author wenzelm
Wed, 27 Mar 2013 16:38:25 +0100
changeset 51553 63327f679cff
parent 46953 2b6e55924af3
child 58860 fee7cfa69c50
permissions -rw-r--r--
more ambitious Goal.skip_proofs: covers Goal.prove forms as well, and do not insist in quick_and_dirty (for the sake of Isabelle/jEdit);

(*  Title:      ZF/func.thy
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
    Copyright   1991  University of Cambridge

header{*Functions, Function Spaces, Lambda-Abstraction*}

theory func imports equalities Sum begin

subsection{*The Pi Operator: Dependent Function Space*}

lemma subset_Sigma_imp_relation: "r \<subseteq> Sigma(A,B) ==> relation(r)"
by (simp add: relation_def, blast)

lemma relation_converse_converse [simp]:
     "relation(r) ==> converse(converse(r)) = r"
by (simp add: relation_def, blast)

lemma relation_restrict [simp]:  "relation(restrict(r,A))"
by (simp add: restrict_def relation_def, blast)

lemma Pi_iff:
    "f \<in> Pi(A,B) \<longleftrightarrow> function(f) & f<=Sigma(A,B) & A<=domain(f)"
by (unfold Pi_def, blast)

(*For upward compatibility with the former definition*)
lemma Pi_iff_old:
    "f \<in> Pi(A,B) \<longleftrightarrow> f<=Sigma(A,B) & (\<forall>x\<in>A. EX! y. <x,y>: f)"
by (unfold Pi_def function_def, blast)

lemma fun_is_function: "f \<in> Pi(A,B) ==> function(f)"
by (simp only: Pi_iff)

lemma function_imp_Pi:
     "[|function(f); relation(f)|] ==> f \<in> domain(f) -> range(f)"
by (simp add: Pi_iff relation_def, blast)

lemma functionI:
     "[| !!x y y'. [| <x,y>:r; <x,y'>:r |] ==> y=y' |] ==> function(r)"
by (simp add: function_def, blast)

(*Functions are relations*)
lemma fun_is_rel: "f \<in> Pi(A,B) ==> f \<subseteq> Sigma(A,B)"
by (unfold Pi_def, blast)

lemma Pi_cong:
    "[| A=A';  !!x. x \<in> A' ==> B(x)=B'(x) |] ==> Pi(A,B) = Pi(A',B')"
by (simp add: Pi_def cong add: Sigma_cong)

(*Sigma_cong, Pi_cong NOT given to Addcongs: they cause
  flex-flex pairs and the "Check your prover" error.  Most
  Sigmas and Pis are abbreviated as * or -> *)

(*Weakening one function type to another; see also Pi_type*)
lemma fun_weaken_type: "[| f \<in> A->B;  B<=D |] ==> f \<in> A->D"
by (unfold Pi_def, best)

subsection{*Function Application*}

lemma apply_equality2: "[| <a,b>: f;  <a,c>: f;  f \<in> Pi(A,B) |] ==> b=c"
by (unfold Pi_def function_def, blast)

lemma function_apply_equality: "[| <a,b>: f;  function(f) |] ==> f`a = b"
by (unfold apply_def function_def, blast)

lemma apply_equality: "[| <a,b>: f;  f \<in> Pi(A,B) |] ==> f`a = b"
apply (unfold Pi_def)
apply (blast intro: function_apply_equality)

(*Applying a function outside its domain yields 0*)
lemma apply_0: "a \<notin> domain(f) ==> f`a = 0"
by (unfold apply_def, blast)

lemma Pi_memberD: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  c \<in> f |] ==> \<exists>x\<in>A.  c = <x,f`x>"
apply (frule fun_is_rel)
apply (blast dest: apply_equality)

lemma function_apply_Pair: "[| function(f);  a \<in> domain(f)|] ==> <a,f`a>: f"
apply (simp add: function_def, clarify)
apply (subgoal_tac "f`a = y", blast)
apply (simp add: apply_def, blast)

lemma apply_Pair: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  a \<in> A |] ==> <a,f`a>: f"
apply (simp add: Pi_iff)
apply (blast intro: function_apply_Pair)

(*Conclusion is flexible -- use rule_tac or else apply_funtype below!*)
lemma apply_type [TC]: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  a \<in> A |] ==> f`a \<in> B(a)"
by (blast intro: apply_Pair dest: fun_is_rel)

(*This version is acceptable to the simplifier*)
lemma apply_funtype: "[| f \<in> A->B;  a \<in> A |] ==> f`a \<in> B"
by (blast dest: apply_type)

lemma apply_iff: "f \<in> Pi(A,B) ==> <a,b>: f \<longleftrightarrow> a \<in> A & f`a = b"
apply (frule fun_is_rel)
apply (blast intro!: apply_Pair apply_equality)

(*Refining one Pi type to another*)
lemma Pi_type: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,C);  !!x. x \<in> A ==> f`x \<in> B(x) |] ==> f \<in> Pi(A,B)"
apply (simp only: Pi_iff)
apply (blast dest: function_apply_equality)

(*Such functions arise in non-standard datatypes, ZF/ex/Ntree for instance*)
lemma Pi_Collect_iff:
     "(f \<in> Pi(A, %x. {y \<in> B(x). P(x,y)}))
      \<longleftrightarrow>  f \<in> Pi(A,B) & (\<forall>x\<in>A. P(x, f`x))"
by (blast intro: Pi_type dest: apply_type)

lemma Pi_weaken_type:
        "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  !!x. x \<in> A ==> B(x)<=C(x) |] ==> f \<in> Pi(A,C)"
by (blast intro: Pi_type dest: apply_type)

(** Elimination of membership in a function **)

lemma domain_type: "[| <a,b> \<in> f;  f \<in> Pi(A,B) |] ==> a \<in> A"
by (blast dest: fun_is_rel)

lemma range_type: "[| <a,b> \<in> f;  f \<in> Pi(A,B) |] ==> b \<in> B(a)"
by (blast dest: fun_is_rel)

lemma Pair_mem_PiD: "[| <a,b>: f;  f \<in> Pi(A,B) |] ==> a \<in> A & b \<in> B(a) & f`a = b"
by (blast intro: domain_type range_type apply_equality)

subsection{*Lambda Abstraction*}

lemma lamI: "a \<in> A ==> <a,b(a)> \<in> (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x))"
apply (unfold lam_def)
apply (erule RepFunI)

lemma lamE:
    "[| p: (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x));  !!x.[| x \<in> A; p=<x,b(x)> |] ==> P
     |] ==>  P"
by (simp add: lam_def, blast)

lemma lamD: "[| <a,c>: (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) |] ==> c = b(a)"
by (simp add: lam_def)

lemma lam_type [TC]:
    "[| !!x. x \<in> A ==> b(x): B(x) |] ==> (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) \<in> Pi(A,B)"
by (simp add: lam_def Pi_def function_def, blast)

lemma lam_funtype: "(\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) \<in> A -> {b(x). x \<in> A}"
by (blast intro: lam_type)

lemma function_lam: "function (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x))"
by (simp add: function_def lam_def)

lemma relation_lam: "relation (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x))"
by (simp add: relation_def lam_def)

lemma beta_if [simp]: "(\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) ` a = (if a \<in> A then b(a) else 0)"
by (simp add: apply_def lam_def, blast)

lemma beta: "a \<in> A ==> (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) ` a = b(a)"
by (simp add: apply_def lam_def, blast)

lemma lam_empty [simp]: "(\<lambda>x\<in>0. b(x)) = 0"
by (simp add: lam_def)

lemma domain_lam [simp]: "domain(Lambda(A,b)) = A"
by (simp add: lam_def, blast)

(*congruence rule for lambda abstraction*)
lemma lam_cong [cong]:
    "[| A=A';  !!x. x \<in> A' ==> b(x)=b'(x) |] ==> Lambda(A,b) = Lambda(A',b')"
by (simp only: lam_def cong add: RepFun_cong)

lemma lam_theI:
    "(!!x. x \<in> A ==> EX! y. Q(x,y)) ==> \<exists>f. \<forall>x\<in>A. Q(x, f`x)"
apply (rule_tac x = "\<lambda>x\<in>A. THE y. Q (x,y)" in exI)
apply simp
apply (blast intro: theI)

lemma lam_eqE: "[| (\<lambda>x\<in>A. f(x)) = (\<lambda>x\<in>A. g(x));  a \<in> A |] ==> f(a)=g(a)"
by (fast intro!: lamI elim: equalityE lamE)

(*Empty function spaces*)
lemma Pi_empty1 [simp]: "Pi(0,A) = {0}"
by (unfold Pi_def function_def, blast)

(*The singleton function*)
lemma singleton_fun [simp]: "{<a,b>} \<in> {a} -> {b}"
by (unfold Pi_def function_def, blast)

lemma Pi_empty2 [simp]: "(A->0) = (if A=0 then {0} else 0)"
by (unfold Pi_def function_def, force)

lemma  fun_space_empty_iff [iff]: "(A->X)=0 \<longleftrightarrow> X=0 & (A \<noteq> 0)"
apply auto
apply (fast intro!: equals0I intro: lam_type)



lemma fun_subset:
    "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  g \<in> Pi(C,D);  A<=C;
        !!x. x \<in> A ==> f`x = g`x       |] ==> f<=g"
by (force dest: Pi_memberD intro: apply_Pair)

lemma fun_extension:
    "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  g \<in> Pi(A,D);
        !!x. x \<in> A ==> f`x = g`x       |] ==> f=g"
by (blast del: subsetI intro: subset_refl sym fun_subset)

lemma eta [simp]: "f \<in> Pi(A,B) ==> (\<lambda>x\<in>A. f`x) = f"
apply (rule fun_extension)
apply (auto simp add: lam_type apply_type beta)

lemma fun_extension_iff:
     "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B); g \<in> Pi(A,C) |] ==> (\<forall>a\<in>A. f`a = g`a) \<longleftrightarrow> f=g"
by (blast intro: fun_extension)

(*thm by Mark Staples, proof by lcp*)
lemma fun_subset_eq: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B); g \<in> Pi(A,C) |] ==> f \<subseteq> g \<longleftrightarrow> (f = g)"
by (blast dest: apply_Pair
          intro: fun_extension apply_equality [symmetric])

(*Every element of Pi(A,B) may be expressed as a lambda abstraction!*)
lemma Pi_lamE:
  assumes major: "f \<in> Pi(A,B)"
      and minor: "!!b. [| \<forall>x\<in>A. b(x):B(x);  f = (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) |] ==> P"
  shows "P"
apply (rule minor)
apply (rule_tac [2] eta [symmetric])
apply (blast intro: major apply_type)+

subsection{*Images of Functions*}

lemma image_lam: "C \<subseteq> A ==> (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x)) `` C = {b(x). x \<in> C}"
by (unfold lam_def, blast)

lemma Repfun_function_if:
      ==> {f`x. x \<in> C} = (if C \<subseteq> domain(f) then f``C else cons(0,f``C))";
apply simp
apply (intro conjI impI)
 apply (blast dest: function_apply_equality intro: function_apply_Pair)
apply (rule equalityI)
 apply (blast intro!: function_apply_Pair apply_0)
apply (blast dest: function_apply_equality intro: apply_0 [symmetric])

(*For this lemma and the next, the right-hand side could equivalently
  be written \<Union>x\<in>C. {f`x} *)
lemma image_function:
     "[| function(f);  C \<subseteq> domain(f) |] ==> f``C = {f`x. x \<in> C}";
by (simp add: Repfun_function_if)

lemma image_fun: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  C \<subseteq> A |] ==> f``C = {f`x. x \<in> C}"
apply (simp add: Pi_iff)
apply (blast intro: image_function)

lemma image_eq_UN:
  assumes f: "f \<in> Pi(A,B)" "C \<subseteq> A" shows "f``C = (\<Union>x\<in>C. {f ` x})"
by (auto simp add: image_fun [OF f])

lemma Pi_image_cons:
     "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  x \<in> A |] ==> f `` cons(x,y) = cons(f`x, f``y)"
by (blast dest: apply_equality apply_Pair)

subsection{*Properties of @{term "restrict(f,A)"}*}

lemma restrict_subset: "restrict(f,A) \<subseteq> f"
by (unfold restrict_def, blast)

lemma function_restrictI:
    "function(f) ==> function(restrict(f,A))"
by (unfold restrict_def function_def, blast)

lemma restrict_type2: "[| f \<in> Pi(C,B);  A<=C |] ==> restrict(f,A) \<in> Pi(A,B)"
by (simp add: Pi_iff function_def restrict_def, blast)

lemma restrict: "restrict(f,A) ` a = (if a \<in> A then f`a else 0)"
by (simp add: apply_def restrict_def, blast)

lemma restrict_empty [simp]: "restrict(f,0) = 0"
by (unfold restrict_def, simp)

lemma restrict_iff: "z \<in> restrict(r,A) \<longleftrightarrow> z \<in> r & (\<exists>x\<in>A. \<exists>y. z = \<langle>x, y\<rangle>)"
by (simp add: restrict_def)

lemma restrict_restrict [simp]:
     "restrict(restrict(r,A),B) = restrict(r, A \<inter> B)"
by (unfold restrict_def, blast)

lemma domain_restrict [simp]: "domain(restrict(f,C)) = domain(f) \<inter> C"
apply (unfold restrict_def)
apply (auto simp add: domain_def)

lemma restrict_idem: "f \<subseteq> Sigma(A,B) ==> restrict(f,A) = f"
by (simp add: restrict_def, blast)

(*converse probably holds too*)
lemma domain_restrict_idem:
     "[| domain(r) \<subseteq> A; relation(r) |] ==> restrict(r,A) = r"
by (simp add: restrict_def relation_def, blast)

lemma domain_restrict_lam [simp]: "domain(restrict(Lambda(A,f),C)) = A \<inter> C"
apply (unfold restrict_def lam_def)
apply (rule equalityI)
apply (auto simp add: domain_iff)

lemma restrict_if [simp]: "restrict(f,A) ` a = (if a \<in> A then f`a else 0)"
by (simp add: restrict apply_0)

lemma restrict_lam_eq:
    "A<=C ==> restrict(\<lambda>x\<in>C. b(x), A) = (\<lambda>x\<in>A. b(x))"
by (unfold restrict_def lam_def, auto)

lemma fun_cons_restrict_eq:
     "f \<in> cons(a, b) -> B ==> f = cons(<a, f ` a>, restrict(f, b))"
apply (rule equalityI)
 prefer 2 apply (blast intro: apply_Pair restrict_subset [THEN subsetD])
apply (auto dest!: Pi_memberD simp add: restrict_def lam_def)

subsection{*Unions of Functions*}

(** The Union of a set of COMPATIBLE functions is a function **)

lemma function_Union:
    "[| \<forall>x\<in>S. function(x);
        \<forall>x\<in>S. \<forall>y\<in>S. x<=y | y<=x  |]
     ==> function(\<Union>(S))"
by (unfold function_def, blast)

lemma fun_Union:
    "[| \<forall>f\<in>S. \<exists>C D. f \<in> C->D;
             \<forall>f\<in>S. \<forall>y\<in>S. f<=y | y<=f  |] ==>
          \<Union>(S) \<in> domain(\<Union>(S)) -> range(\<Union>(S))"
apply (unfold Pi_def)
apply (blast intro!: rel_Union function_Union)

lemma gen_relation_Union [rule_format]:
     "\<forall>f\<in>F. relation(f) \<Longrightarrow> relation(\<Union>(F))"
by (simp add: relation_def)

(** The Union of 2 disjoint functions is a function **)

lemmas Un_rls = Un_subset_iff SUM_Un_distrib1 prod_Un_distrib2
                subset_trans [OF _ Un_upper1]
                subset_trans [OF _ Un_upper2]

lemma fun_disjoint_Un:
     "[| f \<in> A->B;  g \<in> C->D;  A \<inter> C = 0  |]
      ==> (f \<union> g) \<in> (A \<union> C) -> (B \<union> D)"
(*Prove the product and domain subgoals using distributive laws*)
apply (simp add: Pi_iff extension Un_rls)
apply (unfold function_def, blast)

lemma fun_disjoint_apply1: "a \<notin> domain(g) ==> (f \<union> g)`a = f`a"
by (simp add: apply_def, blast)

lemma fun_disjoint_apply2: "c \<notin> domain(f) ==> (f \<union> g)`c = g`c"
by (simp add: apply_def, blast)

subsection{*Domain and Range of a Function or Relation*}

lemma domain_of_fun: "f \<in> Pi(A,B) ==> domain(f)=A"
by (unfold Pi_def, blast)

lemma apply_rangeI: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  a \<in> A |] ==> f`a \<in> range(f)"
by (erule apply_Pair [THEN rangeI], assumption)

lemma range_of_fun: "f \<in> Pi(A,B) ==> f \<in> A->range(f)"
by (blast intro: Pi_type apply_rangeI)

subsection{*Extensions of Functions*}

lemma fun_extend:
     "[| f \<in> A->B;  c\<notin>A |] ==> cons(<c,b>,f) \<in> cons(c,A) -> cons(b,B)"
apply (frule singleton_fun [THEN fun_disjoint_Un], blast)
apply (simp add: cons_eq)

lemma fun_extend3:
     "[| f \<in> A->B;  c\<notin>A;  b \<in> B |] ==> cons(<c,b>,f) \<in> cons(c,A) -> B"
by (blast intro: fun_extend [THEN fun_weaken_type])

lemma extend_apply:
     "c \<notin> domain(f) ==> cons(<c,b>,f)`a = (if a=c then b else f`a)"
by (auto simp add: apply_def)

lemma fun_extend_apply [simp]:
     "[| f \<in> A->B;  c\<notin>A |] ==> cons(<c,b>,f)`a = (if a=c then b else f`a)"
apply (rule extend_apply)
apply (simp add: Pi_def, blast)

lemmas singleton_apply = apply_equality [OF singletonI singleton_fun, simp]

(*For Finite.ML.  Inclusion of right into left is easy*)
lemma cons_fun_eq:
     "c \<notin> A ==> cons(c,A) -> B = (\<Union>f \<in> A->B. \<Union>b\<in>B. {cons(<c,b>, f)})"
apply (rule equalityI)
apply (safe elim!: fun_extend3)
(*Inclusion of left into right*)
apply (subgoal_tac "restrict (x, A) \<in> A -> B")
 prefer 2 apply (blast intro: restrict_type2)
apply (rule UN_I, assumption)
apply (rule apply_funtype [THEN UN_I])
  apply assumption
 apply (rule consI1)
apply (simp (no_asm))
apply (rule fun_extension)
  apply assumption
 apply (blast intro: fun_extend)
apply (erule consE, simp_all)

lemma succ_fun_eq: "succ(n) -> B = (\<Union>f \<in> n->B. \<Union>b\<in>B. {cons(<n,b>, f)})"
by (simp add: succ_def mem_not_refl cons_fun_eq)

subsection{*Function Updates*}

  update  :: "[i,i,i] => i"  where
   "update(f,a,b) == \<lambda>x\<in>cons(a, domain(f)). if(x=a, b, f`x)"

nonterminal updbinds and updbind


  (* Let expressions *)

  "_updbind"    :: "[i, i] => updbind"               ("(2_ :=/ _)")
  ""            :: "updbind => updbinds"             ("_")
  "_updbinds"   :: "[updbind, updbinds] => updbinds" ("_,/ _")
  "_Update"     :: "[i, updbinds] => i"              ("_/'((_)')" [900,0] 900)

  "_Update (f, _updbinds(b,bs))"  == "_Update (_Update(f,b), bs)"
  "f(x:=y)"                       == "CONST update(f,x,y)"

lemma update_apply [simp]: "f(x:=y) ` z = (if z=x then y else f`z)"
apply (simp add: update_def)
apply (case_tac "z \<in> domain(f)")
apply (simp_all add: apply_0)

lemma update_idem: "[| f`x = y;  f \<in> Pi(A,B);  x \<in> A |] ==> f(x:=y) = f"
apply (unfold update_def)
apply (simp add: domain_of_fun cons_absorb)
apply (rule fun_extension)
apply (best intro: apply_type if_type lam_type, assumption, simp)

(* [| f \<in> Pi(A, B); x \<in> A |] ==> f(x := f`x) = f *)
declare refl [THEN update_idem, simp]

lemma domain_update [simp]: "domain(f(x:=y)) = cons(x, domain(f))"
by (unfold update_def, simp)

lemma update_type: "[| f \<in> Pi(A,B);  x \<in> A;  y \<in> B(x) |] ==> f(x:=y) \<in> Pi(A, B)"
apply (unfold update_def)
apply (simp add: domain_of_fun cons_absorb apply_funtype lam_type)

subsection{*Monotonicity Theorems*}

subsubsection{*Replacement in its Various Forms*}

(*Not easy to express monotonicity in P, since any "bigger" predicate
  would have to be single-valued*)
lemma Replace_mono: "A<=B ==> Replace(A,P) \<subseteq> Replace(B,P)"
by (blast elim!: ReplaceE)

lemma RepFun_mono: "A<=B ==> {f(x). x \<in> A} \<subseteq> {f(x). x \<in> B}"
by blast

lemma Pow_mono: "A<=B ==> Pow(A) \<subseteq> Pow(B)"
by blast

lemma Union_mono: "A<=B ==> \<Union>(A) \<subseteq> \<Union>(B)"
by blast

lemma UN_mono:
    "[| A<=C;  !!x. x \<in> A ==> B(x)<=D(x) |] ==> (\<Union>x\<in>A. B(x)) \<subseteq> (\<Union>x\<in>C. D(x))"
by blast

(*Intersection is ANTI-monotonic.  There are TWO premises! *)
lemma Inter_anti_mono: "[| A<=B;  A\<noteq>0 |] ==> \<Inter>(B) \<subseteq> \<Inter>(A)"
by blast

lemma cons_mono: "C<=D ==> cons(a,C) \<subseteq> cons(a,D)"
by blast

lemma Un_mono: "[| A<=C;  B<=D |] ==> A \<union> B \<subseteq> C \<union> D"
by blast

lemma Int_mono: "[| A<=C;  B<=D |] ==> A \<inter> B \<subseteq> C \<inter> D"
by blast

lemma Diff_mono: "[| A<=C;  D<=B |] ==> A-B \<subseteq> C-D"
by blast

subsubsection{*Standard Products, Sums and Function Spaces *}

lemma Sigma_mono [rule_format]:
     "[| A<=C;  !!x. x \<in> A \<longrightarrow> B(x) \<subseteq> D(x) |] ==> Sigma(A,B) \<subseteq> Sigma(C,D)"
by blast

lemma sum_mono: "[| A<=C;  B<=D |] ==> A+B \<subseteq> C+D"
by (unfold sum_def, blast)

(*Note that B->A and C->A are typically disjoint!*)
lemma Pi_mono: "B<=C ==> A->B \<subseteq> A->C"
by (blast intro: lam_type elim: Pi_lamE)

lemma lam_mono: "A<=B ==> Lambda(A,c) \<subseteq> Lambda(B,c)"
apply (unfold lam_def)
apply (erule RepFun_mono)

subsubsection{*Converse, Domain, Range, Field*}

lemma converse_mono: "r<=s ==> converse(r) \<subseteq> converse(s)"
by blast

lemma domain_mono: "r<=s ==> domain(r)<=domain(s)"
by blast

lemmas domain_rel_subset = subset_trans [OF domain_mono domain_subset]

lemma range_mono: "r<=s ==> range(r)<=range(s)"
by blast

lemmas range_rel_subset = subset_trans [OF range_mono range_subset]

lemma field_mono: "r<=s ==> field(r)<=field(s)"
by blast

lemma field_rel_subset: "r \<subseteq> A*A ==> field(r) \<subseteq> A"
by (erule field_mono [THEN subset_trans], blast)


lemma image_pair_mono:
    "[| !! x y. <x,y>:r ==> <x,y>:s;  A<=B |] ==> r``A \<subseteq> s``B"
by blast

lemma vimage_pair_mono:
    "[| !! x y. <x,y>:r ==> <x,y>:s;  A<=B |] ==> r-``A \<subseteq> s-``B"
by blast

lemma image_mono: "[| r<=s;  A<=B |] ==> r``A \<subseteq> s``B"
by blast

lemma vimage_mono: "[| r<=s;  A<=B |] ==> r-``A \<subseteq> s-``B"
by blast

lemma Collect_mono:
    "[| A<=B;  !!x. x \<in> A ==> P(x) \<longrightarrow> Q(x) |] ==> Collect(A,P) \<subseteq> Collect(B,Q)"
by blast

(*Used in intr_elim.ML and in individual datatype definitions*)
lemmas basic_monos = subset_refl imp_refl disj_mono conj_mono ex_mono
                     Collect_mono Part_mono in_mono

(* Useful with simp; contributed by Clemens Ballarin. *)

lemma bex_image_simp:
  "[| f \<in> Pi(X, Y); A \<subseteq> X |]  ==> (\<exists>x\<in>f``A. P(x)) \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>x\<in>A. P(f`x))"
  apply safe
   apply rule
    prefer 2 apply assumption
   apply (simp add: apply_equality)
  apply (blast intro: apply_Pair)

lemma ball_image_simp:
  "[| f \<in> Pi(X, Y); A \<subseteq> X |]  ==> (\<forall>x\<in>f``A. P(x)) \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>x\<in>A. P(f`x))"
  apply safe
   apply (blast intro: apply_Pair)
  apply (drule bspec) apply assumption
  apply (simp add: apply_equality)