changeset 48985 5386df44a037
parent 26862 a79d7d5f1d06
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/Doc/underscore.sty	Tue Aug 28 18:57:32 2012 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,248 @@
+% underscore.sty     21-Sep-2005   Donald Arseneau
+% Make the "_" character print as "\textunderscore" in text.
+% Copyright 1998,2001,2005,2006 Donald Arseneau;  
+% License: LPPL version 1.2 or later.
+% Instructions follow after the definitions.
+ \catcode`\_=\active
+ \gdef _{% \relax % No relax gives a small vulnerability in alignments
+   \ifx\if@safe@actives\iftrue % must be outermost test!
+      \string_%
+   \else
+      \ifx\protect\@typeset@protect
+         \ifmmode \sb \else \BreakableUnderscore \fi
+      \else
+         \ifx\protect\@unexpandable@protect \noexpand_%
+         \else \protect_%
+      \fi\fi
+    \fi}
+  \global\let\ActiveUnderscore=_
+  \gdef\normalUnderscoreDef{\let_\ActiveUnderscore}
+% At begin: set catcode; fix \long \ttdefault so I can use it in comparisons; 
+% reapply definition of active _ in output routine (\@firstofone to strip
+% away braces, so avoiding deeper nesting).
+  {\immediate\write\@auxout{\catcode\number\string`\_ \string\active}}%
+  \catcode\string`\_\string=\active
+  \edef\ttdefault{\ttdefault}%
+  \output=\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter
+     {\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter\normalUnderscoreDef
+      \expandafter\@firstofone\the\output}%
+ \ifx\f@family\ttdefault \string_\else \textunderscore\fi
+ \usc@dischyph\nobreak\hskip\z@skip}
+  \ifmmode \nfss@text{\textunderscore}\else \BreakableUnderscore \fi}
+\ifnum\catcode`\_=\active\else \endinput \fi
+%%%%%%%%   Redefine commands that use character strings   %%%%%%%%
+  \UnderscoreCommands
+  \do\include \do\includeonly
+  \do\@input \do\@iinput \do\InputIfFileExists
+  \do\ref \do\pageref \do\newlabel
+  \do\bibitem \do\@bibitem \do\cite \do\nocite \do\bibcite
+  \do\Ginclude@graphics \do\@setckpt
+% Macro to redefine a macro to pre-process its string argument
+% with \protect -> \string.
+\def\do#1{% Avoid double processing if user includes command twice!
+ \@ifundefined{US\string_\expandafter\@gobble\string#1}{%
+   \edef\@tempb{\meaning#1}% Check if macro is just a protection shell...
+   \def\@tempc{\protect}%
+   \edef\@tempc{\meaning\@tempc\string#1\space\space}%
+   \ifx\@tempb\@tempc % just a shell: hook into the protected inner command
+     \expandafter\do
+       \csname \expandafter\@gobble\string#1 \expandafter\endcsname
+   \else % Check if macro takes an optional argument
+     \def\@tempc{\@ifnextchar[}%
+     \edef\@tempa{\def\noexpand\@tempa####1\meaning\@tempc}%
+     \@tempa##2##3\@tempa{##2\relax}%
+     \edef\@tempb{\meaning#1\meaning\@tempc}%
+     \edef\@tempc{\noexpand\@tempd \csname
+        US\string_\expandafter\@gobble\string#1\endcsname}%
+     \if \expandafter\@tempa\@tempb \relax 12\@tempa % then no optional arg
+       \@tempc #1\US@prot
+     \else  % There is optional arg
+       \@tempc #1\US@protopt
+     \fi
+   \fi
+ }{}}
+\def\US@prot#1#2{\let\@@protect\protect \let\protect\string
+  \edef\US@temp##1{##1{#2}}\restore@protect\US@temp#1}
+\def\US@protarg #1[#2]{\US@prot{{#1[#2]}}}
+\let\do\relax \let\@tempd\relax  % un-do
+underscore.sty    13-Sep-2006  Donald Arseneau
+The "\_" command (which normally prints an underscore character or
+facsimile) is altered so that the hyphenation of constituent words
+is not affected, and hyphenation is permitted after the underscore.
+For example, "compound\_fracture" hyphenates as com- pound\_- frac- ture.
+If you prefer the underscore to break without a hyphen (but still with 
+the same rules for explicit hyphen-breaks) then use the [nohyphen]
+package option.
+A simple "_" acts just like "\_" in text mode, but makes a subscript
+in math mode: activation_energy $E_a$
+Both forms use an underscore character if the font encoding contains
+one (e.g., "\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}" or typewriter fonts in any encoding),
+but they use a rule if there is no proper character.
+The skips and penalties ruin any kerning with the underscore character
+(when a character is used).  However, there doesn't seem to be much, if
+any, such kerning in the ec fonts, and there is never any kerning with
+a rule.
+You must avoid "_" in file names and in cite or ref tags, or you must use 
+the babel package, with its active-character controls, or you must give 
+the [strings] option, which attempts to redefine several commands (and 
+may not work perfectly).  Even without the [strings] option or babel, you 
+can use occasional underscores like: "\include{file\string_name}".
+Option: [strings]
+The default operation is quite simple and needs no customization; but
+you must avoid using "_" in any place where LaTeX uses an argument as
+a string of characters for some control function or as a name.  These
+include the tags for "\cite" and "\ref", file names for "\input", 
+"\include", and "\includegraphics", environment names, counter names,
+and placement parameters (like "[t]").  The problem with these contexts
+is that they are `moving arguments' but LaTeX does not `switch on' the
+"\protect" mechanism for them.
+If you need to use the underscore character in these places, the package
+option [strings] is provided to redefine commands that take such a string
+argument so that protection is applied (with "\protect" being "\string").
+The list of commands is given in "\UnderscoreCommands", with "\do" before
+each; plus several others covering "\input", "\includegraphics, "\cite", 
+"\ref", and their variants.  Not included are many commands regarding font 
+names, everything with counter names, environment names, page styles, and 
+versions of "\ref" and "\cite" defined by external packages (e.g., "\vref" 
+and "\citeyear").
+You can add to the list of supported commands by defining "\UnderscoreCommands"
+before loading this package; e.g.
+   \usepackage{chicago}
+   \newcommand{\UnderscoreCommands}{%   (\cite already done)
+     \do\citeNP \do\citeA \do\citeANP \do\citeN \do\shortcite
+     \do\shortciteNP \do\shortciteA \do\shortciteANP \do\shortciteN
+     \do\citeyear \do\citeyearNP
+   }
+   \usepackage[strings]{underscore}
+Not all commands can be supported this way!  Only commands that take a
+string argument *first* can be protected.  One optional argument before
+the string argument is also permitted, as exemplified by "\cite": both
+"\cite{tags}" and "\cite[text]{tags}" are allowed.  A command like
+"\@addtoreset" which takes two counter names as arguments could not
+be protected by listing it in "\UnderscoreCommands".
+*When you use the [strings] option, you must load this package
+last* (or nearly last).
+There are two reasons: 1) The redefinitions done for protection must come
+after other packages define their customized versions of those commands.
+2) The [strings] option requires the "_" character to be activated immediately
+in order for the cite and ref tags to be read properly from the .aux file
+as plain strings, and this catcode setting might disrupt other packages.
+The babel package implements a protection mechanism for many commands,
+and will be a complete fix for most documents without the [strings] option.
+Many add-on packages are compatible with babel, so they will get the
+strings protection also.  However, there are several commands that are 
+not covered by babel, but can easily be supported by the [strings] and 
+"\UnderscoreCommands" mechanism.  Beware that using both [strings] and
+babel might lead to conflicts, but none are seen yet (load babel last).
+Implementation Notes:
+The first setting of "_" to be an active character is performed in a local
+group so as to not interfere with other packages.  The catcode setting
+is repeated with "\AtBeginDocument" so the definition is in effect for the
+text.  However, the catcode setting is repeated immediately when the
+[strings] option is detected.
+The definition of the active "_" is essentially:
+       \ifmmode \sb \else \BreakableUnderscore \fi
+where "\sb" retains the normal subscript meaning of "_" and where
+"\BreakableUnderscore" is essentially "\_".  The rest of the definition
+handles the "\protect"ion without causing "\relax" to be inserted before
+the character.
+"\BreakableUnderscore" uses "\nobreak\hskip\z@skip" to separate the
+underscore from surrounding words, thus allowing TeX to hyphenate them,
+but preventing free breaks around the underscore. Next, it checks the
+current font family, and uses the underscore character from tt fonts or
+otherwise "\textunderscore" (which is a character or rule depending on
+the font encoding).  After the underscore, it inserts a discretionary
+hyphenation point as "\usc@dischyph", which is usually just "\-"
+except that it still works in the tabbing environment, although it
+will give "\discretionary{}{}{}" under the [nohyphen] option.  After
+that, another piece of non-breaking interword glue is inserted. 
+Ordinarily, the comparison "\ifx\f@family\ttdefault" will always fail 
+because "\ttdefault" is `long' whereas "\f@family" is not (boooo hisss),
+but "\ttdefault" is redefined to be non-long by "\AtBeginDocument".
+The "\_" command is then defined to use "\BreakableUnderscore".
+If the [strings] option is not given, then that is all!
+Under the [strings] option, the list of special commands is processed to:
+ - retain the original command as "\US_"*command* (e.g., "\US_ref")
+ - redefine the command as "\US@prot\US_command" for ordinary commands
+   ("\US@prot\US_ref") or as "\US@protopt\US_command" when an optional
+   argument is possible (e.g., "\US@protopt\US_bibitem").
+ - self-protecting commands ("\cite") retain their self-protection.
+Diagnosing the state of the pre-existing command is done by painful
+contortions involving "\meaning".
+"\US@prot" and "\US@protopt" read the argument, process it with 
+"\protect" enabled, then invoke the saved "\US_command".
+13-Sep-2006  Reassert my definition in the output routine (listings).
+21-Sep-2005  \includegraphics safe.
+12-Oct-2001  Babel (safe@actives) compatibility and [nohyphen] option.
+Test file integrity:  ASCII 32-57, 58-126:  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789