src/FOLP/ex/Nat.thy
author wenzelm
Sat, 05 Dec 2020 19:30:37 +0100
changeset 72828 18bc50e58e38
parent 69593 3dda49e08b9d
permissions -rw-r--r--
merged

(*  Title:      FOLP/ex/Nat.thy
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
    Copyright   1992  University of Cambridge
*)

section \<open>Theory of the natural numbers: Peano's axioms, primitive recursion\<close>

theory Nat
imports FOLP
begin

typedecl nat
instance nat :: "term" ..

axiomatization
  Zero :: nat    ("0") and
  Suc :: "nat => nat" and
  rec :: "[nat, 'a, [nat, 'a] => 'a] => 'a" and

  (*Proof terms*)
  nrec :: "[nat, p, [nat, p] => p] => p" and
  ninj :: "p => p" and
  nneq :: "p => p" and
  rec0 :: "p" and
  recSuc :: "p"
where
  induct:     "[| b:P(0); !!x u. u:P(x) ==> c(x,u):P(Suc(x))
              |] ==> nrec(n,b,c):P(n)" and

  Suc_inject: "p:Suc(m)=Suc(n) ==> ninj(p) : m=n" and
  Suc_neq_0:  "p:Suc(m)=0      ==> nneq(p) : R" and
  rec_0:      "rec0 : rec(0,a,f) = a" and
  rec_Suc:    "recSuc : rec(Suc(m), a, f) = f(m, rec(m,a,f))" and
  nrecB0:     "b: A ==> nrec(0,b,c) = b : A" and
  nrecBSuc:   "c(n,nrec(n,b,c)) : A ==> nrec(Suc(n),b,c) = c(n,nrec(n,b,c)) : A"

definition add :: "[nat, nat] => nat"    (infixl "+" 60)
  where "m + n == rec(m, n, %x y. Suc(y))"


subsection \<open>Proofs about the natural numbers\<close>

schematic_goal Suc_n_not_n: "?p : ~ (Suc(k) = k)"
apply (rule_tac n = k in induct)
apply (rule notI)
apply (erule Suc_neq_0)
apply (rule notI)
apply (erule notE)
apply (erule Suc_inject)
done

schematic_goal "?p : (k+m)+n = k+(m+n)"
apply (rule induct)
back
back
back
back
back
back
oops

schematic_goal add_0 [simp]: "?p : 0+n = n"
apply (unfold add_def)
apply (rule rec_0)
done

schematic_goal add_Suc [simp]: "?p : Suc(m)+n = Suc(m+n)"
apply (unfold add_def)
apply (rule rec_Suc)
done


schematic_goal Suc_cong: "p : x = y \<Longrightarrow> ?p : Suc(x) = Suc(y)"
  apply (erule subst)
  apply (rule refl)
  done

schematic_goal Plus_cong: "[| p : a = x;  q: b = y |] ==> ?p : a + b = x + y"
  apply (erule subst, erule subst, rule refl)
  done

lemmas nat_congs = Suc_cong Plus_cong

ML \<open>
  val add_ss =
    FOLP_ss addcongs @{thms nat_congs}
    |> fold (addrew \<^context>) @{thms add_0 add_Suc}
\<close>

schematic_goal add_assoc: "?p : (k+m)+n = k+(m+n)"
apply (rule_tac n = k in induct)
apply (tactic \<open>SIMP_TAC \<^context> add_ss 1\<close>)
apply (tactic \<open>ASM_SIMP_TAC \<^context> add_ss 1\<close>)
done

schematic_goal add_0_right: "?p : m+0 = m"
apply (rule_tac n = m in induct)
apply (tactic \<open>SIMP_TAC \<^context> add_ss 1\<close>)
apply (tactic \<open>ASM_SIMP_TAC \<^context> add_ss 1\<close>)
done

schematic_goal add_Suc_right: "?p : m+Suc(n) = Suc(m+n)"
apply (rule_tac n = m in induct)
apply (tactic \<open>ALLGOALS (ASM_SIMP_TAC \<^context> add_ss)\<close>)
done

(*mk_typed_congs appears not to work with FOLP's version of subst*)

end