Tobias Nipkow
Copyright   1991  University of Cambridge

Instantiation of the generic simplifier for HOL.
*)

section "Simplifier";

val [prem] = goal (the_context ()) "x==y ==> x=y";
by (rewtac prem);
by (rtac refl 1);
qed "meta_eq_to_obj_eq";

Goal "(%s. f s) = f";
br refl 1;
qed "eta_contract_eq";

fun prover s = prove_goal (the_context ()) s (fn _ => [(Blast_tac 1)]);

bind_thm ("not_not", prover "(~ ~ P) = P");

bind_thms ("simp_thms", [not_not] @ map prover
["(x=x) = True",
"(~True) = False", "(~False) = True",
"(~P) ~= P", "P ~= (~P)", "(P ~= Q) = (P = (~Q))",
"(True=P) = P", "(P=True) = P", "(False=P) = (~P)", "(P=False) = (~P)",
"(True --> P) = P", "(False --> P) = True",
"(P --> True) = True", "(P --> P) = True",
"(P --> False) = (~P)", "(P --> ~P) = (~P)",
"(P & True) = P", "(True & P) = P",
"(P & False) = False", "(False & P) = False",
"(P & P) = P", "(P & (P & Q)) = (P & Q)",
"(P & ~P) = False",    "(~P & P) = False",
"(P | True) = True", "(True | P) = True",
"(P | False) = P", "(False | P) = P",
"(P | P) = P", "(P | (P | Q)) = (P | Q)",
"(P | ~P) = True",    "(~P | P) = True",
"((~P) = (~Q)) = (P=Q)",
"(!x. P) = P", "(? x. P) = P", "? x. x=t", "? x. t=x",
(* needed for the one-point-rule quantifier simplification procs*)
(*essential for termination!!*)
"(? x. x=t & P(x)) = P(t)",
"(? x. t=x & P(x)) = P(t)",
"(! x. x=t --> P(x)) = P(t)",
"(! x. t=x --> P(x)) = P(t)"]);

bind_thm ("imp_cong", standard (impI RSN
(2, prove_goal (the_context ()) "(P=P')--> (P'--> (Q=Q'))--> ((P-->Q) = (P'-->Q'))"
(fn _=> [(Blast_tac 1)]) RS mp RS mp)));

(*Miniscoping: pushing in existential quantifiers*)
bind_thms ("ex_simps", map prover
["(EX x. P x & Q)   = ((EX x. P x) & Q)",
"(EX x. P & Q x)   = (P & (EX x. Q x))",
"(EX x. P x | Q)   = ((EX x. P x) | Q)",
"(EX x. P | Q x)   = (P | (EX x. Q x))",
"(EX x. P x --> Q) = ((ALL x. P x) --> Q)",
"(EX x. P --> Q x) = (P --> (EX x. Q x))"]);

(*Miniscoping: pushing in universal quantifiers*)
bind_thms ("all_simps", map prover
["(ALL x. P x & Q)   = ((ALL x. P x) & Q)",
"(ALL x. P & Q x)   = (P & (ALL x. Q x))",
"(ALL x. P x | Q)   = ((ALL x. P x) | Q)",
"(ALL x. P | Q x)   = (P | (ALL x. Q x))",
"(ALL x. P x --> Q) = ((EX x. P x) --> Q)",
"(ALL x. P --> Q x) = (P --> (ALL x. Q x))"]);

fun prove nm thm  = qed_goal nm (the_context ()) thm (fn _ => [(Blast_tac 1)]);

prove "eq_commute" "(a=b) = (b=a)";
prove "eq_left_commute" "(P=(Q=R)) = (Q=(P=R))";
prove "eq_assoc" "((P=Q)=R) = (P=(Q=R))";
bind_thms ("eq_ac", [eq_commute, eq_left_commute, eq_assoc]);

prove "neq_commute" "(a~=b) = (b~=a)";

prove "conj_commute" "(P&Q) = (Q&P)";
prove "conj_left_commute" "(P&(Q&R)) = (Q&(P&R))";
bind_thms ("conj_comms", [conj_commute, conj_left_commute]);
prove "conj_assoc" "((P&Q)&R) = (P&(Q&R))";

prove "disj_commute" "(P|Q) = (Q|P)";
prove "disj_left_commute" "(P|(Q|R)) = (Q|(P|R))";
bind_thms ("disj_comms", [disj_commute, disj_left_commute]);
prove "disj_assoc" "((P|Q)|R) = (P|(Q|R))";

prove "conj_disj_distribL" "(P&(Q|R)) = (P&Q | P&R)";
prove "conj_disj_distribR" "((P|Q)&R) = (P&R | Q&R)";

prove "disj_conj_distribL" "(P|(Q&R)) = ((P|Q) & (P|R))";
prove "disj_conj_distribR" "((P&Q)|R) = ((P|R) & (Q|R))";

prove "imp_conjR" "(P --> (Q&R)) = ((P-->Q) & (P-->R))";
prove "imp_conjL" "((P&Q) -->R)  = (P --> (Q --> R))";
prove "imp_disjL" "((P|Q) --> R) = ((P-->R)&(Q-->R))";

(*These two are specialized, but imp_disj_not1 is useful in Auth/Yahalom.ML*)
prove "imp_disj_not1" "(P --> Q | R) = (~Q --> P --> R)";
prove "imp_disj_not2" "(P --> Q | R) = (~R --> P --> Q)";

prove "imp_disj1" "((P-->Q)|R) = (P--> Q|R)";
prove "imp_disj2" "(Q|(P-->R)) = (P--> Q|R)";

prove "de_Morgan_disj" "(~(P | Q)) = (~P & ~Q)";
prove "de_Morgan_conj" "(~(P & Q)) = (~P | ~Q)";
prove "not_imp" "(~(P --> Q)) = (P & ~Q)";
prove "not_iff" "(P~=Q) = (P = (~Q))";
prove "disj_not1" "(~P | Q) = (P --> Q)";
prove "disj_not2" "(P | ~Q) = (Q --> P)"; (* changes orientation :-( *)
prove "imp_conv_disj" "(P --> Q) = ((~P) | Q)";

prove "iff_conv_conj_imp" "(P = Q) = ((P --> Q) & (Q --> P))";

(*Avoids duplication of subgoals after split_if, when the true and false
cases boil down to the same thing.*)
prove "cases_simp" "((P --> Q) & (~P --> Q)) = Q";

prove "not_all" "(~ (! x. P(x))) = (? x.~P(x))";
prove "imp_all" "((! x. P x) --> Q) = (? x. P x --> Q)";
prove "not_ex"  "(~ (? x. P(x))) = (! x.~P(x))";
prove "imp_ex" "((? x. P x) --> Q) = (! x. P x --> Q)";

prove "ex_disj_distrib" "(? x. P(x) | Q(x)) = ((? x. P(x)) | (? x. Q(x)))";
prove "all_conj_distrib" "(!x. P(x) & Q(x)) = ((! x. P(x)) & (! x. Q(x)))";

(* '&' congruence rule: not included by default!
May slow rewrite proofs down by as much as 50% *)

let val th = prove_goal (the_context ())
"(P=P')--> (P'--> (Q=Q'))--> ((P&Q) = (P'&Q'))"
(fn _=> [(Blast_tac 1)])
in  bind_thm("conj_cong",standard (impI RSN (2, th RS mp RS mp)))  end;

let val th = prove_goal (the_context ())
"(Q=Q')--> (Q'--> (P=P'))--> ((P&Q) = (P'&Q'))"
(fn _=> [(Blast_tac 1)])
in  bind_thm("rev_conj_cong",standard (impI RSN (2, th RS mp RS mp)))  end;

(* '|' congruence rule: not included by default! *)

let val th = prove_goal (the_context ())
"(P=P')--> (~P'--> (Q=Q'))--> ((P|Q) = (P'|Q'))"
(fn _=> [(Blast_tac 1)])
in  bind_thm("disj_cong",standard (impI RSN (2, th RS mp RS mp)))  end;

prove "eq_sym_conv" "(x=y) = (y=x)";

(** if-then-else rules **)

Goalw [if_def] "(if True then x else y) = x";
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_True";

Goalw [if_def] "(if False then x else y) = y";
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_False";

Goalw [if_def] "P ==> (if P then x else y) = x";
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_P";

Goalw [if_def] "~P ==> (if P then x else y) = y";
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_not_P";

Goal "P(if Q then x else y) = ((Q --> P(x)) & (~Q --> P(y)))";
by (res_inst_tac [("Q","Q")] (excluded_middle RS disjE) 1);
by (stac if_P 2);
by (stac if_not_P 1);
by (ALLGOALS (Blast_tac));
qed "split_if";

Goal "P(if Q then x else y) = (~((Q & ~P x) | (~Q & ~P y)))";
by (stac split_if 1);
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "split_if_asm";

bind_thms ("if_splits", [split_if, split_if_asm]);

bind_thm ("if_def2", read_instantiate [("P","\\<lambda>x. x")] split_if);

Goal "(if c then x else x) = x";
by (stac split_if 1);
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_cancel";

Goal "(if x = y then y else x) = x";
by (stac split_if 1);
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_eq_cancel";

(*This form is useful for expanding IFs on the RIGHT of the ==> symbol*)
Goal "(if P then Q else R) = ((P-->Q) & (~P-->R))";
by (rtac split_if 1);
qed "if_bool_eq_conj";

(*And this form is useful for expanding IFs on the LEFT*)
Goal "(if P then Q else R) = ((P&Q) | (~P&R))";
by (stac split_if 1);
by (Blast_tac 1);
qed "if_bool_eq_disj";

local
val uncurry = prove_goal (the_context()) "P --> Q --> R ==> P & Q --> R"
(fn prems => [cut_facts_tac prems 1, Blast_tac 1]);

val iff_allI = allI RS
prove_goal (the_context()) "!x. P x = Q x ==> (!x. P x) = (!x. Q x)"
(fn prems => [cut_facts_tac prems 1, Blast_tac 1])
in

(*** make simplification procedures for quantifier elimination ***)

structure Quantifier1 = Quantifier1Fun
(struct
(*abstract syntax*)
fun dest_eq((c as Const("op =",_)) \$ s \$ t) = Some(c,s,t)
| dest_eq _ = None;
fun dest_conj((c as Const("op &",_)) \$ s \$ t) = Some(c,s,t)
| dest_conj _ = None;
fun dest_imp((c as Const("op -->",_)) \$ s \$ t) = Some(c,s,t)
| dest_imp _ = None;
val conj = HOLogic.conj
val imp  = HOLogic.imp
(*rules*)
val iff_reflection = eq_reflection
val iffI = iffI
val conjI= conjI
val conjE= conjE
val impI = impI
val mp   = mp
val uncurry = uncurry
val exI  = exI
val exE  = exE
val iff_allI = iff_allI
end);

end;

local
val ex_pattern = Thm.read_cterm (Theory.sign_of (the_context ()))
("EX x. P(x) & Q(x)",HOLogic.boolT)
val all_pattern = Thm.read_cterm (Theory.sign_of (the_context ()))
("ALL x. P(x) --> Q(x)",HOLogic.boolT)
in
val defEX_regroup = mk_simproc "defined EX" [ex_pattern]
Quantifier1.rearrange_ex
val defALL_regroup = mk_simproc "defined ALL" [all_pattern]
Quantifier1.rearrange_all
end;

(*** Case splitting ***)

(*Make meta-equalities.  The operator below is Trueprop*)

fun mk_meta_eq r = r RS eq_reflection;
fun safe_mk_meta_eq r = mk_meta_eq r handle Thm.THM _ => r;

bind_thm ("Eq_TrueI", mk_meta_eq (prover  "P --> (P = True)"  RS mp));
bind_thm ("Eq_FalseI", mk_meta_eq(prover "~P --> (P = False)" RS mp));

fun mk_eq th = case concl_of th of
Const("==",_)\$_\$_       => th
|   _\$(Const("op =",_)\$_\$_) => mk_meta_eq th
|   _\$(Const("Not",_)\$_)    => th RS Eq_FalseI
|   _                       => th RS Eq_TrueI;
(* last 2 lines requires all formulae to be of the from Trueprop(.) *)

fun mk_eq_True r =
Some (r RS meta_eq_to_obj_eq RS Eq_TrueI) handle Thm.THM _ => None;

(*Congruence rules for = (instead of ==)*)
fun mk_meta_cong rl =
standard(mk_meta_eq(replicate (nprems_of rl) meta_eq_to_obj_eq MRS rl))
handle THM _ =>
error("Premises and conclusion of congruence rules must be =-equalities");

(* Elimination of True from asumptions: *)

local fun rd s = read_cterm (sign_of (the_context())) (s, propT);
in val True_implies_equals = standard' (equal_intr
(implies_intr_hyps (implies_elim (assume (rd "True ==> PROP P")) TrueI))
(implies_intr_hyps (implies_intr (rd "True") (assume (rd "PROP P")))));
end;

structure SplitterData =
struct
structure Simplifier = Simplifier
val mk_eq          = mk_eq
val meta_eq_to_iff = meta_eq_to_obj_eq
val iffD           = iffD2
val disjE          = disjE
val conjE          = conjE
val exE            = exE
val contrapos      = contrapos_nn
val contrapos2     = contrapos_pp
val notnotD        = notnotD
end;

structure Splitter = SplitterFun(SplitterData);

val split_tac        = Splitter.split_tac;
val split_inside_tac = Splitter.split_inside_tac;
val split_asm_tac    = Splitter.split_asm_tac;
val op addsplits     = Splitter.addsplits;
val op delsplits     = Splitter.delsplits;
val Addsplits        = Splitter.Addsplits;
val Delsplits        = Splitter.Delsplits;

(*In general it seems wrong to add distributive laws by default: they
might cause exponential blow-up.  But imp_disjL has been in for a while
and cannot be removed without affecting existing proofs.  Moreover,
rewriting by "(P|Q --> R) = ((P-->R)&(Q-->R))" might be justified on the
grounds that it allows simplification of R in the two cases.*)

val mksimps_pairs =
[("op -->", [mp]), ("op &", [conjunct1,conjunct2]),
("All", [spec]), ("True", []), ("False", []),
("If", [if_bool_eq_conj RS iffD1])];

(* ###FIXME: move to Provers/simplifier.ML
val mk_atomize:      (string * thm list) list -> thm -> thm list
*)
(* ###FIXME: move to Provers/simplifier.ML *)
fun mk_atomize pairs =
let fun atoms th =
(case concl_of th of
Const("Trueprop",_) \$ p =>
(case head_of p of
Const(a,_) =>
(case assoc(pairs,a) of
Some(rls) => flat (map atoms ([th] RL rls))
| None => [th])
| _ => [th])
| _ => [th])
in atoms end;

fun mksimps pairs =
(mapfilter (try mk_eq) o mk_atomize pairs o forall_elim_vars_safe);

fun unsafe_solver_tac prems =
FIRST'[resolve_tac(reflexive_thm::TrueI::refl::prems), atac, etac FalseE];
val unsafe_solver = mk_solver "HOL unsafe" unsafe_solver_tac;

(*No premature instantiation of variables during simplification*)
fun safe_solver_tac prems =
FIRST'[match_tac(reflexive_thm::TrueI::refl::prems),
eq_assume_tac, ematch_tac [FalseE]];
val safe_solver = mk_solver "HOL safe" safe_solver_tac;

val HOL_basic_ss =
empty_ss setsubgoaler asm_simp_tac
setSSolver safe_solver
setSolver unsafe_solver
setmksimps (mksimps mksimps_pairs)
setmkeqTrue mk_eq_True
setmkcong mk_meta_cong;

val HOL_ss =
HOL_basic_ss addsimps
([triv_forall_equality, (* prunes params *)
True_implies_equals, (* prune asms `True' *)
eta_contract_eq, (* prunes eta-expansions *)
if_True, if_False, if_cancel, if_eq_cancel,
imp_disjL, conj_assoc, disj_assoc,
de_Morgan_conj, de_Morgan_disj, imp_disj1, imp_disj2, not_imp,
disj_not1, not_all, not_ex, cases_simp,
thm "the_eq_trivial", the_sym_eq_trivial, thm "plus_ac0.zero", thm "plus_ac0_zero_right"]
@ ex_simps @ all_simps @ simp_thms)
addsimprocs [defALL_regroup,defEX_regroup]
addcongs [imp_cong]
addsplits [split_if];

fun hol_simplify rews = Simplifier.full_simplify (HOL_basic_ss addsimps rews);

(*Simplifies x assuming c and y assuming ~c*)
val prems = Goalw [if_def]
"[| b=c; c ==> x=u; ~c ==> y=v |] ==> \
\  (if b then x else y) = (if c then u else v)";
by (asm_simp_tac (HOL_ss addsimps prems) 1);
qed "if_cong";

(*Prevents simplification of x and y: faster and allows the execution
of functional programs. NOW THE DEFAULT.*)
Goal "b=c ==> (if b then x else y) = (if c then x else y)";
by (etac arg_cong 1);
qed "if_weak_cong";

(*Prevents simplification of t: much faster*)
Goal "a = b ==> (let x=a in t(x)) = (let x=b in t(x))";
by (etac arg_cong 1);
qed "let_weak_cong";

Goal "f(if c then x else y) = (if c then f x else f y)";
by (simp_tac (HOL_ss setloop (split_tac [split_if])) 1);
qed "if_distrib";

(*For expand_case_tac*)
val prems = Goal "[| P ==> Q(True); ~P ==> Q(False) |] ==> Q(P)";
by (case_tac "P" 1);
by (ALLGOALS (asm_simp_tac (HOL_ss addsimps prems)));
qed "expand_case";

(*Used in Auth proofs.  Typically P contains Vars that become instantiated
during unification.*)
fun expand_case_tac P i =
res_inst_tac [("P",P)] expand_case i THEN
Simp_tac (i+1) THEN
Simp_tac i;

(*This lemma restricts the effect of the rewrite rule u=v to the left-hand
side of an equality.  Used in {Integ,Real}/simproc.ML*)
Goal "x=y ==> (x=z) = (y=z)";
by (asm_simp_tac HOL_ss 1);
qed "restrict_to_left";

(* default simpset *)
val simpsetup =
[fn thy => (simpset_ref_of thy := HOL_ss addcongs [if_weak_cong]; thy)];

(*** integration of simplifier with classical reasoner ***)

structure Clasimp = ClasimpFun
(structure Simplifier = Simplifier and Splitter = Splitter
and Classical  = Classical and Blast = Blast
val iffD1 = iffD1 val iffD2 = iffD2 val notE = notE
val cla_make_elim = cla_make_elim);
open Clasimp;

val HOL_css = (HOL_cs, HOL_ss);

(*** A general refutation procedure ***)

(* Parameters:

test: term -> bool
tests if a term is at all relevant to the refutation proof;
if not, then it can be discarded. Can improve performance,
esp. if disjunctions can be discarded (no case distinction needed!).

prep_tac: int -> tactic
A preparation tactic to be applied to the goal once all relevant premises
have been moved to the conclusion.

ref_tac: int -> tactic
the actual refutation tactic. Should be able to deal with goals
[| A1; ...; An |] ==> False
where the Ai are atomic, i.e. no top-level &, | or EX
*)

fun refute_tac test prep_tac ref_tac =
let val nnf_simps =
[imp_conv_disj,iff_conv_conj_imp,de_Morgan_disj,de_Morgan_conj,
not_all,not_ex,not_not];
val nnf_simpset =
empty_ss setmkeqTrue mk_eq_True
setmksimps (mksimps mksimps_pairs)
addsimps nnf_simps;
val prem_nnf_tac = full_simp_tac nnf_simpset;

val refute_prems_tac =
REPEAT(eresolve_tac [conjE, exE] 1 ORELSE
filter_prems_tac test 1 ORELSE
etac disjE 1) THEN
((etac notE 1 THEN eq_assume_tac 1) ORELSE
ref_tac 1);
in EVERY'[TRY o filter_prems_tac test,
DETERM o REPEAT o etac rev_mp, prep_tac, rtac ccontr, prem_nnf_tac,
SELECT_GOAL (DEPTH_SOLVE refute_prems_tac)]
end;
```