src/Doc/Tutorial/Rules/Forward.thy
 author wenzelm Sun, 20 May 2018 22:04:46 +0200 changeset 68238 eb57621568bb parent 67406 23307fd33906 permissions -rw-r--r--
avoid undeclared frees;

theory Forward imports TPrimes begin

text\<open>\noindent
Forward proof material: of, OF, THEN, simplify, rule_format.
\<close>

text\<open>\noindent
SKIP most developments...
\<close>

(** Commutativity **)

lemma is_gcd_commute: "is_gcd k m n = is_gcd k n m"
done

lemma gcd_commute: "gcd m n = gcd n m"
apply (rule is_gcd_unique)
apply (rule is_gcd)
apply (subst is_gcd_commute)
done

lemma gcd_1 [simp]: "gcd m (Suc 0) = Suc 0"
apply simp
done

lemma gcd_1_left [simp]: "gcd (Suc 0) m = Suc 0"
apply (simp add: gcd_commute [of "Suc 0"])
done

text\<open>\noindent
as far as HERE.
\<close>

text\<open>\noindent
SKIP THIS PROOF
\<close>

lemma gcd_mult_distrib2: "k * gcd m n = gcd (k*m) (k*n)"
apply (induct_tac m n rule: gcd.induct)
apply (case_tac "n=0")
apply simp
apply (case_tac "k=0")
apply simp_all
done

text \<open>
@{thm[display] gcd_mult_distrib2}
\rulename{gcd_mult_distrib2}
\<close>

text\<open>\noindent
of, simplified
\<close>

lemmas gcd_mult_0 = gcd_mult_distrib2 [of k 1] for k
lemmas gcd_mult_1 = gcd_mult_0 [simplified]

lemmas where1 = gcd_mult_distrib2 [where m=1]

lemmas where2 = gcd_mult_distrib2 [where m=1 and k=1]

lemmas where3 = gcd_mult_distrib2 [where m=1 and k="j+k"] for j k

text \<open>
example using of'':
@{thm[display] gcd_mult_distrib2 [of _ 1]}

example using where'':
@{thm[display] gcd_mult_distrib2 [where m=1]}

example using where'', and'':
@{thm[display] gcd_mult_distrib2 [where m=1 and k="j+k"]}

@{thm[display] gcd_mult_0}
\rulename{gcd_mult_0}

@{thm[display] gcd_mult_1}
\rulename{gcd_mult_1}

@{thm[display] sym}
\rulename{sym}
\<close>

lemmas gcd_mult0 = gcd_mult_1 [THEN sym]
(*not quite right: we need ?k but this gives k*)

lemmas gcd_mult0' = gcd_mult_distrib2 [of k 1, simplified, THEN sym] for k
(*better in one step!*)

text \<open>
more legible, and variables properly generalized
\<close>

lemma gcd_mult [simp]: "gcd k (k*n) = k"
by (rule gcd_mult_distrib2 [of k 1, simplified, THEN sym])

lemmas gcd_self0 = gcd_mult [of k 1, simplified] for k

text \<open>
@{thm[display] gcd_mult}
\rulename{gcd_mult}

@{thm[display] gcd_self0}
\rulename{gcd_self0}
\<close>

text \<open>
Rules handy with THEN

@{thm[display] iffD1}
\rulename{iffD1}

@{thm[display] iffD2}
\rulename{iffD2}
\<close>

text \<open>
again: more legible, and variables properly generalized
\<close>

lemma gcd_self [simp]: "gcd k k = k"
by (rule gcd_mult [of k 1, simplified])

text\<open>
NEXT SECTION: Methods for Forward Proof

NEW

theorem arg_cong, useful in forward steps
@{thm[display] arg_cong[no_vars]}
\rulename{arg_cong}
\<close>

lemma "2 \<le> u \<Longrightarrow> u*m \<noteq> Suc(u*n)"
apply (intro notI)
txt\<open>
before using arg_cong
@{subgoals[display,indent=0,margin=65]}
\<close>
apply (drule_tac f="\<lambda>x. x mod u" in arg_cong)
txt\<open>
after using arg_cong
@{subgoals[display,indent=0,margin=65]}
\<close>
done

text\<open>
have just used this rule:
@{thm[display] mod_Suc[no_vars]}
\rulename{mod_Suc}

@{thm[display] mult_le_mono1[no_vars]}
\rulename{mult_le_mono1}
\<close>

text\<open>
example of "insert"
\<close>

lemma relprime_dvd_mult:
"\<lbrakk> gcd k n = 1; k dvd m*n \<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> k dvd m"
apply (insert gcd_mult_distrib2 [of m k n])
txt\<open>@{subgoals[display,indent=0,margin=65]}\<close>
apply simp
txt\<open>@{subgoals[display,indent=0,margin=65]}\<close>
apply (erule_tac t="m" in ssubst)
apply simp
done

text \<open>
@{thm[display] relprime_dvd_mult}
\rulename{relprime_dvd_mult}

Another example of "insert"

@{thm[display] div_mult_mod_eq}
\rulename{div_mult_mod_eq}
\<close>

(*MOVED to Force.thy, which now depends only on Divides.thy
lemma div_mult_self_is_m: "0<n \<Longrightarrow> (m*n) div n = (m::nat)"
*)

lemma relprime_dvd_mult_iff: "gcd k n = 1 \<Longrightarrow> (k dvd m*n) = (k dvd m)"
by (auto intro: relprime_dvd_mult elim: dvdE)

lemma relprime_20_81: "gcd 20 81 = 1"

text \<open>
Examples of 'OF'

@{thm[display] relprime_dvd_mult}
\rulename{relprime_dvd_mult}

@{thm[display] relprime_dvd_mult [OF relprime_20_81]}

@{thm[display] dvd_refl}
\rulename{dvd_refl}

\<close>

lemma "\<lbrakk>(z::int) < 37; 66 < 2*z; z*z \<noteq> 1225; Q(34); Q(36)\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> Q(z)"
apply (subgoal_tac "z = 34 \<or> z = 36")
txt\<open>
the tactic leaves two subgoals:
@{subgoals[display,indent=0,margin=65]}
\<close>
apply blast
apply (subgoal_tac "z \<noteq> 35")
txt\<open>
the tactic leaves two subgoals:
@{subgoals[display,indent=0,margin=65]}
\<close>
apply arith
apply force
done

end