src/Pure/Thy/presentation.scala
author wenzelm
Thu, 19 Nov 2020 22:05:34 +0100
changeset 72665 7e5102e11c5e
parent 72663 e9030100f97d
child 72669 5e7916535860
permissions -rw-r--r--
clarified messages;

/*  Title:      Pure/Thy/present.scala
    Author:     Makarius

Theory presentation: HTML and LaTeX documents.
*/

package isabelle


import scala.collection.immutable.SortedMap


object Presentation
{
  /* document variants */

  object Document_Variant
  {
    def parse(name: String, tags: String): Document_Variant =
      Document_Variant(name, Library.space_explode(',', tags))

    def parse(opt: String): Document_Variant =
      Library.space_explode('=', opt) match {
        case List(name) => Document_Variant(name, Nil)
        case List(name, tags) => parse(name, tags)
        case _ => error("Malformed document variant: " + quote(opt))
      }
  }

  sealed case class Document_Variant(name: String, tags: List[String], sources: String = "")
  {
    def print_tags: String = tags.mkString(",")
    def print: String = if (tags.isEmpty) name else name + "=" + print_tags

    def path: Path = Path.basic(name)

    def latex_sty: String =
      Library.terminate_lines(
        tags.map(tag =>
          tag.toList match {
            case '/' :: cs => "\\isafoldtag{" + cs.mkString + "}"
            case '-' :: cs => "\\isadroptag{" + cs.mkString + "}"
            case '+' :: cs => "\\isakeeptag{" + cs.mkString + "}"
            case cs => "\\isakeeptag{" + cs.mkString + "}"
          }))

    def set_sources(s: String): Document_Variant = copy(sources = s)
  }


  /* SQL data model */

  object Data
  {
    val session_name = SQL.Column.string("session_name").make_primary_key
    val name = SQL.Column.string("name").make_primary_key
    val tags = SQL.Column.string("tags")
    val sources = SQL.Column.string("sources")
    val pdf = SQL.Column.bytes("pdf")

    val table = SQL.Table("isabelle_documents", List(session_name, name, tags, sources, pdf))

    def where_equal(session_name: String, name: String = ""): SQL.Source =
      "WHERE " + Data.session_name.equal(session_name) +
        (if (name == "") "" else " AND " + Data.name.equal(name))
  }

  def read_document_variants(db: SQL.Database, session_name: String): List[Document_Variant] =
  {
    val select =
      Data.table.select(List(Data.name, Data.tags, Data.sources), Data.where_equal(session_name))
    db.using_statement(select)(stmt =>
      stmt.execute_query().iterator(res =>
      {
        val name = res.string(Data.name)
        val tags = res.string(Data.tags)
        val sources = res.string(Data.sources)
        Document_Variant.parse(name, tags).set_sources(sources)
      }).toList)
  }

  def read_document(db: SQL.Database, session_name: String, name: String)
    : Option[(Document_Variant, Bytes)] =
  {
    val select = Data.table.select(sql = Data.where_equal(session_name, name))
    db.using_statement(select)(stmt =>
    {
      val res = stmt.execute_query()
      if (res.next()) {
        val name = res.string(Data.name)
        val tags = res.string(Data.tags)
        val sources = res.string(Data.sources)
        val pdf = res.bytes(Data.pdf)
        Some(Document_Variant.parse(name, tags).set_sources(sources) -> pdf)
      }
      else None
    })
  }

  def write_document(db: SQL.Database, session_name: String, doc: Document_Variant, pdf: Bytes)
  {
    db.using_statement(Data.table.insert())(stmt =>
    {
      stmt.string(1) = session_name
      stmt.string(2) = doc.name
      stmt.string(3) = doc.print_tags
      stmt.string(4) = doc.sources
      stmt.bytes(5) = pdf
      stmt.execute()
    })
  }


  /* presentation context */

  object Context
  {
    val none: Context = new Context { def enabled: Boolean = false }
    val standard: Context = new Context { def enabled: Boolean = true }

    def dir(path: Path): Context =
      new Context {
        def enabled: Boolean = true
        override def dir(store: Sessions.Store): Path = path
      }

    def make(s: String): Context =
      if (s == ":") standard else dir(Path.explode(s))
  }

  abstract class Context private
  {
    def enabled: Boolean
    def enabled(info: Sessions.Info): Boolean = enabled || info.browser_info
    def dir(store: Sessions.Store): Path = store.presentation_dir
    def dir(store: Sessions.Store, info: Sessions.Info): Path =
      dir(store) + Path.basic(info.chapter) + Path.basic(info.name)
  }


  /* maintain chapter index -- NOT thread-safe */

  private val sessions_path = Path.basic(".sessions")

  private def read_sessions(dir: Path): List[(String, String)] =
  {
    val path = dir + sessions_path
    if (path.is_file) {
      import XML.Decode._
      list(pair(string, string))(Symbol.decode_yxml(File.read(path)))
    }
    else Nil
  }

  private def write_sessions(dir: Path, sessions: List[(String, String)])
  {
    import XML.Encode._
    File.write(dir + sessions_path, YXML.string_of_body(list(pair(string, string))(sessions)))
  }

  def update_chapter_index(browser_info: Path, chapter: String, new_sessions: List[(String, String)])
  {
    val dir = Isabelle_System.make_directory(browser_info + Path.basic(chapter))

    val sessions0 =
      try { read_sessions(dir) }
      catch { case _: XML.Error => Nil }

    val sessions = (SortedMap.empty[String, String] ++ sessions0 ++ new_sessions).toList
    write_sessions(dir, sessions)

    val title = "Isabelle/" + chapter + " sessions"
    HTML.write_document(dir, "index.html",
      List(HTML.title(title + " (" + Distribution.version + ")")),
      HTML.chapter(title) ::
       (if (sessions.isEmpty) Nil
        else
          List(HTML.div("sessions",
            List(HTML.description(
              sessions.map({ case (name, description) =>
                val descr = Symbol.trim_blank_lines(description)
                (List(HTML.link(name + "/index.html", HTML.text(name))),
                  if (descr == "") Nil
                  else HTML.break ::: List(HTML.pre(HTML.text(descr)))) })))))))
  }

  def make_global_index(browser_info: Path)
  {
    if (!(browser_info + Path.explode("index.html")).is_file) {
      Isabelle_System.make_directory(browser_info)
      File.copy(Path.explode("~~/lib/logo/isabelle.gif"),
        browser_info + Path.explode("isabelle.gif"))
      File.write(browser_info + Path.explode("index.html"),
        File.read(Path.explode("~~/lib/html/library_index_header.template")) +
        File.read(Path.explode("~~/lib/html/library_index_content.template")) +
        File.read(Path.explode("~~/lib/html/library_index_footer.template")))
    }
  }


  /* present session */

  val session_graph_path = Path.explode("session_graph.pdf")
  val readme_path = Path.basic("README.html")

  def html_name(name: Document.Node.Name): String = name.theory_base_name + ".html"
  def document_html_name(name: Document.Node.Name): String = "document/" + html_name(name)

  def theory_link(name: Document.Node.Name): XML.Tree =
    HTML.link(html_name(name), HTML.text(name.theory_base_name))

  def session_html(
    session: String,
    deps: Sessions.Deps,
    store: Sessions.Store,
    presentation: Context): Path =
  {
    val info = deps.sessions_structure(session)
    val options = info.options
    val base = deps(session)

    val session_dir = presentation.dir(store, info)
    val session_fonts = Isabelle_System.make_directory(session_dir + Path.explode("fonts"))
    for (entry <- Isabelle_Fonts.fonts(hidden = true))
      File.copy(entry.path, session_fonts)

    Bytes.write(session_dir + session_graph_path,
      graphview.Graph_File.make_pdf(options, base.session_graph_display))

    val links =
    {
      val deps_link =
        HTML.link(session_graph_path, HTML.text("theory dependencies"))

      val readme_links =
        if ((info.dir + readme_path).is_file) {
          File.copy(info.dir + readme_path, session_dir + readme_path)
          List(HTML.link(readme_path, HTML.text("README")))
        }
        else Nil

      val document_links =
        for (doc <- info.documents)
          yield HTML.link(doc.path.pdf, HTML.text(doc.name))

      Library.separate(HTML.break ::: HTML.nl,
        (deps_link :: readme_links ::: document_links).
          map(link => HTML.text("View ") ::: List(link))).flatten
    }

    val theories =
      using(Export.open_database_context(deps.sessions_structure, store))(context =>
        for {
          name <- base.session_theories
          entry <- context.try_entry(session, name.theory, document_html_name(name))
        } yield name -> entry.uncompressed(cache = store.xz_cache))

    val theories_body =
      HTML.itemize(for ((name, _) <- theories) yield List(theory_link(name)))

    val title = "Session " + session
    HTML.write_document(session_dir, "index.html",
      List(HTML.title(title + " (" + Distribution.version + ")")),
      HTML.div("head", List(HTML.chapter(title), HTML.par(links))) ::
       (if (theories.isEmpty) Nil
        else List(HTML.div("theories", List(HTML.section("Theories"), theories_body)))))

    for ((name, html) <- theories) Bytes.write(session_dir + Path.basic(html_name(name)), html)

    session_dir
  }


  /** preview **/

  sealed case class Preview(title: String, content: String)

  def preview(
    resources: Resources,
    snapshot: Document.Snapshot,
    plain_text: Boolean = false,
    fonts_url: String => String = HTML.fonts_url()): Preview =
  {
    require(!snapshot.is_outdated)

    def output_document(title: String, body: XML.Body): String =
      HTML.output_document(
        List(
          HTML.style(HTML.fonts_css(fonts_url) + "\n\n" + File.read(HTML.isabelle_css)),
          HTML.title(title)),
        List(HTML.source(body)), css = "", structural = false)

    val name = snapshot.node_name

    if (plain_text) {
      val title = "File " + quote(name.path.file_name)
      val content = output_document(title, HTML.text(snapshot.node.source))
      Preview(title, content)
    }
    else {
      resources.make_preview(snapshot) match {
        case Some(preview) => preview
        case None =>
          val title =
            if (name.is_theory) "Theory " + quote(name.theory_base_name)
            else "File " + quote(name.path.file_name)
          val content = output_document(title, pide_document(snapshot))
          Preview(title, content)
      }
    }
  }


  /* PIDE document */

  private val document_elements =
    Rendering.foreground_elements ++ Rendering.text_color_elements ++ Rendering.markdown_elements +
    Markup.NUMERAL + Markup.COMMENT + Markup.LANGUAGE

  private val div_elements =
    Set(HTML.div.name, HTML.pre.name, HTML.par.name, HTML.list.name, HTML.enum.name,
      HTML.descr.name)

  private def html_div(html: XML.Body): Boolean =
    html exists {
      case XML.Elem(markup, body) => div_elements.contains(markup.name) || html_div(body)
      case XML.Text(_) => false
    }

  private def html_class(c: String, html: XML.Body): XML.Tree =
    if (html.forall(_ == HTML.no_text)) HTML.no_text
    else if (html_div(html)) HTML.div(c, html)
    else HTML.span(c, html)

  private def make_html(xml: XML.Body): XML.Body =
    xml map {
      case XML.Elem(Markup(Markup.LANGUAGE, Markup.Name(Markup.Language.DOCUMENT)), body) =>
        html_class(Markup.Language.DOCUMENT, make_html(body))
      case XML.Elem(Markup(Markup.MARKDOWN_PARAGRAPH, _), body) => HTML.par(make_html(body))
      case XML.Elem(Markup(Markup.MARKDOWN_ITEM, _), body) => HTML.item(make_html(body))
      case XML.Elem(Markup(Markup.Markdown_Bullet.name, _), _) => HTML.no_text
      case XML.Elem(Markup.Markdown_List(kind), body) =>
        if (kind == Markup.ENUMERATE) HTML.enum(make_html(body)) else HTML.list(make_html(body))
      case XML.Elem(markup, body) =>
        val name = markup.name
        val html =
          markup.properties match {
            case Markup.Kind(kind) if kind == Markup.COMMAND || kind == Markup.KEYWORD =>
              List(html_class(kind, make_html(body)))
            case _ =>
              make_html(body)
          }
        Rendering.foreground.get(name) orElse Rendering.text_color.get(name) match {
          case Some(c) => html_class(c.toString, html)
          case None => html_class(name, html)
        }
      case XML.Text(text) =>
        XML.Text(Symbol.decode(text))
    }

  def pide_document(snapshot: Document.Snapshot): XML.Body =
    make_html(snapshot.markup_to_XML(Text.Range.full, document_elements))



  /** build documents **/

  val session_tex_path = Path.explode("session.tex")

  def tex_name(name: Document.Node.Name): String = name.theory_base_name + ".tex"
  def document_tex_name(name: Document.Node.Name): String = "document/" + tex_name(name)

  def build_documents(
    session: String,
    deps: Sessions.Deps,
    store: Sessions.Store,
    progress: Progress = new Progress,
    verbose: Boolean = false,
    verbose_latex: Boolean = false): List[(Document_Variant, Bytes)] =
  {
    /* session info */

    val info = deps.sessions_structure(session)
    val options = info.options
    val base = deps(session)
    val graph_pdf = graphview.Graph_File.make_pdf(options, base.session_graph_display)


    /* prepare document directory */

    lazy val tex_files =
      using(Export.open_database_context(deps.sessions_structure, store))(context =>
        for (name <- base.session_theories ::: base.document_theories)
        yield {
          val entry = context.entry(session, name.theory, document_tex_name(name))
          Path.basic(tex_name(name)) -> entry.uncompressed(cache = store.xz_cache)
        }
      )

    def prepare_dir1(dir: Path, doc: Document_Variant): (Path, String) =
    {
      val doc_dir = dir + Path.basic(doc.name)
      Isabelle_System.make_directory(doc_dir)

      Isabelle_System.bash("isabelle latex -o sty", cwd = doc_dir.file).check
      File.write(doc_dir + Path.explode("isabelletags.sty"), doc.latex_sty)
      for ((base_dir, src) <- info.document_files) File.copy_base(info.dir + base_dir, src, doc_dir)

      File.write(doc_dir + session_tex_path,
        Library.terminate_lines(
          base.session_theories.map(name => "\\input{" + tex_name(name) + "}")))

      for ((path, tex) <- tex_files) Bytes.write(doc_dir + path, tex)

      val root1 = "root_" + doc.name
      val root = if ((doc_dir + Path.explode(root1).tex).is_file) root1 else "root"

      (doc_dir, root)
    }

    def prepare_dir2(dir: Path, doc: Document_Variant): Unit =
    {
      val doc_dir = dir + Path.basic(doc.name)

      // non-deterministic, but irrelevant
      Bytes.write(doc_dir + session_graph_path, graph_pdf)
    }


    /* produce documents */

    val doc_output = info.document_output

    val documents =
      for (doc <- info.documents)
      yield {
        Isabelle_System.with_tmp_dir("document")(tmp_dir =>
        {
          progress.echo_document("Building document " + session + "/" + doc.name + " ...")
          val start = Time.now()


          // prepare sources

          val (doc_dir, root) = prepare_dir1(tmp_dir, doc)
          val digests = File.find_files(doc_dir.file, follow_links = true).map(SHA1.digest)
          val sources = SHA1.digest_set(digests).toString
          prepare_dir2(tmp_dir, doc)

          doc_output.foreach(prepare_dir1(_, doc))
          doc_output.foreach(prepare_dir2(_, doc))


          // old document from database

          val old_document =
            using(store.open_database(session))(db =>
              for {
                document@(doc, pdf) <- read_document(db, session, doc.name)
                if doc.sources == sources
              }
              yield {
                Bytes.write(doc_dir + doc.path.pdf, pdf)
                document
              })

          old_document getOrElse {
            // bash scripts

            def root_bash(ext: String): String = Bash.string(root + "." + ext)

            def latex_bash(fmt: String = "pdf", ext: String = "tex"): String =
              "isabelle latex -o " + Bash.string(fmt) + " " + Bash.string(root + "." + ext)

            def bash(items: String*): Process_Result =
              progress.bash(items.mkString(" && "), cwd = doc_dir.file,
                echo = verbose_latex, watchdog = Time.seconds(0.5))


            // prepare document

            val result =
              if ((doc_dir + Path.explode("build")).is_file) {
                bash("./build pdf " + Bash.string(doc.name))
              }
              else {
                bash(
                  latex_bash(),
                  "{ [ ! -f " + root_bash("bib") + " ] || " + latex_bash("bbl") + "; }",
                  "{ [ ! -f " + root_bash("idx") + " ] || " + latex_bash("idx") + "; }",
                  latex_bash(),
                  latex_bash())
              }


            // result

            val root_pdf = Path.basic(root).pdf
            val result_path = doc_dir + root_pdf

            if (!result.ok) {
              cat_error(
                Library.trim_line(result.err),
                cat_lines(Latex.latex_errors(doc_dir, root) ::: Bibtex.bibtex_errors(doc_dir, root)),
                "Failed to build document " + quote(doc.name))
            }
            else if (!result_path.is_file) {
              error("Bad document result: expected to find " + root_pdf)
            }
            else {
              val stop = Time.now()
              val timing = stop - start
              progress.echo_document("Finished document " + session + "/" + doc.name +
                " (" + timing.message_hms + " elapsed time)")

              doc.set_sources(sources) -> Bytes.read(result_path)
            }
          }
        })
      }

    for (dir <- doc_output; (doc, pdf) <- documents) {
      val path = dir + doc.path.pdf
      Bytes.write(path, pdf)
      progress.echo_document("Document at " + path.absolute)
    }

    documents
  }


  /* Isabelle tool wrapper */

  val isabelle_tool =
    Isabelle_Tool("document", "prepare session theory document", args =>
    {
      var verbose_latex = false
      var dirs: List[Path] = Nil
      var options = Options.init()
      var verbose_build = false

      val getopts = Getopts(
        """
Usage: isabelle document [OPTIONS] SESSION

  Options are:
    -O           set option "document_output", relative to current directory
    -V           verbose latex
    -d DIR       include session directory
    -o OPTION    override Isabelle system OPTION (via NAME=VAL or NAME)
    -v           verbose build

  Prepare the theory document of a session.
""",
        "O:" -> (arg => options += ("document_output=" + Path.explode(arg).absolute.implode)),
        "V" -> (_ => verbose_latex = true),
        "d:" -> (arg => dirs = dirs ::: List(Path.explode(arg))),
        "o:" -> (arg => options = options + arg),
        "v" -> (_ => verbose_build = true))

      val more_args = getopts(args)
      val session =
        more_args match {
          case List(a) => a
          case _ => getopts.usage()
        }

      val progress = new Console_Progress(verbose = verbose_build)
      val store = Sessions.store(options)

      progress.interrupt_handler {
        val res =
          Build.build(options, selection = Sessions.Selection.session(session),
            dirs = dirs, progress = progress, verbose = verbose_build)
        if (!res.ok) error("Failed to build session " + quote(session))

        val deps =
          Sessions.load_structure(options + "document=pdf", dirs = dirs).
            selection_deps(Sessions.Selection.session(session))

        if (deps.sessions_structure(session).document_output.isEmpty) {
          progress.echo_warning("No document_output")
        }

        build_documents(session, deps, store, progress = progress,
          verbose = true, verbose_latex = verbose_latex)
      }
    })
}