author Cezary Kaliszyk Mon, 12 Dec 2011 15:32:54 +0900 changeset 45815 2b7eb46e70f9 parent 45814 a644ba1d7cf9 child 45817 bb39fba83e9b
Add Quotient_Rat: an example of using the quotient package with partial equivalence relations, defining rational numbers.
```--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/HOL/Quotient_Examples/Quotient_Rat.thy	Mon Dec 12 15:32:54 2011 +0900
@@ -0,0 +1,287 @@
+(*  Title:      HOL/Quotient_Examples/Quotient_Rat.thy
+    Author:     Cezary Kaliszyk
+
+Rational numbers defined with the quotient package, based on 'HOL/Rat.thy' by Makarius.
+*)
+
+theory Quotient_Rat imports Archimedean_Field
+  "~~/src/HOL/Library/Quotient_Product"
+begin
+
+definition
+  ratrel :: "(int \<times> int) \<Rightarrow> (int \<times> int) \<Rightarrow> bool" (infix "\<approx>" 50)
+where
+  [simp]: "x \<approx> y \<longleftrightarrow> snd x \<noteq> 0 \<and> snd y \<noteq> 0 \<and> fst x * snd y = fst y * snd x"
+
+lemma ratrel_equivp:
+  "part_equivp ratrel"
+proof (auto intro!: part_equivpI reflpI sympI transpI exI[of _ "1 :: int"])
+  fix a b c d e f :: int
+  assume nz: "d \<noteq> 0" "b \<noteq> 0"
+  assume y: "a * d = c * b"
+  assume x: "c * f = e * d"
+  then have "c * b * f = e * d * b" using nz by simp
+  then have "a * d * f = e * d * b" using y by simp
+  then show "a * f = e * b" using nz by simp
+qed
+
+quotient_type rat = "int \<times> int" / partial: ratrel
+ using ratrel_equivp .
+
+instantiation rat :: "{zero, one, plus, uminus, minus, times, ord, abs_if, sgn_if}"
+begin
+
+quotient_definition
+  "0 \<Colon> rat" is "(0\<Colon>int, 1\<Colon>int)"
+
+quotient_definition
+  "1 \<Colon> rat" is "(1\<Colon>int, 1\<Colon>int)"
+
+fun times_rat_raw where
+  "times_rat_raw (a :: int, b :: int) (c, d) = (a * c, b * d)"
+
+quotient_definition
+  "(op *) :: (rat \<Rightarrow> rat \<Rightarrow> rat)" is times_rat_raw
+
+fun plus_rat_raw where
+  "plus_rat_raw (a :: int, b :: int) (c, d) = (a * d + c * b, b * d)"
+
+quotient_definition
+  "(op +) :: (rat \<Rightarrow> rat \<Rightarrow> rat)" is plus_rat_raw
+
+fun uminus_rat_raw where
+  "uminus_rat_raw (a :: int, b :: int) = (-a, b)"
+
+quotient_definition
+  "(uminus \<Colon> (rat \<Rightarrow> rat))" is "uminus_rat_raw"
+
+definition
+  minus_rat_def: "a - b = a + (-b\<Colon>rat)"
+
+fun le_rat_raw where
+  "le_rat_raw (a :: int, b) (c, d) \<longleftrightarrow> (a * d) * (b * d) \<le> (c * b) * (b * d)"
+
+quotient_definition
+  "(op \<le>) :: rat \<Rightarrow> rat \<Rightarrow> bool" is "le_rat_raw"
+
+definition
+  less_rat_def: "(z\<Colon>rat) < w = (z \<le> w \<and> z \<noteq> w)"
+
+definition
+  rabs_rat_def: "\<bar>i\<Colon>rat\<bar> = (if i < 0 then - i else i)"
+
+definition
+  sgn_rat_def: "sgn (i\<Colon>rat) = (if i = 0 then 0 else if 0 < i then 1 else - 1)"
+
+instance by intro_classes
+  (auto simp add: rabs_rat_def sgn_rat_def)
+
+end
+
+definition
+  Fract_raw :: "int \<Rightarrow> int \<Rightarrow> (int \<times> int)"
+where [simp]: "Fract_raw a b = (if b = 0 then (0, 1) else (a, b))"
+
+quotient_definition "Fract :: int \<Rightarrow> int \<Rightarrow> rat" is
+  Fract_raw
+
+lemma [quot_respect]:
+  "(op \<approx> ===> op \<approx> ===> op \<approx>) times_rat_raw times_rat_raw"
+  "(op \<approx> ===> op \<approx> ===> op \<approx>) plus_rat_raw plus_rat_raw"
+  "(op \<approx> ===> op \<approx>) uminus_rat_raw uminus_rat_raw"
+  "(op = ===> op = ===> op \<approx>) Fract_raw Fract_raw"
+  by (auto intro!: fun_relI simp add: mult_assoc mult_commute mult_left_commute int_distrib(2))
+
+lemmas [simp] = Respects_def
+
+instantiation rat :: comm_ring_1
+begin
+
+instance proof
+  fix a b c :: rat
+  show "a * b * c = a * (b * c)"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+  show "a * b = b * a"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+  show "1 * a = a"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+  show "a + b + c = a + (b + c)"
+    by partiality_descending (auto simp add: mult_commute right_distrib)
+  show "a + b = b + a"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+  show "0 + a = a"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+  show "- a + a = 0"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+  show "a - b = a + - b"
+  show "(a + b) * c = a * c + b * c"
+    by partiality_descending (auto simp add: mult_commute right_distrib)
+  show "(0 :: rat) \<noteq> (1 :: rat)"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+qed
+
+end
+
+lemma add_one_Fract: "1 + Fract (int k) 1 = Fract (1 + int k) 1"
+  by descending auto
+
+lemma of_nat_rat: "of_nat k = Fract (of_nat k) 1"
+  apply (induct k)
+  apply (simp add: zero_rat_def Fract_def)
+  done
+
+lemma of_int_rat: "of_int k = Fract k 1"
+  apply (cases k rule: int_diff_cases)
+  apply (auto simp add: of_nat_rat minus_rat_def)
+  apply descending
+  apply auto
+  done
+
+instantiation rat :: number_ring
+begin
+
+definition
+  rat_number_of_def: "number_of w = Fract w 1"
+
+instance apply default
+  unfolding rat_number_of_def of_int_rat ..
+
+end
+
+instantiation rat :: field_inverse_zero begin
+
+fun rat_inverse_raw where
+  "rat_inverse_raw (a :: int, b :: int) = (if a = 0 then (0, 1) else (b, a))"
+
+quotient_definition
+  "inverse :: rat \<Rightarrow> rat" is rat_inverse_raw
+
+definition
+  divide_rat_def: "q / r = q * inverse (r::rat)"
+
+lemma [quot_respect]:
+  "(op \<approx> ===> op \<approx>) rat_inverse_raw rat_inverse_raw"
+  by (auto intro!: fun_relI simp add: mult_commute)
+
+instance proof
+  fix q :: rat
+  assume "q \<noteq> 0"
+  then show "inverse q * q = 1"
+    by partiality_descending auto
+next
+  fix q r :: rat
+  show "q / r = q * inverse r" by (simp add: divide_rat_def)
+next
+  show "inverse 0 = (0::rat)" by partiality_descending auto
+qed
+
+end
+
+lemma [quot_respect]: "(op \<approx> ===> op \<approx> ===> op =) le_rat_raw le_rat_raw"
+proof -
+  {
+    fix a b c d e f g h :: int
+    assume "a * f * (b * f) \<le> e * b * (b * f)"
+    then have le: "a * f * b * f \<le> e * b * b * f" by simp
+    assume nz: "b \<noteq> 0" "d \<noteq> 0" "f \<noteq> 0" "h \<noteq> 0"
+    then have b2: "b * b > 0"
+      by (metis linorder_neqE_linordered_idom mult_eq_0_iff not_square_less_zero)
+    have f2: "f * f > 0" using nz(3)
+      by (metis linorder_neqE_linordered_idom mult_eq_0_iff not_square_less_zero)
+    assume eq: "a * d = c * b" "e * h = g * f"
+    have "a * f * b * f * d * d \<le> e * b * b * f * d * d" using le nz(2)
+      by (metis linorder_le_cases mult_right_mono mult_right_mono_neg)
+    then have "c * f * f * d * (b * b) \<le> e * f * d * d * (b * b)" using eq
+      by (metis (no_types) mult_assoc mult_commute)
+    then have "c * f * f * d \<le> e * f * d * d" using b2
+      by (metis leD linorder_le_less_linear mult_strict_right_mono)
+    then have "c * f * f * d * h * h \<le> e * f * d * d * h * h" using nz(4)
+      by (metis linorder_le_cases mult_right_mono mult_right_mono_neg)
+    then have "c * h * (d * h) * (f * f) \<le> g * d * (d * h) * (f * f)" using eq
+      by (metis (no_types) mult_assoc mult_commute)
+    then have "c * h * (d * h) \<le> g * d * (d * h)" using f2
+      by (metis leD linorder_le_less_linear mult_strict_right_mono)
+  }
+  then show ?thesis by (auto intro!: fun_relI)
+qed
+
+instantiation rat :: linorder
+begin
+
+instance proof
+  fix q r s :: rat
+  {
+    assume "q \<le> r" and "r \<le> s"
+    then show "q \<le> s"
+    proof (partiality_descending, auto simp add: mult_assoc[symmetric])
+      fix a b c d e f :: int
+      assume nz: "b \<noteq> 0" "d \<noteq> 0" "f \<noteq> 0"
+      then have d2: "d * d > 0"
+        by (metis linorder_neqE_linordered_idom mult_eq_0_iff not_square_less_zero)
+      assume le: "a * d * b * d \<le> c * b * b * d" "c * f * d * f \<le> e * d * d * f"
+      then have a: "a * d * b * d * f * f \<le> c * b * b * d * f * f" using nz(3)
+        by (metis linorder_le_cases mult_right_mono mult_right_mono_neg)
+      have "c * f * d * f * b * b \<le> e * d * d * f * b * b" using nz(1) le
+        by (metis linorder_le_cases mult_right_mono mult_right_mono_neg)
+      then have "a * f * b * f * (d * d) \<le> e * b * b * f * (d * d)" using a
+      then show "a * f * b * f \<le> e * b * b * f" using d2
+        by (metis leD linorder_le_less_linear mult_strict_right_mono)
+    qed
+  next
+    assume "q \<le> r" and "r \<le> q"
+    then show "q = r"
+      apply (partiality_descending, auto)
+      apply (case_tac "b > 0", case_tac [!] "ba > 0")
+      apply simp_all
+      done
+  next
+    show "q \<le> q" by partiality_descending auto
+    show "(q < r) = (q \<le> r \<and> \<not> r \<le> q)"
+      unfolding less_rat_def
+      by partiality_descending (auto simp add: le_less mult_commute)
+    show "q \<le> r \<or> r \<le> q"
+      by partiality_descending (auto simp add: mult_commute linorder_linear)
+  }
+qed
+
+end
+
+instance rat :: archimedean_field
+proof
+  fix q r s :: rat
+  show "q \<le> r ==> s + q \<le> s + r"
+    fix a b c d e :: int
+    assume "e \<noteq> 0"
+    then have e2: "e * e > 0"
+      by (metis linorder_neqE_linordered_idom mult_eq_0_iff not_square_less_zero)
+      assume "a * b * d * d \<le> b * b * c * d"
+      then show "a * b * d * d * e * e * e * e \<le> b * b * c * d * e * e * e * e"
+        using e2 by (metis comm_mult_left_mono mult_commute linorder_le_cases
+          mult_left_mono_neg)
+    qed
+  show "q < r ==> 0 < s ==> s * q < s * r" unfolding less_rat_def
+    fix a b c d e f :: int
+    assume a: "e \<noteq> 0" "f \<noteq> 0" "0 \<le> e * f" "a * b * d * d \<le> b * b * c * d"
+    have "a * b * d * d * (e * f) \<le> b * b * c * d * (e * f)" using a
+    then show "a * b * d * d * e * f * f * f \<le> b * b * c * d * e * f * f * f"
+      by (simp add: mult_assoc[symmetric]) (metis a(3) comm_mult_left_mono
+        mult_commute mult_left_mono_neg zero_le_mult_iff)
+  qed
+  show "\<exists>z. r \<le> of_int z"
+    unfolding of_int_rat
+  proof (partiality_descending, auto)
+    fix a b :: int
+    assume "b \<noteq> 0"
+    then have "a * b \<le> (a div b + 1) * b * b"
+      by (metis mult_commute div_mult_self1_is_id less_int_def linorder_le_cases zdiv_mono1 zdiv_mono1_neg zle_add1_eq_le)
+    then show "\<exists>z\<Colon>int. a * b \<le> z * b * b" by auto
+  qed
+qed
+
+end```
```--- a/src/HOL/Quotient_Examples/ROOT.ML	Sun Dec 11 21:57:22 2011 +0100
+++ b/src/HOL/Quotient_Examples/ROOT.ML	Mon Dec 12 15:32:54 2011 +0900
@@ -5,5 +5,5 @@
*)

use_thys ["DList", "FSet", "Quotient_Int", "Quotient_Message", "Quotient_Cset",
-  "List_Quotient_Cset", "Lift_Set", "Lift_RBT", "Lift_Fun"];
+  "List_Quotient_Cset", "Lift_Set", "Lift_RBT", "Lift_Fun", "Quotient_Rat"];
```