src/HOL/Groups.thy
author hoelzl
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 16:09:07 +0100
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(*  Title:   HOL/Groups.thy
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    Author:  Gertrud Bauer, Steven Obua, Lawrence C Paulson, Markus Wenzel, Jeremy Avigad
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*)
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section \<open>Groups, also combined with orderings\<close>
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theory Groups
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imports Orderings
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begin
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subsection \<open>Dynamic facts\<close>
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named_theorems ac_simps "associativity and commutativity simplification rules"
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30bcceed0dc2 field_simps as named theorems
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text\<open>The rewrites accumulated in \<open>algebra_simps\<close> deal with the
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classical algebraic structures of groups, rings and family. They simplify
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terms by multiplying everything out (in case of a ring) and bringing sums and
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products into a canonical form (by ordered rewriting). As a result it decides
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group and ring equalities but also helps with inequalities.
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Of course it also works for fields, but it knows nothing about multiplicative
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inverses or division. This is catered for by \<open>field_simps\<close>.\<close>
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named_theorems algebra_simps "algebra simplification rules"
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text\<open>Lemmas \<open>field_simps\<close> multiply with denominators in (in)equations
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if they can be proved to be non-zero (for equations) or positive/negative
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(for inequations). Can be too aggressive and is therefore separate from the
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more benign \<open>algebra_simps\<close>.\<close>
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named_theorems field_simps "algebra simplification rules for fields"
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subsection \<open>Abstract structures\<close>
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text \<open>
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  These locales provide basic structures for interpretation into
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  bigger structures;  extensions require careful thinking, otherwise
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  undesired effects may occur due to interpretation.
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\<close>
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locale semigroup =
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  fixes f :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a" (infixl "*" 70)
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  assumes assoc [ac_simps]: "a * b * c = a * (b * c)"
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locale abel_semigroup = semigroup +
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  assumes commute [ac_simps]: "a * b = b * a"
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begin
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lemma left_commute [ac_simps]:
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  "b * (a * c) = a * (b * c)"
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proof -
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  have "(b * a) * c = (a * b) * c"
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    by (simp only: commute)
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  then show ?thesis
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    by (simp only: assoc)
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qed
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end
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locale monoid = semigroup +
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  fixes z :: 'a ("1")
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  assumes left_neutral [simp]: "1 * a = a"
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  assumes right_neutral [simp]: "a * 1 = a"
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locale comm_monoid = abel_semigroup +
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  assumes comm_neutral: "a * 1 = a"
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begin
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sublocale monoid
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  by standard (simp_all add: commute comm_neutral)
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end
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subsection \<open>Generic operations\<close>
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class zero =
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  fixes zero :: 'a  ("0")
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class one =
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  fixes one  :: 'a  ("1")
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hide_const (open) zero one
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lemma Let_0 [simp]: "Let 0 f = f 0"
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  unfolding Let_def ..
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lemma Let_1 [simp]: "Let 1 f = f 1"
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  unfolding Let_def ..
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setup \<open>
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  Reorient_Proc.add
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    (fn Const(@{const_name Groups.zero}, _) => true
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      | Const(@{const_name Groups.one}, _) => true
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      | _ => false)
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\<close>
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simproc_setup reorient_zero ("0 = x") = Reorient_Proc.proc
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simproc_setup reorient_one ("1 = x") = Reorient_Proc.proc
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typed_print_translation \<open>
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  let
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    fun tr' c = (c, fn ctxt => fn T => fn ts =>
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      if null ts andalso Printer.type_emphasis ctxt T then
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        Syntax.const @{syntax_const "_constrain"} $ Syntax.const c $
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          Syntax_Phases.term_of_typ ctxt T
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      else raise Match);
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  in map tr' [@{const_syntax Groups.one}, @{const_syntax Groups.zero}] end;
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\<close> \<comment> \<open>show types that are presumably too general\<close>
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class plus =
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  fixes plus :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"  (infixl "+" 65)
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class minus =
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  fixes minus :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"  (infixl "-" 65)
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class uminus =
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  fixes uminus :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"  ("- _" [81] 80)
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class times =
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  fixes times :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"  (infixl "*" 70)
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subsection \<open>Semigroups and Monoids\<close>
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class semigroup_add = plus +
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  assumes add_assoc [algebra_simps, field_simps]: "(a + b) + c = a + (b + c)"
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begin
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sublocale add: semigroup plus
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  by standard (fact add_assoc)
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end
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hide_fact add_assoc
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class ab_semigroup_add = semigroup_add +
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  assumes add_commute [algebra_simps, field_simps]: "a + b = b + a"
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begin
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sublocale add: abel_semigroup plus
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  by standard (fact add_commute)
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declare add.left_commute [algebra_simps, field_simps]
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lemmas add_ac = add.assoc add.commute add.left_commute
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end
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hide_fact add_commute
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lemmas add_ac = add.assoc add.commute add.left_commute
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class semigroup_mult = times +
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  assumes mult_assoc [algebra_simps, field_simps]: "(a * b) * c = a * (b * c)"
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begin
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sublocale mult: semigroup times
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  by standard (fact mult_assoc)
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end
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hide_fact mult_assoc
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class ab_semigroup_mult = semigroup_mult +
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  assumes mult_commute [algebra_simps, field_simps]: "a * b = b * a"
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begin
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sublocale mult: abel_semigroup times
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  by standard (fact mult_commute)
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declare mult.left_commute [algebra_simps, field_simps]
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lemmas mult_ac = mult.assoc mult.commute mult.left_commute
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end
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hide_fact mult_commute
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lemmas mult_ac = mult.assoc mult.commute mult.left_commute
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class monoid_add = zero + semigroup_add +
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  assumes add_0_left: "0 + a = a"
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    and add_0_right: "a + 0 = a"
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begin
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sublocale add: monoid plus 0
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  by standard (fact add_0_left add_0_right)+
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end
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lemma zero_reorient: "0 = x \<longleftrightarrow> x = 0"
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  by (fact eq_commute)
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class comm_monoid_add = zero + ab_semigroup_add +
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  assumes add_0: "0 + a = a"
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begin
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subclass monoid_add
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  by standard (simp_all add: add_0 add.commute [of _ 0])
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sublocale add: comm_monoid plus 0
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  by standard (simp add: ac_simps)
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end
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class monoid_mult = one + semigroup_mult +
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  assumes mult_1_left: "1 * a  = a"
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    and mult_1_right: "a * 1 = a"
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begin
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sublocale mult: monoid times 1
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  by standard (fact mult_1_left mult_1_right)+
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end
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lemma one_reorient: "1 = x \<longleftrightarrow> x = 1"
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  by (fact eq_commute)
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class comm_monoid_mult = one + ab_semigroup_mult +
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  assumes mult_1: "1 * a = a"
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begin
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subclass monoid_mult
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  by standard (simp_all add: mult_1 mult.commute [of _ 1])
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sublocale mult: comm_monoid times 1
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  by standard (simp add: ac_simps)
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end
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class cancel_semigroup_add = semigroup_add +
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  assumes add_left_imp_eq: "a + b = a + c \<Longrightarrow> b = c"
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  assumes add_right_imp_eq: "b + a = c + a \<Longrightarrow> b = c"
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begin
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lemma add_left_cancel [simp]:
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  "a + b = a + c \<longleftrightarrow> b = c"
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by (blast dest: add_left_imp_eq)
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lemma add_right_cancel [simp]:
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  "b + a = c + a \<longleftrightarrow> b = c"
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by (blast dest: add_right_imp_eq)
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end
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class cancel_ab_semigroup_add = ab_semigroup_add + minus +
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  assumes add_diff_cancel_left' [simp]: "(a + b) - a = b"
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  assumes diff_diff_add [algebra_simps, field_simps]: "a - b - c = a - (b + c)"
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begin
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lemma add_diff_cancel_right' [simp]:
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  "(a + b) - b = a"
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  using add_diff_cancel_left' [of b a] by (simp add: ac_simps)
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subclass cancel_semigroup_add
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proof
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  fix a b c :: 'a
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  assume "a + b = a + c"
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  then have "a + b - a = a + c - a"
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    by simp
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  then show "b = c"
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    by simp
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next
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  fix a b c :: 'a
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  assume "b + a = c + a"
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  then have "b + a - a = c + a - a"
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    by simp
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  then show "b = c"
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    by simp
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qed
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lemma add_diff_cancel_left [simp]:
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  "(c + a) - (c + b) = a - b"
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  unfolding diff_diff_add [symmetric] by simp
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lemma add_diff_cancel_right [simp]:
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  "(a + c) - (b + c) = a - b"
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  using add_diff_cancel_left [symmetric] by (simp add: ac_simps)
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lemma diff_right_commute:
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  "a - c - b = a - b - c"
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  by (simp add: diff_diff_add add.commute)
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end
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class cancel_comm_monoid_add = cancel_ab_semigroup_add + comm_monoid_add
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begin
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lemma diff_zero [simp]:
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  "a - 0 = a"
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  using add_diff_cancel_right' [of a 0] by simp
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lemma diff_cancel [simp]:
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  "a - a = 0"
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proof -
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  have "(a + 0) - (a + 0) = 0" by (simp only: add_diff_cancel_left diff_zero)
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  then show ?thesis by simp
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qed
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lemma add_implies_diff:
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   306
  assumes "c + b = a"
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   307
  shows "c = a - b"
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   308
proof -
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   309
  from assms have "(b + c) - (b + 0) = a - b" by (simp add: add.commute)
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   310
  then show "c = a - b" by simp
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   311
qed
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   312
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   313
end
59815
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   314
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   315
class comm_monoid_diff = cancel_comm_monoid_add +
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   316
  assumes zero_diff [simp]: "0 - a = 0"
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   317
begin
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   318
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   319
lemma diff_add_zero [simp]:
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   320
  "a - (a + b) = 0"
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   321
proof -
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   322
  have "a - (a + b) = (a + 0) - (a + b)" by simp
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   323
  also have "\<dots> = 0" by (simp only: add_diff_cancel_left zero_diff)
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   324
  finally show ?thesis .
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   325
qed
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   326
59322
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   327
end
8ccecf1415b0 tuned order
haftmann
parents: 58889
diff changeset
   328
29904
856f16a3b436 add class cancel_comm_monoid_add
huffman
parents: 29886
diff changeset
   329
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   330
subsection \<open>Groups\<close>
23085
fd30d75a6614 Introduced new classes monoid_add and group_add
nipkow
parents: 22997
diff changeset
   331
25762
c03e9d04b3e4 splitted class uminus from class minus
haftmann
parents: 25613
diff changeset
   332
class group_add = minus + uminus + monoid_add +
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   333
  assumes left_minus [simp]: "- a + a = 0"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   334
  assumes add_uminus_conv_diff [simp]: "a + (- b) = a - b"
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   335
begin
23085
fd30d75a6614 Introduced new classes monoid_add and group_add
nipkow
parents: 22997
diff changeset
   336
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   337
lemma diff_conv_add_uminus:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   338
  "a - b = a + (- b)"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   339
  by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   340
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   341
lemma minus_unique:
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   342
  assumes "a + b = 0" shows "- a = b"
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   343
proof -
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   344
  have "- a = - a + (a + b)" using assms by simp
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   345
  also have "\<dots> = b" by (simp add: add.assoc [symmetric])
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   346
  finally show ?thesis .
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   347
qed
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   348
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   349
lemma minus_zero [simp]: "- 0 = 0"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   350
proof -
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   351
  have "0 + 0 = 0" by (rule add_0_right)
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   352
  thus "- 0 = 0" by (rule minus_unique)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   353
qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   354
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   355
lemma minus_minus [simp]: "- (- a) = a"
23085
fd30d75a6614 Introduced new classes monoid_add and group_add
nipkow
parents: 22997
diff changeset
   356
proof -
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   357
  have "- a + a = 0" by (rule left_minus)
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   358
  thus "- (- a) = a" by (rule minus_unique)
23085
fd30d75a6614 Introduced new classes monoid_add and group_add
nipkow
parents: 22997
diff changeset
   359
qed
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   360
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   361
lemma right_minus: "a + - a = 0"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   362
proof -
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   363
  have "a + - a = - (- a) + - a" by simp
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   364
  also have "\<dots> = 0" by (rule left_minus)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   365
  finally show ?thesis .
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   366
qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   367
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   368
lemma diff_self [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   369
  "a - a = 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   370
  using right_minus [of a] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   371
40368
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   372
subclass cancel_semigroup_add
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   373
proof
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   374
  fix a b c :: 'a
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   375
  assume "a + b = a + c"
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   376
  then have "- a + a + b = - a + a + c"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   377
    unfolding add.assoc by simp
40368
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   378
  then show "b = c" by simp
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   379
next
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   380
  fix a b c :: 'a
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   381
  assume "b + a = c + a"
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   382
  then have "b + a + - a = c + a  + - a" by simp
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   383
  then show "b = c" unfolding add.assoc by simp
40368
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   384
qed
47c186c8577d added class relation group_add < cancel_semigroup_add
haftmann
parents: 39134
diff changeset
   385
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   386
lemma minus_add_cancel [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   387
  "- a + (a + b) = b"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   388
  by (simp add: add.assoc [symmetric])
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   389
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   390
lemma add_minus_cancel [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   391
  "a + (- a + b) = b"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   392
  by (simp add: add.assoc [symmetric])
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   393
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   394
lemma diff_add_cancel [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   395
  "a - b + b = a"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   396
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus add.assoc) simp
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   397
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   398
lemma add_diff_cancel [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   399
  "a + b - b = a"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   400
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus add.assoc) simp
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   401
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   402
lemma minus_add:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   403
  "- (a + b) = - b + - a"
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   404
proof -
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   405
  have "(a + b) + (- b + - a) = 0"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   406
    by (simp only: add.assoc add_minus_cancel) simp
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   407
  then show "- (a + b) = - b + - a"
34147
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   408
    by (rule minus_unique)
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   409
qed
319616f4eecf generalize lemma add_minus_cancel, add lemma minus_add, simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   410
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   411
lemma right_minus_eq [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   412
  "a - b = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = b"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   413
proof
23085
fd30d75a6614 Introduced new classes monoid_add and group_add
nipkow
parents: 22997
diff changeset
   414
  assume "a - b = 0"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   415
  have "a = (a - b) + b" by (simp add: add.assoc)
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   416
  also have "\<dots> = b" using \<open>a - b = 0\<close> by simp
23085
fd30d75a6614 Introduced new classes monoid_add and group_add
nipkow
parents: 22997
diff changeset
   417
  finally show "a = b" .
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   418
next
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   419
  assume "a = b" thus "a - b = 0" by simp
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   420
qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   421
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   422
lemma eq_iff_diff_eq_0:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   423
  "a = b \<longleftrightarrow> a - b = 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   424
  by (fact right_minus_eq [symmetric])
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   425
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   426
lemma diff_0 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   427
  "0 - a = - a"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   428
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus add_0_left)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   429
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   430
lemma diff_0_right [simp]:
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   431
  "a - 0 = a"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   432
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus minus_zero add_0_right)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   433
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   434
lemma diff_minus_eq_add [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   435
  "a - - b = a + b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   436
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus minus_minus)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   437
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   438
lemma neg_equal_iff_equal [simp]:
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   439
  "- a = - b \<longleftrightarrow> a = b"
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   440
proof
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   441
  assume "- a = - b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   442
  hence "- (- a) = - (- b)" by simp
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   443
  thus "a = b" by simp
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   444
next
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   445
  assume "a = b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   446
  thus "- a = - b" by simp
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   447
qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   448
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   449
lemma neg_equal_0_iff_equal [simp]:
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   450
  "- a = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   451
  by (subst neg_equal_iff_equal [symmetric]) simp
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   452
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   453
lemma neg_0_equal_iff_equal [simp]:
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   454
  "0 = - a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 = a"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   455
  by (subst neg_equal_iff_equal [symmetric]) simp
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   456
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   457
text\<open>The next two equations can make the simplifier loop!\<close>
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   458
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   459
lemma equation_minus_iff:
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   460
  "a = - b \<longleftrightarrow> b = - a"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   461
proof -
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   462
  have "- (- a) = - b \<longleftrightarrow> - a = b" by (rule neg_equal_iff_equal)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   463
  thus ?thesis by (simp add: eq_commute)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   464
qed
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   465
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   466
lemma minus_equation_iff:
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   467
  "- a = b \<longleftrightarrow> - b = a"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   468
proof -
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   469
  have "- a = - (- b) \<longleftrightarrow> a = -b" by (rule neg_equal_iff_equal)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   470
  thus ?thesis by (simp add: eq_commute)
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   471
qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   472
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   473
lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   474
  "a = - b \<longleftrightarrow> a + b = 0"
29914
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   475
proof
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   476
  assume "a = - b" then show "a + b = 0" by simp
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   477
next
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   478
  assume "a + b = 0"
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   479
  moreover have "a + (b + - b) = (a + b) + - b"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   480
    by (simp only: add.assoc)
29914
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   481
  ultimately show "a = - b" by simp
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   482
qed
c9ced4f54e82 generalize lemma eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0, and move to OrderedGroup
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   483
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   484
lemma add_eq_0_iff2:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   485
  "a + b = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = - b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   486
  by (fact eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0 [symmetric])
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   487
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   488
lemma neg_eq_iff_add_eq_0:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   489
  "- a = b \<longleftrightarrow> a + b = 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   490
  by (auto simp add: add_eq_0_iff2)
44348
40101794c52f move lemma add_eq_0_iff to Groups.thy
huffman
parents: 42248
diff changeset
   491
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   492
lemma add_eq_0_iff:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   493
  "a + b = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> b = - a"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   494
  by (auto simp add: neg_eq_iff_add_eq_0 [symmetric])
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   495
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   496
lemma minus_diff_eq [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   497
  "- (a - b) = b - a"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   498
  by (simp only: neg_eq_iff_add_eq_0 diff_conv_add_uminus add.assoc minus_add_cancel) simp
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   499
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   500
lemma add_diff_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   501
  "a + (b - c) = (a + b) - c"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   502
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus add.assoc)
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   503
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   504
lemma diff_add_eq_diff_diff_swap:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   505
  "a - (b + c) = a - c - b"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   506
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus add.assoc minus_add)
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   507
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   508
lemma diff_eq_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   509
  "a - b = c \<longleftrightarrow> a = c + b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   510
  by auto
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   511
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   512
lemma eq_diff_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   513
  "a = c - b \<longleftrightarrow> a + b = c"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   514
  by auto
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   515
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   516
lemma diff_diff_eq2 [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   517
  "a - (b - c) = (a + c) - b"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   518
  by (simp only: diff_conv_add_uminus add.assoc) simp
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   519
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   520
lemma diff_eq_diff_eq:
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   521
  "a - b = c - d \<Longrightarrow> a = b \<longleftrightarrow> c = d"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   522
  by (simp only: eq_iff_diff_eq_0 [of a b] eq_iff_diff_eq_0 [of c d])
45548
3e2722d66169 Groups.thy: generalize several lemmas from class ab_group_add to class group_add
huffman
parents: 45294
diff changeset
   523
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   524
end
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   525
25762
c03e9d04b3e4 splitted class uminus from class minus
haftmann
parents: 25613
diff changeset
   526
class ab_group_add = minus + uminus + comm_monoid_add +
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   527
  assumes ab_left_minus: "- a + a = 0"
59557
ebd8ecacfba6 establish unique preferred fact names
haftmann
parents: 59322
diff changeset
   528
  assumes ab_diff_conv_add_uminus: "a - b = a + (- b)"
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
   529
begin
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   530
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
   531
subclass group_add
59557
ebd8ecacfba6 establish unique preferred fact names
haftmann
parents: 59322
diff changeset
   532
  proof qed (simp_all add: ab_left_minus ab_diff_conv_add_uminus)
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   533
29904
856f16a3b436 add class cancel_comm_monoid_add
huffman
parents: 29886
diff changeset
   534
subclass cancel_comm_monoid_add
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28262
diff changeset
   535
proof
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   536
  fix a b c :: 'a
59815
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   537
  have "b + a - a = b"
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   538
    by simp
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   539
  then show "a + b - a = b"
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   540
    by (simp add: ac_simps)
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   541
  show "a - b - c = a - (b + c)"
cce82e360c2f explicit commutative additive inverse operation;
haftmann
parents: 59559
diff changeset
   542
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   543
qed
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   544
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   545
lemma uminus_add_conv_diff [simp]:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   546
  "- a + b = b - a"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   547
  by (simp add: add.commute)
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   548
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   549
lemma minus_add_distrib [simp]:
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   550
  "- (a + b) = - a + - b"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   551
  by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   552
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   553
lemma diff_add_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   554
  "(a - b) + c = (a + c) - b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   555
  by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   556
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   557
end
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   558
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   559
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   560
subsection \<open>(Partially) Ordered Groups\<close>
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   561
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   562
text \<open>
35301
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   563
  The theory of partially ordered groups is taken from the books:
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   564
  \begin{itemize}
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   565
  \item \emph{Lattice Theory} by Garret Birkhoff, American Mathematical Society 1979
35301
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   566
  \item \emph{Partially Ordered Algebraic Systems}, Pergamon Press 1963
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   567
  \end{itemize}
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   568
  Most of the used notions can also be looked up in
35301
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   569
  \begin{itemize}
54703
499f92dc6e45 more antiquotations;
wenzelm
parents: 54250
diff changeset
   570
  \item @{url "http://www.mathworld.com"} by Eric Weisstein et. al.
35301
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   571
  \item \emph{Algebra I} by van der Waerden, Springer.
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   572
  \end{itemize}
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   573
\<close>
35301
90e42f9ba4d1 distributed theory Algebras to theories Groups and Lattices
haftmann
parents: 35267
diff changeset
   574
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   575
class ordered_ab_semigroup_add = order + ab_semigroup_add +
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   576
  assumes add_left_mono: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> c + a \<le> c + b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   577
begin
24380
c215e256beca moved ordered_ab_semigroup_add to OrderedGroup.thy
haftmann
parents: 24286
diff changeset
   578
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   579
lemma add_right_mono:
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   580
  "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a + c \<le> b + c"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   581
by (simp add: add.commute [of _ c] add_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   582
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   583
text \<open>non-strict, in both arguments\<close>
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   584
lemma add_mono:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   585
  "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> d \<Longrightarrow> a + c \<le> b + d"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   586
  apply (erule add_right_mono [THEN order_trans])
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   587
  apply (simp add: add.commute add_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   588
  done
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   589
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   590
end
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   591
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   592
text\<open>Strict monotonicity in both arguments\<close>
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   593
class strict_ordered_ab_semigroup_add = ordered_ab_semigroup_add +
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   594
  assumes add_strict_mono: "a < b \<Longrightarrow> c < d \<Longrightarrow> a + c < b + d"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   595
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   596
class ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add =
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   597
  ordered_ab_semigroup_add + cancel_ab_semigroup_add
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   598
begin
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   599
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   600
lemma add_strict_left_mono:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   601
  "a < b \<Longrightarrow> c + a < c + b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   602
by (auto simp add: less_le add_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   603
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   604
lemma add_strict_right_mono:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   605
  "a < b \<Longrightarrow> a + c < b + c"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   606
by (simp add: add.commute [of _ c] add_strict_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   607
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   608
subclass strict_ordered_ab_semigroup_add
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   609
  apply standard
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   610
  apply (erule add_strict_right_mono [THEN less_trans])
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   611
  apply (erule add_strict_left_mono)
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   612
  done
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   613
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   614
lemma add_less_le_mono:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   615
  "a < b \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> d \<Longrightarrow> a + c < b + d"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   616
apply (erule add_strict_right_mono [THEN less_le_trans])
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   617
apply (erule add_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   618
done
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   619
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   620
lemma add_le_less_mono:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   621
  "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> c < d \<Longrightarrow> a + c < b + d"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   622
apply (erule add_right_mono [THEN le_less_trans])
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   623
apply (erule add_strict_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   624
done
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   625
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   626
end
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   627
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   628
class ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le = ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add +
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   629
  assumes add_le_imp_le_left: "c + a \<le> c + b \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   630
begin
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   631
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   632
lemma add_less_imp_less_left:
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   633
  assumes less: "c + a < c + b" shows "a < b"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   634
proof -
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   635
  from less have le: "c + a <= c + b" by (simp add: order_le_less)
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   636
  have "a <= b"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   637
    apply (insert le)
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   638
    apply (drule add_le_imp_le_left)
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   639
    by (insert le, drule add_le_imp_le_left, assumption)
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   640
  moreover have "a \<noteq> b"
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   641
  proof (rule ccontr)
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   642
    assume "~(a \<noteq> b)"
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   643
    then have "a = b" by simp
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   644
    then have "c + a = c + b" by simp
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   645
    with less show "False"by simp
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   646
  qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   647
  ultimately show "a < b" by (simp add: order_le_less)
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   648
qed
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   649
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   650
lemma add_less_imp_less_right:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   651
  "a + c < b + c \<Longrightarrow> a < b"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   652
apply (rule add_less_imp_less_left [of c])
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   653
apply (simp add: add.commute)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   654
done
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   655
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   656
lemma add_less_cancel_left [simp]:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   657
  "c + a < c + b \<longleftrightarrow> a < b"
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   658
  by (blast intro: add_less_imp_less_left add_strict_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   659
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   660
lemma add_less_cancel_right [simp]:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   661
  "a + c < b + c \<longleftrightarrow> a < b"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   662
  by (blast intro: add_less_imp_less_right add_strict_right_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   663
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   664
lemma add_le_cancel_left [simp]:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   665
  "c + a \<le> c + b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> b"
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   666
  by (auto, drule add_le_imp_le_left, simp_all add: add_left_mono)
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   667
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   668
lemma add_le_cancel_right [simp]:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   669
  "a + c \<le> b + c \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> b"
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   670
  by (simp add: add.commute [of a c] add.commute [of b c])
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   671
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
   672
lemma add_le_imp_le_right:
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   673
  "a + c \<le> b + c \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   674
by simp
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   675
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   676
lemma max_add_distrib_left:
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   677
  "max x y + z = max (x + z) (y + z)"
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   678
  unfolding max_def by auto
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   679
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   680
lemma min_add_distrib_left:
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   681
  "min x y + z = min (x + z) (y + z)"
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   682
  unfolding min_def by auto
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   683
44848
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   684
lemma max_add_distrib_right:
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   685
  "x + max y z = max (x + y) (x + z)"
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   686
  unfolding max_def by auto
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   687
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   688
lemma min_add_distrib_right:
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   689
  "x + min y z = min (x + y) (x + z)"
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   690
  unfolding min_def by auto
f4d0b060c7ca remove lemmas nat_add_min_{left,right} in favor of generic lemmas min_add_distrib_{left,right}
huffman
parents: 44433
diff changeset
   691
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   692
end
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   693
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   694
subsection \<open>Support for reasoning about signs\<close>
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   695
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   696
class ordered_comm_monoid_add = comm_monoid_add + ordered_ab_semigroup_add
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   697
begin
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   698
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   699
lemma add_nonneg_nonneg [simp]:
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   700
  "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> a + b"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   701
  using add_mono[of 0 a 0 b] by simp
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   702
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   703
lemma add_nonpos_nonpos:
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   704
  "a \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a + b \<le> 0"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   705
  using add_mono[of a 0 b 0] by simp
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   706
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   707
lemma add_nonneg_eq_0_iff:
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   708
  "0 \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> x + y = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> x = 0 \<and> y = 0"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   709
  using add_left_mono[of 0 y x] add_right_mono[of 0 x y] by auto
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   710
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   711
lemma add_nonpos_eq_0_iff:
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   712
  "x \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> x + y = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> x = 0 \<and> y = 0"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   713
  using add_left_mono[of y 0 x] add_right_mono[of x 0 y] by auto
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   714
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   715
lemma add_increasing:
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   716
  "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> a + c"
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   717
  by (insert add_mono [of 0 a b c], simp)
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   718
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   719
lemma add_increasing2:
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   720
  "0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> a + c"
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   721
  by (simp add: add_increasing add.commute [of a])
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   722
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   723
lemma add_decreasing:
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   724
  "a \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a + c \<le> b"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   725
  using add_mono[of a 0 c b] by simp
52289
83ce5d2841e7 type class for confined subtraction
haftmann
parents: 52210
diff changeset
   726
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   727
lemma add_decreasing2:
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   728
  "c \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a + c \<le> b"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   729
  using add_mono[of a b c 0] by simp
52289
83ce5d2841e7 type class for confined subtraction
haftmann
parents: 52210
diff changeset
   730
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   731
lemma add_pos_nonneg: "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a + b"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   732
  using less_le_trans[of 0 a "a + b"] by (simp add: add_increasing2)
52289
83ce5d2841e7 type class for confined subtraction
haftmann
parents: 52210
diff changeset
   733
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   734
lemma add_pos_pos: "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> 0 < b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a + b"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   735
  by (intro add_pos_nonneg less_imp_le)
52289
83ce5d2841e7 type class for confined subtraction
haftmann
parents: 52210
diff changeset
   736
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   737
lemma add_nonneg_pos: "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> 0 < b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a + b"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   738
  using add_pos_nonneg[of b a] by (simp add: add_commute)
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   739
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   740
lemma add_neg_nonpos: "a < 0 \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a + b < 0"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   741
  using le_less_trans[of "a + b" a 0] by (simp add: add_decreasing2)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   742
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   743
lemma add_neg_neg: "a < 0 \<Longrightarrow> b < 0 \<Longrightarrow> a + b < 0"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   744
  by (intro add_neg_nonpos less_imp_le)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   745
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   746
lemma add_nonpos_neg: "a \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b < 0 \<Longrightarrow> a + b < 0"
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   747
  using add_neg_nonpos[of b a] by (simp add: add_commute)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   748
30691
0047f57f6669 lemmas add_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30629
diff changeset
   749
lemmas add_sign_intros =
0047f57f6669 lemmas add_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30629
diff changeset
   750
  add_pos_nonneg add_pos_pos add_nonneg_pos add_nonneg_nonneg
0047f57f6669 lemmas add_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30629
diff changeset
   751
  add_neg_nonpos add_neg_neg add_nonpos_neg add_nonpos_nonpos
0047f57f6669 lemmas add_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30629
diff changeset
   752
62377
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   753
end
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   754
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   755
class strict_ordered_comm_monoid_add = comm_monoid_add + strict_ordered_ab_semigroup_add
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   756
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   757
class ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add = ordered_comm_monoid_add + cancel_ab_semigroup_add
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   758
begin
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   759
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   760
subclass ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add ..
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   761
subclass strict_ordered_comm_monoid_add ..
ace69956d018 moved more proofs to ordered_comm_monoid_add; introduced strict_ordered_ab_semigroup/comm_monoid_add
hoelzl
parents: 62376
diff changeset
   762
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   763
lemma add_strict_increasing:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   764
  "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> b < a + c"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   765
  by (insert add_less_le_mono [of 0 a b c], simp)
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   766
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   767
lemma add_strict_increasing2:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   768
  "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> b < c \<Longrightarrow> b < a + c"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   769
  by (insert add_le_less_mono [of 0 a b c], simp)
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   770
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   771
end
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   772
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   773
class ordered_ab_group_add = ab_group_add + ordered_ab_semigroup_add
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   774
begin
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   775
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   776
subclass ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add ..
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   777
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   778
subclass ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28262
diff changeset
   779
proof
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   780
  fix a b c :: 'a
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   781
  assume "c + a \<le> c + b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   782
  hence "(-c) + (c + a) \<le> (-c) + (c + b)" by (rule add_left_mono)
57512
cc97b347b301 reduced name variants for assoc and commute on plus and mult
haftmann
parents: 56950
diff changeset
   783
  hence "((-c) + c) + a \<le> ((-c) + c) + b" by (simp only: add.assoc)
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   784
  thus "a \<le> b" by simp
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   785
qed
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   786
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   787
subclass ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add ..
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   788
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   789
lemma add_less_same_cancel1 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   790
  "b + a < b \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   791
  using add_less_cancel_left [of _ _ 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   792
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   793
lemma add_less_same_cancel2 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   794
  "a + b < b \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   795
  using add_less_cancel_right [of _ _ 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   796
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   797
lemma less_add_same_cancel1 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   798
  "a < a + b \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   799
  using add_less_cancel_left [of _ 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   800
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   801
lemma less_add_same_cancel2 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   802
  "a < b + a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   803
  using add_less_cancel_right [of 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   804
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   805
lemma add_le_same_cancel1 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   806
  "b + a \<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   807
  using add_le_cancel_left [of _ _ 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   808
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   809
lemma add_le_same_cancel2 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   810
  "a + b \<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> 0"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   811
  using add_le_cancel_right [of _ _ 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   812
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   813
lemma le_add_same_cancel1 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   814
  "a \<le> a + b \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   815
  using add_le_cancel_left [of _ 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   816
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   817
lemma le_add_same_cancel2 [simp]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   818
  "a \<le> b + a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> b"
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   819
  using add_le_cancel_right [of 0] by simp
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   820
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   821
lemma max_diff_distrib_left:
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   822
  shows "max x y - z = max (x - z) (y - z)"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   823
  using max_add_distrib_left [of x y "- z"] by simp
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   824
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   825
lemma min_diff_distrib_left:
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   826
  shows "min x y - z = min (x - z) (y - z)"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   827
  using min_add_distrib_left [of x y "- z"] by simp
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   828
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   829
lemma le_imp_neg_le:
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   830
  assumes "a \<le> b" shows "-b \<le> -a"
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   831
proof -
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   832
  have "-a+a \<le> -a+b" using \<open>a \<le> b\<close> by (rule add_left_mono)
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   833
  then have "0 \<le> -a+b" by simp
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   834
  then have "0 + (-b) \<le> (-a + b) + (-b)" by (rule add_right_mono)
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   835
  then show ?thesis by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   836
qed
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   837
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   838
lemma neg_le_iff_le [simp]: "- b \<le> - a \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> b"
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   839
proof
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   840
  assume "- b \<le> - a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   841
  hence "- (- a) \<le> - (- b)" by (rule le_imp_neg_le)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   842
  thus "a\<le>b" by simp
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   843
next
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   844
  assume "a\<le>b"
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   845
  thus "-b \<le> -a" by (rule le_imp_neg_le)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   846
qed
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   847
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   848
lemma neg_le_0_iff_le [simp]: "- a \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   849
by (subst neg_le_iff_le [symmetric], simp)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   850
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   851
lemma neg_0_le_iff_le [simp]: "0 \<le> - a \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   852
by (subst neg_le_iff_le [symmetric], simp)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   853
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   854
lemma neg_less_iff_less [simp]: "- b < - a \<longleftrightarrow> a < b"
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   855
by (force simp add: less_le)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   856
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   857
lemma neg_less_0_iff_less [simp]: "- a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   858
by (subst neg_less_iff_less [symmetric], simp)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   859
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   860
lemma neg_0_less_iff_less [simp]: "0 < - a \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   861
by (subst neg_less_iff_less [symmetric], simp)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   862
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   863
text\<open>The next several equations can make the simplifier loop!\<close>
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   864
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   865
lemma less_minus_iff: "a < - b \<longleftrightarrow> b < - a"
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   866
proof -
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   867
  have "(- (-a) < - b) = (b < - a)" by (rule neg_less_iff_less)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   868
  thus ?thesis by simp
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   869
qed
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   870
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   871
lemma minus_less_iff: "- a < b \<longleftrightarrow> - b < a"
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   872
proof -
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   873
  have "(- a < - (-b)) = (- b < a)" by (rule neg_less_iff_less)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   874
  thus ?thesis by simp
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   875
qed
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   876
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   877
lemma le_minus_iff: "a \<le> - b \<longleftrightarrow> b \<le> - a"
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   878
proof -
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   879
  have mm: "!! a (b::'a). (-(-a)) < -b \<Longrightarrow> -(-b) < -a" by (simp only: minus_less_iff)
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   880
  have "(- (- a) <= -b) = (b <= - a)"
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   881
    apply (auto simp only: le_less)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   882
    apply (drule mm)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   883
    apply (simp_all)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   884
    apply (drule mm[simplified], assumption)
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   885
    done
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   886
  then show ?thesis by simp
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   887
qed
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   888
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   889
lemma minus_le_iff: "- a \<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> - b \<le> a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
   890
by (auto simp add: le_less minus_less_iff)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   891
54148
c8cc5ab4a863 killed more "no_atp"s
blanchet
parents: 54147
diff changeset
   892
lemma diff_less_0_iff_less [simp]:
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   893
  "a - b < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a < b"
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   894
proof -
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   895
  have "a - b < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a + (- b) < b + (- b)" by simp
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   896
  also have "... \<longleftrightarrow> a < b" by (simp only: add_less_cancel_right)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   897
  finally show ?thesis .
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   898
qed
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   899
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   900
lemmas less_iff_diff_less_0 = diff_less_0_iff_less [symmetric]
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   901
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   902
lemma diff_less_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   903
  "a - b < c \<longleftrightarrow> a < c + b"
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   904
apply (subst less_iff_diff_less_0 [of a])
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   905
apply (rule less_iff_diff_less_0 [of _ c, THEN ssubst])
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   906
apply (simp add: algebra_simps)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   907
done
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   908
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   909
lemma less_diff_eq[algebra_simps, field_simps]:
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   910
  "a < c - b \<longleftrightarrow> a + b < c"
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
   911
apply (subst less_iff_diff_less_0 [of "a + b"])
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   912
apply (subst less_iff_diff_less_0 [of a])
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
   913
apply (simp add: algebra_simps)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   914
done
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   915
62348
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   916
lemma diff_gt_0_iff_gt [simp]:
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   917
  "a - b > 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a > b"
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   918
  by (simp add: less_diff_eq)
61762
d50b993b4fb9 Removal of redundant lemmas (diff_less_iff, diff_le_iff) and of the abbreviation Exp. Addition of some new material.
paulson <lp15@cam.ac.uk>
parents: 61605
diff changeset
   919
62348
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   920
lemma diff_le_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   921
  "a - b \<le> c \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> c + b"
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   922
  by (auto simp add: le_less diff_less_eq )
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   923
62348
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   924
lemma le_diff_eq [algebra_simps, field_simps]:
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   925
  "a \<le> c - b \<longleftrightarrow> a + b \<le> c"
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   926
  by (auto simp add: le_less less_diff_eq)
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   927
54148
c8cc5ab4a863 killed more "no_atp"s
blanchet
parents: 54147
diff changeset
   928
lemma diff_le_0_iff_le [simp]:
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   929
  "a - b \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> b"
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   930
  by (simp add: algebra_simps)
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   931
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   932
lemmas le_iff_diff_le_0 = diff_le_0_iff_le [symmetric]
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   933
62348
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   934
lemma diff_ge_0_iff_ge [simp]:
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   935
  "a - b \<ge> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a \<ge> b"
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   936
  by (simp add: le_diff_eq)
9a5f43dac883 dropped various legacy fact bindings
haftmann
parents: 62347
diff changeset
   937
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   938
lemma diff_eq_diff_less:
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   939
  "a - b = c - d \<Longrightarrow> a < b \<longleftrightarrow> c < d"
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   940
  by (auto simp only: less_iff_diff_less_0 [of a b] less_iff_diff_less_0 [of c d])
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   941
37889
0d8058e0c270 keep explicit diff_def as legacy theorem; modernized abel_cancel simproc setup
haftmann
parents: 37884
diff changeset
   942
lemma diff_eq_diff_less_eq:
0d8058e0c270 keep explicit diff_def as legacy theorem; modernized abel_cancel simproc setup
haftmann
parents: 37884
diff changeset
   943
  "a - b = c - d \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> c \<le> d"
0d8058e0c270 keep explicit diff_def as legacy theorem; modernized abel_cancel simproc setup
haftmann
parents: 37884
diff changeset
   944
  by (auto simp only: le_iff_diff_le_0 [of a b] le_iff_diff_le_0 [of c d])
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   945
56950
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   946
lemma diff_mono: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> d \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a - c \<le> b - d"
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   947
  by (simp add: field_simps add_mono)
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   948
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   949
lemma diff_left_mono: "b \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> c - a \<le> c - b"
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   950
  by (simp add: field_simps)
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   951
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   952
lemma diff_right_mono: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a - c \<le> b - c"
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   953
  by (simp add: field_simps)
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   954
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   955
lemma diff_strict_mono: "a < b \<Longrightarrow> d < c \<Longrightarrow> a - c < b - d"
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   956
  by (simp add: field_simps add_strict_mono)
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   957
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   958
lemma diff_strict_left_mono: "b < a \<Longrightarrow> c - a < c - b"
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   959
  by (simp add: field_simps)
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   960
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   961
lemma diff_strict_right_mono: "a < b \<Longrightarrow> a - c < b - c"
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   962
  by (simp add: field_simps)
c49edf06f8e4 add mono rules for diff
hoelzl
parents: 54868
diff changeset
   963
25077
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   964
end
c2ec5e589d78 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25062
diff changeset
   965
48891
c0eafbd55de3 prefer ML_file over old uses;
wenzelm
parents: 48556
diff changeset
   966
ML_file "Tools/group_cancel.ML"
48556
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   967
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   968
simproc_setup group_cancel_add ("a + b::'a::ab_group_add") =
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   969
  \<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Group_Cancel.cancel_add_conv\<close>
48556
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   970
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   971
simproc_setup group_cancel_diff ("a - b::'a::ab_group_add") =
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   972
  \<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Group_Cancel.cancel_diff_conv\<close>
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   973
48556
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   974
simproc_setup group_cancel_eq ("a = (b::'a::ab_group_add)") =
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   975
  \<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Group_Cancel.cancel_eq_conv\<close>
37889
0d8058e0c270 keep explicit diff_def as legacy theorem; modernized abel_cancel simproc setup
haftmann
parents: 37884
diff changeset
   976
48556
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   977
simproc_setup group_cancel_le ("a \<le> (b::'a::ordered_ab_group_add)") =
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   978
  \<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Group_Cancel.cancel_le_conv\<close>
48556
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   979
62a3fbf9d35b replace abel_cancel simprocs with functionally equivalent, but simpler and faster ones
huffman
parents: 45548
diff changeset
   980
simproc_setup group_cancel_less ("a < (b::'a::ordered_ab_group_add)") =
60758
d8d85a8172b5 isabelle update_cartouches;
wenzelm
parents: 59815
diff changeset
   981
  \<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Group_Cancel.cancel_less_conv\<close>
37884
314a88278715 discontinued pretending that abel_cancel is logic-independent; cleaned up junk
haftmann
parents: 36977
diff changeset
   982
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   983
class linordered_ab_semigroup_add =
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   984
  linorder + ordered_ab_semigroup_add
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   985
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   986
class linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add =
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   987
  linorder + ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
   988
begin
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   989
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   990
subclass linordered_ab_semigroup_add ..
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   991
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
   992
subclass ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28262
diff changeset
   993
proof
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   994
  fix a b c :: 'a
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
   995
  assume le: "c + a <= c + b"
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   996
  show "a <= b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   997
  proof (rule ccontr)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   998
    assume w: "~ a \<le> b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   999
    hence "b <= a" by (simp add: linorder_not_le)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1000
    hence le2: "c + b <= c + a" by (rule add_left_mono)
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
  1001
    have "a = b"
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1002
      apply (insert le)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1003
      apply (insert le2)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1004
      apply (drule antisym, simp_all)
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1005
      done
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
  1006
    with w show False
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1007
      by (simp add: linorder_not_le [symmetric])
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1008
  qed
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1009
qed
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
  1010
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
  1011
end
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
  1012
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
  1013
class linordered_ab_group_add = linorder + ordered_ab_group_add
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
  1014
begin
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25194
diff changeset
  1015
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
  1016
subclass linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add ..
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25194
diff changeset
  1017
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1018
lemma equal_neg_zero [simp]:
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1019
  "a = - a \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1020
proof
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1021
  assume "a = 0" then show "a = - a" by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1022
next
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1023
  assume A: "a = - a" show "a = 0"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1024
  proof (cases "0 \<le> a")
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1025
    case True with A have "0 \<le> - a" by auto
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1026
    with le_minus_iff have "a \<le> 0" by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1027
    with True show ?thesis by (auto intro: order_trans)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1028
  next
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1029
    case False then have B: "a \<le> 0" by auto
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1030
    with A have "- a \<le> 0" by auto
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1031
    with B show ?thesis by (auto intro: order_trans)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1032
  qed
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1033
qed
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1034
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1035
lemma neg_equal_zero [simp]:
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1036
  "- a = a \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1037
  by (auto dest: sym)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1038
54250
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1039
lemma neg_less_eq_nonneg [simp]:
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1040
  "- a \<le> a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> a"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1041
proof
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1042
  assume A: "- a \<le> a" show "0 \<le> a"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1043
  proof (rule classical)
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1044
    assume "\<not> 0 \<le> a"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1045
    then have "a < 0" by auto
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1046
    with A have "- a < 0" by (rule le_less_trans)
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1047
    then show ?thesis by auto
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1048
  qed
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1049
next
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1050
  assume A: "0 \<le> a" show "- a \<le> a"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1051
  proof (rule order_trans)
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1052
    show "- a \<le> 0" using A by (simp add: minus_le_iff)
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1053
  next
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1054
    show "0 \<le> a" using A .
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1055
  qed
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1056
qed
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1057
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1058
lemma neg_less_pos [simp]:
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1059
  "- a < a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < a"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1060
  by (auto simp add: less_le)
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1061
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1062
lemma less_eq_neg_nonpos [simp]:
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1063
  "a \<le> - a \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> 0"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1064
  using neg_less_eq_nonneg [of "- a"] by simp
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1065
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1066
lemma less_neg_neg [simp]:
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1067
  "a < - a \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1068
  using neg_less_pos [of "- a"] by simp
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1069
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1070
lemma double_zero [simp]:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1071
  "a + a = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1072
proof
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1073
  assume assm: "a + a = 0"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1074
  then have a: "- a = a" by (rule minus_unique)
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35092
diff changeset
  1075
  then show "a = 0" by (simp only: neg_equal_zero)
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1076
qed simp
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1077
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1078
lemma double_zero_sym [simp]:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1079
  "0 = a + a \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1080
  by (rule, drule sym) simp_all
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1081
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1082
lemma zero_less_double_add_iff_zero_less_single_add [simp]:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1083
  "0 < a + a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < a"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1084
proof
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1085
  assume "0 < a + a"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1086
  then have "0 - a < a" by (simp only: diff_less_eq)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1087
  then have "- a < a" by simp
54250
7d2544dd3988 fact generalization and name consolidation
haftmann
parents: 54230
diff changeset
  1088
  then show "0 < a" by simp
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1089
next
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1090
  assume "0 < a"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1091
  with this have "0 + 0 < a + a"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1092
    by (rule add_strict_mono)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1093
  then show "0 < a + a" by simp
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1094
qed
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1095
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1096
lemma zero_le_double_add_iff_zero_le_single_add [simp]:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1097
  "0 \<le> a + a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> a"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1098
  by (auto simp add: le_less)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1099
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1100
lemma double_add_less_zero_iff_single_add_less_zero [simp]:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1101
  "a + a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1102
proof -
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1103
  have "\<not> a + a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> \<not> a < 0"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1104
    by (simp add: not_less)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1105
  then show ?thesis by simp
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1106
qed
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1107
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1108
lemma double_add_le_zero_iff_single_add_le_zero [simp]:
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
  1109
  "a + a \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> 0"
35036
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1110
proof -
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1111
  have "\<not> a + a \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> \<not> a \<le> 0"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1112
    by (simp add: not_le)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1113
  then show ?thesis by simp
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1114
qed
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1115
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1116
lemma minus_max_eq_min:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1117
  "- max x y = min (-x) (-y)"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1118
  by (auto simp add: max_def min_def)
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1119
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1120
lemma minus_min_eq_max:
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1121
  "- min x y = max (-x) (-y)"
b8c8d01cc20d separate library theory for type classes combining lattices with various algebraic structures; more simp rules
haftmann
parents: 35028
diff changeset
  1122
  by (auto simp add: max_def min_def)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1123
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
  1124
end
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25230
diff changeset
  1125
35092
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1126
class abs =
61944
5d06ecfdb472 prefer symbols for "abs";
wenzelm
parents: 61799
diff changeset
  1127
  fixes abs :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"  ("\<bar>_\<bar>")
35092
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1128
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1129
class sgn =
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1130
  fixes sgn :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1131
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1132
class abs_if = minus + uminus + ord + zero + abs +
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1133
  assumes abs_if: "\<bar>a\<bar> = (if a < 0 then - a else a)"
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1134
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1135
class sgn_if = minus + uminus + zero + one + ord + sgn +
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1136
  assumes sgn_if: "sgn x = (if x = 0 then 0 else if 0 < x then 1 else - 1)"
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1137
begin
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1138
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1139
lemma sgn0 [simp]: "sgn 0 = 0"
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1140
  by (simp add:sgn_if)
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1141
cfe605c54e50 moved less_eq, less to Orderings.thy; moved abs, sgn to Groups.thy
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
  1142
end
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents:
diff changeset
  1143
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34973
diff changeset
  1144
class ordered_ab_group_add_abs = ordered_ab_group_add + abs +
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1145
  assumes abs_ge_zero [simp]: "\<bar>a\<bar> \<ge> 0"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1146
    and abs_ge_self: "a \<le> \<bar>a\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1147
    and abs_leI: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> - a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> \<bar>a\<bar> \<le> b"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1148
    and abs_minus_cancel [simp]: "\<bar>-a\<bar> = \<bar>a\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1149
    and abs_triangle_ineq: "\<bar>a + b\<bar> \<le> \<bar>a\<bar> + \<bar>b\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1150
begin
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1151
25307
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1152
lemma abs_minus_le_zero: "- \<bar>a\<bar> \<le> 0"
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1153
  unfolding neg_le_0_iff_le by simp
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1154
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1155
lemma abs_of_nonneg [simp]:
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1156
  assumes nonneg: "0 \<le> a" shows "\<bar>a\<bar> = a"
25307
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1157
proof (rule antisym)
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1158
  from nonneg le_imp_neg_le have "- a \<le> 0" by simp
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1159
  from this nonneg have "- a \<le> a" by (rule order_trans)
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1160
  then show "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> a" by (auto intro: abs_leI)
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1161
qed (rule abs_ge_self)
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1162
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1163
lemma abs_idempotent [simp]: "\<bar>\<bar>a\<bar>\<bar> = \<bar>a\<bar>"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1164
by (rule antisym)
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1165
   (auto intro!: abs_ge_self abs_leI order_trans [of "- \<bar>a\<bar>" 0 "\<bar>a\<bar>"])
25307
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1166
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1167
lemma abs_eq_0 [simp]: "\<bar>a\<bar> = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1168
proof -
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1169
  have "\<bar>a\<bar> = 0 \<Longrightarrow> a = 0"
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1170
  proof (rule antisym)
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1171
    assume zero: "\<bar>a\<bar> = 0"
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1172
    with abs_ge_self show "a \<le> 0" by auto
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1173
    from zero have "\<bar>-a\<bar> = 0" by simp
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1174
    with abs_ge_self [of "- a"] have "- a \<le> 0" by auto
25307
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1175
    with neg_le_0_iff_le show "0 \<le> a" by auto
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1176
  qed
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1177
  then show ?thesis by auto
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1178
qed
389902f0a0c8 simplified specification of *_abs class
haftmann
parents: 25303
diff changeset
  1179
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1180
lemma abs_zero [simp]: "\<bar>0\<bar> = 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1181
by simp
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1182
54148
c8cc5ab4a863 killed more "no_atp"s
blanchet
parents: 54147
diff changeset
  1183
lemma abs_0_eq [simp]: "0 = \<bar>a\<bar> \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1184
proof -
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1185
  have "0 = \<bar>a\<bar> \<longleftrightarrow> \<bar>a\<bar> = 0" by (simp only: eq_ac)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1186
  thus ?thesis by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1187
qed
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1188
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
  1189
lemma abs_le_zero_iff [simp]: "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1190
proof
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1191
  assume "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> 0"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1192
  then have "\<bar>a\<bar> = 0" by (rule antisym) simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1193
  thus "a = 0" by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1194
next
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1195
  assume "a = 0"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1196
  thus "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> 0" by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1197
qed
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1198
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1199
lemma zero_less_abs_iff [simp]: "0 < \<bar>a\<bar> \<longleftrightarrow> a \<noteq> 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1200
by (simp add: less_le)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1201
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1202
lemma abs_not_less_zero [simp]: "\<not> \<bar>a\<bar> < 0"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1203
proof -
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1204
  have a: "\<And>x y. x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> \<not> y < x" by auto
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1205
  show ?thesis by (simp add: a)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1206
qed
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1207
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1208
lemma abs_ge_minus_self: "- a \<le> \<bar>a\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1209
proof -
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1210
  have "- a \<le> \<bar>-a\<bar>" by (rule abs_ge_self)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1211
  then show ?thesis by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1212
qed
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1213
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
  1214
lemma abs_minus_commute:
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1215
  "\<bar>a - b\<bar> = \<bar>b - a\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1216
proof -
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1217
  have "\<bar>a - b\<bar> = \<bar>- (a - b)\<bar>" by (simp only: abs_minus_cancel)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1218
  also have "... = \<bar>b - a\<bar>" by simp
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1219
  finally show ?thesis .
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1220
qed
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1221
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1222
lemma abs_of_pos: "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> \<bar>a\<bar> = a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1223
by (rule abs_of_nonneg, rule less_imp_le)
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1224
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1225
lemma abs_of_nonpos [simp]:
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1226
  assumes "a \<le> 0" shows "\<bar>a\<bar> = - a"
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1227
proof -
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1228
  let ?b = "- a"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1229
  have "- ?b \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> \<bar>- ?b\<bar> = - (- ?b)"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1230
  unfolding abs_minus_cancel [of "?b"]
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1231
  unfolding neg_le_0_iff_le [of "?b"]
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1232
  unfolding minus_minus by (erule abs_of_nonneg)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1233
  then show ?thesis using assms by auto
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1234
qed
62376
85f38d5f8807 Rename ordered_comm_monoid_add to ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. Introduce ordreed_comm_monoid_add, canonically_ordered_comm_monoid and dioid. Setup nat, entat and ennreal as dioids.
hoelzl
parents: 62348
diff changeset
  1235
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1236
lemma abs_of_neg: "a < 0 \<Longrightarrow> \<bar>a\<bar> = - a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1237
by (rule abs_of_nonpos, rule less_imp_le)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1238
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1239
lemma abs_le_D1: "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1240
by (insert abs_ge_self, blast intro: order_trans)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1241
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1242
lemma abs_le_D2: "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> - a \<le> b"
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1243
by (insert abs_le_D1 [of "- a"], simp)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1244
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1245
lemma abs_le_iff: "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> b \<and> - a \<le> b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1246
by (blast intro: abs_leI dest: abs_le_D1 abs_le_D2)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1247
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1248
lemma abs_triangle_ineq2: "\<bar>a\<bar> - \<bar>b\<bar> \<le> \<bar>a - b\<bar>"
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1249
proof -
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1250
  have "\<bar>a\<bar> = \<bar>b + (a - b)\<bar>"
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
  1251
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1252
  then have "\<bar>a\<bar> \<le> \<bar>b\<bar> + \<bar>a - b\<bar>"
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1253
    by (simp add: abs_triangle_ineq)
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1254
  then show ?thesis
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1255
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1256
qed
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1257
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1258
lemma abs_triangle_ineq2_sym: "\<bar>a\<bar> - \<bar>b\<bar> \<le> \<bar>b - a\<bar>"
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1259
  by (simp only: abs_minus_commute [of b] abs_triangle_ineq2)
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1260
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1261
lemma abs_triangle_ineq3: "\<bar>\<bar>a\<bar> - \<bar>b\<bar>\<bar> \<le> \<bar>a - b\<bar>"
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1262
  by (simp add: abs_le_iff abs_triangle_ineq2 abs_triangle_ineq2_sym)
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1263
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1264
lemma abs_triangle_ineq4: "\<bar>a - b\<bar> \<le> \<bar>a\<bar> + \<bar>b\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1265
proof -
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
  1266
  have "\<bar>a - b\<bar> = \<bar>a + - b\<bar>" by (simp add: algebra_simps)
36302
4e7f5b22dd7d more localization; tuned proofs
haftmann
parents: 36176
diff changeset
  1267
  also have "... \<le> \<bar>a\<bar> + \<bar>- b\<bar>" by (rule abs_triangle_ineq)
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29269
diff changeset
  1268
  finally show ?thesis by simp
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1269
qed
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1270
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1271
lemma abs_diff_triangle_ineq: "\<bar>a + b - (c + d)\<bar> \<le> \<bar>a - c\<bar> + \<bar>b - d\<bar>"
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1272
proof -
54230
b1d955791529 more simplification rules on unary and binary minus
haftmann
parents: 54148
diff changeset
  1273
  have "\<bar>a + b - (c+d)\<bar> = \<bar>(a-c) + (b-d)\<bar>" by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1274
  also have "... \<le> \<bar>a-c\<bar> + \<bar>b-d\<bar>" by (rule abs_triangle_ineq)
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1275
  finally show ?thesis .
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1276
qed
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
  1277
25303
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1278
lemma abs_add_abs [simp]:
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1279
  "\<bar>\<bar>a\<bar> + \<bar>b\<bar>\<bar> = \<bar>a\<bar> + \<bar>b\<bar>" (is "?L = ?R")
0699e20feabd renamed lordered_*_* to lordered_*_add_*; further localization
haftmann
parents: 25267