src/Pure/Isar/subgoal.ML
author wenzelm
Sat, 04 Apr 2020 22:39:42 +0200
changeset 71945 8ed68b2aeba1
parent 67721 5348bea4accd
child 74501 c49134ee16c1
permissions -rw-r--r--
more robust: notably for sledgehammer with 'using' and prover=cvc4;

(*  Title:      Pure/Isar/subgoal.ML
    Author:     Makarius
    Author:     Daniel Matichuk, NICTA/UNSW

Tactical operations with explicit subgoal focus, based on canonical
proof decomposition.  The "visible" part of the text within the
context is fixed, the remaining goal may be schematic.

Isar subgoal command for proof structure within unstructured proof
scripts.
*)

signature SUBGOAL =
sig
  type focus =
   {context: Proof.context, params: (string * cterm) list, prems: thm list, asms: cterm list,
    concl: cterm, schematics: ((indexname * sort) * ctyp) list * ((indexname * typ) * cterm) list}
  val focus_params: Proof.context -> int -> binding list option -> thm -> focus * thm
  val focus_params_fixed: Proof.context -> int -> binding list option -> thm -> focus * thm
  val focus_prems: Proof.context -> int -> binding list option -> thm -> focus * thm
  val focus: Proof.context -> int -> binding list option -> thm -> focus * thm
  val retrofit: Proof.context -> Proof.context -> (string * cterm) list -> cterm list ->
    int -> thm -> thm -> thm Seq.seq
  val FOCUS_PARAMS: (focus -> tactic) -> Proof.context -> int -> tactic
  val FOCUS_PARAMS_FIXED: (focus -> tactic) -> Proof.context -> int -> tactic
  val FOCUS_PREMS: (focus -> tactic) -> Proof.context -> int -> tactic
  val FOCUS: (focus -> tactic) -> Proof.context -> int -> tactic
  val SUBPROOF: (focus -> tactic) -> Proof.context -> int -> tactic
  val subgoal: Attrib.binding -> Attrib.binding option ->
    bool * (string option * Position.T) list -> Proof.state -> focus * Proof.state
  val subgoal_cmd: Attrib.binding -> Attrib.binding option ->
    bool * (string option * Position.T) list -> Proof.state -> focus * Proof.state
end;

structure Subgoal: SUBGOAL =
struct

(* focus *)

type focus =
 {context: Proof.context, params: (string * cterm) list, prems: thm list, asms: cterm list,
  concl: cterm, schematics: ((indexname * sort) * ctyp) list * ((indexname * typ) * cterm) list};

fun gen_focus (do_prems, do_concl) ctxt i bindings raw_st =
  let
    val st = raw_st
      |> Thm.solve_constraints
      |> Thm.transfer' ctxt
      |> Raw_Simplifier.norm_hhf_protect ctxt;
    val ((schematic_types, [st']), ctxt1) = Variable.importT [st] ctxt;
    val ((params, goal), ctxt2) = Variable.focus_cterm bindings (Thm.cprem_of st' i) ctxt1;

    val (asms, concl) =
      if do_prems then (Drule.strip_imp_prems goal, Drule.strip_imp_concl goal)
      else ([], goal);
    val text = asms @ (if do_concl then [concl] else []);

    val (inst, ctxt3) = Variable.import_inst true (map Thm.term_of text) ctxt2;
    val schematic_terms = map (apsnd (Thm.cterm_of ctxt3)) (#2 inst);

    val schematics = (schematic_types, schematic_terms);
    val asms' = map (Thm.instantiate_cterm schematics) asms;
    val concl' = Thm.instantiate_cterm schematics concl;
    val (prems, context) = Assumption.add_assumes asms' ctxt3;
  in
    ({context = context, params = params, prems = prems,
      asms = asms', concl = concl', schematics = schematics}, Goal.init concl')
  end;

val focus_params = gen_focus (false, false);
val focus_params_fixed = gen_focus (false, true);
val focus_prems = gen_focus (true, false);
val focus = gen_focus (true, true);


(* lift and retrofit *)

(*
     B [?'b, ?y]
  ----------------
  B ['b, y params]
*)
fun lift_import idx params th ctxt =
  let
    val ((_, [th']), ctxt') = Variable.importT [th] ctxt;

    val Ts = map Thm.typ_of_cterm params;
    val ts = map Thm.term_of params;

    val prop = Thm.full_prop_of th';
    val concl_vars = Term.add_vars (Logic.strip_imp_concl prop) [];
    val vars = rev (Term.add_vars prop []);
    val (ys, ctxt'') = Variable.variant_fixes (map (Name.clean o #1 o #1) vars) ctxt';

    fun var_inst v y =
      let
        val ((x, i), T) = v;
        val (U, args) =
          if member (op =) concl_vars v then (T, [])
          else (Ts ---> T, ts);
        val u = Free (y, U);
        in ((Var v, list_comb (u, args)), (u, Var ((x, i + idx), U))) end;
    val (inst1, inst2) =
      split_list (map (apply2 (apply2 (Thm.cterm_of ctxt))) (map2 var_inst vars ys));

    val th'' = Thm.instantiate ([], map (apfst (Term.dest_Var o Thm.term_of)) inst1) th';
  in ((inst2, th''), ctxt'') end;

(*
       [x, A x]
          :
       B x \<Longrightarrow> C
  ------------------
  [\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x]
          :
          C
*)
fun lift_subgoals ctxt params asms th =
  let
    fun lift ct = fold_rev (Thm.all_name ctxt) params (Drule.list_implies (asms, ct));
    val unlift =
      fold (Thm.elim_implies o Thm.assume) asms o
      Drule.forall_elim_list (map #2 params) o Thm.assume;
    val subgoals = map lift (Drule.strip_imp_prems (Thm.cprop_of th));
    val th' = fold (Thm.elim_implies o unlift) subgoals th;
  in (subgoals, th') end;

fun retrofit ctxt1 ctxt0 params asms i st1 st0 =
  let
    val idx = Thm.maxidx_of st0 + 1;
    val ps = map #2 params;
    val ((subgoal_inst, st2), ctxt2) = lift_import idx ps st1 ctxt1;
    val (subgoals, st3) = lift_subgoals ctxt2 params asms st2;
    val result = st3
      |> Goal.conclude
      |> Drule.implies_intr_list asms
      |> Drule.forall_intr_list ps
      |> Drule.implies_intr_list subgoals
      |> fold_rev (Thm.forall_intr o #1) subgoal_inst
      |> fold (Thm.forall_elim o #2) subgoal_inst
      |> Thm.adjust_maxidx_thm idx
      |> singleton (Variable.export ctxt2 ctxt0);
  in
    Thm.bicompose (SOME ctxt0) {flatten = true, match = false, incremented = false}
      (false, result, Thm.nprems_of st1) i st0
  end;


(* tacticals *)

fun GEN_FOCUS flags tac ctxt i st =
  if Thm.nprems_of st < i then Seq.empty
  else
    let val (args as {context = ctxt', params, asms, ...}, st') =
      gen_focus flags (ctxt |> Variable.set_bound_focus true) i NONE st;
    in Seq.lifts (retrofit ctxt' ctxt params asms i) (tac args st') st end;

val FOCUS_PARAMS = GEN_FOCUS (false, false);
val FOCUS_PARAMS_FIXED = GEN_FOCUS (false, true);
val FOCUS_PREMS = GEN_FOCUS (true, false);
val FOCUS = GEN_FOCUS (true, true);

fun SUBPROOF tac ctxt = FOCUS (Seq.map (Goal.check_finished ctxt) oo tac) ctxt;


(* Isar subgoal command *)

local

fun param_bindings ctxt (param_suffix, raw_param_specs) st =
  let
    val _ = if Thm.no_prems st then error "No subgoals!" else ();
    val subgoal = #1 (Logic.dest_implies (Thm.prop_of st));
    val subgoal_params =
      map (apfst (Name.internal o Name.clean)) (Term.strip_all_vars subgoal)
      |> Term.variant_frees subgoal |> map #1;

    val n = length subgoal_params;
    val m = length raw_param_specs;
    val _ =
      m <= n orelse
        error ("Excessive subgoal parameter specification" ^
          Position.here_list (map snd (drop n raw_param_specs)));

    val param_specs =
      raw_param_specs |> map
        (fn (NONE, _) => NONE
          | (SOME x, pos) =>
              let
                val b = #1 (#1 (Proof_Context.cert_var (Binding.make (x, pos), NONE, NoSyn) ctxt));
                val _ = Variable.check_name b;
              in SOME b end)
      |> param_suffix ? append (replicate (n - m) NONE);

    fun bindings (SOME x :: xs) (_ :: ys) = x :: bindings xs ys
      | bindings (NONE :: xs) (y :: ys) = Binding.name y :: bindings xs ys
      | bindings _ ys = map Binding.name ys;
  in bindings param_specs subgoal_params end;

fun gen_subgoal prep_atts raw_result_binding raw_prems_binding param_specs state =
  let
    val _ = Proof.assert_backward state;

    val state1 = state |> Proof.refine_insert [];
    val {context = ctxt, facts = facts, goal = st} = Proof.raw_goal state1;

    val result_binding = apsnd (map (prep_atts ctxt)) raw_result_binding;
    val (prems_binding, do_prems) =
      (case raw_prems_binding of
        SOME (b, raw_atts) => ((b, map (prep_atts ctxt) raw_atts), true)
      | NONE => (Binding.empty_atts, false));

    val (subgoal_focus, _) =
      (if do_prems then focus else focus_params_fixed) ctxt
        1 (SOME (param_bindings ctxt param_specs st)) st;

    fun after_qed (ctxt'', [[result]]) =
      Proof.end_block #> (fn state' =>
        let
          val ctxt' = Proof.context_of state';
          val results' =
            Proof_Context.export ctxt'' ctxt' (Conjunction.elim_conjunctions result);
        in
          state'
          |> Proof.refine_primitive (fn _ => fn _ =>
            retrofit ctxt'' ctxt' (#params subgoal_focus) (#asms subgoal_focus) 1
              (Goal.protect 0 result) st
            |> Seq.hd)
          |> Proof.map_context
            (#2 o Proof_Context.note_thmss "" [(result_binding, [(results', [])])])
        end)
      #> Proof.reset_facts
      #> Proof.enter_backward;
  in
    state1
    |> Proof.enter_forward
    |> Proof.using_facts []
    |> Proof.begin_block
    |> Proof.map_context (fn _ =>
      #context subgoal_focus
      |> Proof_Context.note_thmss "" [(prems_binding, [(#prems subgoal_focus, [])])] |> #2)
    |> Proof.internal_goal (K (K ())) (Proof_Context.get_mode ctxt) true "subgoal"
        NONE after_qed [] [] [(Binding.empty_atts, [(Thm.term_of (#concl subgoal_focus), [])])] |> #2
    |> Proof.using_facts facts
    |> pair subgoal_focus
  end;

in

val subgoal = gen_subgoal Attrib.attribute;
val subgoal_cmd = gen_subgoal Attrib.attribute_cmd;

end;

end;

val SUBPROOF = Subgoal.SUBPROOF;