src/Sequents/prover.ML
 author nipkow Wed, 04 Aug 2004 11:25:08 +0200 changeset 15106 e8cef6993701 parent 13105 3d1e7a199bdc child 16458 4c6fd0c01d28 permissions -rw-r--r--
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(*  Title:      Sequents/prover
ID:         \$Id\$
Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
Copyright   1992  University of Cambridge

Simple classical reasoner for the sequent calculus, based on "theorem packs"
*)

(*Higher precedence than := facilitates use of references*)
infix 4 add_safes add_unsafes;

structure Cla =

struct

datatype pack = Pack of thm list * thm list;

val trace = ref false;

(*A theorem pack has the form  (safe rules, unsafe rules)
An unsafe rule is incomplete or introduces variables in subgoals,
and is tried only when the safe rules are not applicable.  *)

fun less (rl1,rl2) = (nprems_of rl1) < (nprems_of rl2);

val empty_pack = Pack([],[]);

fun warn_duplicates [] = []
| warn_duplicates dups =
(warning (cat_lines ("Ignoring duplicate theorems:" :: map string_of_thm dups));
dups);

fun (Pack(safes,unsafes)) add_safes ths   =
let val dups = warn_duplicates (gen_inter Drule.eq_thm_prop (ths,safes))
val ths' = gen_rems Drule.eq_thm_prop (ths,dups)
in
Pack(sort (make_ord less) (ths'@safes), unsafes)
end;

fun (Pack(safes,unsafes)) add_unsafes ths =
let val dups = warn_duplicates (gen_inter Drule.eq_thm_prop (ths,unsafes))
val ths' = gen_rems Drule.eq_thm_prop (ths,dups)
in
Pack(safes, sort (make_ord less) (ths'@unsafes))
end;

fun merge_pack (Pack(safes,unsafes), Pack(safes',unsafes')) =
Pack(sort (make_ord less) (safes@safes'),
sort (make_ord less) (unsafes@unsafes'));

fun print_pack (Pack(safes,unsafes)) =
(writeln "Safe rules:";  print_thms safes;
writeln "Unsafe rules:"; print_thms unsafes);

(*Returns the list of all formulas in the sequent*)
fun forms_of_seq (Const("SeqO'",_) \$ P \$ u) = P :: forms_of_seq u
| forms_of_seq (H \$ u) = forms_of_seq u
| forms_of_seq _ = [];

(*Tests whether two sequences (left or right sides) could be resolved.
seqp is a premise (subgoal), seqc is a conclusion of an object-rule.
Assumes each formula in seqc is surrounded by sequence variables
-- checks that each concl formula looks like some subgoal formula.
It SHOULD check order as well, using recursion rather than forall/exists*)
fun could_res (seqp,seqc) =
forall (fn Qc => exists (fn Qp => could_unify (Qp,Qc))
(forms_of_seq seqp))
(forms_of_seq seqc);

(*Tests whether two sequents or pairs of sequents could be resolved*)
fun could_resolve_seq (prem,conc) =
case (prem,conc) of
(_ \$ Abs(_,_,leftp) \$ Abs(_,_,rightp),
_ \$ Abs(_,_,leftc) \$ Abs(_,_,rightc)) =>
could_res (leftp,leftc) andalso could_res (rightp,rightc)
| (_ \$ Abs(_,_,leftp) \$ rightp,
_ \$ Abs(_,_,leftc) \$ rightc) =>
could_res (leftp,leftc)  andalso  could_unify (rightp,rightc)
| _ => false;

(*Like filt_resolve_tac, using could_resolve_seq
Much faster than resolve_tac when there are many rules.
Resolve subgoal i using the rules, unless more than maxr are compatible. *)
fun filseq_resolve_tac rules maxr = SUBGOAL(fn (prem,i) =>
let val rls = filter_thms could_resolve_seq (maxr+1, prem, rules)
in  if length rls > maxr  then  no_tac
else (*((rtac derelict 1 THEN rtac impl 1
THEN (rtac identity 2 ORELSE rtac ll_mp 2)
THEN rtac context1 1)
ORELSE *) resolve_tac rls i
end);

(*Predicate: does the rule have n premises? *)
fun has_prems n rule =  (nprems_of rule = n);

(*Continuation-style tactical for resolution.
The list of rules is partitioned into 0, 1, 2 premises.
The resulting tactic, gtac, tries to resolve with rules.
If successful, it recursively applies nextac to the new subgoals only.
Else fails.  (Treatment of goals due to Ph. de Groote)
Bind (RESOLVE_THEN rules) to a variable: it preprocesses the rules. *)

(*Takes rule lists separated in to 0, 1, 2, >2 premises.
The abstraction over state prevents needless divergence in recursion.
The 9999 should be a parameter, to delay treatment of flexible goals. *)

fun RESOLVE_THEN rules =
let val [rls0,rls1,rls2] = partition_list has_prems 0 2 rules;
fun tac nextac i state = state |>
(filseq_resolve_tac rls0 9999 i
ORELSE
(DETERM(filseq_resolve_tac rls1 9999 i) THEN  TRY(nextac i))
ORELSE
(DETERM(filseq_resolve_tac rls2 9999 i) THEN  TRY(nextac(i+1))
THEN  TRY(nextac i)))
in  tac  end;

(*repeated resolution applied to the designated goal*)
fun reresolve_tac rules =
let val restac = RESOLVE_THEN rules;  (*preprocessing done now*)
fun gtac i = restac gtac i
in  gtac  end;

(*tries the safe rules repeatedly before the unsafe rules. *)
fun repeat_goal_tac (Pack(safes,unsafes)) =
let val restac  =    RESOLVE_THEN safes
and lastrestac = RESOLVE_THEN unsafes;
fun gtac i = restac gtac i
ORELSE  (if !trace then
(print_tac "" THEN lastrestac gtac i)
else lastrestac gtac i)
in  gtac  end;

(*Tries safe rules only*)
fun safe_tac (Pack(safes,unsafes)) = reresolve_tac safes;

val safe_goal_tac = safe_tac;   (*backwards compatibility*)

(*Tries a safe rule or else a unsafe rule.  Single-step for tracing. *)
fun step_tac (pack as Pack(safes,unsafes)) =
safe_tac pack  ORELSE'
filseq_resolve_tac unsafes 9999;

(* Tactic for reducing a goal, using Predicate Calculus rules.
A decision procedure for Propositional Calculus, it is incomplete
for Predicate-Calculus because of allL_thin and exR_thin.
Fails if it can do nothing.      *)
fun pc_tac pack = SELECT_GOAL (DEPTH_SOLVE (repeat_goal_tac pack 1));

(*The following two tactics are analogous to those provided by
Provers/classical.  In fact, pc_tac is usually FASTER than fast_tac!*)
fun fast_tac pack =
SELECT_GOAL (DEPTH_SOLVE (step_tac pack 1));

fun best_tac pack  =
SELECT_GOAL (BEST_FIRST (has_fewer_prems 1, size_of_thm)
(step_tac pack 1));

structure ProverArgs =
struct
val name = "Sequents/prover";
type T = pack ref;
val empty = ref empty_pack
fun copy (ref pack) = ref pack;
val prep_ext = copy;
fun merge (ref pack1, ref pack2) = ref (merge_pack (pack1, pack2));
fun print _ (ref pack) = print_pack pack;
end;

structure ProverData = TheoryDataFun(ProverArgs);

val prover_setup = [ProverData.init];

val print_pack = ProverData.print;
val pack_ref_of_sg = ProverData.get_sg;
val pack_ref_of = ProverData.get;

(* access global pack *)

val pack_of_sg = ! o pack_ref_of_sg;
val pack_of = pack_of_sg o sign_of;

val pack = pack_of o Context.the_context;
val pack_ref = pack_ref_of_sg o sign_of o Context.the_context;

(* change global pack *)

fun change_pack f x = pack_ref () := (f (pack (), x));

val Add_safes = change_pack (op add_safes);
val Add_unsafes = change_pack (op add_unsafes);

fun Fast_tac st = fast_tac (pack()) st;
fun Step_tac st = step_tac (pack()) st;
fun Safe_tac st = safe_tac (pack()) st;
fun Pc_tac st   = pc_tac (pack()) st;

end;

open Cla;