src/Pure/library.ML
author skalberg
Sun Feb 13 17:15:14 2005 +0100 (2005-02-13)
changeset 15531 08c8dad8e399
parent 15263 b40e91201039
child 15570 8d8c70b41bab
permissions -rw-r--r--
Deleted Library.option type.
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(*  Title:      Pure/library.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
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    Author:     Markus Wenzel, TU Munich
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Basic library: functions, options, pairs, booleans, lists, integers,
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rational numbers, strings, lists as sets, association lists, generic
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tables, balanced trees, orders, current directory, misc.
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*)
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infix |> |>> |>>> ~~ \ \\ ins ins_string ins_int orf andf prefix upto downto
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  mem mem_int mem_string union union_int union_string inter inter_int
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  inter_string subset subset_int subset_string;
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infix 3 oo ooo oooo;
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signature LIBRARY =
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sig
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  (*functions*)
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  val curry: ('a * 'b -> 'c) -> 'a -> 'b -> 'c
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  val uncurry: ('a -> 'b -> 'c) -> 'a * 'b -> 'c
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  val I: 'a -> 'a
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  val K: 'a -> 'b -> 'a
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  val |> : 'a * ('a -> 'b) -> 'b
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  val |>> : ('a * 'b) * ('a -> 'c) -> 'c * 'b
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  val |>>> : ('a * 'b) * ('a -> 'c * 'd) -> 'c * ('b * 'd)
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  val apl: 'a * ('a * 'b -> 'c) -> 'b -> 'c
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  val apr: ('a * 'b -> 'c) * 'b -> 'a -> 'c
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  val funpow: int -> ('a -> 'a) -> 'a -> 'a
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  val oo: ('a -> 'b) * ('c -> 'd -> 'a) -> 'c -> 'd -> 'b
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  val ooo: ('a -> 'b) * ('c -> 'd -> 'e -> 'a) -> 'c -> 'd -> 'e -> 'b
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  val oooo: ('a -> 'b) * ('c -> 'd -> 'e -> 'f -> 'a) -> 'c -> 'd -> 'e -> 'f -> 'b
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  (*stamps*)
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  type stamp
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  val stamp: unit -> stamp
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  (*options*)
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  val the: 'a option -> 'a
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  val if_none: 'a option -> 'a -> 'a
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  val is_some: 'a option -> bool
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  val is_none: 'a option -> bool
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  val apsome: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a option -> 'b option
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  exception ERROR
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  val try: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a -> 'b option
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  val can: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a -> bool
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  datatype 'a result = Result of 'a | Exn of exn
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  val capture: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a -> 'b result
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  val release: 'a result -> 'a
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  val get_result: 'a result -> 'a option
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  val get_exn: 'a result -> exn option
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  (*pairs*)
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  val pair: 'a -> 'b -> 'a * 'b
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  val rpair: 'a -> 'b -> 'b * 'a
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  val fst: 'a * 'b -> 'a
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  val snd: 'a * 'b -> 'b
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  val eq_fst: (''a * 'b) * (''a * 'c) -> bool
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  val eq_snd: ('a * ''b) * ('c * ''b) -> bool
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  val swap: 'a * 'b -> 'b * 'a
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  val apfst: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a * 'c -> 'b * 'c
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  val apsnd: ('a -> 'b) -> 'c * 'a -> 'c * 'b
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  val pairself: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a * 'a -> 'b * 'b
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  (*booleans*)
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  val equal: ''a -> ''a -> bool
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  val not_equal: ''a -> ''a -> bool
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  val orf: ('a -> bool) * ('a -> bool) -> 'a -> bool
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  val andf: ('a -> bool) * ('a -> bool) -> 'a -> bool
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  val exists: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> bool
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  val forall: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> bool
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  val set: bool ref -> bool
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  val reset: bool ref -> bool
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  val toggle: bool ref -> bool
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  val change: 'a ref -> ('a -> 'a) -> unit
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  val setmp: 'a ref -> 'a -> ('b -> 'c) -> 'b -> 'c
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  val conditional: bool -> (unit -> unit) -> unit
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  (*lists*)
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  exception LIST of string
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  val hd: 'a list -> 'a
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  val tl: 'a list -> 'a list
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  val cons: 'a -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val single: 'a -> 'a list
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  val append: 'a list -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val rev_append: 'a list -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val apply: ('a -> 'a) list -> 'a -> 'a
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  val foldl: ('a * 'b -> 'a) -> 'a * 'b list -> 'a
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  val foldr: ('a * 'b -> 'b) -> 'a list * 'b -> 'b
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  val foldr1: ('a * 'a -> 'a) -> 'a list -> 'a
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  val fold: ('a -> 'b -> 'b) -> 'a list -> 'b -> 'b
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  val fold_rev: ('a -> 'b -> 'b) -> 'a list -> 'b -> 'b
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  val foldl_map: ('a * 'b -> 'a * 'c) -> 'a * 'b list -> 'a * 'c list
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  val foldln: ('a * int -> 'b -> 'b) -> 'a list -> 'b -> 'b
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  val length: 'a list -> int
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  val take: int * 'a list -> 'a list
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  val drop: int * 'a list -> 'a list
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  val splitAt: int * 'a list -> 'a list * 'a list
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  val dropwhile: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val nth_elem: int * 'a list -> 'a
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  val map_nth_elem: int -> ('a -> 'a) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val last_elem: 'a list -> 'a
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  val split_last: 'a list -> 'a list * 'a
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  val nth_update: 'a -> int * 'a list -> 'a list
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  val find_index: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> int
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  val find_index_eq: ''a -> ''a list -> int
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  val find_first: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a option
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  val get_first: ('a -> 'b option) -> 'a list -> 'b option
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  val flat: 'a list list -> 'a list
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  val unflat: 'a list list -> 'b list -> 'b list list
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  val seq: ('a -> unit) -> 'a list -> unit
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  val separate: 'a -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val replicate: int -> 'a -> 'a list
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  val multiply: 'a list * 'a list list -> 'a list list
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  val product: 'a list -> 'b list -> ('a * 'b) list
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  val filter: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val filter_out: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val mapfilter: ('a -> 'b option) -> 'a list -> 'b list
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  val map2: ('a * 'b -> 'c) -> 'a list * 'b list -> 'c list
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  val exists2: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b list -> bool
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  val forall2: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b list -> bool
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  val seq2: ('a * 'b -> unit) -> 'a list * 'b list -> unit
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  val ~~ : 'a list * 'b list -> ('a * 'b) list
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  val split_list: ('a * 'b) list -> 'a list * 'b list
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  val equal_lists: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b list -> bool
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  val prefix: ''a list * ''a list -> bool
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  val take_prefix: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list * 'a list
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  val take_suffix: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list * 'a list
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  val prefixes1: 'a list -> 'a list list
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  val suffixes1: 'a list -> 'a list list
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  (*integers*)
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  val gcd: int * int -> int
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  val lcm: int * int -> int
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  val inc: int ref -> int
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  val dec: int ref -> int
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  val upto: int * int -> int list
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  val downto: int * int -> int list
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  val downto0: int list * int -> bool
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  val radixpand: int * int -> int list
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  val radixstring: int * string * int -> string
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  val string_of_int: int -> string
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  val string_of_indexname: string * int -> string
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  val read_radixint: int * string list -> int * string list
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  val read_int: string list -> int * string list
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  val oct_char: string -> string
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  (*rational numbers*)
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  type rat
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  exception RAT of string
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  val rep_rat: rat -> int * int
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  val ratadd: rat * rat -> rat
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  val ratmul: rat * rat -> rat
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  val ratinv: rat -> rat
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  val int_ratdiv: int * int -> rat
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  val ratneg: rat -> rat
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  val rat_of_int: int -> rat
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  (*strings*)
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  val nth_elem_string: int * string -> string
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  val foldl_string: ('a * string -> 'a) -> 'a * string -> 'a
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  val exists_string: (string -> bool) -> string -> bool
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  val enclose: string -> string -> string -> string
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  val unenclose: string -> string
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  val quote: string -> string
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  val space_implode: string -> string list -> string
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  val commas: string list -> string
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  val commas_quote: string list -> string
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  val cat_lines: string list -> string
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  val space_explode: string -> string -> string list
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  val split_lines: string -> string list
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  val prefix_lines: string -> string -> string
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  val untabify: string list -> string list
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  val suffix: string -> string -> string
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  val unsuffix: string -> string -> string
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  val unprefix: string -> string -> string
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  val replicate_string: int -> string -> string
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  val translate_string: (string -> string) -> string -> string
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  (*lists as sets*)
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  val mem: ''a * ''a list -> bool
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  val mem_int: int * int list -> bool
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  val mem_string: string * string list -> bool
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  val gen_mem: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a * 'b list -> bool
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  val ins: ''a * ''a list -> ''a list
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  val ins_int: int * int list -> int list
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  val ins_string: string * string list -> string list
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  val gen_ins: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a * 'a list -> 'a list
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  val union: ''a list * ''a list -> ''a list
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  val union_int: int list * int list -> int list
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  val union_string: string list * string list -> string list
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  val gen_union: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a list * 'a list -> 'a list
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  val gen_inter: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b list -> 'a list
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  val inter: ''a list * ''a list -> ''a list
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  val inter_int: int list * int list -> int list
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  val inter_string: string list * string list -> string list
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  val subset: ''a list * ''a list -> bool
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  val subset_int: int list * int list -> bool
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  val subset_string: string list * string list -> bool
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  val eq_set: ''a list * ''a list -> bool
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  val eq_set_string: string list * string list -> bool
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  val gen_subset: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b list -> bool
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  val \ : ''a list * ''a -> ''a list
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  val \\ : ''a list * ''a list -> ''a list
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  val gen_rem: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b -> 'a list
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  val gen_rems: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> 'a list * 'b list -> 'a list
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  val gen_distinct: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val distinct: ''a list -> ''a list
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  val findrep: ''a list -> ''a list
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  val gen_duplicates: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val duplicates: ''a list -> ''a list
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  (*association lists*)
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  val assoc: (''a * 'b) list * ''a -> 'b option
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  val assoc_int: (int * 'a) list * int -> 'a option
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  val assoc_string: (string * 'a) list * string -> 'a option
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  val assoc_string_int: ((string * int) * 'a) list * (string * int) -> 'a option
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  val assocs: (''a * 'b list) list -> ''a -> 'b list
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  val assoc2: (''a * (''b * 'c) list) list * (''a * ''b) -> 'c option
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  val gen_assoc: ('a * 'b -> bool) -> ('b * 'c) list * 'a -> 'c option
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  val overwrite: (''a * 'b) list * (''a * 'b) -> (''a * 'b) list
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  val gen_overwrite: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> ('a * 'b) list * ('a * 'b) -> ('a * 'b) list
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  (*lists as tables*)
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  val gen_merge_lists: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val gen_merge_lists': ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val merge_lists: ''a list -> ''a list -> ''a list
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  val merge_lists': ''a list -> ''a list -> ''a list
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  val merge_alists: (''a * 'b) list -> (''a * 'b) list -> (''a * 'b) list
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  val merge_alists': (''a * 'b) list -> (''a * 'b) list -> (''a * 'b) list
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  (*balanced trees*)
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  exception Balance
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  val fold_bal: ('a * 'a -> 'a) -> 'a list -> 'a
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  val access_bal: ('a -> 'a) * ('a -> 'a) * 'a -> int -> int -> 'a
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  val accesses_bal: ('a -> 'a) * ('a -> 'a) * 'a -> int -> 'a list
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  (*orders*)
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  val rev_order: order -> order
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  val make_ord: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a * 'a -> order
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  val int_ord: int * int -> order
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  val string_ord: string * string -> order
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  val prod_ord: ('a * 'b -> order) -> ('c * 'd -> order) -> ('a * 'c) * ('b * 'd) -> order
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  val dict_ord: ('a * 'b -> order) -> 'a list * 'b list -> order
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  val list_ord: ('a * 'b -> order) -> 'a list * 'b list -> order
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  val sort: ('a * 'a -> order) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val sort_strings: string list -> string list
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  val sort_wrt: ('a -> string) -> 'a list -> 'a list
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  val unique_strings: string list -> string list
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  (*random numbers*)
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  exception RANDOM
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  val random: unit -> real
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  val random_range: int -> int -> int
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  val one_of: 'a list -> 'a
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  val frequency: (int * 'a) list -> 'a
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  (*current directory*)
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  val cd: string -> unit
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  val pwd: unit -> string
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  (*misc*)
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  val make_keylist: ('a -> 'b) -> 'a list -> ('a * 'b) list
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  val keyfilter: ('a * ''b) list -> ''b -> 'a list
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  val partition: ('a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list * 'a list
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  val partition_eq: ('a * 'a -> bool) -> 'a list -> 'a list list
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  val partition_list: (int -> 'a -> bool) -> int -> int -> 'a list -> 'a list list
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  val gensym: string -> string
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  val scanwords: (string -> bool) -> string list -> string list
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end;
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structure Library: LIBRARY =
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struct
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(** functions **)
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(*handy combinators*)
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fun curry f x y = f (x, y);
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fun uncurry f (x, y) = f x y;
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fun I x = x;
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fun K x y = x;
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(*reverse apply*)
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fun (x |> f) = f x;
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fun ((x, y) |>> f) = (f x, y);
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fun ((x, y) |>>> f) = let val (x', z) = f x in (x', (y, z)) end;
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(*application of (infix) operator to its left or right argument*)
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fun apl (x, f) y = f (x, y);
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fun apr (f, y) x = f (x, y);
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wenzelm@233
   293
(*function exponentiation: f(...(f x)...) with n applications of f*)
wenzelm@233
   294
fun funpow n f x =
wenzelm@233
   295
  let fun rep (0, x) = x
wenzelm@233
   296
        | rep (n, x) = rep (n - 1, f x)
wenzelm@233
   297
  in rep (n, x) end;
wenzelm@160
   298
wenzelm@5893
   299
(*concatenation: 2 and 3 args*)
wenzelm@5893
   300
fun (f oo g) x y = f (g x y);
wenzelm@5893
   301
fun (f ooo g) x y z = f (g x y z);
wenzelm@6510
   302
fun (f oooo g) x y z w = f (g x y z w);
wenzelm@6510
   303
wenzelm@160
   304
wenzelm@160
   305
wenzelm@2471
   306
(** stamps **)
wenzelm@2471
   307
wenzelm@2471
   308
type stamp = unit ref;
wenzelm@2471
   309
val stamp: unit -> stamp = ref;
wenzelm@2471
   310
wenzelm@2471
   311
wenzelm@2471
   312
wenzelm@233
   313
(** options **)
clasohm@0
   314
skalberg@15531
   315
fun the opt = valOf opt;
clasohm@0
   316
wenzelm@4212
   317
(*strict!*)
skalberg@15531
   318
fun if_none opt a = getOpt(opt,a);
wenzelm@255
   319
skalberg@15531
   320
fun is_some opt = isSome opt;
clasohm@0
   321
skalberg@15531
   322
fun is_none (SOME _) = false
skalberg@15531
   323
  | is_none NONE = true;
clasohm@0
   324
skalberg@15531
   325
fun apsome f (SOME x) = SOME (f x)
skalberg@15531
   326
  | apsome _ NONE = NONE;
clasohm@0
   327
wenzelm@6959
   328
wenzelm@6959
   329
(* exception handling *)
wenzelm@6959
   330
wenzelm@6959
   331
exception ERROR;
wenzelm@6959
   332
skalberg@15531
   333
fun try f x = SOME (f x)
skalberg@15531
   334
  handle Interrupt => raise Interrupt | ERROR => raise ERROR | _ => NONE;
wenzelm@6959
   335
wenzelm@6959
   336
fun can f x = is_some (try f x);
wenzelm@4139
   337
wenzelm@4139
   338
wenzelm@14868
   339
datatype 'a result =
wenzelm@14868
   340
  Result of 'a |
wenzelm@14868
   341
  Exn of exn;
wenzelm@14868
   342
wenzelm@14868
   343
fun capture f x = Result (f x) handle e => Exn e;
wenzelm@14868
   344
wenzelm@14868
   345
fun release (Result y) = y
wenzelm@14868
   346
  | release (Exn e) = raise e;
wenzelm@14868
   347
skalberg@15531
   348
fun get_result (Result x) = SOME x
skalberg@15531
   349
  | get_result _ = NONE;
wenzelm@14868
   350
skalberg@15531
   351
fun get_exn (Exn exn) = SOME exn
skalberg@15531
   352
  | get_exn _ = NONE;
wenzelm@14868
   353
wenzelm@14868
   354
wenzelm@4139
   355
wenzelm@233
   356
(** pairs **)
wenzelm@233
   357
wenzelm@233
   358
fun pair x y = (x, y);
wenzelm@233
   359
fun rpair x y = (y, x);
wenzelm@233
   360
wenzelm@233
   361
fun fst (x, y) = x;
wenzelm@233
   362
fun snd (x, y) = y;
wenzelm@233
   363
wenzelm@233
   364
fun eq_fst ((x1, _), (x2, _)) = x1 = x2;
wenzelm@233
   365
fun eq_snd ((_, y1), (_, y2)) = y1 = y2;
wenzelm@233
   366
wenzelm@233
   367
fun swap (x, y) = (y, x);
wenzelm@233
   368
wenzelm@4212
   369
(*apply function to components*)
wenzelm@233
   370
fun apfst f (x, y) = (f x, y);
wenzelm@233
   371
fun apsnd f (x, y) = (x, f y);
wenzelm@4212
   372
fun pairself f (x, y) = (f x, f y);
wenzelm@233
   373
wenzelm@233
   374
wenzelm@233
   375
wenzelm@233
   376
(** booleans **)
wenzelm@233
   377
wenzelm@233
   378
(* equality *)
wenzelm@233
   379
wenzelm@233
   380
fun equal x y = x = y;
wenzelm@233
   381
fun not_equal x y = x <> y;
wenzelm@233
   382
wenzelm@233
   383
wenzelm@233
   384
(* operators for combining predicates *)
wenzelm@233
   385
paulson@2175
   386
fun (p orf q) = fn x => p x orelse q x;
paulson@2175
   387
fun (p andf q) = fn x => p x andalso q x;
wenzelm@233
   388
wenzelm@233
   389
wenzelm@233
   390
(* predicates on lists *)
wenzelm@233
   391
wenzelm@233
   392
(*exists pred [x1, ..., xn] ===> pred x1 orelse ... orelse pred xn*)
wenzelm@233
   393
fun exists (pred: 'a -> bool) : 'a list -> bool =
wenzelm@233
   394
  let fun boolf [] = false
wenzelm@233
   395
        | boolf (x :: xs) = pred x orelse boolf xs
wenzelm@233
   396
  in boolf end;
wenzelm@233
   397
wenzelm@233
   398
(*forall pred [x1, ..., xn] ===> pred x1 andalso ... andalso pred xn*)
wenzelm@233
   399
fun forall (pred: 'a -> bool) : 'a list -> bool =
wenzelm@233
   400
  let fun boolf [] = true
wenzelm@233
   401
        | boolf (x :: xs) = pred x andalso boolf xs
wenzelm@233
   402
  in boolf end;
clasohm@0
   403
wenzelm@233
   404
wenzelm@380
   405
(* flags *)
wenzelm@380
   406
wenzelm@380
   407
fun set flag = (flag := true; true);
wenzelm@380
   408
fun reset flag = (flag := false; false);
wenzelm@380
   409
fun toggle flag = (flag := not (! flag); ! flag);
wenzelm@380
   410
wenzelm@9118
   411
fun change r f = r := f (! r);
wenzelm@9118
   412
wenzelm@14826
   413
(*temporarily set flag, handling exceptions*)
wenzelm@2978
   414
fun setmp flag value f x =
wenzelm@2958
   415
  let
wenzelm@2958
   416
    val orig_value = ! flag;
wenzelm@2958
   417
    fun return y = (flag := orig_value; y);
wenzelm@2958
   418
  in
wenzelm@2958
   419
    flag := value;
wenzelm@2958
   420
    return (f x handle exn => (return (); raise exn))
wenzelm@2958
   421
  end;
wenzelm@2958
   422
wenzelm@380
   423
wenzelm@11853
   424
(* conditional execution *)
wenzelm@11853
   425
wenzelm@11853
   426
fun conditional b f = if b then f () else ();
wenzelm@11853
   427
wenzelm@11853
   428
wenzelm@233
   429
wenzelm@233
   430
(** lists **)
wenzelm@233
   431
wenzelm@233
   432
exception LIST of string;
wenzelm@233
   433
wenzelm@233
   434
fun hd [] = raise LIST "hd"
wenzelm@233
   435
  | hd (x :: _) = x;
wenzelm@233
   436
wenzelm@233
   437
fun tl [] = raise LIST "tl"
wenzelm@233
   438
  | tl (_ :: xs) = xs;
wenzelm@233
   439
wenzelm@233
   440
fun cons x xs = x :: xs;
wenzelm@5285
   441
fun single x = [x];
wenzelm@233
   442
wenzelm@4629
   443
fun append xs ys = xs @ ys;
wenzelm@4629
   444
berghofe@13794
   445
(* tail recursive version *)
skalberg@15531
   446
fun rev_append xs ys = List.revAppend(xs,ys);
berghofe@13794
   447
wenzelm@5904
   448
fun apply [] x = x
wenzelm@5904
   449
  | apply (f :: fs) x = apply fs (f x);
wenzelm@5904
   450
wenzelm@233
   451
wenzelm@233
   452
(* fold *)
wenzelm@233
   453
wenzelm@233
   454
(*the following versions of fold are designed to fit nicely with infixes*)
clasohm@0
   455
wenzelm@233
   456
(*  (op @) (e, [x1, ..., xn])  ===>  ((e @ x1) @ x2) ... @ xn
wenzelm@233
   457
    for operators that associate to the left (TAIL RECURSIVE)*)
wenzelm@233
   458
fun foldl (f: 'a * 'b -> 'a) : 'a * 'b list -> 'a =
wenzelm@233
   459
  let fun itl (e, [])  = e
wenzelm@233
   460
        | itl (e, a::l) = itl (f(e, a), l)
wenzelm@233
   461
  in  itl end;
wenzelm@233
   462
wenzelm@233
   463
(*  (op @) ([x1, ..., xn], e)  ===>   x1 @ (x2 ... @ (xn @ e))
wenzelm@233
   464
    for operators that associate to the right (not tail recursive)*)
wenzelm@233
   465
fun foldr f (l, e) =
wenzelm@233
   466
  let fun itr [] = e
wenzelm@233
   467
        | itr (a::l) = f(a, itr l)
wenzelm@233
   468
  in  itr l  end;
wenzelm@233
   469
wenzelm@233
   470
(*  (op @) [x1, ..., xn]  ===>   x1 @ (x2 ... @ (x[n-1] @ xn))
wenzelm@233
   471
    for n > 0, operators that associate to the right (not tail recursive)*)
wenzelm@233
   472
fun foldr1 f l =
wenzelm@4181
   473
  let fun itr [x] = x
wenzelm@233
   474
        | itr (x::l) = f(x, itr l)
wenzelm@233
   475
  in  itr l  end;
wenzelm@233
   476
wenzelm@14792
   477
fun fold f xs y = foldl (fn (y', x) => f x y') (y, xs);
wenzelm@15035
   478
fun fold_rev f xs y = foldr (fn (x, y') => f x y') (xs, y);
wenzelm@14792
   479
wenzelm@4956
   480
fun foldl_map _ (x, []) = (x, [])
wenzelm@4956
   481
  | foldl_map f (x, y :: ys) =
wenzelm@4956
   482
      let
wenzelm@4956
   483
        val (x', y') = f (x, y);
wenzelm@4956
   484
        val (x'', ys') = foldl_map f (x', ys);
wenzelm@4956
   485
      in (x'', y' :: ys') end;
wenzelm@4956
   486
oheimb@11002
   487
fun foldln f xs e = fst (foldl (fn ((e,i), x) => (f (x,i) e, i+1)) ((e,1),xs));
wenzelm@233
   488
wenzelm@233
   489
(* basic list functions *)
wenzelm@233
   490
wenzelm@233
   491
(*length of a list, should unquestionably be a standard function*)
wenzelm@233
   492
local fun length1 (n, [])  = n   (*TAIL RECURSIVE*)
wenzelm@233
   493
        | length1 (n, x :: xs) = length1 (n + 1, xs)
wenzelm@233
   494
in  fun length l = length1 (0, l) end;
wenzelm@233
   495
wenzelm@233
   496
(*take the first n elements from a list*)
wenzelm@233
   497
fun take (n, []) = []
wenzelm@233
   498
  | take (n, x :: xs) =
wenzelm@233
   499
      if n > 0 then x :: take (n - 1, xs) else [];
wenzelm@233
   500
wenzelm@233
   501
(*drop the first n elements from a list*)
wenzelm@233
   502
fun drop (n, []) = []
wenzelm@233
   503
  | drop (n, x :: xs) =
wenzelm@233
   504
      if n > 0 then drop (n - 1, xs) else x :: xs;
clasohm@0
   505
nipkow@13629
   506
fun splitAt(n,[]) = ([],[])
nipkow@13629
   507
  | splitAt(n,xs as x::ys) =
nipkow@13629
   508
      if n>0 then let val (ps,qs) = splitAt(n-1,ys) in (x::ps,qs) end
nipkow@13629
   509
      else ([],xs)
nipkow@13629
   510
nipkow@4713
   511
fun dropwhile P [] = []
nipkow@4713
   512
  | dropwhile P (ys as x::xs) = if P x then dropwhile P xs else ys;
nipkow@4713
   513
wenzelm@233
   514
(*return nth element of a list, where 0 designates the first element;
wenzelm@233
   515
  raise EXCEPTION if list too short*)
wenzelm@233
   516
fun nth_elem NL =
wenzelm@233
   517
  (case drop NL of
wenzelm@233
   518
    [] => raise LIST "nth_elem"
wenzelm@233
   519
  | x :: _ => x);
wenzelm@233
   520
wenzelm@11773
   521
fun map_nth_elem 0 f (x :: xs) = f x :: xs
wenzelm@11773
   522
  | map_nth_elem n f (x :: xs) = x :: map_nth_elem (n - 1) f xs
wenzelm@11773
   523
  | map_nth_elem _ _ [] = raise LIST "map_nth_elem";
wenzelm@11773
   524
wenzelm@233
   525
(*last element of a list*)
wenzelm@233
   526
fun last_elem [] = raise LIST "last_elem"
wenzelm@233
   527
  | last_elem [x] = x
wenzelm@233
   528
  | last_elem (_ :: xs) = last_elem xs;
wenzelm@233
   529
wenzelm@3762
   530
(*rear decomposition*)
wenzelm@3762
   531
fun split_last [] = raise LIST "split_last"
wenzelm@3762
   532
  | split_last [x] = ([], x)
wenzelm@3762
   533
  | split_last (x :: xs) = apfst (cons x) (split_last xs);
wenzelm@3762
   534
wenzelm@4893
   535
(*update nth element*)
nipkow@13629
   536
fun nth_update x n_xs =
nipkow@13629
   537
    (case splitAt n_xs of
nipkow@13629
   538
      (_,[]) => raise LIST "nth_update"
nipkow@13629
   539
    | (prfx, _ :: sffx') => prfx @ (x :: sffx'))
wenzelm@4893
   540
wenzelm@4212
   541
(*find the position of an element in a list*)
wenzelm@4212
   542
fun find_index pred =
wenzelm@4212
   543
  let fun find _ [] = ~1
wenzelm@4212
   544
        | find n (x :: xs) = if pred x then n else find (n + 1) xs;
wenzelm@4212
   545
  in find 0 end;
wenzelm@3762
   546
wenzelm@4224
   547
fun find_index_eq x = find_index (equal x);
wenzelm@4212
   548
wenzelm@4212
   549
(*find first element satisfying predicate*)
skalberg@15531
   550
fun find_first _ [] = NONE
wenzelm@4212
   551
  | find_first pred (x :: xs) =
skalberg@15531
   552
      if pred x then SOME x else find_first pred xs;
wenzelm@233
   553
wenzelm@4916
   554
(*get first element by lookup function*)
skalberg@15531
   555
fun get_first _ [] = NONE
wenzelm@4916
   556
  | get_first f (x :: xs) =
wenzelm@4916
   557
      (case f x of
skalberg@15531
   558
        NONE => get_first f xs
wenzelm@4916
   559
      | some => some);
wenzelm@4916
   560
wenzelm@233
   561
(*flatten a list of lists to a list*)
skalberg@15531
   562
val flat = List.concat;
wenzelm@233
   563
wenzelm@12136
   564
fun unflat (xs :: xss) ys =
nipkow@13629
   565
      let val (ps,qs) = splitAt(length xs,ys)
nipkow@13629
   566
      in ps :: unflat xss qs end
wenzelm@12136
   567
  | unflat [] [] = []
wenzelm@12136
   568
  | unflat _ _ = raise LIST "unflat";
wenzelm@12136
   569
wenzelm@233
   570
(*like Lisp's MAPC -- seq proc [x1, ..., xn] evaluates
wenzelm@233
   571
  (proc x1; ...; proc xn) for side effects*)
wenzelm@233
   572
fun seq (proc: 'a -> unit) : 'a list -> unit =
wenzelm@233
   573
  let fun seqf [] = ()
wenzelm@233
   574
        | seqf (x :: xs) = (proc x; seqf xs)
wenzelm@233
   575
  in seqf end;
wenzelm@233
   576
wenzelm@233
   577
(*separate s [x1, x2, ..., xn]  ===>  [x1, s, x2, s, ..., s, xn]*)
wenzelm@233
   578
fun separate s (x :: (xs as _ :: _)) = x :: s :: separate s xs
wenzelm@233
   579
  | separate _ xs = xs;
wenzelm@233
   580
wenzelm@233
   581
(*make the list [x, x, ..., x] of length n*)
wenzelm@233
   582
fun replicate n (x: 'a) : 'a list =
wenzelm@233
   583
  let fun rep (0, xs) = xs
wenzelm@233
   584
        | rep (n, xs) = rep (n - 1, x :: xs)
wenzelm@233
   585
  in
wenzelm@233
   586
    if n < 0 then raise LIST "replicate"
wenzelm@233
   587
    else rep (n, [])
wenzelm@233
   588
  end;
wenzelm@233
   589
wenzelm@14926
   590
fun translate_string f = String.translate (f o String.str);
wenzelm@14926
   591
wenzelm@4248
   592
(*multiply [a, b, c, ...] * [xs, ys, zs, ...]*)
wenzelm@4248
   593
fun multiply ([], _) = []
wenzelm@4248
   594
  | multiply (x :: xs, yss) = map (cons x) yss @ multiply (xs, yss);
wenzelm@4248
   595
wenzelm@14792
   596
(*direct product*)
wenzelm@14792
   597
fun product _ [] = []
wenzelm@14792
   598
  | product [] _ = []
wenzelm@14792
   599
  | product (x :: xs) ys = map (pair x) ys @ product xs ys;
wenzelm@14792
   600
wenzelm@233
   601
wenzelm@233
   602
(* filter *)
wenzelm@233
   603
wenzelm@233
   604
(*copy the list preserving elements that satisfy the predicate*)
skalberg@15531
   605
val filter = List.filter;
clasohm@0
   606
clasohm@0
   607
fun filter_out f = filter (not o f);
clasohm@0
   608
wenzelm@233
   609
fun mapfilter (f: 'a -> 'b option) ([]: 'a list) = [] : 'b list
wenzelm@233
   610
  | mapfilter f (x :: xs) =
wenzelm@233
   611
      (case f x of
skalberg@15531
   612
        NONE => mapfilter f xs
skalberg@15531
   613
      | SOME y => y :: mapfilter f xs);
wenzelm@233
   614
wenzelm@233
   615
wenzelm@233
   616
(* lists of pairs *)
wenzelm@233
   617
wenzelm@380
   618
fun map2 _ ([], []) = []
wenzelm@380
   619
  | map2 f (x :: xs, y :: ys) = (f (x, y) :: map2 f (xs, ys))
wenzelm@380
   620
  | map2 _ _ = raise LIST "map2";
wenzelm@380
   621
wenzelm@380
   622
fun exists2 _ ([], []) = false
wenzelm@380
   623
  | exists2 pred (x :: xs, y :: ys) = pred (x, y) orelse exists2 pred (xs, ys)
wenzelm@380
   624
  | exists2 _ _ = raise LIST "exists2";
wenzelm@380
   625
wenzelm@380
   626
fun forall2 _ ([], []) = true
wenzelm@380
   627
  | forall2 pred (x :: xs, y :: ys) = pred (x, y) andalso forall2 pred (xs, ys)
wenzelm@380
   628
  | forall2 _ _ = raise LIST "forall2";
wenzelm@380
   629
wenzelm@4956
   630
fun seq2 _ ([], []) = ()
wenzelm@4956
   631
  | seq2 f (x :: xs, y :: ys) = (f (x, y); seq2 f (xs, ys))
wenzelm@4956
   632
  | seq2 _ _ = raise LIST "seq2";
wenzelm@4956
   633
wenzelm@233
   634
(*combine two lists forming a list of pairs:
wenzelm@233
   635
  [x1, ..., xn] ~~ [y1, ..., yn]  ===>  [(x1, y1), ..., (xn, yn)]*)
wenzelm@233
   636
fun [] ~~ [] = []
wenzelm@233
   637
  | (x :: xs) ~~ (y :: ys) = (x, y) :: (xs ~~ ys)
wenzelm@233
   638
  | _ ~~ _ = raise LIST "~~";
wenzelm@233
   639
wenzelm@233
   640
(*inverse of ~~; the old 'split':
wenzelm@233
   641
  [(x1, y1), ..., (xn, yn)]  ===>  ([x1, ..., xn], [y1, ..., yn])*)
wenzelm@233
   642
fun split_list (l: ('a * 'b) list) = (map #1 l, map #2 l);
wenzelm@233
   643
wenzelm@7468
   644
fun equal_lists eq (xs, ys) = length xs = length ys andalso forall2 eq (xs, ys);
wenzelm@7468
   645
wenzelm@233
   646
wenzelm@233
   647
(* prefixes, suffixes *)
wenzelm@233
   648
wenzelm@233
   649
fun [] prefix _ = true
wenzelm@233
   650
  | (x :: xs) prefix (y :: ys) = x = y andalso (xs prefix ys)
wenzelm@233
   651
  | _ prefix _ = false;
wenzelm@233
   652
wenzelm@233
   653
(* [x1, ..., xi, ..., xn]  --->  ([x1, ..., x(i-1)], [xi, ..., xn])
wenzelm@233
   654
   where xi is the first element that does not satisfy the predicate*)
wenzelm@233
   655
fun take_prefix (pred : 'a -> bool)  (xs: 'a list) : 'a list * 'a list =
wenzelm@233
   656
  let fun take (rxs, []) = (rev rxs, [])
wenzelm@255
   657
        | take (rxs, x :: xs) =
wenzelm@255
   658
            if  pred x  then  take(x :: rxs, xs)  else  (rev rxs, x :: xs)
wenzelm@233
   659
  in  take([], xs)  end;
wenzelm@233
   660
wenzelm@233
   661
(* [x1, ..., xi, ..., xn]  --->  ([x1, ..., xi], [x(i+1), ..., xn])
wenzelm@233
   662
   where xi is the last element that does not satisfy the predicate*)
wenzelm@233
   663
fun take_suffix _ [] = ([], [])
wenzelm@233
   664
  | take_suffix pred (x :: xs) =
wenzelm@233
   665
      (case take_suffix pred xs of
wenzelm@233
   666
        ([], sffx) => if pred x then ([], x :: sffx) else ([x], sffx)
wenzelm@233
   667
      | (prfx, sffx) => (x :: prfx, sffx));
wenzelm@233
   668
wenzelm@12249
   669
fun prefixes1 [] = []
wenzelm@12249
   670
  | prefixes1 (x :: xs) = map (cons x) ([] :: prefixes1 xs);
wenzelm@12249
   671
wenzelm@12249
   672
fun suffixes1 xs = map rev (prefixes1 (rev xs));
wenzelm@12249
   673
wenzelm@233
   674
wenzelm@233
   675
wenzelm@233
   676
(** integers **)
wenzelm@233
   677
nipkow@10692
   678
fun gcd(x,y) =
nipkow@10692
   679
  let fun gxd x y =
nipkow@10692
   680
    if y = 0 then x else gxd y (x mod y)
nipkow@10692
   681
  in if x < y then gxd y x else gxd x y end;
nipkow@10692
   682
nipkow@10692
   683
fun lcm(x,y) = (x * y) div gcd(x,y);
nipkow@10692
   684
wenzelm@2958
   685
fun inc i = (i := ! i + 1; ! i);
wenzelm@2958
   686
fun dec i = (i := ! i - 1; ! i);
wenzelm@233
   687
wenzelm@233
   688
wenzelm@233
   689
(* lists of integers *)
wenzelm@233
   690
wenzelm@233
   691
(*make the list [from, from + 1, ..., to]*)
paulson@2175
   692
fun (from upto to) =
wenzelm@233
   693
  if from > to then [] else from :: ((from + 1) upto to);
wenzelm@233
   694
wenzelm@233
   695
(*make the list [from, from - 1, ..., to]*)
paulson@2175
   696
fun (from downto to) =
wenzelm@233
   697
  if from < to then [] else from :: ((from - 1) downto to);
wenzelm@233
   698
wenzelm@233
   699
(*predicate: downto0 (is, n) <=> is = [n, n - 1, ..., 0]*)
wenzelm@233
   700
fun downto0 (i :: is, n) = i = n andalso downto0 (is, n - 1)
wenzelm@233
   701
  | downto0 ([], n) = n = ~1;
wenzelm@233
   702
wenzelm@233
   703
wenzelm@233
   704
(* convert integers to strings *)
wenzelm@233
   705
wenzelm@233
   706
(*expand the number in the given base;
wenzelm@233
   707
  example: radixpand (2, 8) gives [1, 0, 0, 0]*)
wenzelm@233
   708
fun radixpand (base, num) : int list =
wenzelm@233
   709
  let
wenzelm@233
   710
    fun radix (n, tail) =
wenzelm@233
   711
      if n < base then n :: tail
wenzelm@233
   712
      else radix (n div base, (n mod base) :: tail)
wenzelm@233
   713
  in radix (num, []) end;
wenzelm@233
   714
wenzelm@233
   715
(*expands a number into a string of characters starting from "zerochar";
wenzelm@233
   716
  example: radixstring (2, "0", 8) gives "1000"*)
wenzelm@233
   717
fun radixstring (base, zerochar, num) =
wenzelm@233
   718
  let val offset = ord zerochar;
wenzelm@233
   719
      fun chrof n = chr (offset + n)
wenzelm@233
   720
  in implode (map chrof (radixpand (base, num))) end;
wenzelm@233
   721
wenzelm@233
   722
paulson@3407
   723
val string_of_int = Int.toString;
wenzelm@233
   724
paulson@3407
   725
fun string_of_indexname (a,0) = a
paulson@3407
   726
  | string_of_indexname (a,i) = a ^ "_" ^ Int.toString i;
wenzelm@233
   727
wenzelm@233
   728
wenzelm@14826
   729
(* read integers *)
wenzelm@14826
   730
wenzelm@14826
   731
fun read_radixint (radix: int, cs) : int * string list =
wenzelm@14826
   732
  let val zero = ord"0"
wenzelm@14826
   733
      val limit = zero+radix
wenzelm@14826
   734
      fun scan (num,[]) = (num,[])
wenzelm@14826
   735
        | scan (num, c::cs) =
wenzelm@14826
   736
              if  zero <= ord c  andalso  ord c < limit
wenzelm@14826
   737
              then scan(radix*num + ord c - zero, cs)
wenzelm@14826
   738
              else (num, c::cs)
wenzelm@14826
   739
  in  scan(0,cs)  end;
wenzelm@14826
   740
wenzelm@14826
   741
fun read_int cs = read_radixint (10, cs);
wenzelm@14826
   742
wenzelm@14826
   743
fun oct_char s = chr (#1 (read_radixint (8, explode s)));
wenzelm@14826
   744
wenzelm@14826
   745
wenzelm@14826
   746
wenzelm@233
   747
(** strings **)
wenzelm@233
   748
wenzelm@6312
   749
(*functions tuned for strings, avoiding explode*)
wenzelm@6312
   750
wenzelm@6312
   751
fun nth_elem_string (i, str) =
wenzelm@6959
   752
  (case try String.substring (str, i, 1) of
skalberg@15531
   753
    SOME s => s
skalberg@15531
   754
  | NONE => raise LIST "nth_elem_string");
wenzelm@6312
   755
wenzelm@6282
   756
fun foldl_string f (x0, str) =
wenzelm@6282
   757
  let
wenzelm@6282
   758
    val n = size str;
wenzelm@14968
   759
    fun fold (x, i) =
wenzelm@14968
   760
      if i < n then fold (f (x, String.substring (str, i, 1)), i + 1) else x;
wenzelm@6282
   761
  in fold (x0, 0) end;
wenzelm@6282
   762
wenzelm@14968
   763
fun exists_string pred str =
wenzelm@14968
   764
  let
wenzelm@14968
   765
    val n = size str;
wenzelm@14968
   766
    fun ex i = i < n andalso (pred (String.substring (str, i, 1)) orelse ex (i + 1));
wenzelm@14968
   767
  in ex 0 end;
wenzelm@6312
   768
lcp@512
   769
(*enclose in brackets*)
lcp@512
   770
fun enclose lpar rpar str = lpar ^ str ^ rpar;
wenzelm@6642
   771
fun unenclose str = String.substring (str, 1, size str - 2);
wenzelm@255
   772
wenzelm@233
   773
(*simple quoting (does not escape special chars)*)
lcp@512
   774
val quote = enclose "\"" "\"";
wenzelm@233
   775
wenzelm@4212
   776
(*space_implode "..." (explode "hello") = "h...e...l...l...o"*)
wenzelm@233
   777
fun space_implode a bs = implode (separate a bs);
wenzelm@233
   778
wenzelm@255
   779
val commas = space_implode ", ";
wenzelm@380
   780
val commas_quote = commas o map quote;
wenzelm@255
   781
wenzelm@233
   782
(*concatenate messages, one per line, into a string*)
wenzelm@255
   783
val cat_lines = space_implode "\n";
wenzelm@233
   784
wenzelm@4212
   785
(*space_explode "." "h.e..l.lo" = ["h", "e", "", "l", "lo"]*)
wenzelm@3832
   786
fun space_explode _ "" = []
wenzelm@3832
   787
  | space_explode sep str =
wenzelm@3832
   788
      let
wenzelm@3832
   789
        fun expl chs =
wenzelm@3832
   790
          (case take_prefix (not_equal sep) chs of
wenzelm@3832
   791
            (cs, []) => [implode cs]
wenzelm@3832
   792
          | (cs, _ :: cs') => implode cs :: expl cs');
wenzelm@3832
   793
      in expl (explode str) end;
wenzelm@3832
   794
wenzelm@3832
   795
val split_lines = space_explode "\n";
wenzelm@3832
   796
wenzelm@14826
   797
fun prefix_lines "" txt = txt
wenzelm@14826
   798
  | prefix_lines prfx txt = txt |> split_lines |> map (fn s => prfx ^ s) |> cat_lines;
wenzelm@14826
   799
wenzelm@7712
   800
(*untabify*)
wenzelm@7712
   801
fun untabify chs =
wenzelm@7712
   802
  let
wenzelm@7712
   803
    val tab_width = 8;
wenzelm@7712
   804
wenzelm@7712
   805
    fun untab (_, "\n") = (0, ["\n"])
wenzelm@9118
   806
      | untab (pos, "\t") =
wenzelm@9118
   807
          let val d = tab_width - (pos mod tab_width) in (pos + d, replicate d " ") end
wenzelm@7712
   808
      | untab (pos, c) = (pos + 1, [c]);
wenzelm@7712
   809
  in
wenzelm@7712
   810
    if not (exists (equal "\t") chs) then chs
wenzelm@7712
   811
    else flat (#2 (foldl_map untab (0, chs)))
wenzelm@7712
   812
  end;
wenzelm@7712
   813
wenzelm@5285
   814
(*append suffix*)
wenzelm@5285
   815
fun suffix sfx s = s ^ sfx;
wenzelm@5285
   816
wenzelm@5285
   817
(*remove suffix*)
wenzelm@5285
   818
fun unsuffix sfx s =
wenzelm@5285
   819
  let
wenzelm@5285
   820
    val cs = explode s;
wenzelm@5285
   821
    val prfx_len = size s - size sfx;
wenzelm@5285
   822
  in
wenzelm@5285
   823
    if prfx_len >= 0 andalso implode (drop (prfx_len, cs)) = sfx then
wenzelm@5285
   824
      implode (take (prfx_len, cs))
wenzelm@5285
   825
    else raise LIST "unsuffix"
wenzelm@5285
   826
  end;
wenzelm@5285
   827
berghofe@15060
   828
(*remove prefix*)
berghofe@15060
   829
fun unprefix prfx s =
berghofe@15060
   830
  let val (prfx', sfx) = splitAt (size prfx, explode s)
berghofe@15060
   831
  in
berghofe@15060
   832
    if implode prfx' = prfx then implode sfx
berghofe@15060
   833
    else raise LIST "unprefix"
berghofe@15060
   834
  end;
berghofe@15060
   835
wenzelm@10951
   836
fun replicate_string 0 _ = ""
wenzelm@10951
   837
  | replicate_string 1 a = a
wenzelm@10951
   838
  | replicate_string k a =
wenzelm@10951
   839
      if k mod 2 = 0 then replicate_string (k div 2) (a ^ a)
wenzelm@10951
   840
      else replicate_string (k div 2) (a ^ a) ^ a;
wenzelm@10951
   841
wenzelm@3832
   842
wenzelm@233
   843
wenzelm@233
   844
(** lists as sets **)
wenzelm@233
   845
wenzelm@233
   846
(*membership in a list*)
wenzelm@233
   847
fun x mem [] = false
wenzelm@233
   848
  | x mem (y :: ys) = x = y orelse x mem ys;
clasohm@0
   849
paulson@2175
   850
(*membership in a list, optimized version for ints*)
berghofe@1576
   851
fun (x:int) mem_int [] = false
berghofe@1576
   852
  | x mem_int (y :: ys) = x = y orelse x mem_int ys;
berghofe@1576
   853
paulson@2175
   854
(*membership in a list, optimized version for strings*)
berghofe@1576
   855
fun (x:string) mem_string [] = false
berghofe@1576
   856
  | x mem_string (y :: ys) = x = y orelse x mem_string ys;
berghofe@1576
   857
clasohm@0
   858
(*generalized membership test*)
wenzelm@233
   859
fun gen_mem eq (x, []) = false
wenzelm@233
   860
  | gen_mem eq (x, y :: ys) = eq (x, y) orelse gen_mem eq (x, ys);
wenzelm@233
   861
wenzelm@233
   862
wenzelm@233
   863
(*insertion into list if not already there*)
paulson@2175
   864
fun (x ins xs) = if x mem xs then xs else x :: xs;
clasohm@0
   865
paulson@2175
   866
(*insertion into list, optimized version for ints*)
paulson@2175
   867
fun (x ins_int xs) = if x mem_int xs then xs else x :: xs;
berghofe@1576
   868
paulson@2175
   869
(*insertion into list, optimized version for strings*)
paulson@2175
   870
fun (x ins_string xs) = if x mem_string xs then xs else x :: xs;
berghofe@1576
   871
clasohm@0
   872
(*generalized insertion*)
wenzelm@233
   873
fun gen_ins eq (x, xs) = if gen_mem eq (x, xs) then xs else x :: xs;
wenzelm@233
   874
wenzelm@233
   875
wenzelm@233
   876
(*union of sets represented as lists: no repetitions*)
wenzelm@233
   877
fun xs union [] = xs
wenzelm@233
   878
  | [] union ys = ys
wenzelm@233
   879
  | (x :: xs) union ys = xs union (x ins ys);
clasohm@0
   880
paulson@2175
   881
(*union of sets, optimized version for ints*)
berghofe@1576
   882
fun (xs:int list) union_int [] = xs
berghofe@1576
   883
  | [] union_int ys = ys
berghofe@1576
   884
  | (x :: xs) union_int ys = xs union_int (x ins_int ys);
berghofe@1576
   885
paulson@2175
   886
(*union of sets, optimized version for strings*)
berghofe@1576
   887
fun (xs:string list) union_string [] = xs
berghofe@1576
   888
  | [] union_string ys = ys
berghofe@1576
   889
  | (x :: xs) union_string ys = xs union_string (x ins_string ys);
berghofe@1576
   890
clasohm@0
   891
(*generalized union*)
wenzelm@233
   892
fun gen_union eq (xs, []) = xs
wenzelm@233
   893
  | gen_union eq ([], ys) = ys
wenzelm@233
   894
  | gen_union eq (x :: xs, ys) = gen_union eq (xs, gen_ins eq (x, ys));
wenzelm@233
   895
wenzelm@233
   896
wenzelm@233
   897
(*intersection*)
wenzelm@233
   898
fun [] inter ys = []
wenzelm@233
   899
  | (x :: xs) inter ys =
wenzelm@233
   900
      if x mem ys then x :: (xs inter ys) else xs inter ys;
wenzelm@233
   901
paulson@2175
   902
(*intersection, optimized version for ints*)
berghofe@1576
   903
fun ([]:int list) inter_int ys = []
berghofe@1576
   904
  | (x :: xs) inter_int ys =
berghofe@1576
   905
      if x mem_int ys then x :: (xs inter_int ys) else xs inter_int ys;
berghofe@1576
   906
paulson@2175
   907
(*intersection, optimized version for strings *)
berghofe@1576
   908
fun ([]:string list) inter_string ys = []
berghofe@1576
   909
  | (x :: xs) inter_string ys =
berghofe@1576
   910
      if x mem_string ys then x :: (xs inter_string ys) else xs inter_string ys;
berghofe@1576
   911
paulson@7090
   912
(*generalized intersection*)
paulson@7090
   913
fun gen_inter eq ([], ys) = []
wenzelm@12284
   914
  | gen_inter eq (x::xs, ys) =
paulson@7090
   915
      if gen_mem eq (x,ys) then x :: gen_inter eq (xs, ys)
wenzelm@12284
   916
                           else      gen_inter eq (xs, ys);
paulson@7090
   917
wenzelm@233
   918
wenzelm@233
   919
(*subset*)
wenzelm@233
   920
fun [] subset ys = true
wenzelm@233
   921
  | (x :: xs) subset ys = x mem ys andalso xs subset ys;
wenzelm@233
   922
paulson@2175
   923
(*subset, optimized version for ints*)
berghofe@1576
   924
fun ([]:int list) subset_int ys = true
berghofe@1576
   925
  | (x :: xs) subset_int ys = x mem_int ys andalso xs subset_int ys;
berghofe@1576
   926
paulson@2175
   927
(*subset, optimized version for strings*)
berghofe@1576
   928
fun ([]:string list) subset_string ys = true
berghofe@1576
   929
  | (x :: xs) subset_string ys = x mem_string ys andalso xs subset_string ys;
berghofe@1576
   930
wenzelm@4363
   931
(*set equality*)
wenzelm@4363
   932
fun eq_set (xs, ys) =
wenzelm@4363
   933
  xs = ys orelse (xs subset ys andalso ys subset xs);
wenzelm@4363
   934
paulson@2182
   935
(*set equality for strings*)
berghofe@1576
   936
fun eq_set_string ((xs:string list), ys) =
berghofe@1576
   937
  xs = ys orelse (xs subset_string ys andalso ys subset_string xs);
berghofe@1576
   938
paulson@2182
   939
fun gen_subset eq (xs, ys) = forall (fn x => gen_mem eq (x, ys)) xs;
paulson@2182
   940
wenzelm@265
   941
wenzelm@233
   942
(*removing an element from a list WITHOUT duplicates*)
wenzelm@233
   943
fun (y :: ys) \ x = if x = y then ys else y :: (ys \ x)
wenzelm@233
   944
  | [] \ x = [];
wenzelm@233
   945
paulson@2243
   946
fun ys \\ xs = foldl (op \) (ys,xs);
clasohm@0
   947
wenzelm@233
   948
(*removing an element from a list -- possibly WITH duplicates*)
wenzelm@233
   949
fun gen_rem eq (xs, y) = filter_out (fn x => eq (x, y)) xs;
wenzelm@12295
   950
fun gen_rems eq (xs, ys) = filter_out (fn x => gen_mem eq (x, ys)) xs;
wenzelm@233
   951
wenzelm@233
   952
wenzelm@233
   953
(*makes a list of the distinct members of the input; preserves order, takes
wenzelm@233
   954
  first of equal elements*)
wenzelm@233
   955
fun gen_distinct eq lst =
wenzelm@233
   956
  let
wenzelm@233
   957
    val memb = gen_mem eq;
clasohm@0
   958
wenzelm@233
   959
    fun dist (rev_seen, []) = rev rev_seen
wenzelm@233
   960
      | dist (rev_seen, x :: xs) =
wenzelm@233
   961
          if memb (x, rev_seen) then dist (rev_seen, xs)
wenzelm@233
   962
          else dist (x :: rev_seen, xs);
wenzelm@233
   963
  in
wenzelm@233
   964
    dist ([], lst)
wenzelm@233
   965
  end;
wenzelm@233
   966
paulson@2243
   967
fun distinct l = gen_distinct (op =) l;
wenzelm@233
   968
wenzelm@233
   969
wenzelm@233
   970
(*returns the tail beginning with the first repeated element, or []*)
wenzelm@233
   971
fun findrep [] = []
wenzelm@233
   972
  | findrep (x :: xs) = if x mem xs then x :: xs else findrep xs;
wenzelm@233
   973
wenzelm@233
   974
wenzelm@255
   975
(*returns a list containing all repeated elements exactly once; preserves
wenzelm@255
   976
  order, takes first of equal elements*)
wenzelm@255
   977
fun gen_duplicates eq lst =
wenzelm@255
   978
  let
wenzelm@255
   979
    val memb = gen_mem eq;
wenzelm@255
   980
wenzelm@255
   981
    fun dups (rev_dups, []) = rev rev_dups
wenzelm@255
   982
      | dups (rev_dups, x :: xs) =
wenzelm@255
   983
          if memb (x, rev_dups) orelse not (memb (x, xs)) then
wenzelm@255
   984
            dups (rev_dups, xs)
wenzelm@255
   985
          else dups (x :: rev_dups, xs);
wenzelm@255
   986
  in
wenzelm@255
   987
    dups ([], lst)
wenzelm@255
   988
  end;
wenzelm@255
   989
paulson@2243
   990
fun duplicates l = gen_duplicates (op =) l;
wenzelm@255
   991
wenzelm@255
   992
wenzelm@233
   993
wenzelm@233
   994
(** association lists **)
clasohm@0
   995
wenzelm@233
   996
(*association list lookup*)
skalberg@15531
   997
fun assoc ([], key) = NONE
wenzelm@233
   998
  | assoc ((keyi, xi) :: pairs, key) =
skalberg@15531
   999
      if key = keyi then SOME xi else assoc (pairs, key);
wenzelm@233
  1000
paulson@2175
  1001
(*association list lookup, optimized version for ints*)
skalberg@15531
  1002
fun assoc_int ([], (key:int)) = NONE
berghofe@1576
  1003
  | assoc_int ((keyi, xi) :: pairs, key) =
skalberg@15531
  1004
      if key = keyi then SOME xi else assoc_int (pairs, key);
berghofe@1576
  1005
paulson@2175
  1006
(*association list lookup, optimized version for strings*)
skalberg@15531
  1007
fun assoc_string ([], (key:string)) = NONE
berghofe@1576
  1008
  | assoc_string ((keyi, xi) :: pairs, key) =
skalberg@15531
  1009
      if key = keyi then SOME xi else assoc_string (pairs, key);
berghofe@1576
  1010
paulson@2175
  1011
(*association list lookup, optimized version for string*ints*)
skalberg@15531
  1012
fun assoc_string_int ([], (key:string*int)) = NONE
berghofe@1576
  1013
  | assoc_string_int ((keyi, xi) :: pairs, key) =
skalberg@15531
  1014
      if key = keyi then SOME xi else assoc_string_int (pairs, key);
berghofe@1576
  1015
wenzelm@233
  1016
fun assocs ps x =
wenzelm@233
  1017
  (case assoc (ps, x) of
skalberg@15531
  1018
    NONE => []
skalberg@15531
  1019
  | SOME ys => ys);
wenzelm@233
  1020
wenzelm@255
  1021
(*two-fold association list lookup*)
wenzelm@255
  1022
fun assoc2 (aal, (key1, key2)) =
wenzelm@255
  1023
  (case assoc (aal, key1) of
skalberg@15531
  1024
    SOME al => assoc (al, key2)
skalberg@15531
  1025
  | NONE => NONE);
wenzelm@255
  1026
wenzelm@233
  1027
(*generalized association list lookup*)
skalberg@15531
  1028
fun gen_assoc eq ([], key) = NONE
wenzelm@233
  1029
  | gen_assoc eq ((keyi, xi) :: pairs, key) =
skalberg@15531
  1030
      if eq (key, keyi) then SOME xi else gen_assoc eq (pairs, key);
wenzelm@233
  1031
wenzelm@233
  1032
(*association list update*)
wenzelm@233
  1033
fun overwrite (al, p as (key, _)) =
wenzelm@233
  1034
  let fun over ((q as (keyi, _)) :: pairs) =
wenzelm@233
  1035
            if keyi = key then p :: pairs else q :: (over pairs)
wenzelm@233
  1036
        | over [] = [p]
wenzelm@233
  1037
  in over al end;
wenzelm@233
  1038
wenzelm@2522
  1039
fun gen_overwrite eq (al, p as (key, _)) =
wenzelm@2522
  1040
  let fun over ((q as (keyi, _)) :: pairs) =
wenzelm@2522
  1041
            if eq (keyi, key) then p :: pairs else q :: (over pairs)
wenzelm@2522
  1042
        | over [] = [p]
wenzelm@2522
  1043
  in over al end;
wenzelm@2522
  1044
wenzelm@233
  1045
wenzelm@12284
  1046
(* lists as tables *)
wenzelm@233
  1047
wenzelm@12284
  1048
fun gen_merge_lists _ xs [] = xs
wenzelm@12284
  1049
  | gen_merge_lists _ [] ys = ys
wenzelm@12284
  1050
  | gen_merge_lists eq xs ys = xs @ gen_rems eq (ys, xs);
clasohm@0
  1051
wenzelm@12284
  1052
fun gen_merge_lists' _ xs [] = xs
wenzelm@12284
  1053
  | gen_merge_lists' _ [] ys = ys
wenzelm@12295
  1054
  | gen_merge_lists' eq xs ys = gen_rems eq (ys, xs) @ xs;
clasohm@0
  1055
wenzelm@12284
  1056
fun merge_lists xs ys = gen_merge_lists (op =) xs ys;
wenzelm@12284
  1057
fun merge_lists' xs ys = gen_merge_lists' (op =) xs ys;
wenzelm@12284
  1058
fun merge_alists al = gen_merge_lists eq_fst al;
berghofe@15263
  1059
fun merge_alists' al = gen_merge_lists' eq_fst al;
wenzelm@380
  1060
clasohm@0
  1061
clasohm@0
  1062
wenzelm@233
  1063
(** balanced trees **)
wenzelm@233
  1064
wenzelm@233
  1065
exception Balance;      (*indicates non-positive argument to balancing fun*)
wenzelm@233
  1066
wenzelm@233
  1067
(*balanced folding; avoids deep nesting*)
wenzelm@233
  1068
fun fold_bal f [x] = x
wenzelm@233
  1069
  | fold_bal f [] = raise Balance
wenzelm@233
  1070
  | fold_bal f xs =
nipkow@13629
  1071
      let val (ps,qs) = splitAt(length xs div 2, xs)
nipkow@13629
  1072
      in  f (fold_bal f ps, fold_bal f qs)  end;
wenzelm@233
  1073
wenzelm@233
  1074
(*construct something of the form f(...g(...(x)...)) for balanced access*)
wenzelm@233
  1075
fun access_bal (f, g, x) n i =
wenzelm@233
  1076
  let fun acc n i =     (*1<=i<=n*)
wenzelm@233
  1077
          if n=1 then x else
wenzelm@233
  1078
          let val n2 = n div 2
wenzelm@233
  1079
          in  if i<=n2 then f (acc n2 i)
wenzelm@233
  1080
                       else g (acc (n-n2) (i-n2))
wenzelm@233
  1081
          end
wenzelm@233
  1082
  in  if 1<=i andalso i<=n then acc n i else raise Balance  end;
wenzelm@233
  1083
wenzelm@233
  1084
(*construct ALL such accesses; could try harder to share recursive calls!*)
wenzelm@233
  1085
fun accesses_bal (f, g, x) n =
wenzelm@233
  1086
  let fun acc n =
wenzelm@233
  1087
          if n=1 then [x] else
wenzelm@233
  1088
          let val n2 = n div 2
wenzelm@233
  1089
              val acc2 = acc n2
wenzelm@233
  1090
          in  if n-n2=n2 then map f acc2 @ map g acc2
wenzelm@233
  1091
                         else map f acc2 @ map g (acc (n-n2)) end
wenzelm@233
  1092
  in  if 1<=n then acc n else raise Balance  end;
wenzelm@233
  1093
wenzelm@233
  1094
wenzelm@233
  1095
wenzelm@2506
  1096
(** orders **)
wenzelm@2506
  1097
wenzelm@4445
  1098
fun rev_order LESS = GREATER
wenzelm@4445
  1099
  | rev_order EQUAL = EQUAL
wenzelm@4445
  1100
  | rev_order GREATER = LESS;
wenzelm@4445
  1101
wenzelm@4479
  1102
(*assume rel is a linear strict order*)
wenzelm@4445
  1103
fun make_ord rel (x, y) =
wenzelm@4445
  1104
  if rel (x, y) then LESS
wenzelm@4445
  1105
  else if rel (y, x) then GREATER
wenzelm@4445
  1106
  else EQUAL;
wenzelm@4445
  1107
wenzelm@15051
  1108
val int_ord = Int.compare;
wenzelm@15051
  1109
val string_ord = String.compare;
wenzelm@2506
  1110
wenzelm@4343
  1111
(*lexicographic product*)
wenzelm@4343
  1112
fun prod_ord a_ord b_ord ((x, y), (x', y')) =
wenzelm@4343
  1113
  (case a_ord (x, x') of EQUAL => b_ord (y, y') | ord => ord);
wenzelm@4343
  1114
wenzelm@4343
  1115
(*dictionary order -- in general NOT well-founded!*)
wenzelm@4343
  1116
fun dict_ord _ ([], []) = EQUAL
wenzelm@4343
  1117
  | dict_ord _ ([], _ :: _) = LESS
wenzelm@4343
  1118
  | dict_ord _ (_ :: _, []) = GREATER
wenzelm@4343
  1119
  | dict_ord elem_ord (x :: xs, y :: ys) =
wenzelm@4343
  1120
      (case elem_ord (x, y) of EQUAL => dict_ord elem_ord (xs, ys) | ord => ord);
wenzelm@4343
  1121
wenzelm@4343
  1122
(*lexicographic product of lists*)
wenzelm@4343
  1123
fun list_ord elem_ord (xs, ys) =
wenzelm@4343
  1124
  prod_ord int_ord (dict_ord elem_ord) ((length xs, xs), (length ys, ys));
wenzelm@4343
  1125
wenzelm@2506
  1126
wenzelm@4621
  1127
(* sorting *)
wenzelm@4621
  1128
wenzelm@4621
  1129
(*quicksort (stable, i.e. does not reorder equal elements)*)
wenzelm@4621
  1130
fun sort ord =
wenzelm@4621
  1131
  let
wenzelm@4621
  1132
    fun qsort xs =
wenzelm@4621
  1133
      let val len = length xs in
wenzelm@4621
  1134
        if len <= 1 then xs
wenzelm@4621
  1135
        else
wenzelm@4621
  1136
          let val (lts, eqs, gts) = part (nth_elem (len div 2, xs)) xs in
wenzelm@4621
  1137
            qsort lts @ eqs @ qsort gts
wenzelm@4621
  1138
          end
wenzelm@4621
  1139
      end
wenzelm@4621
  1140
    and part _ [] = ([], [], [])
wenzelm@4621
  1141
      | part pivot (x :: xs) = add (ord (x, pivot)) x (part pivot xs)
wenzelm@4621
  1142
    and add LESS x (lts, eqs, gts) = (x :: lts, eqs, gts)
wenzelm@4621
  1143
      | add EQUAL x (lts, eqs, gts) = (lts, x :: eqs, gts)
wenzelm@4621
  1144
      | add GREATER x (lts, eqs, gts) = (lts, eqs, x :: gts);
wenzelm@4621
  1145
  in qsort end;
wenzelm@4621
  1146
wenzelm@4621
  1147
(*sort strings*)
wenzelm@4621
  1148
val sort_strings = sort string_ord;
wenzelm@4621
  1149
fun sort_wrt sel xs = sort (string_ord o pairself sel) xs;
wenzelm@4621
  1150
berghofe@11514
  1151
fun unique_strings ([]: string list) = []
berghofe@11514
  1152
  | unique_strings [x] = [x]
berghofe@11514
  1153
  | unique_strings (x :: y :: ys) =
berghofe@11514
  1154
      if x = y then unique_strings (y :: ys)
berghofe@11514
  1155
      else x :: unique_strings (y :: ys);
wenzelm@4621
  1156
wenzelm@2506
  1157
berghofe@14106
  1158
(** random numbers **)
berghofe@14106
  1159
berghofe@14106
  1160
exception RANDOM;
berghofe@14106
  1161
berghofe@14618
  1162
fun rmod x y = x - y * Real.realFloor (x / y);
berghofe@14106
  1163
berghofe@14106
  1164
local
berghofe@14106
  1165
  val a = 16807.0;
berghofe@14106
  1166
  val m = 2147483647.0;
berghofe@14106
  1167
  val random_seed = ref 1.0;
berghofe@14106
  1168
in
berghofe@14106
  1169
berghofe@14106
  1170
fun random () =
berghofe@14106
  1171
  let val r = rmod (a * !random_seed) m
berghofe@14106
  1172
  in (random_seed := r; r) end;
berghofe@14106
  1173
berghofe@14106
  1174
end;
berghofe@14106
  1175
berghofe@14106
  1176
fun random_range l h =
berghofe@14106
  1177
  if h < l orelse l < 0 then raise RANDOM
berghofe@14106
  1178
  else l + Real.floor (rmod (random ()) (real (h - l + 1)));
berghofe@14106
  1179
berghofe@14106
  1180
fun one_of xs = nth_elem (random_range 0 (length xs - 1), xs);
berghofe@14106
  1181
berghofe@14106
  1182
fun frequency xs =
berghofe@14106
  1183
  let
berghofe@14106
  1184
    val sum = foldl op + (0, map fst xs);
berghofe@14106
  1185
    fun pick n ((k, x) :: xs) =
berghofe@14106
  1186
      if n <= k then x else pick (n - k) xs
berghofe@14106
  1187
  in pick (random_range 1 sum) xs end;
berghofe@14106
  1188
berghofe@14106
  1189
wenzelm@14826
  1190
(** current directory **)
wenzelm@233
  1191
paulson@2243
  1192
val cd = OS.FileSys.chDir;
wenzelm@2317
  1193
val pwd = OS.FileSys.getDir;
paulson@2243
  1194
berghofe@3606
  1195
wenzelm@233
  1196
nipkow@10692
  1197
(** rational numbers **)
nipkow@10692
  1198
nipkow@10692
  1199
datatype rat = Rat of bool * int * int
nipkow@10692
  1200
wenzelm@14826
  1201
exception RAT of string;
wenzelm@14826
  1202
nipkow@10692
  1203
fun rep_rat(Rat(a,p,q)) = (if a then p else ~p,q)
nipkow@10692
  1204
nipkow@10692
  1205
fun ratnorm(a,p,q) = if p=0 then Rat(a,0,1) else
nipkow@10692
  1206
  let val absp = abs p
nipkow@10692
  1207
      val m = gcd(absp,q)
nipkow@10692
  1208
  in Rat(a = (0 <= p), absp div m, q div m) end;
nipkow@10692
  1209
nipkow@10692
  1210
fun ratadd(Rat(a,p,q),Rat(b,r,s)) =
nipkow@10692
  1211
  let val den = lcm(q,s)
nipkow@10692
  1212
      val p = p*(den div q) and r = r*(den div s)
nipkow@10692
  1213
      val num = (if a then p else ~p) + (if b then r else ~r)
nipkow@10692
  1214
  in ratnorm(true,num,den) end;
nipkow@10692
  1215
nipkow@10692
  1216
fun ratmul(Rat(a,p,q),Rat(b,r,s)) = ratnorm(a=b,p*r,q*s)
nipkow@10692
  1217
wenzelm@14826
  1218
fun ratinv(Rat(a,p,q)) = if p=0 then raise RAT "ratinv" else Rat(a,q,p)
nipkow@10692
  1219
nipkow@10692
  1220
fun int_ratdiv(p,q) =
wenzelm@14826
  1221
  if q=0 then raise RAT "int_ratdiv" else ratnorm(0<=q, p, abs q)
nipkow@10692
  1222
nipkow@10692
  1223
fun ratneg(Rat(b,p,q)) = Rat(not b,p,q);
nipkow@10692
  1224
nipkow@10692
  1225
fun rat_of_int i = if i < 0 then Rat(false,abs i,1) else Rat(true,i,1);
nipkow@10692
  1226
nipkow@10692
  1227
wenzelm@4621
  1228
(** misc **)
wenzelm@233
  1229
wenzelm@233
  1230
(*use the keyfun to make a list of (x, key) pairs*)
clasohm@0
  1231
fun make_keylist (keyfun: 'a->'b) : 'a list -> ('a * 'b) list =
wenzelm@233
  1232
  let fun keypair x = (x, keyfun x)
wenzelm@233
  1233
  in map keypair end;
clasohm@0
  1234
wenzelm@233
  1235
(*given a list of (x, key) pairs and a searchkey
clasohm@0
  1236
  return the list of xs from each pair whose key equals searchkey*)
clasohm@0
  1237
fun keyfilter [] searchkey = []
wenzelm@233
  1238
  | keyfilter ((x, key) :: pairs) searchkey =
wenzelm@233
  1239
      if key = searchkey then x :: keyfilter pairs searchkey
wenzelm@233
  1240
      else keyfilter pairs searchkey;
clasohm@0
  1241
clasohm@0
  1242
clasohm@0
  1243
(*Partition list into elements that satisfy predicate and those that don't.
wenzelm@233
  1244
  Preserves order of elements in both lists.*)
clasohm@0
  1245
fun partition (pred: 'a->bool) (ys: 'a list) : ('a list * 'a list) =
clasohm@0
  1246
    let fun part ([], answer) = answer
wenzelm@233
  1247
          | part (x::xs, (ys, ns)) = if pred(x)
wenzelm@233
  1248
            then  part (xs, (x::ys, ns))
wenzelm@233
  1249
            else  part (xs, (ys, x::ns))
wenzelm@233
  1250
    in  part (rev ys, ([], []))  end;
clasohm@0
  1251
clasohm@0
  1252
clasohm@0
  1253
fun partition_eq (eq:'a * 'a -> bool) =
clasohm@0
  1254
    let fun part [] = []
wenzelm@233
  1255
          | part (x::ys) = let val (xs, xs') = partition (apl(x, eq)) ys
wenzelm@233
  1256
                           in (x::xs)::(part xs') end
clasohm@0
  1257
    in part end;
clasohm@0
  1258
clasohm@0
  1259
wenzelm@233
  1260
(*Partition a list into buckets  [ bi, b(i+1), ..., bj ]
clasohm@0
  1261
   putting x in bk if p(k)(x) holds.  Preserve order of elements if possible.*)
clasohm@0
  1262
fun partition_list p i j =
wenzelm@233
  1263
  let fun part k xs =
wenzelm@233
  1264
            if k>j then
clasohm@0
  1265
              (case xs of [] => []
clasohm@0
  1266
                         | _ => raise LIST "partition_list")
clasohm@0
  1267
            else
wenzelm@233
  1268
            let val (ns, rest) = partition (p k) xs;
wenzelm@233
  1269
            in  ns :: part(k+1)rest  end
clasohm@0
  1270
  in  part i end;
clasohm@0
  1271
clasohm@0
  1272
wenzelm@233
  1273
(* generating identifiers *)
clasohm@0
  1274
paulson@4063
  1275
(** Freshly generated identifiers; supplied prefix MUST start with a letter **)
clasohm@0
  1276
local
paulson@4063
  1277
(*Maps 0-63 to A-Z, a-z, 0-9 or _ or ' for generating random identifiers*)
paulson@4063
  1278
fun char i =      if i<26 then chr (ord "A" + i)
wenzelm@5904
  1279
             else if i<52 then chr (ord "a" + i - 26)
wenzelm@5904
  1280
             else if i<62 then chr (ord"0" + i - 52)
wenzelm@5904
  1281
             else if i=62 then "_"
wenzelm@5904
  1282
             else  (*i=63*)    "'";
paulson@4063
  1283
paulson@4063
  1284
val charVec = Vector.tabulate (64, char);
paulson@4063
  1285
wenzelm@5904
  1286
fun newid n =
wenzelm@5904
  1287
  let
wenzelm@4284
  1288
  in  implode (map (fn i => Vector.sub(charVec,i)) (radixpand (64,n)))  end;
paulson@2003
  1289
wenzelm@4284
  1290
val seedr = ref 0;
clasohm@0
  1291
paulson@4063
  1292
in
wenzelm@4284
  1293
wenzelm@12346
  1294
fun gensym pre = pre ^ (#1(newid (!seedr), inc seedr));
paulson@2003
  1295
paulson@4063
  1296
end;
paulson@4063
  1297
paulson@4063
  1298
wenzelm@233
  1299
(* lexical scanning *)
clasohm@0
  1300
wenzelm@233
  1301
(*scan a list of characters into "words" composed of "letters" (recognized by
wenzelm@233
  1302
  is_let) and separated by any number of non-"letters"*)
wenzelm@233
  1303
fun scanwords is_let cs =
clasohm@0
  1304
  let fun scan1 [] = []
wenzelm@233
  1305
        | scan1 cs =
wenzelm@233
  1306
            let val (lets, rest) = take_prefix is_let cs
wenzelm@233
  1307
            in implode lets :: scanwords is_let rest end;
wenzelm@233
  1308
  in scan1 (#2 (take_prefix (not o is_let) cs)) end;
clasohm@24
  1309
wenzelm@4212
  1310
clasohm@1364
  1311
end;
clasohm@1364
  1312
clasohm@1364
  1313
open Library;