author wenzelm
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 15:03:40 +0200
changeset 56421 1ffd7eaa778b
parent 54881 dff57132cf18
child 56604 1b153b989860
permissions -rw-r--r--
updated to jedit_build-20140405: Code2HTML.jar, CommonControls.jar, Console.jar, kappalayout.jar, Navigator.jar, SideKick.jar, doc with jEdit manuals (ant dist-manuals);

theory Interfaces
imports Base

chapter {* User interfaces *}

section {* Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE \label{sec:tool-jedit} *}

text {* The @{tool_def jedit} tool invokes a version of
  jEdit\footnote{@{url ""}} that has been augmented
  with some plugins to provide a fully-featured Prover IDE:
\begin{ttbox} Usage: isabelle jedit [OPTIONS]
  [FILES ...]

  Options are:
    -J OPTION    add JVM runtime option (default JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS)
    -b           build only
    -d DIR       include session directory
    -f           fresh build
    -j OPTION    add jEdit runtime option (default JEDIT_OPTIONS)
    -l NAME      logic image name (default ISABELLE_LOGIC)
    -m MODE      add print mode for output
    -n           no build dialog for session image on startup
    -s           system build mode for session image

  Start jEdit with Isabelle plugin setup and open theory FILES
  (default "\$USER_HOME/Scratch.thy").

  The @{verbatim "-l"} option specifies the session name of the logic
  image to be used for proof processing.  Additional session root
  directories may be included via option @{verbatim "-d"} to augment
  that name space (see also \secref{sec:tool-build}).

  By default, the specified image is checked and built on demand. The
  @{verbatim "-s"} option determines where to store the result session
  image (see also \secref{sec:tool-build}). The @{verbatim "-n"}
  option bypasses the session build dialog.

  The @{verbatim "-m"} option specifies additional print modes for the
  prover process.  Note that the system option @{system_option
  jedit_print_mode} allows to do the same persistently (e.g.\ via the
  Plugin Options dialog of Isabelle/jEdit), without requiring
  command-line invocation.

  The @{verbatim "-J"} and @{verbatim "-j"} options allow to pass
  additional low-level options to the JVM or jEdit, respectively.  The
  defaults are provided by the Isabelle settings environment

  The @{verbatim "-b"} and @{verbatim "-f"} options control the
  self-build mechanism of Isabelle/jEdit.  This is only relevant for
  building from sources, which also requires an auxiliary @{verbatim
  component.\footnote{@{url ""}} Note
  that official Isabelle releases already include a version of
  Isabelle/jEdit that is built properly.

section {* Proof General / Emacs *}

text {* The @{tool_def emacs} tool invokes a version of Emacs and
  Proof General\footnote{@{url ""}} within the
  regular Isabelle settings environment (\secref{sec:settings}).  This
  is more convenient than starting Emacs separately, loading the Proof
  General LISP files, and then attempting to start Isabelle with
  dynamic @{setting PATH} lookup etc., although it might fail if a
  different version of Proof General is already part of the Emacs
  installation of the operating system.

  The actual interface script is part of the Proof General
  distribution; its usage depends on the particular version.  There
  are some options available, such as @{verbatim "-l"} for passing the
  logic image to be used by default, or @{verbatim "-m"} to tune the
  standard print mode of the prover process.  The following Isabelle
  settings are particularly important for Proof General:


  \item[@{setting_def PROOFGENERAL_HOME}] points to the main
  installation directory of the Proof General distribution.  This is
  implicitly provided for versions of Proof General that are
  distributed as Isabelle component, see also \secref{sec:components};
  otherwise it needs to be configured manually.

  \item[@{setting_def PROOFGENERAL_OPTIONS}] is implicitly prefixed to
  the command line of any invocation of the Proof General @{verbatim
  interface} script.  This allows to provide persistent default
  options for the invocation of \texttt{isabelle emacs}.


section {* Plain TTY interaction \label{sec:tool-tty} *}

text {*
  The @{tool_def tty} tool runs the Isabelle process interactively
  within a plain terminal session:
Usage: isabelle tty [OPTIONS]

  Options are:
    -l NAME      logic image name (default ISABELLE_LOGIC)
    -m MODE      add print mode for output
    -o OPTION    override Isabelle system OPTION (via NAME=VAL or NAME)
    -p NAME      line editor program name (default ISABELLE_LINE_EDITOR)

  Run Isabelle process with plain tty interaction and line editor.

  The @{verbatim "-l"} option specifies the logic image.  The
  @{verbatim "-m"} option specifies additional print modes.  The
  @{verbatim "-p"} option specifies an alternative line editor (such
  as the @{executable_def rlwrap} wrapper for GNU readline); the
  fall-back is to use raw standard input.

  \medskip Option @{verbatim "-o"} allows to override Isabelle system
  options for this process, see also \secref{sec:system-options}.

  Regular interaction works via the standard Isabelle/Isar toplevel
  loop.  The Isar command @{command exit} drops out into the
  bare-bones ML system, which is occasionally useful for debugging of
  the Isar infrastructure itself.  Invoking @{ML Isar.loop}~@{verbatim
  "();"} in ML will return to the Isar toplevel.  *}

section {* Theory graph browser \label{sec:browse} *}

text {* The Isabelle graph browser is a general tool for visualizing
  dependency graphs.  Certain nodes of the graph (i.e.\ theories) can
  be grouped together in ``directories'', whose contents may be
  hidden, thus enabling the user to collapse irrelevant portions of
  information.  The browser is written in Java, it can be used both as
  a stand-alone application and as an applet.  *}

subsection {* Invoking the graph browser *}

text {* The stand-alone version of the graph browser is wrapped up as
  @{tool_def browser}:
Usage: isabelle browser [OPTIONS] [GRAPHFILE]

  Options are:
    -b           Admin/build only
    -c           cleanup -- remove GRAPHFILE after use
    -o FILE      output to FILE (ps, eps, pdf)
  When no filename is specified, the browser automatically changes to
  the directory @{setting ISABELLE_BROWSER_INFO}.

  \medskip The @{verbatim "-b"} option indicates that this is for
  administrative build only, i.e.\ no browser popup if no files are

  The @{verbatim "-c"} option causes the input file to be removed
  after use.

  The @{verbatim "-o"} option indicates batch-mode operation, with the
  output written to the indicated file; note that @{verbatim pdf}
  produces an @{verbatim eps} copy as well.

  \medskip The applet version of the browser is part of the standard
  WWW theory presentation, see the link ``theory dependencies'' within
  each session index.

subsection {* Using the graph browser *}

text {*
  The browser's main window, which is shown in
  \figref{fig:browserwindow}, consists of two sub-windows.  In the
  left sub-window, the directory tree is displayed. The graph itself
  is displayed in the right sub-window.

  \caption{\label{fig:browserwindow} Browser main window}

subsubsection {* The directory tree window *}

text {*
  We describe the usage of the directory browser and the meaning of
  the different items in the browser window.


  \item A red arrow before a directory name indicates that the
  directory is currently ``folded'', i.e.~the nodes in this directory
  are collapsed to one single node. In the right sub-window, the names
  of nodes corresponding to folded directories are enclosed in square
  brackets and displayed in red color.

  \item A green downward arrow before a directory name indicates that
  the directory is currently ``unfolded''. It can be folded by
  clicking on the directory name.  Clicking on the name for a second
  time unfolds the directory again.  Alternatively, a directory can
  also be unfolded by clicking on the corresponding node in the right

  \item Blue arrows stand before ordinary node names. When clicking on
  such a name (i.e.\ that of a theory), the graph display window
  focuses to the corresponding node. Double clicking invokes a text
  viewer window in which the contents of the theory file are


subsubsection {* The graph display window *}

text {*
  When pointing on an ordinary node, an upward and a downward arrow is
  shown.  Initially, both of these arrows are green. Clicking on the
  upward or downward arrow collapses all predecessor or successor
  nodes, respectively. The arrow's color then changes to red,
  indicating that the predecessor or successor nodes are currently
  collapsed. The node corresponding to the collapsed nodes has the
  name ``@{verbatim "[....]"}''. To uncollapse the nodes again, simply
  click on the red arrow or on the node with the name ``@{verbatim
  "[....]"}''. Similar to the directory browser, the contents of
  theory files can be displayed by double clicking on the
  corresponding node.

subsubsection {* The ``File'' menu *}

text {*
  Due to Java Applet security restrictions this menu is only available
  in the full application version. The meaning of the menu items is as


  \item[Open \dots] Open a new graph file.

  \item[Export to PostScript] Outputs the current graph in Postscript
  format, appropriately scaled to fit on one single sheet of A4 paper.
  The resulting file can be printed directly.

  \item[Export to EPS] Outputs the current graph in Encapsulated
  Postscript format. The resulting file can be included in other

  \item[Quit] Quit the graph browser.


subsection {* Syntax of graph definition files *}

text {*
  A graph definition file has the following syntax:

    @{text graph} & @{text "="} & @{text "{ vertex"}~@{verbatim ";"}~@{text "}+"} \\
    @{text vertex} & @{text "="} & @{text "vertex_name vertex_ID dir_name ["}~@{verbatim "+"}~@{text "] path ["}~@{verbatim "<"}~@{text "|"}~@{verbatim ">"}~@{text "] { vertex_ID }*"}

  The meaning of the items in a vertex description is as follows:


  \item[@{text vertex_name}] The name of the vertex.

  \item[@{text vertex_ID}] The vertex identifier. Note that there may
  be several vertices with equal names, whereas identifiers must be

  \item[@{text dir_name}] The name of the ``directory'' the vertex
  should be placed in.  A ``@{verbatim "+"}'' sign after @{text
  dir_name} indicates that the nodes in the directory are initially
  visible. Directories are initially invisible by default.

  \item[@{text path}] The path of the corresponding theory file. This
  is specified relatively to the path of the graph definition file.

  \item[List of successor/predecessor nodes] A ``@{verbatim "<"}''
  sign before the list means that successor nodes are listed, a
  ``@{verbatim ">"}'' sign means that predecessor nodes are listed. If
  neither ``@{verbatim "<"}'' nor ``@{verbatim ">"}'' is found, the
  browser assumes that successor nodes are listed.