src/HOL/Int.thy
author wenzelm
Sat, 07 Apr 2012 16:41:59 +0200
changeset 47389 e8552cba702d
parent 47255 30a1692557b0
child 48044 fea6f3060b65
permissions -rw-r--r--
explicit checks stable_finished_theory/stable_command allow parallel asynchronous command transactions; tuned;
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(*  Title:      HOL/Int.thy
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    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
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    Author:     Tobias Nipkow, Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen
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*)
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header {* The Integers as Equivalence Classes over Pairs of Natural Numbers *} 
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theory Int
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imports Equiv_Relations Wellfounded
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uses
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  ("Tools/int_arith.ML")
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begin
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subsection {* The equivalence relation underlying the integers *}
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definition intrel :: "((nat \<times> nat) \<times> (nat \<times> nat)) set" where
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  "intrel = {((x, y), (u, v)) | x y u v. x + v = u +y }"
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definition "Integ = UNIV//intrel"
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typedef (open) int = Integ
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  morphisms Rep_Integ Abs_Integ
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  unfolding Integ_def by (auto simp add: quotient_def)
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instantiation int :: "{zero, one, plus, minus, uminus, times, ord, abs, sgn}"
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begin
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definition
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  Zero_int_def: "0 = Abs_Integ (intrel `` {(0, 0)})"
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definition
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  One_int_def: "1 = Abs_Integ (intrel `` {(1, 0)})"
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definition
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  add_int_def: "z + w = Abs_Integ
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    (\<Union>(x, y) \<in> Rep_Integ z. \<Union>(u, v) \<in> Rep_Integ w.
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      intrel `` {(x + u, y + v)})"
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definition
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  minus_int_def:
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    "- z = Abs_Integ (\<Union>(x, y) \<in> Rep_Integ z. intrel `` {(y, x)})"
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definition
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  diff_int_def:  "z - w = z + (-w \<Colon> int)"
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definition
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  mult_int_def: "z * w = Abs_Integ
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    (\<Union>(x, y) \<in> Rep_Integ z. \<Union>(u,v ) \<in> Rep_Integ w.
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      intrel `` {(x*u + y*v, x*v + y*u)})"
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definition
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  le_int_def:
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   "z \<le> w \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>x y u v. x+v \<le> u+y \<and> (x, y) \<in> Rep_Integ z \<and> (u, v) \<in> Rep_Integ w)"
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definition
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  less_int_def: "(z\<Colon>int) < w \<longleftrightarrow> z \<le> w \<and> z \<noteq> w"
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definition
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  zabs_def: "\<bar>i\<Colon>int\<bar> = (if i < 0 then - i else i)"
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definition
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  zsgn_def: "sgn (i\<Colon>int) = (if i=0 then 0 else if 0<i then 1 else - 1)"
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instance ..
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end
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subsection{*Construction of the Integers*}
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lemma intrel_iff [simp]: "(((x,y),(u,v)) \<in> intrel) = (x+v = u+y)"
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by (simp add: intrel_def)
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lemma equiv_intrel: "equiv UNIV intrel"
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by (simp add: intrel_def equiv_def refl_on_def sym_def trans_def)
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text{*Reduces equality of equivalence classes to the @{term intrel} relation:
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  @{term "(intrel `` {x} = intrel `` {y}) = ((x,y) \<in> intrel)"} *}
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lemmas equiv_intrel_iff [simp] = eq_equiv_class_iff [OF equiv_intrel UNIV_I UNIV_I]
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text{*All equivalence classes belong to set of representatives*}
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lemma [simp]: "intrel``{(x,y)} \<in> Integ"
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by (auto simp add: Integ_def intrel_def quotient_def)
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text{*Reduces equality on abstractions to equality on representatives:
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  @{prop "\<lbrakk>x \<in> Integ; y \<in> Integ\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> (Abs_Integ x = Abs_Integ y) = (x=y)"} *}
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declare Abs_Integ_inject [simp,no_atp]  Abs_Integ_inverse [simp,no_atp]
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text{*Case analysis on the representation of an integer as an equivalence
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      class of pairs of naturals.*}
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lemma eq_Abs_Integ [case_names Abs_Integ, cases type: int]:
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     "(!!x y. z = Abs_Integ(intrel``{(x,y)}) ==> P) ==> P"
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apply (rule Abs_Integ_cases [of z]) 
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apply (auto simp add: Integ_def quotient_def) 
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done
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subsection {* Arithmetic Operations *}
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lemma minus: "- Abs_Integ(intrel``{(x,y)}) = Abs_Integ(intrel `` {(y,x)})"
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proof -
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  have "(\<lambda>(x,y). intrel``{(y,x)}) respects intrel"
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    by (auto simp add: congruent_def)
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  thus ?thesis
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    by (simp add: minus_int_def UN_equiv_class [OF equiv_intrel])
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qed
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lemma add:
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     "Abs_Integ (intrel``{(x,y)}) + Abs_Integ (intrel``{(u,v)}) =
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      Abs_Integ (intrel``{(x+u, y+v)})"
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proof -
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  have "(\<lambda>z w. (\<lambda>(x,y). (\<lambda>(u,v). intrel `` {(x+u, y+v)}) w) z) 
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        respects2 intrel"
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    by (auto simp add: congruent2_def)
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  thus ?thesis
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    by (simp add: add_int_def UN_UN_split_split_eq
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                  UN_equiv_class2 [OF equiv_intrel equiv_intrel])
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qed
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text{*Congruence property for multiplication*}
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lemma mult_congruent2:
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     "(%p1 p2. (%(x,y). (%(u,v). intrel``{(x*u + y*v, x*v + y*u)}) p2) p1)
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      respects2 intrel"
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apply (rule equiv_intrel [THEN congruent2_commuteI])
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 apply (force simp add: mult_ac, clarify) 
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apply (simp add: congruent_def mult_ac)  
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apply (rename_tac u v w x y z)
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apply (subgoal_tac "u*y + x*y = w*y + v*y  &  u*z + x*z = w*z + v*z")
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apply (simp add: mult_ac)
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apply (simp add: add_mult_distrib [symmetric])
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done
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lemma mult:
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     "Abs_Integ((intrel``{(x,y)})) * Abs_Integ((intrel``{(u,v)})) =
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      Abs_Integ(intrel `` {(x*u + y*v, x*v + y*u)})"
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by (simp add: mult_int_def UN_UN_split_split_eq mult_congruent2
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              UN_equiv_class2 [OF equiv_intrel equiv_intrel])
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text{*The integers form a @{text comm_ring_1}*}
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instance int :: comm_ring_1
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proof
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   142
  fix i j k :: int
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parents:
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   143
  show "(i + j) + k = i + (j + k)"
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parents:
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   144
    by (cases i, cases j, cases k) (simp add: add add_assoc)
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parents:
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   145
  show "i + j = j + i" 
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parents:
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   146
    by (cases i, cases j) (simp add: add_ac add)
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parents:
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   147
  show "0 + i = i"
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parents:
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   148
    by (cases i) (simp add: Zero_int_def add)
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parents:
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   149
  show "- i + i = 0"
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parents:
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   150
    by (cases i) (simp add: Zero_int_def minus add)
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parents:
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   151
  show "i - j = i + - j"
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parents:
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   152
    by (simp add: diff_int_def)
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parents:
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   153
  show "(i * j) * k = i * (j * k)"
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   154
    by (cases i, cases j, cases k) (simp add: mult algebra_simps)
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parents:
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   155
  show "i * j = j * i"
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53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
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parents: 29046
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   156
    by (cases i, cases j) (simp add: mult algebra_simps)
25919
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parents:
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   157
  show "1 * i = i"
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haftmann
parents:
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   158
    by (cases i) (simp add: One_int_def mult)
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haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   159
  show "(i + j) * k = i * k + j * k"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
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parents: 29046
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   160
    by (cases i, cases j, cases k) (simp add: add mult algebra_simps)
25919
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parents:
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   161
  show "0 \<noteq> (1::int)"
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parents:
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   162
    by (simp add: Zero_int_def One_int_def)
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   163
qed
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   164
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abbreviation int :: "nat \<Rightarrow> int" where
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  "int \<equiv> of_nat"
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   167
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   168
lemma int_def: "int m = Abs_Integ (intrel `` {(m, 0)})"
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   169
by (induct m) (simp_all add: Zero_int_def One_int_def add)
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parents:
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subsection {* The @{text "\<le>"} Ordering *}
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lemma le:
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  "(Abs_Integ(intrel``{(x,y)}) \<le> Abs_Integ(intrel``{(u,v)})) = (x+v \<le> u+y)"
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   176
by (force simp add: le_int_def)
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parents:
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   177
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parents:
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   178
lemma less:
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parents:
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   179
  "(Abs_Integ(intrel``{(x,y)}) < Abs_Integ(intrel``{(u,v)})) = (x+v < u+y)"
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by (simp add: less_int_def le order_less_le)
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   181
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   182
instance int :: linorder
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   183
proof
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   184
  fix i j k :: int
27682
25aceefd4786 added class preorder
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parents: 27395
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   185
  show antisym: "i \<le> j \<Longrightarrow> j \<le> i \<Longrightarrow> i = j"
25aceefd4786 added class preorder
haftmann
parents: 27395
diff changeset
   186
    by (cases i, cases j) (simp add: le)
25aceefd4786 added class preorder
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parents: 27395
diff changeset
   187
  show "(i < j) = (i \<le> j \<and> \<not> j \<le> i)"
25aceefd4786 added class preorder
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   188
    by (auto simp add: less_int_def dest: antisym) 
25919
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parents:
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   189
  show "i \<le> i"
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parents:
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   190
    by (cases i) (simp add: le)
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haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   191
  show "i \<le> j \<Longrightarrow> j \<le> k \<Longrightarrow> i \<le> k"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
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parents:
diff changeset
   192
    by (cases i, cases j, cases k) (simp add: le)
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parents:
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   193
  show "i \<le> j \<or> j \<le> i"
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parents:
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   194
    by (cases i, cases j) (simp add: le linorder_linear)
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   195
qed
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   196
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instantiation int :: distrib_lattice
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begin
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definition
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  "(inf \<Colon> int \<Rightarrow> int \<Rightarrow> int) = min"
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definition
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  "(sup \<Colon> int \<Rightarrow> int \<Rightarrow> int) = max"
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instance
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  by intro_classes
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    (auto simp add: inf_int_def sup_int_def min_max.sup_inf_distrib1)
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end
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instance int :: ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
25919
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   213
proof
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   214
  fix i j k :: int
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parents:
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   215
  show "i \<le> j \<Longrightarrow> k + i \<le> k + j"
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   216
    by (cases i, cases j, cases k) (simp add: le add)
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   217
qed
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   218
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ec39d7e40554 moved definition of power on ints to theory Int
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   219
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text{*Strict Monotonicity of Multiplication*}
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parents:
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   221
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text{*strict, in 1st argument; proof is by induction on k>0*}
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lemma zmult_zless_mono2_lemma:
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   224
     "(i::int)<j ==> 0<k ==> int k * i < int k * j"
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apply (induct k)
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apply simp
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apply (simp add: left_distrib)
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apply (case_tac "k=0")
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apply (simp_all add: add_strict_mono)
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   230
done
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lemma zero_le_imp_eq_int: "(0::int) \<le> k ==> \<exists>n. k = int n"
25919
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apply (cases k)
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apply (auto simp add: le add int_def Zero_int_def)
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apply (rule_tac x="x-y" in exI, simp)
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   236
done
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lemma zero_less_imp_eq_int: "(0::int) < k ==> \<exists>n>0. k = int n"
25919
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apply (cases k)
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apply (simp add: less int_def Zero_int_def)
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apply (rule_tac x="x-y" in exI, simp)
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done
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lemma zmult_zless_mono2: "[| i<j;  (0::int) < k |] ==> k*i < k*j"
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apply (drule zero_less_imp_eq_int)
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apply (auto simp add: zmult_zless_mono2_lemma)
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done
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text{*The integers form an ordered integral domain*}
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   250
instance int :: linordered_idom
25919
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   251
proof
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   252
  fix i j k :: int
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  show "i < j \<Longrightarrow> 0 < k \<Longrightarrow> k * i < k * j"
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   254
    by (rule zmult_zless_mono2)
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parents:
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   255
  show "\<bar>i\<bar> = (if i < 0 then -i else i)"
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   256
    by (simp only: zabs_def)
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  show "sgn (i\<Colon>int) = (if i=0 then 0 else if 0<i then 1 else - 1)"
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parents:
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   258
    by (simp only: zsgn_def)
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   259
qed
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   260
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lemma zless_imp_add1_zle: "w < z \<Longrightarrow> w + (1\<Colon>int) \<le> z"
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apply (cases w, cases z) 
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apply (simp add: less le add One_int_def)
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   264
done
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   265
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lemma zless_iff_Suc_zadd:
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  "(w \<Colon> int) < z \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>n. z = w + int (Suc n))"
25919
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apply (cases z, cases w)
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apply (auto simp add: less add int_def)
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apply (rename_tac a b c d) 
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apply (rule_tac x="a+d - Suc(c+b)" in exI) 
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apply arith
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done
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lemmas int_distrib =
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  left_distrib [of z1 z2 w]
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  right_distrib [of w z1 z2]
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  left_diff_distrib [of z1 z2 w]
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  right_diff_distrib [of w z1 z2]
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   280
  for z1 z2 w :: int
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subsection {* Embedding of the Integers into any @{text ring_1}: @{text of_int}*}
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   285
context ring_1
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   286
begin
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   287
31015
555f4033cd97 reorganization of power lemmas
haftmann
parents: 31010
diff changeset
   288
definition of_int :: "int \<Rightarrow> 'a" where
39910
10097e0a9dbd constant `contents` renamed to `the_elem`
haftmann
parents: 38857
diff changeset
   289
  "of_int z = the_elem (\<Union>(i, j) \<in> Rep_Integ z. { of_nat i - of_nat j })"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   290
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   291
lemma of_int: "of_int (Abs_Integ (intrel `` {(i,j)})) = of_nat i - of_nat j"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   292
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   293
  have "(\<lambda>(i,j). { of_nat i - (of_nat j :: 'a) }) respects intrel"
40819
2ac5af6eb8a8 adapted proofs to slightly changed definitions of congruent(2)
haftmann
parents: 39910
diff changeset
   294
    by (auto simp add: congruent_def) (simp add: algebra_simps of_nat_add [symmetric]
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   295
            del: of_nat_add) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   296
  thus ?thesis
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   297
    by (simp add: of_int_def UN_equiv_class [OF equiv_intrel])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   298
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   299
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   300
lemma of_int_0 [simp]: "of_int 0 = 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29046
diff changeset
   301
by (simp add: of_int Zero_int_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   302
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   303
lemma of_int_1 [simp]: "of_int 1 = 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29046
diff changeset
   304
by (simp add: of_int One_int_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   305
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   306
lemma of_int_add [simp]: "of_int (w+z) = of_int w + of_int z"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   307
by (cases w, cases z) (simp add: algebra_simps of_int add)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   308
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   309
lemma of_int_minus [simp]: "of_int (-z) = - (of_int z)"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   310
by (cases z) (simp add: algebra_simps of_int minus)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   311
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   312
lemma of_int_diff [simp]: "of_int (w - z) = of_int w - of_int z"
35050
9f841f20dca6 renamed OrderedGroup to Groups; split theory Ring_and_Field into Rings Fields
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   313
by (simp add: diff_minus Groups.diff_minus)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   314
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   315
lemma of_int_mult [simp]: "of_int (w*z) = of_int w * of_int z"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   316
apply (cases w, cases z)
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29046
diff changeset
   317
apply (simp add: algebra_simps of_int mult of_nat_mult)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   318
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   319
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   320
text{*Collapse nested embeddings*}
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   321
lemma of_int_of_nat_eq [simp]: "of_int (int n) = of_nat n"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29046
diff changeset
   322
by (induct n) auto
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   323
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   324
lemma of_int_numeral [simp, code_post]: "of_int (numeral k) = numeral k"
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   325
  by (simp add: of_nat_numeral [symmetric] of_int_of_nat_eq [symmetric])
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   326
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   327
lemma of_int_neg_numeral [simp, code_post]: "of_int (neg_numeral k) = neg_numeral k"
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   328
  unfolding neg_numeral_def neg_numeral_class.neg_numeral_def
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   329
  by (simp only: of_int_minus of_int_numeral)
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   330
31015
555f4033cd97 reorganization of power lemmas
haftmann
parents: 31010
diff changeset
   331
lemma of_int_power:
555f4033cd97 reorganization of power lemmas
haftmann
parents: 31010
diff changeset
   332
  "of_int (z ^ n) = of_int z ^ n"
555f4033cd97 reorganization of power lemmas
haftmann
parents: 31010
diff changeset
   333
  by (induct n) simp_all
555f4033cd97 reorganization of power lemmas
haftmann
parents: 31010
diff changeset
   334
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   335
end
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   336
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   337
context ring_char_0
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   338
begin
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   339
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   340
lemma of_int_eq_iff [simp]:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   341
   "of_int w = of_int z \<longleftrightarrow> w = z"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   342
apply (cases w, cases z)
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   343
apply (simp add: of_int)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   344
apply (simp only: diff_eq_eq diff_add_eq eq_diff_eq)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   345
apply (simp only: of_nat_add [symmetric] of_nat_eq_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   346
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   347
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   348
text{*Special cases where either operand is zero*}
36424
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   349
lemma of_int_eq_0_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   350
  "of_int z = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> z = 0"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   351
  using of_int_eq_iff [of z 0] by simp
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   352
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   353
lemma of_int_0_eq_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   354
  "0 = of_int z \<longleftrightarrow> z = 0"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   355
  using of_int_eq_iff [of 0 z] by simp
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   356
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   357
end
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   358
36424
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   359
context linordered_idom
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   360
begin
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   361
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34055
diff changeset
   362
text{*Every @{text linordered_idom} has characteristic zero.*}
36424
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   363
subclass ring_char_0 ..
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   364
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   365
lemma of_int_le_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   366
  "of_int w \<le> of_int z \<longleftrightarrow> w \<le> z"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   367
  by (cases w, cases z)
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   368
    (simp add: of_int le minus algebra_simps of_nat_add [symmetric] del: of_nat_add)
36424
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   369
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   370
lemma of_int_less_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   371
  "of_int w < of_int z \<longleftrightarrow> w < z"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   372
  by (simp add: less_le order_less_le)
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   373
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   374
lemma of_int_0_le_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   375
  "0 \<le> of_int z \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> z"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   376
  using of_int_le_iff [of 0 z] by simp
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   377
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   378
lemma of_int_le_0_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   379
  "of_int z \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> z \<le> 0"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   380
  using of_int_le_iff [of z 0] by simp
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   381
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   382
lemma of_int_0_less_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   383
  "0 < of_int z \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < z"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   384
  using of_int_less_iff [of 0 z] by simp
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   385
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   386
lemma of_int_less_0_iff [simp]:
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   387
  "of_int z < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> z < 0"
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   388
  using of_int_less_iff [of z 0] by simp
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   389
f3f389fc7974 got rid of [simplified]
haftmann
parents: 36409
diff changeset
   390
end
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   391
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   392
lemma of_int_eq_id [simp]: "of_int = id"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   393
proof
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   394
  fix z show "of_int z = id z"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   395
    by (cases z) (simp add: of_int add minus int_def diff_minus)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   396
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   397
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   398
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   399
subsection {* Magnitude of an Integer, as a Natural Number: @{text nat} *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   400
37767
a2b7a20d6ea3 dropped superfluous [code del]s
haftmann
parents: 36811
diff changeset
   401
definition nat :: "int \<Rightarrow> nat" where
39910
10097e0a9dbd constant `contents` renamed to `the_elem`
haftmann
parents: 38857
diff changeset
   402
  "nat z = the_elem (\<Union>(x, y) \<in> Rep_Integ z. {x-y})"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   403
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   404
lemma nat: "nat (Abs_Integ (intrel``{(x,y)})) = x-y"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   405
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   406
  have "(\<lambda>(x,y). {x-y}) respects intrel"
40819
2ac5af6eb8a8 adapted proofs to slightly changed definitions of congruent(2)
haftmann
parents: 39910
diff changeset
   407
    by (auto simp add: congruent_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   408
  thus ?thesis
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   409
    by (simp add: nat_def UN_equiv_class [OF equiv_intrel])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   410
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   411
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   412
lemma nat_int [simp]: "nat (int n) = n"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   413
by (simp add: nat int_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   414
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   415
lemma int_nat_eq [simp]: "int (nat z) = (if 0 \<le> z then z else 0)"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   416
by (cases z) (simp add: nat le int_def Zero_int_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   417
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   418
corollary nat_0_le: "0 \<le> z ==> int (nat z) = z"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   419
by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   420
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   421
lemma nat_le_0 [simp]: "z \<le> 0 ==> nat z = 0"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   422
by (cases z) (simp add: nat le Zero_int_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   423
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   424
lemma nat_le_eq_zle: "0 < w | 0 \<le> z ==> (nat w \<le> nat z) = (w\<le>z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   425
apply (cases w, cases z) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   426
apply (simp add: nat le linorder_not_le [symmetric] Zero_int_def, arith)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   427
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   428
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   429
text{*An alternative condition is @{term "0 \<le> w"} *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   430
corollary nat_mono_iff: "0 < z ==> (nat w < nat z) = (w < z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   431
by (simp add: nat_le_eq_zle linorder_not_le [symmetric]) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   432
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   433
corollary nat_less_eq_zless: "0 \<le> w ==> (nat w < nat z) = (w<z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   434
by (simp add: nat_le_eq_zle linorder_not_le [symmetric]) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   435
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   436
lemma zless_nat_conj [simp]: "(nat w < nat z) = (0 < z & w < z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   437
apply (cases w, cases z) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   438
apply (simp add: nat le Zero_int_def linorder_not_le [symmetric], arith)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   439
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   440
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   441
lemma nonneg_eq_int:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   442
  fixes z :: int
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   443
  assumes "0 \<le> z" and "\<And>m. z = int m \<Longrightarrow> P"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   444
  shows P
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   445
  using assms by (blast dest: nat_0_le sym)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   446
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   447
lemma nat_eq_iff: "(nat w = m) = (if 0 \<le> w then w = int m else m=0)"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   448
by (cases w) (simp add: nat le int_def Zero_int_def, arith)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   449
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   450
corollary nat_eq_iff2: "(m = nat w) = (if 0 \<le> w then w = int m else m=0)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   451
by (simp only: eq_commute [of m] nat_eq_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   452
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   453
lemma nat_less_iff: "0 \<le> w ==> (nat w < m) = (w < of_nat m)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   454
apply (cases w)
29700
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
   455
apply (simp add: nat le int_def Zero_int_def linorder_not_le[symmetric], arith)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   456
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   457
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   458
lemma nat_le_iff: "nat x \<le> n \<longleftrightarrow> x \<le> int n"
44707
487ae6317f7b move lemmas nat_le_iff and nat_mono into Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44695
diff changeset
   459
  by (cases x, simp add: nat le int_def le_diff_conv)
487ae6317f7b move lemmas nat_le_iff and nat_mono into Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44695
diff changeset
   460
487ae6317f7b move lemmas nat_le_iff and nat_mono into Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44695
diff changeset
   461
lemma nat_mono: "x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> nat x \<le> nat y"
487ae6317f7b move lemmas nat_le_iff and nat_mono into Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44695
diff changeset
   462
  by (cases x, cases y, simp add: nat le)
487ae6317f7b move lemmas nat_le_iff and nat_mono into Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44695
diff changeset
   463
29700
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
   464
lemma nat_0_iff[simp]: "nat(i::int) = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> i\<le>0"
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
   465
by(simp add: nat_eq_iff) arith
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
   466
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   467
lemma int_eq_iff: "(of_nat m = z) = (m = nat z & 0 \<le> z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   468
by (auto simp add: nat_eq_iff2)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   469
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   470
lemma zero_less_nat_eq [simp]: "(0 < nat z) = (0 < z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   471
by (insert zless_nat_conj [of 0], auto)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   472
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   473
lemma nat_add_distrib:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   474
     "[| (0::int) \<le> z;  0 \<le> z' |] ==> nat (z+z') = nat z + nat z'"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   475
by (cases z, cases z') (simp add: nat add le Zero_int_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   476
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   477
lemma nat_diff_distrib:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   478
     "[| (0::int) \<le> z';  z' \<le> z |] ==> nat (z-z') = nat z - nat z'"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   479
by (cases z, cases z')
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   480
  (simp add: nat add minus diff_minus le Zero_int_def)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   481
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   482
lemma nat_zminus_int [simp]: "nat (- int n) = 0"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   483
by (simp add: int_def minus nat Zero_int_def) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   484
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   485
lemma zless_nat_eq_int_zless: "(m < nat z) = (int m < z)"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   486
by (cases z) (simp add: nat less int_def, arith)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   487
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   488
context ring_1
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   489
begin
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   490
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   491
lemma of_nat_nat: "0 \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> of_nat (nat z) = of_int z"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   492
  by (cases z rule: eq_Abs_Integ)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   493
   (simp add: nat le of_int Zero_int_def of_nat_diff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   494
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   495
end
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   496
29779
2786b348c376 declare "nat o abs" as default measure for int
krauss
parents: 29700
diff changeset
   497
text {* For termination proofs: *}
2786b348c376 declare "nat o abs" as default measure for int
krauss
parents: 29700
diff changeset
   498
lemma measure_function_int[measure_function]: "is_measure (nat o abs)" ..
2786b348c376 declare "nat o abs" as default measure for int
krauss
parents: 29700
diff changeset
   499
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   500
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   501
subsection{*Lemmas about the Function @{term of_nat} and Orderings*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   502
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   503
lemma negative_zless_0: "- (int (Suc n)) < (0 \<Colon> int)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   504
by (simp add: order_less_le del: of_nat_Suc)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   505
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   506
lemma negative_zless [iff]: "- (int (Suc n)) < int m"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   507
by (rule negative_zless_0 [THEN order_less_le_trans], simp)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   508
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   509
lemma negative_zle_0: "- int n \<le> 0"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   510
by (simp add: minus_le_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   511
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   512
lemma negative_zle [iff]: "- int n \<le> int m"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   513
by (rule order_trans [OF negative_zle_0 of_nat_0_le_iff])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   514
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   515
lemma not_zle_0_negative [simp]: "~ (0 \<le> - (int (Suc n)))"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   516
by (subst le_minus_iff, simp del: of_nat_Suc)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   517
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   518
lemma int_zle_neg: "(int n \<le> - int m) = (n = 0 & m = 0)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   519
by (simp add: int_def le minus Zero_int_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   520
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   521
lemma not_int_zless_negative [simp]: "~ (int n < - int m)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   522
by (simp add: linorder_not_less)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   523
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   524
lemma negative_eq_positive [simp]: "(- int n = of_nat m) = (n = 0 & m = 0)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   525
by (force simp add: order_eq_iff [of "- of_nat n"] int_zle_neg)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   526
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   527
lemma zle_iff_zadd: "w \<le> z \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>n. z = w + int n)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   528
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   529
  have "(w \<le> z) = (0 \<le> z - w)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   530
    by (simp only: le_diff_eq add_0_left)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   531
  also have "\<dots> = (\<exists>n. z - w = of_nat n)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   532
    by (auto elim: zero_le_imp_eq_int)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   533
  also have "\<dots> = (\<exists>n. z = w + of_nat n)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29046
diff changeset
   534
    by (simp only: algebra_simps)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   535
  finally show ?thesis .
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   536
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   537
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   538
lemma zadd_int_left: "int m + (int n + z) = int (m + n) + z"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   539
by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   540
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   541
lemma int_Suc0_eq_1: "int (Suc 0) = 1"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   542
by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   543
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   544
text{*This version is proved for all ordered rings, not just integers!
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   545
      It is proved here because attribute @{text arith_split} is not available
35050
9f841f20dca6 renamed OrderedGroup to Groups; split theory Ring_and_Field into Rings Fields
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   546
      in theory @{text Rings}.
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   547
      But is it really better than just rewriting with @{text abs_if}?*}
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
   548
lemma abs_split [arith_split,no_atp]:
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34055
diff changeset
   549
     "P(abs(a::'a::linordered_idom)) = ((0 \<le> a --> P a) & (a < 0 --> P(-a)))"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   550
by (force dest: order_less_le_trans simp add: abs_if linorder_not_less)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   551
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   552
lemma negD: "x < 0 \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>n. x = - (int (Suc n))"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   553
apply (cases x)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   554
apply (auto simp add: le minus Zero_int_def int_def order_less_le)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   555
apply (rule_tac x="y - Suc x" in exI, arith)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   556
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   557
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   558
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   559
subsection {* Cases and induction *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   560
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   561
text{*Now we replace the case analysis rule by a more conventional one:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   562
whether an integer is negative or not.*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   563
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   564
theorem int_cases [case_names nonneg neg, cases type: int]:
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   565
  "[|!! n. z = int n ==> P;  !! n. z =  - (int (Suc n)) ==> P |] ==> P"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   566
apply (cases "z < 0")
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   567
apply (blast dest!: negD)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   568
apply (simp add: linorder_not_less del: of_nat_Suc)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   569
apply auto
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   570
apply (blast dest: nat_0_le [THEN sym])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   571
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   572
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   573
theorem int_of_nat_induct [case_names nonneg neg, induct type: int]:
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   574
     "[|!! n. P (int n);  !!n. P (- (int (Suc n))) |] ==> P z"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   575
  by (cases z) auto
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   576
47207
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   577
lemma nonneg_int_cases:
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   578
  assumes "0 \<le> k" obtains n where "k = int n"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   579
  using assms by (cases k, simp, simp del: of_nat_Suc)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   580
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   581
text{*Contributed by Brian Huffman*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   582
theorem int_diff_cases:
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   583
  obtains (diff) m n where "z = int m - int n"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   584
apply (cases z rule: eq_Abs_Integ)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   585
apply (rule_tac m=x and n=y in diff)
37887
2ae085b07f2f diff_minus subsumes diff_def
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   586
apply (simp add: int_def minus add diff_minus)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   587
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   588
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   589
lemma Let_numeral [simp]: "Let (numeral v) f = f (numeral v)"
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   590
  -- {* Unfold all @{text let}s involving constants *}
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   591
  unfolding Let_def ..
37767
a2b7a20d6ea3 dropped superfluous [code del]s
haftmann
parents: 36811
diff changeset
   592
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   593
lemma Let_neg_numeral [simp]: "Let (neg_numeral v) f = f (neg_numeral v)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   594
  -- {* Unfold all @{text let}s involving constants *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   595
  unfolding Let_def ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   596
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   597
text {* Unfold @{text min} and @{text max} on numerals. *}
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   598
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   599
lemmas max_number_of [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   600
  max_def [of "numeral u" "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   601
  max_def [of "numeral u" "neg_numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   602
  max_def [of "neg_numeral u" "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   603
  max_def [of "neg_numeral u" "neg_numeral v"] for u v
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   604
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   605
lemmas min_number_of [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   606
  min_def [of "numeral u" "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   607
  min_def [of "numeral u" "neg_numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   608
  min_def [of "neg_numeral u" "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   609
  min_def [of "neg_numeral u" "neg_numeral v"] for u v
26075
815f3ccc0b45 added lemma lists {normalize,succ,pred,minus,add,mult}_bin_simps
huffman
parents: 26072
diff changeset
   610
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   611
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   612
subsubsection {* Binary comparisons *}
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   613
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   614
text {* Preliminaries *}
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   615
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   616
lemma even_less_0_iff:
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34055
diff changeset
   617
  "a + a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a < (0::'a::linordered_idom)"
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   618
proof -
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   619
  have "a + a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> (1+1)*a < 0" by (simp add: left_distrib del: one_add_one)
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   620
  also have "(1+1)*a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   621
    by (simp add: mult_less_0_iff zero_less_two 
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   622
                  order_less_not_sym [OF zero_less_two])
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   623
  finally show ?thesis .
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   624
qed
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   625
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   626
lemma le_imp_0_less: 
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   627
  assumes le: "0 \<le> z"
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   628
  shows "(0::int) < 1 + z"
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   629
proof -
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   630
  have "0 \<le> z" by fact
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   631
  also have "... < z + 1" by (rule less_add_one)
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   632
  also have "... = 1 + z" by (simp add: add_ac)
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   633
  finally show "0 < 1 + z" .
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   634
qed
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   635
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   636
lemma odd_less_0_iff:
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   637
  "(1 + z + z < 0) = (z < (0::int))"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   638
proof (cases z)
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   639
  case (nonneg n)
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   640
  thus ?thesis by (simp add: linorder_not_less add_assoc add_increasing
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   641
                             le_imp_0_less [THEN order_less_imp_le])  
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   642
next
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   643
  case (neg n)
30079
293b896b9c25 make proofs work whether or not One_nat_def is a simp rule; replace 1 with Suc 0 in the rhs of some simp rules
huffman
parents: 30000
diff changeset
   644
  thus ?thesis by (simp del: of_nat_Suc of_nat_add of_nat_1
293b896b9c25 make proofs work whether or not One_nat_def is a simp rule; replace 1 with Suc 0 in the rhs of some simp rules
huffman
parents: 30000
diff changeset
   645
    add: algebra_simps of_nat_1 [where 'a=int, symmetric] of_nat_add [symmetric])
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   646
qed
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   647
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   648
subsubsection {* Comparisons, for Ordered Rings *}
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   649
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   650
lemmas double_eq_0_iff = double_zero
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   651
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   652
lemma odd_nonzero:
33296
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
   653
  "1 + z + z \<noteq> (0::int)"
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
   654
proof (cases z)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   655
  case (nonneg n)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   656
  have le: "0 \<le> z+z" by (simp add: nonneg add_increasing) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   657
  thus ?thesis using  le_imp_0_less [OF le]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   658
    by (auto simp add: add_assoc) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   659
next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   660
  case (neg n)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   661
  show ?thesis
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   662
  proof
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   663
    assume eq: "1 + z + z = 0"
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   664
    have "(0::int) < 1 + (int n + int n)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   665
      by (simp add: le_imp_0_less add_increasing) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   666
    also have "... = - (1 + z + z)" 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   667
      by (simp add: neg add_assoc [symmetric]) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   668
    also have "... = 0" by (simp add: eq) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   669
    finally have "0<0" ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   670
    thus False by blast
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   671
  qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   672
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   673
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
   674
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   675
subsection {* The Set of Integers *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   676
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   677
context ring_1
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   678
begin
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   679
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
   680
definition Ints  :: "'a set" where
37767
a2b7a20d6ea3 dropped superfluous [code del]s
haftmann
parents: 36811
diff changeset
   681
  "Ints = range of_int"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   682
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   683
notation (xsymbols)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   684
  Ints  ("\<int>")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   685
35634
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   686
lemma Ints_of_int [simp]: "of_int z \<in> \<int>"
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   687
  by (simp add: Ints_def)
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   688
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   689
lemma Ints_of_nat [simp]: "of_nat n \<in> \<int>"
45533
af3690f6bd79 simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 45532
diff changeset
   690
  using Ints_of_int [of "of_nat n"] by simp
35634
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   691
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   692
lemma Ints_0 [simp]: "0 \<in> \<int>"
45533
af3690f6bd79 simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 45532
diff changeset
   693
  using Ints_of_int [of "0"] by simp
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   694
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   695
lemma Ints_1 [simp]: "1 \<in> \<int>"
45533
af3690f6bd79 simplify some proofs
huffman
parents: 45532
diff changeset
   696
  using Ints_of_int [of "1"] by simp
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   697
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   698
lemma Ints_add [simp]: "a \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> b \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> a + b \<in> \<int>"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   699
apply (auto simp add: Ints_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   700
apply (rule range_eqI)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   701
apply (rule of_int_add [symmetric])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   702
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   703
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   704
lemma Ints_minus [simp]: "a \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> -a \<in> \<int>"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   705
apply (auto simp add: Ints_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   706
apply (rule range_eqI)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   707
apply (rule of_int_minus [symmetric])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   708
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   709
35634
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   710
lemma Ints_diff [simp]: "a \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> b \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> a - b \<in> \<int>"
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   711
apply (auto simp add: Ints_def)
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   712
apply (rule range_eqI)
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   713
apply (rule of_int_diff [symmetric])
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   714
done
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   715
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   716
lemma Ints_mult [simp]: "a \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> b \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> a * b \<in> \<int>"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   717
apply (auto simp add: Ints_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   718
apply (rule range_eqI)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   719
apply (rule of_int_mult [symmetric])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   720
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   721
35634
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   722
lemma Ints_power [simp]: "a \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> a ^ n \<in> \<int>"
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   723
by (induct n) simp_all
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   724
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   725
lemma Ints_cases [cases set: Ints]:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   726
  assumes "q \<in> \<int>"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   727
  obtains (of_int) z where "q = of_int z"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   728
  unfolding Ints_def
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   729
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   730
  from `q \<in> \<int>` have "q \<in> range of_int" unfolding Ints_def .
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   731
  then obtain z where "q = of_int z" ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   732
  then show thesis ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   733
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   734
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   735
lemma Ints_induct [case_names of_int, induct set: Ints]:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   736
  "q \<in> \<int> \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>z. P (of_int z)) \<Longrightarrow> P q"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   737
  by (rule Ints_cases) auto
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   738
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   739
end
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   740
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   741
text {* The premise involving @{term Ints} prevents @{term "a = 1/2"}. *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   742
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   743
lemma Ints_double_eq_0_iff:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   744
  assumes in_Ints: "a \<in> Ints"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   745
  shows "(a + a = 0) = (a = (0::'a::ring_char_0))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   746
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   747
  from in_Ints have "a \<in> range of_int" unfolding Ints_def [symmetric] .
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   748
  then obtain z where a: "a = of_int z" ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   749
  show ?thesis
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   750
  proof
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   751
    assume "a = 0"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   752
    thus "a + a = 0" by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   753
  next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   754
    assume eq: "a + a = 0"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   755
    hence "of_int (z + z) = (of_int 0 :: 'a)" by (simp add: a)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   756
    hence "z + z = 0" by (simp only: of_int_eq_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   757
    hence "z = 0" by (simp only: double_eq_0_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   758
    thus "a = 0" by (simp add: a)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   759
  qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   760
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   761
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   762
lemma Ints_odd_nonzero:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   763
  assumes in_Ints: "a \<in> Ints"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   764
  shows "1 + a + a \<noteq> (0::'a::ring_char_0)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   765
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   766
  from in_Ints have "a \<in> range of_int" unfolding Ints_def [symmetric] .
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   767
  then obtain z where a: "a = of_int z" ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   768
  show ?thesis
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   769
  proof
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   770
    assume eq: "1 + a + a = 0"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   771
    hence "of_int (1 + z + z) = (of_int 0 :: 'a)" by (simp add: a)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   772
    hence "1 + z + z = 0" by (simp only: of_int_eq_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   773
    with odd_nonzero show False by blast
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   774
  qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   775
qed 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   776
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   777
lemma Nats_numeral [simp]: "numeral w \<in> Nats"
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   778
  using of_nat_in_Nats [of "numeral w"] by simp
35634
6fdfe37b84d6 add more simp rules for Ints
huffman
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   779
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   780
lemma Ints_odd_less_0: 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   781
  assumes in_Ints: "a \<in> Ints"
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34055
diff changeset
   782
  shows "(1 + a + a < 0) = (a < (0::'a::linordered_idom))"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   783
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   784
  from in_Ints have "a \<in> range of_int" unfolding Ints_def [symmetric] .
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   785
  then obtain z where a: "a = of_int z" ..
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   786
  hence "((1::'a) + a + a < 0) = (of_int (1 + z + z) < (of_int 0 :: 'a))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   787
    by (simp add: a)
45532
74b17a0881b3 Int.thy: remove duplicate lemmas double_less_0_iff and odd_less_0, use {even,odd}_less_0_iff instead
huffman
parents: 45219
diff changeset
   788
  also have "... = (z < 0)" by (simp only: of_int_less_iff odd_less_0_iff)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   789
  also have "... = (a < 0)" by (simp add: a)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   790
  finally show ?thesis .
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   791
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   792
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   793
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   794
subsection {* @{term setsum} and @{term setprod} *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   795
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   796
lemma of_nat_setsum: "of_nat (setsum f A) = (\<Sum>x\<in>A. of_nat(f x))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   797
  apply (cases "finite A")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   798
  apply (erule finite_induct, auto)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   799
  done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   800
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   801
lemma of_int_setsum: "of_int (setsum f A) = (\<Sum>x\<in>A. of_int(f x))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   802
  apply (cases "finite A")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   803
  apply (erule finite_induct, auto)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   804
  done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   805
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   806
lemma of_nat_setprod: "of_nat (setprod f A) = (\<Prod>x\<in>A. of_nat(f x))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   807
  apply (cases "finite A")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   808
  apply (erule finite_induct, auto simp add: of_nat_mult)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   809
  done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   810
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   811
lemma of_int_setprod: "of_int (setprod f A) = (\<Prod>x\<in>A. of_int(f x))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   812
  apply (cases "finite A")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   813
  apply (erule finite_induct, auto)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   814
  done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   815
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   816
lemmas int_setsum = of_nat_setsum [where 'a=int]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   817
lemmas int_setprod = of_nat_setprod [where 'a=int]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   818
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   819
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   820
text {* Legacy theorems *}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   821
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   822
lemmas zle_int = of_nat_le_iff [where 'a=int]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   823
lemmas int_int_eq = of_nat_eq_iff [where 'a=int]
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   824
lemmas numeral_1_eq_1 = numeral_One
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   825
30802
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   826
subsection {* Setting up simplification procedures *}
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   827
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   828
lemmas int_arith_rules =
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   829
  neg_le_iff_le numeral_One
30802
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   830
  minus_zero diff_minus left_minus right_minus
45219
29f6e990674d removed mult_Bit1 from int_arith_rules (cf. 882403378a41 and 3078fd2eec7b, where mult_num1 erroneously replaced mult_1)
huffman
parents: 45196
diff changeset
   831
  mult_zero_left mult_zero_right mult_1_left mult_1_right
30802
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   832
  mult_minus_left mult_minus_right
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   833
  minus_add_distrib minus_minus mult_assoc
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   834
  of_nat_0 of_nat_1 of_nat_Suc of_nat_add of_nat_mult
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   835
  of_int_0 of_int_1 of_int_add of_int_mult
f9e9e800d27e simplify theorem references
huffman
parents: 30796
diff changeset
   836
28952
15a4b2cf8c34 made repository layout more coherent with logical distribution structure; stripped some $Id$s
haftmann
parents: 28724
diff changeset
   837
use "Tools/int_arith.ML"
30496
7cdcc9dd95cb vague cleanup in arith proof tools setup: deleted dead code, more proper structures, clearer arrangement
haftmann
parents: 30273
diff changeset
   838
declaration {* K Int_Arith.setup *}
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   839
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   840
simproc_setup fast_arith ("(m::'a::linordered_idom) < n" |
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   841
  "(m::'a::linordered_idom) <= n" |
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   842
  "(m::'a::linordered_idom) = n") =
43595
7ae4a23b5be6 modernized some simproc setup;
wenzelm
parents: 43531
diff changeset
   843
  {* fn _ => fn ss => fn ct => Lin_Arith.simproc ss (term_of ct) *}
7ae4a23b5be6 modernized some simproc setup;
wenzelm
parents: 43531
diff changeset
   844
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   845
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   846
subsection{*Lemmas About Small Numerals*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   847
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   848
lemma abs_power_minus_one [simp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   849
  "abs(-1 ^ n) = (1::'a::linordered_idom)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   850
by (simp add: power_abs)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   851
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   852
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   853
subsection{*More Inequality Reasoning*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   854
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   855
lemma zless_add1_eq: "(w < z + (1::int)) = (w<z | w=z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   856
by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   857
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   858
lemma add1_zle_eq: "(w + (1::int) \<le> z) = (w<z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   859
by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   860
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   861
lemma zle_diff1_eq [simp]: "(w \<le> z - (1::int)) = (w<z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   862
by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   863
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   864
lemma zle_add1_eq_le [simp]: "(w < z + (1::int)) = (w\<le>z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   865
by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   866
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   867
lemma int_one_le_iff_zero_less: "((1::int) \<le> z) = (0 < z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   868
by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   869
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   870
28958
74c60b78969c cleaned up subsection headings;
huffman
parents: 28952
diff changeset
   871
subsection{*The functions @{term nat} and @{term int}*}
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   872
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   873
text{*Simplify the terms @{term "int 0"}, @{term "int(Suc 0)"} and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   874
  @{term "w + - z"}*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   875
declare Zero_int_def [symmetric, simp]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   876
declare One_int_def [symmetric, simp]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   877
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   878
lemmas diff_int_def_symmetric = diff_int_def [symmetric, simp]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   879
44695
075327b8e841 remove duplicate lemma nat_zero in favor of nat_0
huffman
parents: 43595
diff changeset
   880
lemma nat_0 [simp]: "nat 0 = 0"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   881
by (simp add: nat_eq_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   882
47207
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   883
lemma nat_1 [simp]: "nat 1 = Suc 0"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   884
by (subst nat_eq_iff, simp)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   885
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   886
lemma nat_2: "nat 2 = Suc (Suc 0)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   887
by (subst nat_eq_iff, simp)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   888
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   889
lemma one_less_nat_eq [simp]: "(Suc 0 < nat z) = (1 < z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   890
apply (insert zless_nat_conj [of 1 z])
47207
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   891
apply auto
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   892
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   893
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   894
text{*This simplifies expressions of the form @{term "int n = z"} where
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   895
      z is an integer literal.*}
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
   896
lemmas int_eq_iff_numeral [simp] = int_eq_iff [of _ "numeral v"] for v
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   897
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   898
lemma split_nat [arith_split]:
44709
79f10d9e63c1 introduce abbreviation 'int' earlier in Int.thy
huffman
parents: 44707
diff changeset
   899
  "P(nat(i::int)) = ((\<forall>n. i = int n \<longrightarrow> P n) & (i < 0 \<longrightarrow> P 0))"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   900
  (is "?P = (?L & ?R)")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   901
proof (cases "i < 0")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   902
  case True thus ?thesis by auto
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   903
next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   904
  case False
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   905
  have "?P = ?L"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   906
  proof
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   907
    assume ?P thus ?L using False by clarsimp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   908
  next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   909
    assume ?L thus ?P using False by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   910
  qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   911
  with False show ?thesis by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   912
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   913
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   914
context ring_1
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   915
begin
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   916
33056
791a4655cae3 renamed "nitpick_const_xxx" attributes to "nitpick_xxx" and "nitpick_ind_intros" to "nitpick_intros"
blanchet
parents: 32437
diff changeset
   917
lemma of_int_of_nat [nitpick_simp]:
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   918
  "of_int k = (if k < 0 then - of_nat (nat (- k)) else of_nat (nat k))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   919
proof (cases "k < 0")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   920
  case True then have "0 \<le> - k" by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   921
  then have "of_nat (nat (- k)) = of_int (- k)" by (rule of_nat_nat)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   922
  with True show ?thesis by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   923
next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   924
  case False then show ?thesis by (simp add: not_less of_nat_nat)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   925
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   926
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   927
end
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   928
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   929
lemma nat_mult_distrib:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   930
  fixes z z' :: int
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   931
  assumes "0 \<le> z"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   932
  shows "nat (z * z') = nat z * nat z'"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   933
proof (cases "0 \<le> z'")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   934
  case False with assms have "z * z' \<le> 0"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   935
    by (simp add: not_le mult_le_0_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   936
  then have "nat (z * z') = 0" by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   937
  moreover from False have "nat z' = 0" by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   938
  ultimately show ?thesis by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   939
next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   940
  case True with assms have ge_0: "z * z' \<ge> 0" by (simp add: zero_le_mult_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   941
  show ?thesis
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   942
    by (rule injD [of "of_nat :: nat \<Rightarrow> int", OF inj_of_nat])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   943
      (simp only: of_nat_mult of_nat_nat [OF True]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   944
         of_nat_nat [OF assms] of_nat_nat [OF ge_0], simp)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   945
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   946
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   947
lemma nat_mult_distrib_neg: "z \<le> (0::int) ==> nat(z*z') = nat(-z) * nat(-z')"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   948
apply (rule trans)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   949
apply (rule_tac [2] nat_mult_distrib, auto)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   950
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   951
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   952
lemma nat_abs_mult_distrib: "nat (abs (w * z)) = nat (abs w) * nat (abs z)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   953
apply (cases "z=0 | w=0")
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   954
apply (auto simp add: abs_if nat_mult_distrib [symmetric] 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   955
                      nat_mult_distrib_neg [symmetric] mult_less_0_iff)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   956
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   957
47207
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   958
lemma Suc_nat_eq_nat_zadd1: "(0::int) <= z ==> Suc (nat z) = nat (1 + z)"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   959
apply (rule sym)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   960
apply (simp add: nat_eq_iff)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   961
done
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   962
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   963
lemma diff_nat_eq_if:
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   964
     "nat z - nat z' =  
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   965
        (if z' < 0 then nat z   
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   966
         else let d = z-z' in     
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   967
              if d < 0 then 0 else nat d)"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   968
by (simp add: Let_def nat_diff_distrib [symmetric])
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   969
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   970
(* nat_diff_distrib has too-strong premises *)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   971
lemma nat_diff_distrib': "\<lbrakk>0 \<le> x; 0 \<le> y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> nat (x - y) = nat x - nat y"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   972
apply (rule int_int_eq [THEN iffD1], clarsimp)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   973
apply (subst of_nat_diff)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   974
apply (rule nat_mono, simp_all)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   975
done
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   976
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   977
lemma nat_numeral [simp, code_abbrev]:
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   978
  "nat (numeral k) = numeral k"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   979
  by (simp add: nat_eq_iff)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   980
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   981
lemma nat_neg_numeral [simp]:
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   982
  "nat (neg_numeral k) = 0"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   983
  by simp
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   984
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   985
lemma diff_nat_numeral [simp]: 
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   986
  "(numeral v :: nat) - numeral v' = nat (numeral v - numeral v')"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   987
  by (simp only: nat_diff_distrib' zero_le_numeral nat_numeral)
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   988
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   989
lemma nat_numeral_diff_1 [simp]:
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   990
  "numeral v - (1::nat) = nat (numeral v - 1)"
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   991
  using diff_nat_numeral [of v Num.One] by simp
9368aa814518 move lemmas from Nat_Numeral to Int.thy and Num.thy
huffman
parents: 47192
diff changeset
   992
47255
30a1692557b0 removed Nat_Numeral.thy, moving all theorems elsewhere
huffman
parents: 47228
diff changeset
   993
lemmas nat_arith = diff_nat_numeral
30a1692557b0 removed Nat_Numeral.thy, moving all theorems elsewhere
huffman
parents: 47228
diff changeset
   994
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   995
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   996
subsection "Induction principles for int"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   997
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   998
text{*Well-founded segments of the integers*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
   999
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1000
definition
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1001
  int_ge_less_than  ::  "int => (int * int) set"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1002
where
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1003
  "int_ge_less_than d = {(z',z). d \<le> z' & z' < z}"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1004
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1005
theorem wf_int_ge_less_than: "wf (int_ge_less_than d)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1006
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1007
  have "int_ge_less_than d \<subseteq> measure (%z. nat (z-d))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1008
    by (auto simp add: int_ge_less_than_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1009
  thus ?thesis 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1010
    by (rule wf_subset [OF wf_measure]) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1011
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1012
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1013
text{*This variant looks odd, but is typical of the relations suggested
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1014
by RankFinder.*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1015
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1016
definition
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1017
  int_ge_less_than2 ::  "int => (int * int) set"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1018
where
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1019
  "int_ge_less_than2 d = {(z',z). d \<le> z & z' < z}"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1020
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1021
theorem wf_int_ge_less_than2: "wf (int_ge_less_than2 d)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1022
proof -
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1023
  have "int_ge_less_than2 d \<subseteq> measure (%z. nat (1+z-d))" 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1024
    by (auto simp add: int_ge_less_than2_def)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1025
  thus ?thesis 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1026
    by (rule wf_subset [OF wf_measure]) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1027
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1028
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1029
(* `set:int': dummy construction *)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1030
theorem int_ge_induct [case_names base step, induct set: int]:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1031
  fixes i :: int
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1032
  assumes ge: "k \<le> i" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1033
    base: "P k" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1034
    step: "\<And>i. k \<le> i \<Longrightarrow> P i \<Longrightarrow> P (i + 1)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1035
  shows "P i"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1036
proof -
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1037
  { fix n
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1038
    have "\<And>i::int. n = nat (i - k) \<Longrightarrow> k \<le> i \<Longrightarrow> P i"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1039
    proof (induct n)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1040
      case 0
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1041
      hence "i = k" by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1042
      thus "P i" using base by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1043
    next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1044
      case (Suc n)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1045
      then have "n = nat((i - 1) - k)" by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1046
      moreover
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1047
      have ki1: "k \<le> i - 1" using Suc.prems by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1048
      ultimately
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1049
      have "P (i - 1)" by (rule Suc.hyps)
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1050
      from step [OF ki1 this] show ?case by simp
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1051
    qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1052
  }
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1053
  with ge show ?thesis by fast
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1054
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1055
25928
042e877d9841 tuned code setup
haftmann
parents: 25919
diff changeset
  1056
(* `set:int': dummy construction *)
042e877d9841 tuned code setup
haftmann
parents: 25919
diff changeset
  1057
theorem int_gr_induct [case_names base step, induct set: int]:
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1058
  assumes gr: "k < (i::int)" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1059
        base: "P(k+1)" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1060
        step: "\<And>i. \<lbrakk>k < i; P i\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> P(i+1)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1061
  shows "P i"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1062
apply(rule int_ge_induct[of "k + 1"])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1063
  using gr apply arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1064
 apply(rule base)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1065
apply (rule step, simp+)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1066
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1067
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1068
theorem int_le_induct [consumes 1, case_names base step]:
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1069
  assumes le: "i \<le> (k::int)" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1070
        base: "P(k)" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1071
        step: "\<And>i. \<lbrakk>i \<le> k; P i\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> P(i - 1)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1072
  shows "P i"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1073
proof -
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1074
  { fix n
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1075
    have "\<And>i::int. n = nat(k-i) \<Longrightarrow> i \<le> k \<Longrightarrow> P i"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1076
    proof (induct n)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1077
      case 0
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1078
      hence "i = k" by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1079
      thus "P i" using base by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1080
    next
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1081
      case (Suc n)
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1082
      hence "n = nat (k - (i + 1))" by arith
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1083
      moreover
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1084
      have ki1: "i + 1 \<le> k" using Suc.prems by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1085
      ultimately
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1086
      have "P (i + 1)" by(rule Suc.hyps)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1087
      from step[OF ki1 this] show ?case by simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1088
    qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1089
  }
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1090
  with le show ?thesis by fast
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1091
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1092
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1093
theorem int_less_induct [consumes 1, case_names base step]:
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1094
  assumes less: "(i::int) < k" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1095
        base: "P(k - 1)" and
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1096
        step: "\<And>i. \<lbrakk>i < k; P i\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> P(i - 1)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1097
  shows "P i"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1098
apply(rule int_le_induct[of _ "k - 1"])
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1099
  using less apply arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1100
 apply(rule base)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1101
apply (rule step, simp+)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1102
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1103
36811
4ab4aa5bee1c renamed former Int.int_induct to Int.int_of_nat_induct, former Presburger.int_induct to Int.int_induct: is more conservative and more natural than the intermediate solution
haftmann
parents: 36801
diff changeset
  1104
theorem int_induct [case_names base step1 step2]:
36801
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1105
  fixes k :: int
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1106
  assumes base: "P k"
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1107
    and step1: "\<And>i. k \<le> i \<Longrightarrow> P i \<Longrightarrow> P (i + 1)"
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1108
    and step2: "\<And>i. k \<ge> i \<Longrightarrow> P i \<Longrightarrow> P (i - 1)"
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1109
  shows "P i"
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1110
proof -
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1111
  have "i \<le> k \<or> i \<ge> k" by arith
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1112
  then show ?thesis
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1113
  proof
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1114
    assume "i \<ge> k"
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1115
    then show ?thesis using base
36801
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1116
      by (rule int_ge_induct) (fact step1)
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1117
  next
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1118
    assume "i \<le> k"
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1119
    then show ?thesis using base
36801
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1120
      by (rule int_le_induct) (fact step2)
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1121
  qed
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1122
qed
3560de0fe851 moved int induction lemma to theory Int as int_bidirectional_induct
haftmann
parents: 36749
diff changeset
  1123
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1124
subsection{*Intermediate value theorems*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1125
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1126
lemma int_val_lemma:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1127
     "(\<forall>i<n::nat. abs(f(i+1) - f i) \<le> 1) -->  
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1128
      f 0 \<le> k --> k \<le> f n --> (\<exists>i \<le> n. f i = (k::int))"
30079
293b896b9c25 make proofs work whether or not One_nat_def is a simp rule; replace 1 with Suc 0 in the rhs of some simp rules
huffman
parents: 30000
diff changeset
  1129
unfolding One_nat_def
42676
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1130
apply (induct n)
8724f20bf69c proper case_names for int_cases, int_of_nat_induct;
wenzelm
parents: 42411
diff changeset
  1131
apply simp
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1132
apply (intro strip)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1133
apply (erule impE, simp)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1134
apply (erule_tac x = n in allE, simp)
30079
293b896b9c25 make proofs work whether or not One_nat_def is a simp rule; replace 1 with Suc 0 in the rhs of some simp rules
huffman
parents: 30000
diff changeset
  1135
apply (case_tac "k = f (Suc n)")
27106
ff27dc6e7d05 removed some dubious code lemmas
haftmann
parents: 26975
diff changeset
  1136
apply force
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1137
apply (erule impE)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1138
 apply (simp add: abs_if split add: split_if_asm)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1139
apply (blast intro: le_SucI)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1140
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1141
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1142
lemmas nat0_intermed_int_val = int_val_lemma [rule_format (no_asm)]
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1143
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1144
lemma nat_intermed_int_val:
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1145
     "[| \<forall>i. m \<le> i & i < n --> abs(f(i + 1::nat) - f i) \<le> 1; m < n;  
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1146
         f m \<le> k; k \<le> f n |] ==> ? i. m \<le> i & i \<le> n & f i = (k::int)"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1147
apply (cut_tac n = "n-m" and f = "%i. f (i+m) " and k = k 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1148
       in int_val_lemma)
30079
293b896b9c25 make proofs work whether or not One_nat_def is a simp rule; replace 1 with Suc 0 in the rhs of some simp rules
huffman
parents: 30000
diff changeset
  1149
unfolding One_nat_def
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1150
apply simp
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1151
apply (erule exE)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1152
apply (rule_tac x = "i+m" in exI, arith)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1153
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1154
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1155
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1156
subsection{*Products and 1, by T. M. Rasmussen*}
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1157
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1158
lemma zabs_less_one_iff [simp]: "(\<bar>z\<bar> < 1) = (z = (0::int))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1159
by arith
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1160
34055
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1161
lemma abs_zmult_eq_1:
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1162
  assumes mn: "\<bar>m * n\<bar> = 1"
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1163
  shows "\<bar>m\<bar> = (1::int)"
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1164
proof -
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1165
  have 0: "m \<noteq> 0 & n \<noteq> 0" using mn
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1166
    by auto
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1167
  have "~ (2 \<le> \<bar>m\<bar>)"
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1168
  proof
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1169
    assume "2 \<le> \<bar>m\<bar>"
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1170
    hence "2*\<bar>n\<bar> \<le> \<bar>m\<bar>*\<bar>n\<bar>"
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1171
      by (simp add: mult_mono 0) 
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1172
    also have "... = \<bar>m*n\<bar>" 
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1173
      by (simp add: abs_mult)
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1174
    also have "... = 1"
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1175
      by (simp add: mn)
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1176
    finally have "2*\<bar>n\<bar> \<le> 1" .
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1177
    thus "False" using 0
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1178
      by arith
34055
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1179
  qed
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1180
  thus ?thesis using 0
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1181
    by auto
fdf294ee08b2 streamlined proofs
paulson
parents: 33657
diff changeset
  1182
qed
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1183
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1184
ML_val {* @{const_name neg_numeral} *}
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1185
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1186
lemma pos_zmult_eq_1_iff_lemma: "(m * n = 1) ==> m = (1::int) | m = -1"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1187
by (insert abs_zmult_eq_1 [of m n], arith)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1188
35815
10e723e54076 tuned proofs (to avoid linarith error message caused by bootstrapping of HOL)
boehmes
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1189
lemma pos_zmult_eq_1_iff:
10e723e54076 tuned proofs (to avoid linarith error message caused by bootstrapping of HOL)
boehmes
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1190
  assumes "0 < (m::int)" shows "(m * n = 1) = (m = 1 & n = 1)"
10e723e54076 tuned proofs (to avoid linarith error message caused by bootstrapping of HOL)
boehmes
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1191
proof -
10e723e54076 tuned proofs (to avoid linarith error message caused by bootstrapping of HOL)
boehmes
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1192
  from assms have "m * n = 1 ==> m = 1" by (auto dest: pos_zmult_eq_1_iff_lemma)
10e723e54076 tuned proofs (to avoid linarith error message caused by bootstrapping of HOL)
boehmes
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1193
  thus ?thesis by (auto dest: pos_zmult_eq_1_iff_lemma)
10e723e54076 tuned proofs (to avoid linarith error message caused by bootstrapping of HOL)
boehmes
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1194
qed
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1195
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1196
lemma zmult_eq_1_iff: "(m*n = (1::int)) = ((m = 1 & n = 1) | (m = -1 & n = -1))"
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1197
apply (rule iffI) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1198
 apply (frule pos_zmult_eq_1_iff_lemma)
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1199
 apply (simp add: mult_commute [of m]) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1200
 apply (frule pos_zmult_eq_1_iff_lemma, auto) 
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1201
done
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1202
33296
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1203
lemma infinite_UNIV_int: "\<not> finite (UNIV::int set)"
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1204
proof
33296
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1205
  assume "finite (UNIV::int set)"
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1206
  moreover have "inj (\<lambda>i\<Colon>int. 2 * i)"
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1207
    by (rule injI) simp
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1208
  ultimately have "surj (\<lambda>i\<Colon>int. 2 * i)"
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1209
    by (rule finite_UNIV_inj_surj)
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1210
  then obtain i :: int where "1 = 2 * i" by (rule surjE)
a3924d1069e5 moved theory Divides after theory Nat_Numeral; tuned some proof texts
haftmann
parents: 33056
diff changeset
  1211
  then show False by (simp add: pos_zmult_eq_1_iff)
25919
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1212
qed
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1213
8b1c0d434824 joined theories IntDef, Numeral, IntArith to theory Int
haftmann
parents:
diff changeset
  1214
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1215
subsection {* Further theorems on numerals *}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1216
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1217
subsubsection{*Special Simplification for Constants*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1218
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1219
text{*These distributive laws move literals inside sums and differences.*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1220
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1221
lemmas left_distrib_numeral [simp] = left_distrib [of _ _ "numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1222
lemmas right_distrib_numeral [simp] = right_distrib [of "numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1223
lemmas left_diff_distrib_numeral [simp] = left_diff_distrib [of _ _ "numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1224
lemmas right_diff_distrib_numeral [simp] = right_diff_distrib [of "numeral v"] for v
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1225
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1226
text{*These are actually for fields, like real: but where else to put them?*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1227
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1228
lemmas zero_less_divide_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] = zero_less_divide_iff [of "numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1229
lemmas divide_less_0_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] = divide_less_0_iff [of "numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1230
lemmas zero_le_divide_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] = zero_le_divide_iff [of "numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1231
lemmas divide_le_0_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] = divide_le_0_iff [of "numeral w"] for w
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1232
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1233
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1234
text {*Replaces @{text "inverse #nn"} by @{text "1/#nn"}.  It looks
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1235
  strange, but then other simprocs simplify the quotient.*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1236
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1237
lemmas inverse_eq_divide_numeral [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1238
  inverse_eq_divide [of "numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1239
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1240
lemmas inverse_eq_divide_neg_numeral [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1241
  inverse_eq_divide [of "neg_numeral w"] for w
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1242
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1243
text {*These laws simplify inequalities, moving unary minus from a term
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1244
into the literal.*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1245
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1246
lemmas le_minus_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1247
  le_minus_iff [of "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1248
  le_minus_iff [of "neg_numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1249
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1250
lemmas equation_minus_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1251
  equation_minus_iff [of "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1252
  equation_minus_iff [of "neg_numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1253
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1254
lemmas minus_less_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1255
  minus_less_iff [of _ "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1256
  minus_less_iff [of _ "neg_numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1257
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1258
lemmas minus_le_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1259
  minus_le_iff [of _ "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1260
  minus_le_iff [of _ "neg_numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1261
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1262
lemmas minus_equation_iff_numeral [simp, no_atp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1263
  minus_equation_iff [of _ "numeral v"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1264
  minus_equation_iff [of _ "neg_numeral v"] for v
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1265
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1266
text{*To Simplify Inequalities Where One Side is the Constant 1*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1267
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1268
lemma less_minus_iff_1 [simp,no_atp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1269
  fixes b::"'b::linordered_idom"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1270
  shows "(1 < - b) = (b < -1)"
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1271
by auto
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1272
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1273
lemma le_minus_iff_1 [simp,no_atp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1274
  fixes b::"'b::linordered_idom"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1275
  shows "(1 \<le> - b) = (b \<le> -1)"
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1276
by auto
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1277
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1278
lemma equation_minus_iff_1 [simp,no_atp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1279
  fixes b::"'b::ring_1"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1280
  shows "(1 = - b) = (b = -1)"
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1281
by (subst equation_minus_iff, auto)
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1282
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1283
lemma minus_less_iff_1 [simp,no_atp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1284
  fixes a::"'b::linordered_idom"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1285
  shows "(- a < 1) = (-1 < a)"
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1286
by auto
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1287
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1288
lemma minus_le_iff_1 [simp,no_atp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1289
  fixes a::"'b::linordered_idom"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1290
  shows "(- a \<le> 1) = (-1 \<le> a)"
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1291
by auto
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1292
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35634
diff changeset
  1293
lemma minus_equation_iff_1 [simp,no_atp]:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1294
  fixes a::"'b::ring_1"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1295
  shows "(- a = 1) = (a = -1)"
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1296
by (subst minus_equation_iff, auto)
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1297
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1298
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1299
text {*Cancellation of constant factors in comparisons (@{text "<"} and @{text "\<le>"}) *}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1300
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1301
lemmas mult_less_cancel_left_numeral [simp, no_atp] = mult_less_cancel_left [of "numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1302
lemmas mult_less_cancel_right_numeral [simp, no_atp] = mult_less_cancel_right [of _ "numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1303
lemmas mult_le_cancel_left_numeral [simp, no_atp] = mult_le_cancel_left [of "numeral v"] for v
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1304
lemmas mult_le_cancel_right_numeral [simp, no_atp] = mult_le_cancel_right [of _ "numeral v"] for v
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1305
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1306
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1307
text {*Multiplying out constant divisors in comparisons (@{text "<"}, @{text "\<le>"} and @{text "="}) *}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1308
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1309
lemmas le_divide_eq_numeral1 [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1310
  pos_le_divide_eq [of "numeral w", OF zero_less_numeral]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1311
  neg_le_divide_eq [of "neg_numeral w", OF neg_numeral_less_zero] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1312
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1313
lemmas divide_le_eq_numeral1 [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1314
  pos_divide_le_eq [of "numeral w", OF zero_less_numeral]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1315
  neg_divide_le_eq [of "neg_numeral w", OF neg_numeral_less_zero] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1316
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1317
lemmas less_divide_eq_numeral1 [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1318
  pos_less_divide_eq [of "numeral w", OF zero_less_numeral]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1319
  neg_less_divide_eq [of "neg_numeral w", OF neg_numeral_less_zero] for w
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1320
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1321
lemmas divide_less_eq_numeral1 [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1322
  pos_divide_less_eq [of "numeral w", OF zero_less_numeral]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1323
  neg_divide_less_eq [of "neg_numeral w", OF neg_numeral_less_zero] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1324
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1325
lemmas eq_divide_eq_numeral1 [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1326
  eq_divide_eq [of _ _ "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1327
  eq_divide_eq [of _ _ "neg_numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1328
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1329
lemmas divide_eq_eq_numeral1 [simp] =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1330
  divide_eq_eq [of _ "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1331
  divide_eq_eq [of _ "neg_numeral w"] for w
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1332
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1333
subsubsection{*Optional Simplification Rules Involving Constants*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1334
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1335
text{*Simplify quotients that are compared with a literal constant.*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1336
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1337
lemmas le_divide_eq_numeral =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1338
  le_divide_eq [of "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1339
  le_divide_eq [of "neg_numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1340
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1341
lemmas divide_le_eq_numeral =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1342
  divide_le_eq [of _ _ "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1343
  divide_le_eq [of _ _ "neg_numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1344
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1345
lemmas less_divide_eq_numeral =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1346
  less_divide_eq [of "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1347
  less_divide_eq [of "neg_numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1348
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1349
lemmas divide_less_eq_numeral =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1350
  divide_less_eq [of _ _ "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1351
  divide_less_eq [of _ _ "neg_numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1352
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1353
lemmas eq_divide_eq_numeral =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1354
  eq_divide_eq [of "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1355
  eq_divide_eq [of "neg_numeral w"] for w
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1356
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1357
lemmas divide_eq_eq_numeral =
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1358
  divide_eq_eq [of _ _ "numeral w"]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1359
  divide_eq_eq [of _ _ "neg_numeral w"] for w
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1360
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1361
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1362
text{*Not good as automatic simprules because they cause case splits.*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1363
lemmas divide_const_simps =
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1364
  le_divide_eq_numeral divide_le_eq_numeral less_divide_eq_numeral
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1365
  divide_less_eq_numeral eq_divide_eq_numeral divide_eq_eq_numeral
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1366
  le_divide_eq_1 divide_le_eq_1 less_divide_eq_1 divide_less_eq_1
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1367
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1368
text{*Division By @{text "-1"}*}
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1369
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1370
lemma divide_minus1 [simp]: "(x::'a::field) / -1 = - x"
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1371
  unfolding minus_one [symmetric]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1372
  unfolding nonzero_minus_divide_right [OF one_neq_zero, symmetric]
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1373
  by simp
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1374
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1375
lemma minus1_divide [simp]: "-1 / (x::'a::field) = - (1 / x)"
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1376
  unfolding minus_one [symmetric] by (rule divide_minus_left)
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1377
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1378
lemma half_gt_zero_iff:
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1379
     "(0 < r/2) = (0 < (r::'a::linordered_field_inverse_zero))"
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1380
by auto
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1381
45607
16b4f5774621 eliminated obsolete "standard";
wenzelm
parents: 45533
diff changeset
  1382
lemmas half_gt_zero [simp] = half_gt_zero_iff [THEN iffD2]
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1383
47108
2a1953f0d20d merged fork with new numeral representation (see NEWS)
huffman
parents: 46756
diff changeset
  1384
lemma divide_Numeral1: "(x::'a::field) / Numeral1 = x"
36719
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
parents: 36716
diff changeset
  1385
  by simp
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
parents: 36716
diff changeset
  1386
30652
752329615264 distributed contents of theory Arith_Tools to theories Int, IntDiv and NatBin accordingly
haftmann
parents: 30496
diff changeset
  1387
33320
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1388
subsection {* The divides relation *}
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1389
33657
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1390
lemma zdvd_antisym_nonneg:
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1391
    "0 <= m ==> 0 <= n ==> m dvd n ==> n dvd m ==> m = (n::int)"
33320
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1392
  apply (simp add: dvd_def, auto)
33657
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1393
  apply (auto simp add: mult_assoc zero_le_mult_iff zmult_eq_1_iff)
33320
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1394
  done
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1395
33657
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1396
lemma zdvd_antisym_abs: assumes "(a::int) dvd b" and "b dvd a" 
33320
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1397
  shows "\<bar>a\<bar> = \<bar>b\<bar>"
33657
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1398
proof cases
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1399
  assume "a = 0" with assms show ?thesis by simp
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1400
next
a4179bf442d1 renamed lemmas "anti_sym" -> "antisym"
nipkow
parents: 33523
diff changeset
  1401
  assume "a \<noteq> 0"
33320
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1402
  from `a dvd b` obtain k where k:"b = a*k" unfolding dvd_def by blast 
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1403
  from `b dvd a` obtain k' where k':"a = b*k'" unfolding dvd_def by blast 
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1404
  from k k' have "a = a*k*k'" by simp
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296
diff changeset
  1405
  with mult_cancel_left1[where c="a" and b="k*k'"]
73998ef6ea91 moved some dvd [int] facts to Int
haftmann
parents: 33296