author paulson
Fri, 16 Oct 1998 12:20:41 +0200
changeset 5652 fe5f5510aef4
parent 5234 701fa0ed77b7
child 6807 6737af18317e
permissions -rw-r--r--
parent is Main

(*  Title:      HOL/Auth/Message
    ID:         $Id$
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
    Copyright   1996  University of Cambridge

Datatypes of agents and messages;
Inductive relations "parts", "analz" and "synth"

Message = Main +

  key = nat

  invKey :: key=>key

  invKey "invKey (invKey K) = K"

  (*The inverse of a symmetric key is itself;
    that of a public key is the private key and vice versa*)

  isSymKey :: key=>bool
  "isSymKey K == (invKey K = K)"

datatype  (*We allow any number of friendly agents*)
  agent = Server | Friend nat | Spy

(*Datatype msg is (awkwardly) split into two parts to avoid having freeness
  expressed using natural numbers.*)
  atomic = AGENT  agent	(*Agent names*)
         | NUMBER nat   (*Ordinary integers, timestamps, ...*)
         | NONCE  nat   (*Unguessable nonces*)
         | KEY    key   (*Crypto keys*)

     msg = Atomic atomic
	 | Hash   msg       (*Hashing*)
	 | MPair  msg msg   (*Compound messages*)
	 | Crypt  key msg   (*Encryption, public- or shared-key*)

(*These translations complete the illustion that "msg" has seven constructors*)
  Agent       :: agent => msg
  Number      :: nat   => msg
  Nonce       :: nat   => msg
  Key         :: key   => msg

  "Agent x"   == "Atomic (AGENT x)"
  "Number x"  == "Atomic (NUMBER x)"
  "Nonce x"   == "Atomic (NONCE x)"
  "Key x"     == "Atomic (KEY x)"
  "Key``x"    == "Atomic `` (KEY `` x)"

(*Concrete syntax: messages appear as {|A,B,NA|}, etc...*)
  "@MTuple"      :: "['a, args] => 'a * 'b"       ("(2{|_,/ _|})")

  "{|x, y, z|}"   == "{|x, {|y, z|}|}"
  "{|x, y|}"      == "MPair x y"

  (*Message Y, paired with a MAC computed with the help of X*)
  HPair :: "[msg,msg]=>msg"                       ("(4Hash[_] /_)" [0, 1000])
    "Hash[X] Y == {| Hash{|X,Y|}, Y|}"

  (*Keys useful to decrypt elements of a message set*)
  keysFor :: msg set => key set
  "keysFor H == invKey `` {K. EX X. Crypt K X : H}"

(** Inductive definition of all "parts" of a message.  **)

consts  parts   :: msg set => msg set
inductive "parts H"
    Inj     "X: H  ==>  X: parts H"
    Fst     "{|X,Y|}   : parts H ==> X : parts H"
    Snd     "{|X,Y|}   : parts H ==> Y : parts H"
    Body    "Crypt K X : parts H ==> X : parts H"

(** Inductive definition of "analz" -- what can be broken down from a set of
    messages, including keys.  A form of downward closure.  Pairs can
    be taken apart; messages decrypted with known keys.  **)

consts  analz   :: msg set => msg set
inductive "analz H"
    Inj     "X: H ==> X: analz H"
    Fst     "{|X,Y|} : analz H ==> X : analz H"
    Snd     "{|X,Y|} : analz H ==> Y : analz H"
    Decrypt "[| Crypt K X : analz H; Key(invKey K): analz H |] ==> X : analz H"

(** Inductive definition of "synth" -- what can be built up from a set of
    messages.  A form of upward closure.  Pairs can be built, messages
    encrypted with known keys.  Agent names are public domain.
    Numbers can be guessed, but Nonces cannot be.  **)

consts  synth   :: msg set => msg set
inductive "synth H"
    Inj     "X: H ==> X: synth H"
    Agent   "Agent agt : synth H"
    Number  "Number n  : synth H"
    Hash    "X: synth H ==> Hash X : synth H"
    MPair   "[| X: synth H;  Y: synth H |] ==> {|X,Y|} : synth H"
    Crypt   "[| X: synth H;  Key(K) : H |] ==> Crypt K X : synth H"